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Countries with a party member of International Democrat Union as of September 2018 [update]
|Purpose||World federation of centre-right to right-wing political parties|
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The International Democrat Union (IDU) is an international alliance of centre-right to right wing political parties. Headquartered in Munich, Germany,the IDU comprises 73 full and associate members from 63 different countries. It is chaired by Stephen Harper, former Prime Minister of Canada.
A political international is a transnational organization of political parties having similar ideology or political orientation. The international works together on points of agreement to co-ordinate activity.
A political party is an organized group of people who have the same ideology, or who otherwise have the same political positions, and who field candidates for elections, in an attempt to get them elected and thereby implement the party's agenda.
Munich is the capital and most populous city of Bavaria, the second most populous German federal state. With a population of around 1.5 million, it is the third-largest city in Germany, after Berlin and Hamburg, as well as the 12th-largest city in the European Union. The city's metropolitan region is home to 6 million people. Straddling the banks of the River Isar north of the Bavarian Alps, it is the seat of the Bavarian administrative region of Upper Bavaria, while being the most densely populated municipality in Germany. Munich is the second-largest city in the Bavarian dialect area, after the Austrian capital of Vienna.
The IDU provides a forum in which political parties holding similar beliefs can come together and exchange views on matters of policy and organisational interest. From this, they act cooperatively, establish contacts, and present a unified voice toward the promotion of centre-right policies around the globe. The IDU has some overlap of member parties with the Centrist Democrat International (CDI), but the CDI is more centrist and communitarian than the IDU.
The Centrist Democrat International is a Christian democratic political international. Until 2001, it was known as the Christian Democrat International (CDI) and before 1999 as the Christian Democrat and People's Parties International. It was formed in 1961 in Santiago, Chile as the Christian Democrat World Union, building on the legacy of other Christian Democrat internationals who tried to create a Christian-inspired third way alternative to the socialist internationals. In 1982, it was renamed for the first time to Christian Democrat International. The name was officially changed due to the participation of groups of various faiths. It is the global international political group dedicated to the promotion of Christian democracy. Although it gathers parties from around the globe, its members are drawn principally from Europe and Latin America. Some of them are also members of the International Democrat Union (IDU), although the CDI is closer to the political centre and more communitarian than the IDU.
In politics, centrism—the centre or the center —is a political outlook or specific position that involves acceptance or support of a balance of a degree of social equality and a degree of social hierarchy, while opposing political changes which would result in a significant shift of society strongly to either the left or the right.
Communitarianism is a philosophy that emphasizes the connection between the individual and the community. Its overriding philosophy is based upon the belief that a person's social identity and personality are largely molded by community relationships, with a smaller degree of development being placed on individualism. Although the community might be a family, communitarianism usually is understood, in the wider, philosophical sense, as a collection of interactions, among a community of people in a given place, or among a community who share an interest or who share a history. Communitarianism usually opposes extreme individualism and disagrees with extreme laissez-faire policies that neglect the stability of the overall community.
The group was founded in 1983 as the umbrella organisation for the European Democrat Union (EDU), Caribbean Democrat Union (CDU), and the Asia Pacific Democrat Union (APDU). Created at the instigation of the Konrad Adenauer Foundation and US Vice President George H. W. Bush, the organisation was founded at a joint meeting of the EDU and APDU in London, England, UK.
The European Democrat Union (EDU) is one of the three European wings of the International Democrat Union, along with the European People's Party (EPP) and the Alliance of Conservatives and Reformists in Europe (ACRE). Its members include Christian democratic, liberal conservative, and conservative political parties. It is only a nominal sub-entity of the IDU, since it ceased its activities in 2002.
The Caribbean Democrat Union is an alliance of moderate and centre-right political parties in the Caribbean. It is affiliated to the global International Democrat Union.
The Asia Pacific Democrat Union (APDU) is an international association of member parties close to the International Democratic Union. Sri Lankan Prime Minister Ranil Wickramasinghe is the current chairperson of the Asia Pacific Democrat Union.
The IDU has several regional affiliates: the Democrat Union of Africa, the Union of Latin American Parties, the Asia Pacific Democrat Union, the Caribbean Democrat Union, and the European People's Party, the Alliance of Conservatives and Reformists in Europeand the (dormant since 2002) European Democrat Union in Europe. It also has an affiliated youth wing the International Young Democrat Union led by Australian Simon Breheny and an affiliated women's wing in the International Women's Democrat Union.
