Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera

Last updated
Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera
IRMNG logo.png
AbbreviationIRMNG
Formation2006 (2006)
Headquarters Ostend, Belgium
Manager & curator
Tony Rees
Main organ
Website
Parent organization
Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (2006-2014);
Flanders Marine Institute (2016-current)
Website www.irmng.org OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg

The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera (IRMNG) is a taxonomic database which attempts to cover published genus names for all domains of life from 1753 in zoology (1758 in botany) up to the present, arranged in a single, internally consistent taxonomic hierarchy, for the benefit of Biodiversity Informatics initiatives plus general users of biodiversity (taxonomic) information. In addition to containing over 490,000 published genus name instances as at March 2020 (also including subgeneric names in zoology), the database holds over 1.7 million species names (1.3 million listed as "accepted"), although this component of the data is not maintained in as current or complete state as the genus-level holdings. IRMNG can be queried online for access to the latest version of the dataset and is also made available as periodic snapshots or data dumps for import/upload into other systems as desired.

Contents

Description

IRMNG contains scientific names (only) of the genera, a subset of species, and principal higher ranks of most plants, animals and other kingdoms, both living and extinct, within a standardized taxonomic hierarchy, with associated machine-readable information on habitat (e.g. marine/nonmarine) and extant/fossil status for the majority of entries. [1] The database aspires to provide complete coverage of both accepted and unaccepted genus names across all kingdoms, with a subset only of species names included as a secondary activity. In its March 2020 release, IRMNG contained 492,620 genus names, of which 232,093 were listed as "accepted", 121,389 "unaccepted", 7,462 of "other" status i.e. interim unpublished, nomen dubium, nomen nudum, taxon inquirendum or temporary name, and 131,676 as "uncertain" (unassessed for taxonomic status at this time). [2] The data originate from a range of (frequently domain-specific) print, online and database sources, including (among others) Nomenclator Zoologicus for animals and Index Nominum Genericorum for plants, and are reorganised into a common data structure to support a variety of online queries, generation of individual taxon pages, and bulk data supply to other biodiversity informatics projects. IRMNG content can be queried and displayed freely via the web, and download files of the data down to the taxonomic rank of genus as at specific dates are available in the Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A) format. The data include homonyms (with their authorities), including both available (validly published) and selected unavailable names. [3]

Estimates for "accepted names" as held at March 2020 are as follows, broken down by kingdom:

IRMNG holdings: estimated accepted genus totals by kingdom - based on Rees et al., 2020 Estimated accepted genus totals by kingdom - based on Rees et al 2020.jpg
IRMNG holdings: estimated accepted genus totals by kingdom - based on Rees et al., 2020

The cited ranges of uncertainty arise because IRMNG lists "uncertain" names (not researched therein) in addition to known "accepted" names; the values quoted are the mean of "accepted" names alone (all "uncertain" names treated as unaccepted) and "accepted + uncertain" names (all "uncertain" names treated as accepted), with the associated range of uncertainty indicating these two extremes.

Database location and hosting

IRMNG was initiated and designed by Tony Rees in 2006. [1] [4] For his work on this and other projects, GBIF awarded him the 2014 Ebbe Nielsen Prize. [4] From 2006 to 2014 IRMNG was located at CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research, and was moved to the Flanders Marine Institute (VLIZ) over the period 2014–2016; from 2016 onwards all releases have been available via its new website www.irmng.org which is hosted by VLIZ. [1] [5] VLIZ also hosts the World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS), using a common infrastructure. [6]

IRMNG usage

Content from IRMNG is used by several global Biodiversity Informatics projects including Open Tree of Life, [7] the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF), [8] and the Encyclopedia of Life (EOL), [9] in addition to others including the Atlas of Living Australia [10] and the Global Names Architecture (GNA)'s Global Names Resolver. [11] From 2018 onwards, IRMNG data are also being used to populate the taxonomic hierarchy and provide generic names for a range of taxa in the areas of protists (kingdoms Protozoa and Chromista) and plant algae (Charophyta, Chlorophyta, Glaucophyta and Rhodophyta) in the Catalogue of Life. [12] IRMNG identifiers have also been associated with numerous Wikipedia taxon pages, based on content harvested from IRMNG and stored in Wikidata. [13]

Related Research Articles

A genus is a taxonomic rank used in the biological classification of living and fossil organisms, as well as viruses, in biology. In the hierarchy of biological classification, genus comes above species and below family. In binomial nomenclature, the genus name forms the first part of the binomial species name for each species within the genus.

