International Democrat Union

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International Democrat Union
International Democrat Union logo.png
International Democrat Union.svg
Countries with a party member of International Democrat Union as of September 2018
AbbreviationIDU
Formation1983
PurposeWorld federation of centre-right to right-wing political parties
Headquarters Munich, Germany
Region served
Worldwide
Membership
73
Official language
English
Chairman
Stephen Harper
Deputy Chairman
Brian Loughnane
Website idu.org

The International Democrat Union (IDU) is an international alliance of centre-right to right wing political parties. Headquartered in Munich, Germany, [1] the IDU comprises 73 full and associate members from 63 different countries. [2] It is chaired by Stephen Harper, former Prime Minister of Canada.

A political international is a transnational organization of political parties having similar ideology or political orientation. The international works together on points of agreement to co-ordinate activity.

A political party is an organized group of people who have the same ideology, or who otherwise have the same political positions, and who field candidates for elections, in an attempt to get them elected and thereby implement the party's agenda.

Munich Capital and most populous city of Bavaria, Germany

Munich is the capital and most populous city of Bavaria, the second most populous German federal state. With a population of around 1.5 million, it is the third-largest city in Germany, after Berlin and Hamburg, as well as the 12th-largest city in the European Union. The city's metropolitan region is home to 6 million people. Straddling the banks of the River Isar north of the Bavarian Alps, it is the seat of the Bavarian administrative region of Upper Bavaria, while being the most densely populated municipality in Germany. Munich is the second-largest city in the Bavarian dialect area, after the Austrian capital of Vienna.

Contents

The IDU provides a forum in which political parties holding similar beliefs can come together and exchange views on matters of policy and organisational interest. From this, they act cooperatively, establish contacts, and present a unified voice toward the promotion of centre-right policies around the globe. The IDU has some overlap of member parties with the Centrist Democrat International (CDI), but the CDI is more centrist and communitarian than the IDU. [3]

The Centrist Democrat International is a Christian democratic political international. Until 2001, it was known as the Christian Democrat International (CDI) and before 1999 as the Christian Democrat and People's Parties International. It was formed in 1961 in Santiago, Chile as the Christian Democrat World Union, building on the legacy of other Christian Democrat internationals who tried to create a Christian-inspired third way alternative to the socialist internationals. In 1982, it was renamed for the first time to Christian Democrat International. The name was officially changed due to the participation of groups of various faiths. It is the global international political group dedicated to the promotion of Christian democracy. Although it gathers parties from around the globe, its members are drawn principally from Europe and Latin America. Some of them are also members of the International Democrat Union (IDU), although the CDI is closer to the political centre and more communitarian than the IDU.

Centrism describes a political outlook or specific position

In politics, centrism—the centre or the center —is a political outlook or specific position that involves acceptance or support of a balance of a degree of social equality and a degree of social hierarchy, while opposing political changes which would result in a significant shift of society strongly to either the left or the right.

Communitarianism philosophy that emphasizes the connection between the individual and the community

Communitarianism is a philosophy that emphasizes the connection between the individual and the community. Its overriding philosophy is based upon the belief that a person's social identity and personality are largely molded by community relationships, with a smaller degree of development being placed on individualism. Although the community might be a family, communitarianism usually is understood, in the wider, philosophical sense, as a collection of interactions, among a community of people in a given place, or among a community who share an interest or who share a history. Communitarianism usually opposes extreme individualism and disagrees with extreme laissez-faire policies that neglect the stability of the overall community.

The group was founded in 1983 as the umbrella organisation for the European Democrat Union (EDU), Caribbean Democrat Union (CDU), and the Asia Pacific Democrat Union (APDU). Created at the instigation of the Konrad Adenauer Foundation and US Vice President George H. W. Bush, the organisation was founded at a joint meeting of the EDU and APDU in London, England, UK. [4]

The European Democrat Union (EDU) is one of the three European wings of the International Democrat Union, along with the European People's Party (EPP) and the Alliance of Conservatives and Reformists in Europe (ACRE). Its members include Christian democratic, liberal conservative, and conservative political parties. It is only a nominal sub-entity of the IDU, since it ceased its activities in 2002.

The Caribbean Democrat Union is an alliance of moderate and centre-right political parties in the Caribbean. It is affiliated to the global International Democrat Union.