The Democrat Union of Africa is an alliance of centre-right political parties in Africa. Founded in Dakar, Senegal, in 1997, it is affiliated with the global International Democrat Union. It aims to bring together parties with similar aims and political goals, such as the protection of democracy and individual liberty, from the whole of Africa, with its headquarters being found in Accra, Ghana.
The Union of Latin American Parties is an alliance of centre-right political parties in Latin America and Canada. It is affiliated with the global International Democrat Union.
The European People's Party (EPP) is a European political party with conservative and liberal-conservative member parties. A transnational organisation, it is composed of other political parties, not individuals. Founded by primarily Christian democratic parties in 1976, it has since broadened its membership to include liberal-conservative parties and parties with other centre-right political perspectives.
IDU was founded in London, on June 24, 1983.
The founding declaration was signed by 19 persons:
|Alois Mock||Austrian People's Party||Austria|
|Margaret Thatcher||Conservative Party||United Kingdom|
|Helmut Kohl||Christian Democratic Union of Germany||Germany|
|Franz Josef Strauss||Christian Social Union in Bavaria||Germany|
|Jacques Chirac||Rally for the Republic||France|
|Andrew Peacock||Liberal Party of Australia||Australia|
|Evangelos Averoff-Tossizza||New Democracy||Greece|
|Fraga Iribarne||People's Alliance||Spain|
|Oscar Alzaga||People's Democratic Party||Spain|
|Susanne Wood||New Zealand National Party||New Zealand|
|Glafcos Clerides||Democratic Rally||Cyprus|
|Ilkka Suominen||National Coalition Party||Finland|
|Lucas Pires||CDS – People's Party||Portugal|
|Tatsuo Tanaka||Liberal Democratic Party||Japan|
|Ulf Adelsohn||Moderate Party||Sweden|
|Erik Nielsen||Progressive Conservative Party of Canada||Canada|
|Poul Schlüter||Conservative People's Party||Denmark|
|Jo Benkow||Conservative Party||Norway|
|Frank Fahrenkopf||Republican Party||United States|
|Country||Party||Abbr||Status||Seats Lower House||Seats Upper House|
|Democratic Party of Albania||PD||extraparliamentary opposition|
0 / 140 (0%)
|Liberal Party of Australia||LIB||senior party in coalition|
62 / 150 (41%)
29 / 76 (38%)
|Austrian People's Party||ÖVP||in opposition|
61 / 183 (33%)
22 / 61 (36%)
|Republican Proposal||PRO||senior party in coalition|
108 / 257 (42%)
25 / 72 (35%)
|Azerbaijan National Independence Party||AMIP||in opposition|
0 / 125 (0%)
|Social Democrat Movement||Demócratas||in opposition|
0 / 130 (0%)
0 / 36 (0%)
|The BPF Party||BPF||extraparliamentary opposition|
0 / 110 (0%)
0 / 64 (0%)
|United Civil Party||UCP||in opposition|
1 / 110 (0.9%)
0 / 64 (0%)
|Party of Democratic Action||SDA||senior party in coalition|
9 / 42 (21%)
3 / 15 (20%)
|Party of Democratic Progress||PDP||in opposition|
2 / 42 (5%)
0 / 15 (0%)
|Croatian Democratic Union of Bosnia and Herzegovina||HDZ||senior party in coalition|
16 / 98 (16%)
14 / 58 (24%)
|Croatian Democratic Union 1990||HDZ-1990||in opposition|
2 / 98 (2%)
1 / 58 (2%)
|Democrats||DEM||senior party in coalition|
29 / 513 (6%)
7 / 81 (9%)
|GERB||GERB||senior party in coalition|
95 / 240 (40%)
|Union of Democratic Forces||SDS||extraparliamentary opposition|
0 / 240 (0%)
|Conservative Party of Canada||CPC/PCC||in opposition|
96 / 338 (28%)
31 / 105 (30%)
|Independent Democratic Union||UDI||junior party in coalition|
30 / 155 (19%)
9 / 43 (21%)
|National Renewal||RN||senior party in coalition|
34 / 155 (22%)
8 / 43 (19%)
|Colombian Conservative Party||PCC||junior party in coalition|
21 / 172 (12%)
15 / 108 (14%)
|Croatian Democratic Union||HDZ||in government|
55 / 151 (36%)
|Democratic Rally||DISY||in government|
18 / 56 (32%)
