Herpestes

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Herpestes
Temporal range: Oligocene to present
Herpestes edwardsii at Hyderaba.jpg
Indian grey mongoose (Herpestes edwardsii)
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon.png
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Suborder: Feliformia
Family: Herpestidae
Subfamily: Herpestinae
Genus: Herpestes
Illiger, 1811
Species

see table and range map

Herpestes.png

Herpestes is a genus within the mongoose family Herpestidae. It is the type genus of the family and comprises ten living species, with a number of subspecies, and one extinct species. [1]

The scientific name Herpestes was proposed by Johann Karl Wilhelm Illiger in 1811. [2]

Species

ImageNameDistribution and IUCN Red List status
Herpestes ichneumon Egipetskii mangust, ili faraonova krysa, ili ikhnevmon.jpg Egyptian mongoose (H. ichneumon) (Linnaeus, 1758) [3] LC [4]
Egyptian Mongoose area.png
Herpestes edwardsii at Hyderaba.jpg Indian grey mongoose (H. edwardsii) (Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1818) [5] LC [6]
Indian Gray Mongoose area.png
Small asian mongoose.jpg Javan mongoose (H. javanicus) (Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1818) [5] LC [7]
Small Asian Mongoose area.png
2007-stripe-necked-mongoose.jpg Stripe-necked mongoose (H. vitticollis) Bennett, 1835 [8] LC [9]

Stripe-necked Mongoose area.png

Herpestes urva - Kunming Natural History Museum of Zoology - DSC02477.JPG Crab-eating mongoose (H. urva) (Hodgson, 1836) [10] LC [11]


Crab-eating Mongoose area.png

Ruddy mongoose.jpg Ruddy mongoose (H. smithii) Gray, 1837 [12] LC [13]
Ruddy Mongoos area.png
Herpestes brachyurus.jpg Short-tailed mongoose (H. brachyurus) Gray, 1837 [12] NT [14]
Short-tailed Mongoose area.png
Brown mongoose.jpg Indian brown mongoose (H. fuscus) Waterhouse, 1838 [15] LC [16]
Indian Brown Mongoose area.png
Herpestes semitorquatus.jpg Collared mongoose (H. semitorquatus) Gray, 1846 [17] NT [18]
Collared Mongoose area.png
Long-nosed mongoose (H. naso) de Winton, 1901 [19] LC [20]
Long-nosed Mongoose area.png

Related Research Articles

Mongoose A family of mammals in Africa and Asia

A mongoose is a small terrestrial carnivorous mammal belonging to the family Herpestidae. This family is currently split into two subfamilies, the Herpestinae and the Mungotinae. The Herpestinae comprises 23 living species that are native to southern Europe, Africa and Asia, whereas the Mungotinae comprises 11 species native to Africa. The Herpestidae originated about 21.8 ± 3.6 million years ago in the Early Miocene and genetically diverged into two main genetic lineages between 19.1 and 18.5 ± 3.5 million years ago.

Crab-eating mongoose species of mammal

The crab-eating mongoose is a mongoose species ranging from the northeastern Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia to southern China and Taiwan. It is listed as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List.

Egyptian mongoose Species of mammal

The Egyptian mongoose, also known as ichneumon, is a mongoose species native to the Iberian Peninsula, coastal regions along the Mediterranean Sea between North Africa and Turkey, tropical and subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands in Africa. Because of its widespread occurrence, it is listed as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List.

Small-toothed palm civet species of mammal

The small-toothed palm civet, also known as the three-striped palm civet, is a palm civet native to dense forests of Southeast Asia, from the Assam district of India to Indochina and the Malay Peninsula and on Sumatra, Bangka, Java, Borneo, and numerous small nearby islands of Indonesia.

Short-tailed mongoose species of mammal

The short-tailed mongoose is a mongoose species native to Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra and Borneo. It inhabits evergreen forest and rural gardens from sea level to an elevation of 1,500 m (4,900 ft). It is listed as Near Threatened on the IUCN Red List since 2008.

Indian grey mongoose species of mammal

The Indian grey mongoose is a mongoose species native to the Indian subcontinent and West Asia. The grey mongoose is commonly found in open forests, scrublands and cultivated fields, often close to human habitation. It lives in burrows, hedgerows and thickets, among groves of trees, and takes shelter under rocks or bushes and even in drains. It is very bold and inquisitive but wary, seldom venturing far from cover. It climbs very well. Usually found singly or in pairs. It preys on rodents, snakes, birds’ eggs and hatchlings, lizards and variety of invertebrates. Along the Chambal River it occasionally feeds on gharial eggs. It breeds throughout the year.

Javan mongoose Species of mammal

The Javan mongoose or small Indian mongoose is a mongoose species native to South and Southeast Asia that has also been introduced to many regions of the world.

Ruddy mongoose Species of mammal

The ruddy mongoose is a mongoose species native to hill forests in India and Sri Lanka. This mongoose, along with the striped-neck and Indian grey mongeese, are the only mongoose species endemic to India and Sri Lanka. The ruddy mongoose is very closely related to Indian grey mongoose, but distinguished by its slightly larger size and black-tipped tail extending for 2 to 3 inches at the distal end. There are two subspecies of this mongoose, H. smithii smithii in India, and H. smithii zeylanicus in Sri Lanka.

