Brown-tailed mongoose

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Brown-tailed mongoose
Galidia olivacea Geoffroy.png
Plate of Galidia olivacea, a synonym of the brown-tailed mongoose, from 1839. The tail is incomplete. [1]
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon.png
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Suborder: Feliformia
Family: Eupleridae
Genus: Salanoia
Species:
S. concolor
Binomial name
Salanoia concolor
Salanoia concolor range map.svg
Brown-tailed mongoose range

The brown-tailed mongoose, Malagasy brown-tailed mongoose, or salano ( Salanoia concolor) is a species of mammal in the family Eupleridae. It is endemic to Madagascar. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical dry forests. It is threatened by habitat loss.

Contents

Taxonomy

The brown-tailed mongoose was first described in 1837 by French zoologist Isidore Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire under the names Galidia unicolor and Galidia olivacea. He placed both in the genus Galidia, together with the ring-tailed mongoose (Galidia elegans), [3] which is now recognized as the only species of that genus. [4] However, the name unicolor had been a misprint for concolor, and the name was corrected in an erratum and in a later note by Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire. [5] In 1865, [Note 1] John Edward Gray placed concolor and olivacea in their own subgenus of Galidia, which he called Salanoia . [7] In 1882, St. George Jackson Mivart also separated olivacea and concolor from Galidia, and placed them in a separate genus Hemigalidia, without mentioning Salanoia. [8] In his 1904 Index generum mammalium, Palmer noted that Salanoia, the first name to be published, was the proper name for the genus. [9] Although Glover Morrill Allen, in 1939, still listed two species, which he called Salanoia olivacea and S. unicolor, [10] by 1972 R. Albignac recognized a single species only, which he called Salanoia concolor. [11] A second species of Salanoia, Salanoia durrelli , was described in 2010. [12]

Notes

  1. The description appeared in the Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London for 1864, but the Proceedings often did not appear in the year they were for, and Salanoia was published in May 1865. [6]

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Eastern falanouc species of mammal

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Eupleridae family of carnivorans

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Ring-tailed vontsira species of mammal

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Galidiinae subfamily of carnivorans

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Jacksons mongoose species of mammal

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Indian grey mongoose species of mammal

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Javan mongoose Species of mammal

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Narrow-striped mongoose species of mammal

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Feliformia suborder of mammals in the order Carnivora

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<i>Salanoia</i> monotypic taxon

Salanoia is a genus of euplerid carnivoran with two currently described species found in Madagascar. They are mongoose-like, which is reflected in the older versions of their English names, for example brown-tailed mongoose which is now called brown-tailed vontsira. The name Salanoia is derived from one of the vernacular names for Salanoia concolor: Salano.

Viverrinae subfamily of mammals, the viverrids

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<i>Mungos</i> genus of mammals

Mungos is a mongoose genus that was proposed by Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire and Frédéric Cuvier in 1795.

Durrells vontsira A small species of carnivoran from Madagascar

Durrell's vontsira is a Madagascan mammal in the family Eupleridae of the order Carnivora. It is most closely related to the brown-tailed mongoose, with which it forms the genus Salanoia. The two are genetically similar, but morphologically distinct, leading scientists to recognize them as separate species. After an individual was observed in 2004, the animal became known to science and S. durrelli was described as a new species in 2010. It is found only in the Lac Alaotra area.

S. concolor may refer to:

Herpestoidea Superfamily of mammals

Herpestoidea is a superfamily of mammalia carnivores which includes mongooses, Malagasy carnivorans and the hyenas.

References

  1. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1839; cf. Garbutt, 2007, pp. 219–220
  2. Hawkins et al., 2008
  3. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1837, p. 581
  4. Wozencraft, 2005, pp. 560–561
  5. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1839, p. 37
  6. Allen, 1939, p. 227; Wozencraft, 2005, p. 561
  7. Gray, 1865, p. 523; Allen, 1939, p. 226
  8. Mivart, 1882, p. 188
  9. Palmer, 1904, pp. 317, 617
  10. Allen, 1939, p. 228
  11. Albignac, 1972, p. 677
  12. Durbin et al., 2010

Literature cited