Jaxon

Last updated

Jack Jackson
Born(1941-05-15)May 15, 1941
Pandora, Texas, US
Died June 8, 2006(2006-06-08) (aged 65)
Stockdale, Texas, US
Area(s) Cartoonist, illustrator, historian, writer
Pseudonym(s) Jaxon
Notable works
God Nose
Rip Off Press
historical comics

Jack Edward Jackson (May 15, 1941 – June 8, 2006), better known by his pen name Jaxon, was an American cartoonist, illustrator, historian, and writer. He co-founded Rip Off Press, and many consider him to be the first underground comix artist, due to his most well known comic strip God Nose . [1]

Cartoonist visual artist who makes cartoons

A cartoonist is a visual artist who specializes in drawing cartoons. This work is often created for entertainment, political commentary, or advertising. Cartoonists may work in many formats, such as booklets, comic strips, comic books, editorial cartoons, graphic novels, manuals, gag cartoons, graphic design, illustrations, storyboards, posters, shirts, books, advertisements, greeting cards, magazines, newspapers, and video game packaging.

Rip Off Press, Inc. is a mail order retailer and distributor, better known as the former publisher of "adult-themed" series like The Fabulous Furry Freak Brothers and Rip Off Comix, as well as many other seminal publications from the underground comix era. Founded in 1969 in San Francisco by four friends from Austin, Texas — cartoonists Gilbert Shelton and Jack Jackson, and Fred Todd and Dave Moriaty — Rip Off Press is now run out of Auburn, California, by Todd and his wife.

Underground comix comics genre

Underground comix are small press or self-published comic books which are often socially relevant or satirical in nature. They differ from mainstream comics in depicting content forbidden to mainstream publications by the Comics Code Authority, including explicit drug use, sexuality, and violence. They were most popular in the United States between 1968 and 1975, and in the United Kingdom between 1973 and 1974.

Contents

Early life

Jackson was born in 1941 in Pandora, Texas. He majored in accounting at the University of Texas and was a staffer for its Texas Ranger humor magazine, until he and others were fired over what he called "a petty censorship violation". [2] [3]

Pandora is an unincorporated community in Wilson County, Texas, United States. According to the Handbook of Texas, the community had an estimated population of 125 in 2000. Pandora is part of the San Antonio Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Career

In 1964, Jackson self-published the one-shot God Nose , which is considered by many to be the first underground comic. [1] He moved to San Francisco in 1966, where he became art director of the dance poster division of the Family Dog psychedelic rock music promotion collective. In 1969, he co-founded Rip Off Press, one of the first independent publishers of underground comix, with three other Texas transplants, Gilbert Shelton, Fred Todd, and Dave Moriaty. Despite this, most of his underground comics work (heavily influenced by EC Comics) was published by Last Gasp, including frequent contributions to the Last Gasp anthology Slow Death . (Jaxon left his affiliation with Last Gasp in c. 1991.) [4]

<i>God Nose</i>

God Nose is a 42-page American comic book produced in 1964 by Jack "Jaxon" Jackson and is considered one of the first underground comix. God Nose centers on philosophical discussions between God and the "fools he rules."

Psychedelic rock Style of rock music

Psychedelic rock is a diverse style of rock music inspired, influenced, or representative of psychedelic culture, which is centred around perception-altering hallucinogenic drugs. The music is intended to replicate and enhance the mind-altering experiences of psychedelic drugs, most notably LSD. Many psychedelic groups differ in style, and the label is often applied spuriously.

Gilbert Shelton cartoonist

Gilbert Shelton is an American cartoonist and a key member of the underground comix movement. He is the creator of the iconic underground characters The Fabulous Furry Freak Brothers, Fat Freddy's Cat, and Wonder Wart-Hog.