Ebbe Schmidt Nielsen was a Danish entomologist. Nielsen was influential in systematics and Lepidoptera research, and was an early proponent of biodiversity informatics. The journal Invertebrate Systematics was established with significant contributions from Nielsen and he assisted in the founding of the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF). Nielsen authored several books, published over eighty scientific papers, and was highly regarded within the scientific community. Following his death, the GBIF organised the Ebbe Nielsen Prize in his memory, awarded annually to promising researchers in the field of biodiversity informatics. The moth Pollanisus nielseni is dedicated to Nielsen.

Global Biodiversity Information Facility Aggregator of scientific data on biodiversity; data portal

The Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) is an international organisation that focuses on making scientific data on biodiversity available via the Internet using web services. The data are provided by many institutions from around the world; GBIF's information architecture makes these data accessible and searchable through a single portal. Data available through the GBIF portal are primarily distribution data on plants, animals, fungi, and microbes for the world, and scientific names data.

<i>Nectophryne</i> genus of amphibians

Nectophryne, or African tree toads, is a small genus of true toads with only two species. They are native to West and Central Africa: Nigeria, Cameroon, Gabon, northeastern Congo, Bioko and Equatorial Guinea. Nectophryne afra uses small bodies of water to lay its eggs which are then guarded by the male.

Biodiversity Informatics is the application of informatics techniques to biodiversity information, such as taxonomy, biogeography or ecology. Modern computer techniques can yield new ways to view and analyze existing information, as well as predict future situations. Biodiversity informatics is a term that was only coined around 1992 but with rapidly increasing data sets has become useful in numerous studies and applications, such as the construction of taxonomic databases or geographic information systems. Biodiversity Informatics contrasts with "bioinformatics", which is often used synonymously with the computerized handling of data in the specialized area of molecular biology.

Leptomitales are an order of water moulds within the class Oomycetes that contains the genus Apodachlya.

Ebriid order of protists

The Ebridea is a group of phagotrophic flagellate eukaryotes present in marine coastal plankton communities worldwide. Ebria tripartita is one of two described extant species in the Ebridea.
Members of this group are named for their idiosyncratic method of movement.

The World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) is a taxonomic database that aims to provide an authoritative and comprehensive list of names of marine organisms.

Parechelus is an extinct genus of prehistoric bony fish that lived during the Ypresian. The genus was circumscribed by Edgard Casier in 1967 for his description of P. parechelus.

Plazi is a Swiss-based international non-profit association supporting and promoting the development of persistent and openly accessible digital bio-taxonomic literature. Plazi is maintaining a digital taxonomic literature repository to enable archiving of taxonomic treatments, enhances submitted taxonomic treatments by creating version in the XML formats TaxonX and Taxpub, and educates about the importance of maintaining open access to scientific discourse and data. It is a contributor to the evolving e-taxonomy in the field of Biodiversity Informatics.

AquaMaps

AquaMaps is a collaborative project with the aim of producing computer-generated predicted global distribution maps for marine species on a 0.5 x 0.5 degree grid of the oceans based on data available through online species databases such as FishBase and SeaLifeBase and species occurrence records from OBIS or GBIF and using an environmental envelope model in conjunction with expert input. The underlying model represents a modified version of the relative environmental suitability (RES) model developed by Kristin Kaschner to generate global predictions of marine mammal occurrences.

Flanders Marine Institute Organization in Flanders, northern Belgium that supports marine research

The Flanders Marine Institute provides a focal point for marine scientific research in Flanders, northern Belgium.