Collared mongoose species of mammal

The collared mongoose is a mongoose species native to Brunei, Indonesia, and Malaysia. It is listed as Near Threatened on the IUCN Red List.

Viverrinae subfamily of mammals, the viverrids

The Viverrinae represent the largest subfamily within the Viverridae comprising five genera, which are subdivided into 22 species native to Africa and Southeast Asia. This subfamily was denominated and first described by John Edward Gray in 1864.

Paradoxurinae subfamily of mammals, the viverrids

The Paradoxurinae are a subfamily of the viverrids that was denominated and first described by John Edward Gray in 1864. Pocock subordinated the oriental genera Paradoxurus, Paguma and Arctictis to this subfamily.

<i>Viverra</i> genus of mammals

Viverra is a mammalian genus that was first nominated and described by Carl Linnaeus in 1758 as comprising several species including the large Indian civet. The genus was subordinated to the viverrid family by John Edward Gray in 1821.

Hemigalinae subfamily of mammals, the viverrids

The Hemigalinae are a subfamily of the viverrids denominated and first described by John Edward Gray in 1864. Hemigalinae species are native to Southeast Asia from southern China through Indochina, Malay Peninsula to Sumatra, Borneo and Sulawesi.

References

  1. Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M., eds. (2005). "Genus Herpestes". Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN   978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC   62265494.
  2. Illiger, C. (1815). "Überblick der Säugethiere nach ihrer Verteilung über die Welttheile". Abhandlungen der Königlichen Preußischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin. 1804−1811: 39−159.
  3. Linnaeus, Carl (1758). "Viverra ichneumon". Caroli Linnæi Systema naturæ per regna tria naturæ, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I (decima, reformata ed.). Holmiae: Laurentius Salvius. p. 41.(in Latin)
  4. Do Linh San, E.; Maddock, A.H. & Gaubert, P. & Palomares, F. (2016). "Herpestes ichneumon". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species . 2016: e.T41613A45207211.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  5. 1 2 Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, É. (1817). "De l'Ichneumon. Ichneumon pharaon". In Jomard, E. F. (ed.). Description de l'Égypte, ou, Recueil des observations et des recherches qui ont été faites en Égypte pendant l'éxpédition de l'armée française. Tome II. Paris: Commission des Sciences et Arts d'Egypte. pp. 137–144.
  6. Mudappa, D. & Choudhury, A. (2016). "Herpestes edwardsii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species . 2016: e.T41611A45206787.
  7. Chutipong, W.; Duckworth, J. W.; Timmins, R.; Willcox, D. H. A. & Ario, A. (2016). "Herpestes javanicus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species . 2016: e.T70203940A45207619.
  8. Bennett, E. T. (1835). "Remarks on some Mammalia from Travancore, including a New Species of Herpestes". Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London. III: 66–67.
  9. Muddapa, D.; Choudhury, A. & Punjabi, G. A. (2016). "Herpestes vitticollis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species . 2016: e.T41619A45208503.
  10. Hodgson, B. H. (1836). "Synoptical description of sundry new animals, enumerated in the Catalogue of Nepalese Mammals". Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal. 5: 231–238.
  11. Choudhury, A.; Timmins, R.; Chutipong, W.; Duckworth, J. W.; Mudappa, D. & Willcox, D. H. A. (2015). "Herpestes urva". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species . 2015: e.T41618A86159618.
  12. 1 2 Gray, J. E. (1837). "Description of some or little known Mammalia, principally in the British Mueum Collection". The Magazine of Natural History and Journal of Zoology, Botany, Mineralogy, Geology and Meteorology. I (November): 577–587.
  13. Mudappa, D. & Choudhury, A. (2016). "Herpestes smithii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species . 2016: e.T41617A45208195.
  14. Duckworth, J. W.; Mathai, J.; Ross, J. & Wilting, A. (2016). "Herpestes brachyurus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species . 2016: e.T41610A45206655.
  15. Waterhouse, G.R. (1838). "On two new species of Mammalia, from the Society's collection, belonging to the genera Gerbillus and Herpestes". Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London. VI: 55–56.
  16. Mudappa, D.; Jathanna, D. (2015). "Herpestes fuscus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species . 2015: e.T41612A45207051.
  17. Gray, J.E. (1846). "New species of Mammalia". The Annals and Magazine of Natural History; Zoology, Botany, and Geology. 18 (118): 211–212.
  18. Mathai, J.; Hearn, A.; Brodie, J.; Wilting, A.; Duckworth, J. W.; Ross, J.; Holden, J.; Gemita, E. & Hon, J. (2015). "Herpestes semitorquatus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species . 2015: e.T41616A45208027.
  19. de Winton, W. E. (1901). "Description of a New Mongoose from West Africa". Bulletin of the Liverpool Museums under the City Council. 3 (2): 35–37.
  20. Ray, J.; Bahaa-el-din, L.; Angelici, F. M. & Do Linh San, E. (2015). "Herpestes naso". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species . 2015: e.T41615A45207915.