The Asia Pacific Democrat Union (APDU) is an international association of member parties close to the International Democratic Union. Sri Lankan Prime Minister Ranil Wickramasinghe is the current chairperson of the Asia Pacific Democrat Union.

The IDU has several regional affiliates: the Democrat Union of Africa, the Union of Latin American Parties, the Asia Pacific Democrat Union, the Caribbean Democrat Union, and the European People's Party, the Alliance of Conservatives and Reformists in Europe [5] and the (dormant since 2002) European Democrat Union in Europe. It also has an affiliated youth wing the International Young Democrat Union led by Australian Simon Breheny [6] and an affiliated women's wing in the International Women's Democrat Union.

Democrat Union of Africa

The Democrat Union of Africa is an alliance of centre-right political parties in Africa. Founded in Dakar, Senegal, in 1997, it is affiliated with the global International Democrat Union. It aims to bring together parties with similar aims and political goals, such as the protection of democracy and individual liberty, from the whole of Africa, with its headquarters being found in Accra, Ghana.

The Union of Latin American Parties is an alliance of centre-right political parties in Latin America and Canada. It is affiliated with the global International Democrat Union.

European Peoples Party European political party

The European People's Party (EPP) is a European political party with conservative and liberal-conservative member parties. A transnational organisation, it is composed of other political parties, not individuals. Founded by primarily Christian democratic parties in 1976, it has since broadened its membership to include liberal-conservative parties and parties with other centre-right political perspectives.

Founding

IDU was founded in London, on June 24, 1983. [7]

The founding declaration was signed by 19 persons: [8]

PersonPartyCountry
Alois Mock Austrian People's Party Austria
Margaret Thatcher Conservative Party United Kingdom
Helmut Kohl Christian Democratic Union of Germany Germany
Franz Josef Strauss Christian Social Union in Bavaria Germany
Jacques Chirac Rally for the Republic France
Andrew Peacock Liberal Party of Australia Australia
Evangelos Averoff-Tossizza New Democracy Greece
Fraga Iribarne People's Alliance Spain
Oscar Alzaga People's Democratic Party Spain
Susanne Wood New Zealand National Party New Zealand
Glafcos Clerides Democratic Rally Cyprus
Ilkka Suominen National Coalition Party Finland
Lucas Pires CDS – People's Party Portugal
Tatsuo Tanaka  [ ja ] Liberal Democratic Party Japan
Ulf Adelsohn Moderate Party Sweden
Erik Nielsen Progressive Conservative Party of Canada Canada
Poul Schlüter Conservative People's Party Denmark
Jo Benkow Conservative Party Norway
Frank Fahrenkopf Republican Party United States

Member parties

Full members

Full members
CountryPartyAbbrStatusSeats Lower HouseSeats Upper House
Flag of Albania.svg  Albania Democratic Party of Albania PDextraparliamentary opposition
0 / 140(0%)
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Liberal Party of Australia LIBsenior party in coalition
62 / 150(41%)
29 / 76(38%)
Flag of Austria.svg  Austria Austrian People's Party ÖVPin opposition
61 / 183(33%)
22 / 61(36%)
Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina Republican Proposal PROsenior party in coalition
108 / 257(42%)
25 / 72(35%)
Flag of Azerbaijan.svg  Azerbaijan Azerbaijan National Independence Party AMIPin opposition
0 / 125(0%)
Flag of Bolivia.svg  Bolivia Social Democrat Movement Demócratasin opposition
0 / 130(0%)
0 / 36(0%)
Flag of Belarus.svg  Belarus The BPF Party BPFextraparliamentary opposition
0 / 110(0%)
0 / 64(0%)
United Civil Party UCPin opposition
1 / 110(0.9%)
0 / 64(0%)
Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg  Bosnia and Herzegovina Party of Democratic Action SDAsenior party in coalition
9 / 42(21%)
3 / 15(20%)
Party of Democratic Progress PDPin opposition
2 / 42(5%)
0 / 15(0%)
Croatian Democratic Union of Bosnia and Herzegovina HDZsenior party in coalition
16 / 98(16%)
14 / 58(24%)
Croatian Democratic Union 1990 HDZ-1990in opposition
2 / 98(2%)
1 / 58(2%)
Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil Democrats DEMsenior party in coalition
29 / 513(6%)
7 / 81(9%)
Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria GERB GERBsenior party in coalition
95 / 240(40%)
Union of Democratic Forces SDSextraparliamentary opposition
0 / 240(0%)
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada Conservative Party of Canada CPC/PCC in opposition
96 / 338(28%)
31 / 105(30%)
Flag of Chile.svg  Chile Independent Democratic Union UDIjunior party in coalition
30 / 155(19%)
9 / 43(21%)
National Renewal RNsenior party in coalition
34 / 155(22%)
8 / 43(19%)
Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia Colombian Conservative Party PCCjunior party in coalition
21 / 172(12%)
15 / 108(14%)
Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia Croatian Democratic Union HDZin government
55 / 151(36%)
Flag of Cyprus.svg  Cyprus Democratic Rally DISYin government
18 / 56(32%)
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic Civic Democratic Party ODSin opposition
25 / 200(13%)
18 / 81(22%)
Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark Conservative People's Party Kin opposition
6 / 179(3%)
Flag of the Dominican Republic.svg  Dominican Republic National Progressive Force FNPin opposition
0 / 190(0%)
0 / 32(0%)
Flag of Ecuador.svg  Ecuador Social Christian Party PSCin opposition
15 / 137(11%)
Flag of El Salvador.svg  El Salvador Nationalist Republican Alliance ARENAin opposition
37 / 84(44%)
Flag of Estonia.svg  Estonia Pro Patria