The Ebbe Nielsen Prize was an international science award made annually between 2002 and 2014 by the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF), to recognize a researcher who had made substantial contributions to the field of biodiversity informatics. The prize was established in memory of prominent entomologist and biodiversity informatics proponent Ebbe Nielsen, who died of a heart attack in the U.S.A. en route to the 2001 GBIF Governing Board meeting.

Cloacina is a genus of parasitic nematodes in the family Chabertiidae. Species are parasites of marsupials in Australia.

Podabrocephalus is the only genus in the beetle family Podabrocephalidae, or alternatively, included in the highly diverse family Cerambycidae. Its only species is Podabrocephalus sinuaticollis. It is known from southern India.

<i>× Oncostele</i> genus of plants

× Oncostele, abbreviated Ons., is a hybrid genus of orchids, used for greges containing at least one ancestor species from the genera Oncidium (Onc.) and Rhynchostele (Rst.). The nothogenus was defined in 2003 by J. M. H. Shaw.

<i>Nomenclator Zoologicus</i>

Nomenclator Zoologicus is one of the major compendia in the field of zoological nomenclature, compiled by Sheffield Airey Neave and his successors and published in 9 volumes over the period 1939–1994, under the auspices of the Zoological Society of London; a tenth, electronic-only volume was also produced before the project ceased. It contains over 340,000 published name instances with their authorities and details of their original publication, certain nomenclatural notes and cross references, and an indication of the taxonomic group to which each is assigned. An electronic (digitised) version of volumes 1-10 was released online by the uBio project, based at the Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole, in 2004–2005.

Ocean Biodiversity Information System

The Ocean Biodiversity Information System (OBIS), formerly Ocean Biogeographic Information System, is a web-based access point to information about the distribution and abundance of living species in the ocean. It was developed as the information management component of the ten year Census of Marine Life (CoML) (2001-2010), but is not limited to CoML-derived data, and aims to provide an integrated view of all marine biodiversity data that may be made available to it on an open access basis by respective data custodians. According to its web site as at July 2018, OBIS "is a global open-access data and information clearing-house on marine biodiversity for science, conservation and sustainable development." 8 specific objectives are listed in the OBIS site, of which the leading item is to "Provide [the] world's largest scientific knowledge base on the diversity, distribution and abundance of all marine organisms in an integrated and standardized format".

Compsosaurus is an extinct genus of phytosaur, a crocodile-like reptile that lived during the Triassic. Its fossils have been found in North Carolina. The type species, Compsosaurus priscus, was named by American paleontologist Joseph Leidy in 1856, although other sources say 1857. Compsosaurus may have been the same animal as the related Belodon.

<i>Omalus</i>

Omalus is a genus of cuckoo wasps in the family Chrysididae.

References

  1. 1 2 3 "IRMNG - Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera". IRMNG. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  2. "IRMNG - Download". IRMNG. Retrieved 2 April 2019.
  3. "IRMNG: Homonyms". IRMNG. Retrieved 2018-12-10.
  4. 1 2 "CSIRO's Tony Rees named 2014 Ebbe Nielsen Prize winner". GBIF . Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  5. "The Interim Register for Marine and Nonmarine Genera (IRMNG) will move from CSIRO to VLIZ". marinespecies.org. Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  6. "Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera (IRMNG)". Lifewatch regional portal. LifeWatch . Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  7. Open Tree of Life developers. "Taxonomy release ott3.0 -". Open Tree of Life . Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  8. "The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera". GBIF. 2018. doi:10.15468/6tkudz . Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  9. "IRMNG". Encyclopedia of Life. Archived from the original on 1 April 2018.
  10. "AtlasOfLivingAustralia/ala-name-matching". Atlas of Living Australia . Retrieved 18 December 2018.
  11. "Global Names Resolver: Names Data Sources" . Retrieved 18 December 2018.
  12. "IRMNG". Catalogue of Life . Retrieved 25 July 2020.
  13. Wikidata: IRMNG ID (P5055)

Further reading