In addition to Slow Death, Jackson contributed to a selection of other underground comix, including Barbarian Comics (California Comics) and Radical America Komiks (Radical America Magazine). In the 1980s Jaxon contributed historical comics to Fantagraphics' Graphics Story Monthly and a number of Kitchen Sink Press titles, including BLAB! and the 11-part, 126-page "Bulto… The Cosmic Slug," about a space creature's effect on the people of the ancient Southwest, which was serialized in Death Rattle . Jackson did freelance work for Marvel Comics as a colorist from 1988-1991. [4]

Kitchen Sink Press

Kitchen Sink Press was a comic book publishing company founded by Denis Kitchen in 1970. Kitchen Sink Press was a pioneering publisher of underground comics, and was also responsible for numerous republications of classic comic strips in hardcover and softcover volumes. One of their best-known products was the first full reprint of Will Eisner's The Spirit—first in magazine format, then in standard comic book format. The company closed in 1999.

Blab! is a comics anthology edited by Monte Beauchamp. Though its primary focus is comics, it regularly features articles with non-comics illustration and graphic design. The first two issues (1986-87) were published by Beauchamp's own imprint, Monte Comix. Kitchen Sink Press took over with issue #3 in 1988, through #8, also publishing 2nd editions of #1 and 2 along the way. Issues #9–18 were published annually by Fantagraphics Books in a 120-page, 10" x 10" square format featuring both black-and-white and color art.

<i>Death Rattle</i> (comics)

Death Rattle was an American black-and-white horror anthology comic book series published in three volumes by Kitchen Sink Press in the 1970s, 1980s, and 1990s. Death Rattle is not related to the Australian one-shot comic Death Rattle, published by Gredown in c. 1983.

Jackson was also known for his historical work, documenting the history of Native America and Texas, including the graphic novels Comanche Moon (1979), Recuerden El Alamo (1979), Los Tejanos (1982), The Secret of San Saba (1989), Lost Cause (1998), Indian Lover: Sam Houston & the Cherokees (1999), El Alamo (2002), and the written works like Los Mesteños: Spanish Ranching in Texas: 17211821 (1986), Indian Agent: Peter Ellis Bean in Mexican Texas (2005), and many others.

Texas State of the United States of America

Texas is the second largest state in the United States by both area and population. Geographically located in the South Central region of the country, Texas shares borders with the U.S. states of Louisiana to the east, Arkansas to the northeast, Oklahoma to the north, New Mexico to the west, and the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León, and Tamaulipas to the southwest, while the Gulf of Mexico is to the southeast.

Personal life

Jackson died in Stockdale, Texas on June 8, 2006, in an apparent suicide after being diagnosed with prostate cancer. [5] [6] [7]

Stockdale, Texas City in Texas, United States

Stockdale is a city in Wilson County, Texas, United States. The population was 1,442 at the 2010 census. It is part of the San Antonio Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Prostate cancer male reproductive cancer

Prostate cancer is the development of cancer in the prostate, a gland in the male reproductive system. Most prostate cancers are slow growing; however, some grow relatively quickly. The cancer cells may spread from the prostate to other areas of the body, particularly the bones and lymph nodes. It may initially cause no symptoms. In later stages, it can lead to difficulty urinating, blood in the urine or pain in the pelvis, back, or when urinating. A disease known as benign prostatic hyperplasia may produce similar symptoms. Other late symptoms may include feeling tired due to low levels of red blood cells.

Legacy and honors

Bibliography

Comics-format

Prose

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References

  1. 1 2 Booke, Keith M. 2010, Encyclopedia of Comic Books and Graphic Novels, ABC-CLIO, LLC, Santa Barbara, CA
  2. Fox, M. Steven. "Texas Ranger," ComixJoint. Accessed Dec. 18, 2016.
  3. Moriaty, J. David. "Back From the Dead," The Texas Sun (Apr. 8, 1977). Archived at The Newspaper Archives of the Texas Sun. Accessed Dec. 18, 2016.
  4. 1 2 Jackson entry, Who's Who of American Comic Books, 1928–1999. Accessed Oct. 1, 2016.
  5. M. B. Taboada, "Austin cartoonist dies: 'Jaxon' known as first underground cartoonist" , Austin American-Statesman (June 10, 2006).
  6. Robert Faires, "Texas in Bold, Dark Strokes", Austin Chronicle (June 16, 2006).
  7. Moser, Margaret (August 11, 2006). "Arts: General Jackson". The Austin Chronicle . 25 (50). Retrieved 2010-10-05.
  8. http://www.comic-con.org/cci/cci_eisners_11nom.php#nominees Archived June 11, 2011, at WebCite

Further reading