PP

junior party in coalition
11 / 101(11%)
Flag of Europe.svg  European Union European People's Party EPPsenior party in coalition
218 / 751(29%)
8 / 28(29%)
Alliance of Conservatives and Reformists in Europe ACREin opposition
72 / 751(10%)
2 / 28(7%)
Flag of Finland.svg  Finland National Coalition Party Kokin opposition
38 / 200(19%)
Flag of Georgia.svg  Georgia United National Movement UNMin opposition
6 / 150(4%)
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Christian Democratic Union CDUsenior party in coalition
200 / 709(28%)
22 / 69(32%)
Christian Social Union of Bavaria CSUjunior party in coalition
46 / 709(6%)
6 / 69(9%)
Flag of Ghana.svg  Ghana New Patriotic Party NPPin government
169 / 275(61%)
Flag of Greece.svg  Greece New Democracy NDin government
158 / 300(53%)
Flag of Grenada.svg  Grenada New National Party NNPin government
15 / 15(100%)
7 / 13(54%)
Flag of Guatemala.svg  Guatemala Unionist Party PUin opposition
2 / 158(1%)
Flag of Honduras.svg  Honduras National Party of Honduras PNH in government
61 / 128(48%)
Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary Fidesz in government
117 / 199(59%)
Flag of Iceland.svg  Iceland Independence Party XDjunior party in coalition
16 / 63(25%)
Flag of India.svg  India Bharatiya Janata Party [9] BJP in government
303 / 545(56%)
73 / 245(30%)
Flag of Israel.svg  Israel Likud Party Likudsenior party in coalition
35 / 120(29%)
Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea Liberty Korea Party LKPin opposition
112 / 300(37%)
Flag of Kenya.svg  Kenya Democratic Party of Kenya DPin opposition
0 / 67(0%)
0 / 394(0%)
Flag of Lebanon.svg  Lebanon Kataeb Party Kataebin opposition
3 / 128(2%)
Flag of Lithuania.svg  Lithuania Homeland Union – Lithuanian Christian Democrats TS-LKDin opposition
31 / 141(22%)
Flag of Maldives.svg  Maldives Maldivian Democratic Party MDPin opposition
19 / 85(22%)
Flag of Moldova.svg  Moldova Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova PLDMextraparliamentary opposition
0 / 101(0%)
Flag of Mongolia.svg  Mongolia Democratic Party in opposition
9 / 16(56%)
Flag of Montenegro.svg  Montenegro Movement for Changes PzPin opposition
5 / 81(6%)
Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco Istiqlal Party in opposition
46 / 395(12%)
24 / 120(20%)
Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand National Party Natsin opposition
55 / 120(46%)
Flag of Nicaragua.svg  Nicaragua Conservative Party PCNin opposition
1 / 92(1%)
Flag of North Macedonia.svg  North Macedonia VMRO–DPMNE VMRO–DPMNEin opposition
39 / 120(33%)
Flag of Norway.svg  Norway Conservative Party Hsenior party in coalition
45 / 169(27%)
Flag of Panama.svg  Panama Democratic Change CDin opposition
25 / 71(35%)
Flag of Paraguay.svg  Paraguay Partido Colorado MDRin government
46 / 80(58%)
20 / 45(44%)
Flag of Peru.svg  Peru Christian People's Party PPCextraparliamentary opposition
0 / 130(0%)
Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal CDS – People's Party CDS–PPin opposition
18 / 230(8%)
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia Union of Right Forces SPSextraparliamentary oppositionA former political Party, now an NGO.
Flag of Saint Lucia.svg  Saint Lucia United Workers Party (Saint Lucia) UWPin government
11 / 17(65%)
Flag of Serbia.svg  Serbia Serbian Progressive Party SNSsenior party in coalition
97 / 250(39%)
Flag of Slovenia.svg  Slovenia Slovenian Democratic Party SDSin opposition
25 / 90(28%)
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain People's Party PPin opposition
134 / 350(38%)
146 / 265(55%)
Flag of Sri Lanka.svg  Sri Lanka United National Party UNPin government
106 / 225(47%)
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden Moderate Party Min opposition
70 / 349(20%)
Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Taiwan Kuomintang KMTin opposition
35 / 113(31%)
Flag of Tanzania.svg  Tanzania Chama Cha Demokrasia Na Maendeleo CHADEMAin opposition
63 / 393(16%)
Flag of Uganda.svg  Uganda Forum for Democratic Change FDCin opposition
36 / 375(10%)
Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine Batkivshchyna VOBin opposition
20 / 450(4%)
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Conservative and Unionist Party Conin government
314 / 650(48%)
249 / 784(32%)
Flag of the United States.svg  United States Republican Party R/GOPmajority in Senate and holds office of Presidency; minority in House of Representatives
197 / 435(45%)
53 / 100(53%)
Flag of Venezuela.svg  Venezuela Project Venezuela PVin oppositionDid not participate in 2018 elections.

