Henbury

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Henbury
Bristol henbury.png
Boundaries of the city council ward, shown within Bristol.
Population10,699 (2011.Ward) [1]
OS grid reference ST564786
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BRISTOL
Postcode district BS10
Dialling code 0117
Police Avon and Somerset
Fire Avon
Ambulance South Western
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Bristol
51°30′18″N2°37′42″W / 51.5050°N 2.6284°W / 51.5050; -2.6284 Coordinates: 51°30′18″N2°37′42″W / 51.5050°N 2.6284°W / 51.5050; -2.6284

Henbury is a suburb of Bristol, England, approximately 5 miles (8.0 km) north west of the city centre. It was formerly a village in Gloucestershire and is now bordered by Westbury-on-Trym to the south; Brentry to the east and the Blaise Castle Estate, Blaise Hamlet and Lawrence Weston to the west. To the north lie the South Gloucestershire village of Hallen and the entertainment/retail park Cribbs Causeway.

Contents

The Hazel Brook (also known as the Hen), a tributary of the River Trym, flows through Henbury and crosses Henbury Road in a small ford near The Henbury Arms carvery restaurant. The ford is more than a foot deep relatively often and a small bridge exists as a main route for motor vehicles a few metres away.

Henbury is also the name of a council ward for Bristol City Council that includes both Henbury and Brentry. [2]

Henbury Golf Club sits on the south border.

History

Henbury was first mentioned in 692 as Heanburg. The name is from the Old English hēan byrig, meaning 'high fortified place'. [3] It was mentioned in the Domesday Book of 1086 as Henberie.

By a charter purported to date from the 690s Æthelred, king of Mercia, granted land at Henbury to Oftfor, bishop of Worcester, but the authenticity of the charter has been disputed. An 8th century charter grants land at "Heanburu" to the church at Worcester, but the reference may be to Hanbury in Worcestershire. There is more secure evidence that by the 790s Henbury was held by the Bishop of Worcester. [4]

Henbury was historically a very large parish and the centre of a hundred of the same name. The parish extended to the River Severn and included King's Weston, Lawrence Weston, Hallen, Charlton, Pilning, Northwick and Aust. [5] When the civil parish was created in 1866, parts of the ancient parish were separated to form the civil parishes of Redwick and Northwick (later Pilning and Severn Beach) [6] and Aust. [7] The parish of Compton Greenfield, including the village of Easter Compton, was added to the civil parish of Henbury in 1885.

In 1901, part of the civil parish was absorbed into Bristol, and further parts were absorbed into Bristol between then and 1933. In 1935, the civil parish was abolished, when the remaining parts were absorbed into the civil parishes of Pilning and Severn Beach, and Almondsbury. [8]

Botany Bay is an old name for the area of Henbury centred on the modern Marmion Crescent believed to derive from the nineteenth-century name of a row of cottages. [9] The Great House, Henbury was the home of the Astry family, and of the slave or manservant Scipio Africanus (see below). Nearby Henbury Court was built by Thomas Stock to replace the Great House. Henbury Court was demolished in the 1950s. [10]

Churches

Church of St Mary the Virgin, Henbury Henburychurch.jpg
Church of St Mary the Virgin, Henbury

The parish Church of St Mary the Virgin dates from approximately 1096. The tower is from the early 13th century. The north chapel was built, and further restoration work undertaken by Thomas Rickman in 1836, with further restoration by G. E. Street in 1875–7. It is a grade II* listed building. [11] The churchyard contains the grave of Scipio Africanus, the west African 18th-century manservant of Charles William Howard, 7th Earl of Suffolk, notable for its brightly painted gravestones.

Grave of Scipio Africanus Scipio Africanus grave.jpg
Grave of Scipio Africanus

Emmanuel Chapel Henbury is an independent evangelical church located on Satchfield Crescent.

St Antony's Church is a Catholic church which was built in the 1950s and is also located on Satchfield Crescent.

Schools

List of schools in Henbury, Bristol:

Other buildings

Crow Lane shops Crow Lane Henbury.jpg
Crow Lane shops

Henbury Village Hall is a Grade II listed building.

Henbury Leisure Centre is home to a 25-metre swimming pool, fitness suite, full-size all-weather pitch and a variety of fitness programmes and classes. It is located on the site of Henbury Secondary School.

The Henbury Lodge Hotel is operated by Best Western. The building itself is believed to have been built around 1600 as two cottages, before being combined into one dwelling in 1712.

Henbury is served by buses of First West of England, routes 1, 2, 4 and 76.

Henbury provides good access to major trunk roads such as the A4018, M4 and M5 motorways. It is located approximately two miles away from M5 junction 17 and five miles from the M4/M5 interchange. Bristol city centre is approximately five miles south east of Henbury.

Henbury station on the Henbury Loop railway between St Andrews Road and Filton Junction was opened in 1910 and closed in 1964. [12] The station is scheduled to reopen in 2021 as part of MetroWest's Phase Two, with trains calling at Bristol Temple Meads railway station.

Related Research Articles

South Gloucestershire Unitary authority area in England

South Gloucestershire is a unitary authority area in South West England. It comprises multiple suburban areas to the north and east of Bristol as well as a large rural hinterland. South Gloucestershire was created in 1996 from the northern section of the county of Avon, which was abolished at that time.