|Civic Democratic Party||ODS||in opposition|
25 / 200 (13%)
18 / 81 (22%)
|Conservative People's Party||K||in opposition|
6 / 179 (3%)
|National Progressive Force||FNP||in opposition|
0 / 190 (0%)
0 / 32 (0%)
|Social Christian Party||PSC||in opposition|
15 / 137 (11%)
|Nationalist Republican Alliance||ARENA||in opposition|
37 / 84 (44%)
|junior party in coalition|
11 / 101 (11%)
|European People's Party||EPP||senior party in coalition|
218 / 751 (29%)
8 / 28 (29%)
|Alliance of Conservatives and Reformists in Europe||ACRE||in opposition|
72 / 751 (10%)
2 / 28 (7%)
|National Coalition Party||Kok||in opposition|
38 / 200 (19%)
|United National Movement||UNM||in opposition|
6 / 150 (4%)
|Christian Democratic Union||CDU||senior party in coalition|
200 / 709 (28%)
22 / 69 (32%)
|Christian Social Union of Bavaria||CSU||junior party in coalition|
46 / 709 (6%)
6 / 69 (9%)
|New Patriotic Party||NPP||in government|
169 / 275 (61%)
|New Democracy||ND||in government|
158 / 300 (53%)
|New National Party||NNP||in government|
15 / 15 (100%)
7 / 13 (54%)
|Unionist Party||PU||in opposition|
2 / 158 (1%)
|National Party of Honduras||PNH||in government|
61 / 128 (48%)
117 / 199 (59%)
|Independence Party||XD||junior party in coalition|
16 / 63 (25%)
|Bharatiya Janata Party||BJP||in government|
303 / 545 (56%)
73 / 245 (30%)
|Likud Party||Likud||senior party in coalition|
35 / 120 (29%)
|Liberty Korea Party||LKP||in opposition|
112 / 300 (37%)
|Democratic Party of Kenya||DP||in opposition|
0 / 67 (0%)
0 / 394 (0%)
|Kataeb Party||Kataeb||in opposition|
3 / 128 (2%)
|Homeland Union – Lithuanian Christian Democrats||TS-LKD||in opposition|
31 / 141 (22%)
|Maldivian Democratic Party||MDP||in opposition|
19 / 85 (22%)
|Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova||PLDM||extraparliamentary opposition|
0 / 101 (0%)
|Democratic Party||in opposition|
9 / 16 (56%)
|Movement for Changes||PzP||in opposition|
5 / 81 (6%)
|Istiqlal Party||in opposition|
46 / 395 (12%)
24 / 120 (20%)
|National Party||Nats||in opposition|
55 / 120 (46%)
|Conservative Party||PCN||in opposition|
1 / 92 (1%)
39 / 120 (33%)
|Conservative Party||H||senior party in coalition|
45 / 169 (27%)
|Democratic Change||CD||in opposition|
25 / 71 (35%)
|Partido Colorado||MDR||in government|
46 / 80 (58%)
20 / 45 (44%)
|Christian People's Party||PPC||extraparliamentary opposition|
0 / 130 (0%)
|CDS – People's Party||CDS–PP||in opposition|
18 / 230 (8%)
|Union of Right Forces||SPS||extraparliamentary opposition||A former political Party, now an NGO.|
|United Workers Party (Saint Lucia)||UWP||in government|
11 / 17 (65%)
|Serbian Progressive Party||SNS||senior party in coalition|
97 / 250 (39%)
|Slovenian Democratic Party||SDS||in opposition|
25 / 90 (28%)
|People's Party||PP||in opposition|
134 / 350 (38%)
146 / 265 (55%)
|United National Party||UNP||in government|
106 / 225 (47%)
|Moderate Party||M||in opposition|
70 / 349 (20%)
35 / 113 (31%)
|Chama Cha Demokrasia Na Maendeleo||CHADEMA||in opposition|
63 / 393 (16%)
|Forum for Democratic Change||FDC||in opposition|
36 / 375 (10%)
20 / 450 (4%)
|Conservative and Unionist Party||Con||in government|
314 / 650 (48%)
249 / 784 (32%)
|Republican Party||R/GOP||majority in Senate and holds office of Presidency; minority in House of Representatives|
197 / 435 (45%)
53 / 100 (53%)
|Project Venezuela||PV||in opposition||Did not participate in 2018 elections.|
|Cuban Democratic Directorate||DDC||in exile (United States)|
|New Rights||NRP||extraparliamentary opposition|
Stephen Joseph Harper is a Canadian economist, entrepreneur, and retired politician who served as the 22nd prime minister of Canada for nearly a decade, from February 6, 2006, to November 4, 2015. Harper has served as the leader of the International Democrat Union since February 2018.