Associate members

Associate members
CountryPartyAbbrGovernment
Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba Cuban Democratic Directorate DDCin exile (United States)
Flag of Georgia.svg  Georgia New Rights NRPextraparliamentary opposition

Chairmen

Stephen Harper 22nd Prime Minister of Canada

Stephen Joseph Harper is a Canadian economist, entrepreneur, and retired politician who served as the 22nd prime minister of Canada for nearly a decade, from February 6, 2006, to November 4, 2015. Harper has served as the leader of the International Democrat Union since February 2018.

John Key 38th Prime Minister of New Zealand

Sir John Phillip Key is a New Zealand former politician who served as the 38th Prime Minister of New Zealand from 2008 to 2016 and as Leader of the New Zealand National Party from 2006 to 2016. After resigning from both posts in December 2016 and leaving politics, Key was appointed to board of director and chairmanship roles in New Zealand corporations.

John Howard Australian politician, 25th Prime Minister of Australia

John Winston Howard, is an Australian former politician who served as the 25th Prime Minister of Australia from 1996 to 2007. He is the second-longest serving Australian Prime Minister, behind only Sir Robert Menzies, who was in office for over 18 years. He is also the oldest living former Australian Prime Minister, as of 16 May 2019. Howard was leader of the Liberal Party from 1985 to 1989 and from 1995 to 2007.

See also

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References

  1. Burnell, Peter J. (2006). Globalizing Democracy: Party Politics in Emerging Democracies. London: Taylor & Francis. p. 63. ISBN   978-0-415-40184-5.
  2. International Democrat Union. "IDU Members". Idu.org. Archived from the original on 2014-07-01. Retrieved 2016-04-22.
  3. Mohr, Alexander (2010). The German Political Foundations as Actors in Democracy Assistance. Boca Raton: Universal-Publishers. p. 151. ISBN   978-1-59942-331-9.
  4. Goldman, Ralph Morris (2002). The Future Catches Up: Transnational Parties and Democracy. London: Taylor & Francis. p. 418. ISBN   978-0-595-22888-1.
  5. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on October 17, 2013. Retrieved October 17, 2012.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  6. "IYDU-New Chairman and Board Elected". IDU. November 15, 2016. Retrieved December 11, 2016.
  7. International Democrat Union, minutes of founding meeting, 1983
  8. International Democrat Union, minutes of founding meeting, 1993
  9. Diplomat, Akhilesh Pillalamarri, The. "India's Bharatiya Janata Party Joins Union of International Conservative Parties". The Diplomat. Retrieved 2018-04-25.