Temporal range: Oligocene to present
|Indian grey mongoose (Herpestes edwardsii)|
|Genus:|| Herpestes |
see table and range map
Herpestes is a genus within the mongoose family Herpestidae. It is the type genus of the family and comprises ten living species, with a number of subspecies, and one extinct species.
The scientific name Herpestes was proposed by Johann Karl Wilhelm Illiger in 1811.
|Image||Name||Distribution and IUCN Red List status|
|Egyptian mongoose (H. ichneumon) (Linnaeus, 1758)|| LC |
|Indian grey mongoose (H. edwardsii) (Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1818)||LC |
|Javan mongoose (H. javanicus) (Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1818)||LC |
|Stripe-necked mongoose (H. vitticollis) Bennett, 1835||LC |
|Crab-eating mongoose (H. urva) (Hodgson, 1836)||LC|
|Ruddy mongoose (H. smithii) Gray, 1837||LC |
|Short-tailed mongoose (H. brachyurus) Gray, 1837||NT |
|Indian brown mongoose (H. fuscus) Waterhouse, 1838||LC |
|Collared mongoose (H. semitorquatus) Gray, 1846||NT |
|Long-nosed mongoose (H. naso) de Winton, 1901||LC |
A mongoose is a small terrestrial carnivorous mammal belonging to the family Herpestidae. This family is currently split into two subfamilies, the Herpestinae and the Mungotinae. The Herpestinae comprises 23 living species that are native to southern Europe, Africa and Asia, whereas the Mungotinae comprises 11 species native to Africa. The Herpestidae originated aboutin the Early Miocene and genetically diverged into two main genetic lineages between 19.1 and .
The crab-eating mongoose is a mongoose species ranging from the northeastern Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia to southern China and Taiwan. It is listed as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List.
The Egyptian mongoose, also known as ichneumon, is a mongoose species native to the Iberian Peninsula, coastal regions along the Mediterranean Sea between North Africa and Turkey, tropical and subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands in Africa. Because of its widespread occurrence, it is listed as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List.
The small-toothed palm civet, also known as the three-striped palm civet, is a palm civet native to dense forests of Southeast Asia, from the Assam district of India to Indochina and the Malay Peninsula and on Sumatra, Bangka, Java, Borneo, and numerous small nearby islands of Indonesia.
The short-tailed mongoose is a mongoose species native to Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra and Borneo. It inhabits evergreen forest and rural gardens from sea level to an elevation of 1,500 m (4,900 ft). It is listed as Near Threatened on the IUCN Red List since 2008.
The Indian grey mongoose is a mongoose species native to the Indian subcontinent and West Asia. The grey mongoose is commonly found in open forests, scrublands and cultivated fields, often close to human habitation. It lives in burrows, hedgerows and thickets, among groves of trees, and takes shelter under rocks or bushes and even in drains. It is very bold and inquisitive but wary, seldom venturing far from cover. It climbs very well. Usually found singly or in pairs. It preys on rodents, snakes, birds’ eggs and hatchlings, lizards and variety of invertebrates. Along the Chambal River it occasionally feeds on gharial eggs. It breeds throughout the year.
The Javan mongoose or small Indian mongoose is a mongoose species native to South and Southeast Asia that has also been introduced to many regions of the world.
The ruddy mongoose is a mongoose species native to hill forests in India and Sri Lanka. This mongoose, along with the striped-neck and Indian grey mongeese, are the only mongoose species endemic to India and Sri Lanka. The ruddy mongoose is very closely related to Indian grey mongoose, but distinguished by its slightly larger size and black-tipped tail extending for 2 to 3 inches at the distal end. There are two subspecies of this mongoose, H. smithii smithii in India, and H. smithii zeylanicus in Sri Lanka.
The collared mongoose is a mongoose species native to Brunei, Indonesia, and Malaysia. It is listed as Near Threatened on the IUCN Red List.
The Viverrinae represent the largest subfamily within the Viverridae comprising five genera, which are subdivided into 22 species native to Africa and Southeast Asia. This subfamily was denominated and first described by John Edward Gray in 1864.
The Paradoxurinae are a subfamily of the viverrids that was denominated and first described by John Edward Gray in 1864. Pocock subordinated the oriental genera Paradoxurus, Paguma and Arctictis to this subfamily.
Viverra is a mammalian genus that was first nominated and described by Carl Linnaeus in 1758 as comprising several species including the large Indian civet. The genus was subordinated to the viverrid family by John Edward Gray in 1821.
The Hemigalinae are a subfamily of the viverrids denominated and first described by John Edward Gray in 1864. Hemigalinae species are native to Southeast Asia from southern China through Indochina, Malay Peninsula to Sumatra, Borneo and Sulawesi.
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