Paradoxurinae

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Paradoxurinae
Binturong in Overloon.jpg
Binturong (Arctictis binturong)
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon.png
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Suborder: Feliformia
Family: Viverridae
Subfamily: Paradoxurinae
Gray, 1864
Genera

see Classification

The Paradoxurinae are a subfamily of the viverrids that was denominated and first described by John Edward Gray in 1864. [1] Pocock subordinated the oriental genera Paradoxurus , Paguma and Arctictis to this subfamily. [2] [3]

Contents

Classification

Living species

GenusSpeciesDistribution and IUCN Red List status
Paradoxurus Cuvier, 1822 [4] Asian palm civet (P. hermaphroditus) (Pallas, 1777) [5]
Asian or Common Palm Civet Paradoxurus hermaphroditus Chambal by Dr. Raju Kasambe (6).JPG
LC [6]
Asian Palm Civet area.png
Golden palm civet (P. zeylonensis) (Pallas, 1778) [7]
Paradoxurus zeylonensis.jpg
VU [8]
Golden Palm Civet range.png
Brown palm civet (P. jerdoni) Blanford, 1885 [9]
ParadoxurusJerdoniSmit.jpg
LC [10]
Jerdon's Palm Civet range.png
Arctictis Temminck, 1824 [11] Binturong (A. binturong) (Raffles, 1822) [12]
Binturong in Overloon.jpg
VU [13]
Binturong area.png
PagumaGray, 1831 [14] Masked palm civet (P. larvata) (Smith, 1827) [15]
Palm civet on tree (detail).jpg
LC [16]
Masked Palm Civet area.png
Arctogalidia Merriam, 1897 [17] Small-toothed palm civet (A. trivirgata) (Gray, 1832) [18]
Small-toothed Palm Civet (Arctogalidia trivirgata stigmatica) (8076736823) (cut).jpg
LC [19]
Small-toothed Palm Cive area.png

Phylogenetic tree

The phylogenetic relationships of Paradoxurinae are shown in the following cladogram: [20] [21]

 Paradoxurinae 
  Paradoxurus  

Paradoxurus zeylonensis (Golden palm civet)

Paradoxurus montanus (Sri Lankan brown palm civet)

Paradoxurus stenocephalus (Golden dry-zone palm civet)

Paradoxurus aureus (Golden wet-zone palm civet)

Paradoxurus jerdoni (Jerdon's palm civet)

Paradoxurus hermaphroditus (Asian palm civet)

 Macrogalidia 

Macrogalidia musschenbroekii (Sulawesi palm civet)

 Paguma 

Paguma larvata (Masked palm civet)

 Arctictis 

Arctictis binturong (Binturong)

Extinct genera

Related Research Articles

Felidae Family of mammals

Felidae is a family of mammals in the order Carnivora, colloquially referred to as cats, and constitutes a clade. A member of this family is also called a felid. The term "cat" refers both to felids in general and specifically to the domestic cat.

Viverridae family of mammals

Viverridae is a family of small to medium-sized mammals, the viverrids, comprising 15 genera, which are subdivided into 38 species. This family was named and first described by John Edward Gray in 1821. Viverrids occur all over Africa, southern Europe, and South and Southeast Asia, across the Wallace Line. Their occurrence in Sulawesi and in some of the adjoining islands shows them to be ancient inhabitants of the Old World tropics.

Asiatic linsang genus of mammals

The Asiatic linsang (Prionodon) is a genus comprising two species native to Southeast Asia: the banded linsang and the spotted linsang. Prionodon is considered a sister taxon of the Felidae.

<i>Paradoxurus</i> genus of mammals

Paradoxurus is a genus of three palm civets within the viverrid family that was denominated and first described by Frédéric Cuvier in 1822. The Paradoxurus species have a broad head, a narrow muzzle with a large rhinarium that is deeply sulcate in the middle. Their large ears are rounded at the tip. The tail is nearly as long as the head and body.

Genet (animal) genus of mammals

A genet is a member of the genus Genetta, which consists of 14 to 17 species of small African carnivorans. The common genet is the only genet present in Europe and occurs in the Iberian Peninsula and France.

Crab-eating mongoose species of mammal

The crab-eating mongoose is a mongoose species ranging from the northeastern Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia to southern China and Taiwan. It is listed as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List.

Small-toothed palm civet species of mammal

The small-toothed palm civet, also known as the three-striped palm civet, is a palm civet native to dense forests of Southeast Asia, from the Assam district of India to Indochina and the Malay Peninsula and on Sumatra, Bangka, Java, Borneo, and numerous small nearby islands of Indonesia.

Masked palm civet species of mammal

The masked palm civet or gem-faced civet is a palm civet species native to the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia. It has been listed as least concern on the IUCN Red List since 2008 as it occurs in many protected areas, is tolerant to some degree of habitat modification, and widely distributed with presumed large populations that are unlikely to be declining.

Brown palm civet species of mammal

The brown palm civet also called the Jerdon's palm civet is a palm civet endemic to the Western Ghats of India.

<i>Herpestes</i> genus of mammals

Herpestes is a genus within the mongoose family Herpestidae. It is the type genus of the family and comprises ten living species, with a number of subspecies, and one extinct species.

Viverrinae subfamily of mammals, the viverrids

The Viverrinae represent the largest subfamily within the Viverridae comprising five genera, which are subdivided into 22 species native to Africa and Southeast Asia. This subfamily was denominated and first described by John Edward Gray in 1864.

<i>Viverra</i> genus of mammals

Viverra is a mammalian genus that was first nominated and described by Carl Linnaeus in 1758 as comprising several species including the large Indian civet. The genus was subordinated to the viverrid family by John Edward Gray in 1821.

Hemigalinae subfamily of mammals, the viverrids

The Hemigalinae are a subfamily of the viverrids denominated and first described by John Edward Gray in 1864. Hemigalinae species are native to Southeast Asia from southern China through Indochina, Malay Peninsula to Sumatra, Borneo and Sulawesi.

Binturong Species of mammal in the family Viverridae, native to South and Southeast Asia

The binturong, also known as bearcat, is a viverrid native to South and Southeast Asia. It is uncommon in much of its range, and has been assessed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List because of a declining population trend that is estimated at more than 30% since the mid 1980s.

References

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  2. Pocock, R. I. (1933). The rarer genera of oriental Viverridae. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London '1933'(4): 969–1035.
  3. Pocock, R. I. (1939). The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Mammalia. – Volume 1. Taylor and Francis, London. Pp. 376–439.
  4. Cuvier, F. (1822). "Du genre Paradoxure et de deux espèces nouvelles qui s'y rapportent". In Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, É.; Cuvier, G. (eds.). Mémoires du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle. 9. Paris: A. Belin. pp. 41–48.
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  7. Pallas, P. S. (1778). "Der Boshond Viverra zeylonensis". In Schreber, J. C. D. (ed.). Die Säugethiere in Abbildungen nach der Natur, mit Beschreibungen. Erlangen: Wolfgang Walther. pp. 451–452.
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