Sir John Phillip Key is a New Zealand former politician who served as the 38th Prime Minister of New Zealand from 2008 to 2016 and as Leader of the New Zealand National Party from 2006 to 2016. After resigning from both posts in December 2016 and leaving politics, Key was appointed to board of director and chairmanship roles in New Zealand corporations.
John Winston Howard, is an Australian former politician who served as the 25th Prime Minister of Australia from 1996 to 2007. He is the second-longest serving Australian Prime Minister, behind only Sir Robert Menzies, who was in office for over 18 years. He is also the oldest living former Australian Prime Minister, as of 16 May 2019. Howard was leader of the Liberal Party from 1985 to 1989 and from 1995 to 2007.
Christian democracy is a political ideology that emerged in 19th-century Europe under the influence of Catholic social teaching as well as Neo-Calvinism. Christian democratic political ideology advocates for a commitment to social market principles and qualified interventionism. It was conceived as a combination of modern democratic ideas and traditional Christian values, incorporating the social teachings espoused by the Catholic, Lutheran, Reformed, and Pentecostal traditions in various parts of the world. After World War II, the Protestant and Catholic movements of the Social Gospel and Neo-Thomism, respectively, played a role in shaping Christian democracy. Christian democracy continues to be influential in Europe and Latin America, although it is also present in other parts of the world.
The International Young Democrat Union (IYDU) is a global alliance of centre-right political youth organisations and the youth wing of the International Democrat Union (IDU).
The European Young Conservatives (EYC) is a grouping of youth wings of conservative and centre-right political parties in Europe.
The Hungarian Democratic Forum was a centre-right political party in Hungary. It had a Hungarian nationalist, national-conservative, Christian-democratic ideology. The party was represented continuously in the National Assembly from the restoration of democracy in 1990 until 2010. It was dissolved on 8 April 2011.
The European Democratic Party (EDP) is a centrist European political party in favour of European integration. It was initiated on 16 April 2004 and formally founded on 9 December 2004 in Brussels. François Bayrou of the French Democratic Movement (MoDem) and Francesco Rutelli, former leader of the Democracy is Freedom and Alliance for Italy parties, serve as the two co-presidents.
This article gives information on liberalism worldwide. It is an overview of parties that adhere to some form of liberalism and is therefore a list of liberal parties around the world.
Liberalism and radicalism in France refer to different movements and ideologies.
The political groups of the European Parliament are the parliamentary groups of the European Parliament. The European Parliament is unique among supranational assemblies in that its members (MEPs) organise themselves into ideological groups as in traditional national legislatures. The members of other supranational assemblies form national groups. The political groups of the European Parliament are usually the formal representation of a European political party in the Parliament. In other cases, they are political coalitions of a number of European parties, national parties, and independent politicians.
The Alliance for Europe of the Nations was a pan-European political party that gathered conservative and national-conservative political parties from across the continent.
The Democrat Youth Community of Europe (DEMYC) is the international umbrella organisation of the youth wings of Christian Democratic, Conservative and like-minded parties of Europe. With currently now more than one million affiliates in its member organisations, DEMYC is one of the strongest political youth organisations in Europe.
The Democrats is a political party in Brazil. It was founded in 1985 under the name of Liberal Front Party from a dissidence of the defunct PDS, successor to the ARENA, the official party during the military dictatorship of 1964–1985. It changed to its current name in 2007. The original name reflected the party's support of free market policies, rather than the identification with international liberal parties. Instead, the party affiliated itself to the international federations of Christian democratic (CDI) and conservative parties (IDU). The Democrats' identification number is 25 and its colors are green, blue, and white.
The Group of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe was the liberal–centrist political group of the European Parliament from 2004 until 2019. It was made up of MEPs from two European political parties, the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party and the European Democratic Party, which collectively form the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe.
The Alliance of Conservatives and Reformists in Europe (ACRE), formerly known as the Alliance of European Conservatives and Reformists (AECR), is a conservative Eurosceptic European political party with a main focus on reforming the European Union (EU) on the basis of Eurorealism, as opposed to total rejection of the EU (anti-EU-ism). It currently has twenty-four member parties and three further independent members from twenty-one countries, in addition to seven regional partners worldwide.
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