Aust Human settlement in England

Aust is a small village in South Gloucestershire, England, about 10 miles (16 km) north of Bristol and about 28 miles (45 km) south west of Gloucester. It is located on the eastern side of the Severn estuary, close to the eastern end of the Severn Bridge which carries the M48 motorway. The village has a chapel, a church and a public house. There is a large area of farmland on the river bank, which is sometimes flooded due to the high tidal range of the Severn. Aust Cliff, above the Severn, is located about 0.5 miles (0.80 km) from the village. The civil parish of Aust includes the villages of Elberton and Littleton-upon-Severn.

Severn Beach Human settlement in England

Severn Beach is a village on the Severn Estuary in South Gloucestershire, England. The eastern portal of the Severn Tunnel is on the outskirts of the village. The Severn footpath – on the sea wall – is part of the Severn Way that leads from Gloucester, Slimbridge and the Second Severn Crossing. Extensive sea defences have been constructed in recent years and this provides a popular walkway along its length. Originally, the Severn Way finished at Severn Beach, but it has recently been extended to Bristol.

Almondsbury Human settlement in England

Almondsbury is a large village near junction 16 of the M5 motorway, in South Gloucestershire, England, and a civil parish which also includes the villages of Hortham, Gaunt's Earthcott, Over, Easter Compton, Compton Greenfield, Hallen and Berwick.

Hallen, Gloucestershire Human settlement in England

Hallen is a village in South Gloucestershire, England, just north of the Bristol city boundary. It is southwest of Easter Compton, northeast of Avonmouth and northwest of Henbury. The village lies at the edge of the Severn floodplain, sandwiched between the M49 and M5 motorways. The word "Hallen" is old Saxon meaning the village or place of salt or is from the Welsh for salt, 'halen'.

Bristol North West (UK Parliament constituency) Constituency represented in the House of Commons

Bristol North West is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2017 by Darren Jones of the Labour Party.

Westbury-on-Trym Human settlement in England

Westbury on Trym is a suburb and council ward in the north of the City of Bristol, near the suburbs of Stoke Bishop, Westbury Park, Henleaze, Southmead and Henbury, in the southwest of England.

Brentry Human settlement in England

Brentry is a suburb of north Bristol, England, between Henbury and Southmead which is spread along the southern edge of the Filton to Avonmouth railway line.

Charlton was the name of a small village or large hamlet in Gloucestershire, England with a Bethel Chapel and Sunday School. It was demolished in the late 1940s. Its site is occupied by part of the derelict runway and safety margins of the former Bristol Filton Airport. The village was located between Filton and what is today the Cribbs Causeway out-of-town commercial and retail area immediately north of Bristol. To the north of the village lay fields and Over Court Deer Park. which is today Bristol Golf Club.

The city of Bristol is divided into many areas, which often overlap or have non-fixed borders. These include Parliamentary constituencies, council wards and unofficial neighbourhoods. There are no civil parishes in Bristol.

Holy Trinity Church, Westbury on Trym

Holy Trinity Church is a Church of England parish church in Westbury-on-Trym, Bristol, England.

BS postcode area Postcode area within the United Kingdom

The BS postcode area, also known as the Bristol postcode area, is a group of 37 postcode districts in South West England, within eight post towns. These cover the city of Bristol, north Somerset and south Gloucestershire.

St Marys Church, Henbury

St Mary the Virgin is a Church of England parish church in Henbury, Bristol, England.

Northwick is a hamlet in South Gloucestershire, England, first mentioned in 955.

Barton Regis was, from 1894 to 1904, a rural district in the English administrative county of Gloucestershire, adjacent to the City of Bristol.

Hazel Brook

The Hazel Brook, also known as the Hen, is a tributary of the River Trym in Bristol, England. It rises at Cribbs Causeway in South Gloucestershire. From there, its course takes it south, passing the western end of Filton Aerodrome on its left bank, through Brentry and Henbury before dropping through a steep limestone gorge in the Blaise Castle estate. It continues south through two lakes before joining the Trym at Coombe Dingle.

Henbury Hundred

Henbury Hundred was a subdivision of the county of Gloucestershire, England. Hundreds originated in the late Saxon period and lasted as administrative divisions until the 19th century.

References

  1. "Henbury" (PDF). 2011 Census Ward Information Sheet. Retrieved 26 February 2015.
  2. Ward map
  3. Mills, A.D. and Room, A. A Dictionary of British Place-Names Oxford University Press
  4. Orme, Nicholas; Cannon, Jon (2010). Westbury-on-Trym: Monastery, Minster and College (PDF). Bristol Record Society. p. 5. ISBN   978 0 901538 31 4 . Retrieved 23 January 2021.
  5. Extract from National Gazetteer, 1868
  6. "Pilning and Severn Beach Tg/CP through time | Census tables with data for the Parish-level Unit". www.visionofbritain.org.uk. Retrieved 29 December 2017.
  7. "History of Aust in South Gloucestershire | Map and description". www.visionofbritain.org.uk. Retrieved 29 December 2017.
  8. "History of Henbury in South Gloucestershire | Map and description". www.visionofbritain.org.uk. Retrieved 29 December 2017.
  9. "Countryside Walk: Cribbs Causeway – Easter Compton – Spaniorum – Botany Bay" (PDF). Bristol City Council. Retrieved 5 April 2017.
  10. Davis, Bertram R (1962). "The Henbury Epitaphs". www.gertlushonline.co.uk. Archived from the original on 7 August 2008. Retrieved 18 January 2009.
  11. "Church of St Mary the Virgin". historicengland.org.uk. Retrieved 19 February 2007.
  12. "Subterranea Britannica: SB-Sites: North Filton Platform". www.subbrit.org.uk. Retrieved 18 January 2009.