John Harvey (Virginia)

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Sir John Harvey (died 1646) [1] [2] was a Crown Governor of Virginia. [3] He was appointed to the position on 26 March 1628 by Charles I of England. [4] In 1635 he was suspended and impeached by the Council of Virginia (who named John West as a temporary replacement), and he returned to England. Charles I restored him to his post [5] in 1636. He returned to Virginia in January 1637 and served until November 1639. The captain, officers, and sailors of the ship that transported the governor to Virginia in 1635 sued in Admiralty court for their pay. [6] His government has been described as tyrannical [7] and Harvey himself has been called "an obnoxious ruler" [8] and was generally held to be unpopular. [9]

Charles I of England King of England and Ireland

Charles I was King of England, King of Scotland, and King of Ireland from 27 March 1625 until his execution in 1649.

Virginia Governors Council

The Governor's Council was the upper house of the colonial legislature in the Colony of Virginia from 1607 until the American Revolution in 1776. Consisting of 12 men who, after the 1630s were appointed by the British Sovereign, the Governor's Council also served as an advisory body to the Virginia Royal Governor and as the highest judicial body in the colony.

John West was acting colonial Governor of Virginia from 1635 to 1637, the third West brother to serve as Governor.

Contents

In 1639 Harvey was replaced as governor by Sir Francis Wyatt. [10]

He owned Boldrup Plantation. [11]

See also

Colony of Virginia English/British possession in North America (1607–1776)

The Colony of Virginia, chartered in 1606 and settled in 1607, was the first enduring English colony in North America, following failed proprietary attempts at settlement on Newfoundland by Sir Humphrey Gilbert in 1583, and the subsequent further south Roanoke Island by Sir Walter Raleigh in the late 1580s.

Governors Palace (Williamsburg, Virginia) United States historic place

The Governor's Palace in Williamsburg, Virginia was the official residence of the Royal Governors of the Colony of Virginia. It was also a home for two of Virginia's post-colonial governors, Patrick Henry and Thomas Jefferson, until the capital was moved to Richmond in 1780, and with it the Governor's residence. The main house burned down in 1781, though the outbuildings survived for some time after.

History of Virginia aspect of history

The History of Virginia begins with documentation by the first Spanish explorers to reach the area in the 1500s, when it was occupied chiefly by Algonquian, Iroquoian, and Siouan peoples. After a failed English attempt to colonize Virginia in the 1580s by Walter Raleigh, permanent English colonization began in Virginia with Jamestown, Virginia, in 1607. The Virginia Company colony was looking for gold but failed and the colonists could barely feed themselves. The famine during the harsh winter of 1609 forced the colonists to eat leather from their clothes and boots and resort to cannibalism. The colony nearly failed until tobacco emerged as a profitable export. It was grown on plantations, using primarily indentured servants for the intensive hand labor involved. After 1662, the colony turned black slavery into a hereditary racial caste. By 1750, the primary cultivators of the cash crop were West African slaves. While the plantations thrived because of the high demand for tobacco, most white settlers raised their families on subsistence farms. Warfare with the Virginia Indian nations had been a factor in the 17th century; after 1700 there was continued conflict with natives east of the Alleghenies, especially in the French and Indian War (1754-1763), when the tribes were allied with the French. The westernmost counties including Wise and Washington only became safe with the death of Bob Benge in 1794.

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William Farrar was an early settler, landholder, and legislator of the Colony of Virginia. He was a subscriber to the third charter of the Virginia Company who emigrated to the colony in 1618. After surviving the Powhatan attack of 1622, he moved to Jordan's Journey. In the following year, Farrar became involved in North America's first breach of promise suit when he proposed to Cecily Jordan. In 1626, Farrar was appointed to the Council of Virginia where he served as an advisor to the royal governor, a judge of the highest court in the colony, and a member of the Virginia General Assembly of Colonial Jamestown. He was also appointed magistrate of the upper James River community. In both these roles, he served as a voice of the early planters' interest as the colony transitioned from being managed by the Virginia Company and becoming a royal colony under Charles I of England. Farrar was also on the Council when it arrested Governor John Harvey for misgovernance and forced his temporary return to England. By the time of his death around 1637, Farrar had sold off his remaining assets in England and established rights to a 2000 acre patent on Farrar's Island, located on a curl of the James River.

References

  1. "Governor of Virginia" . Retrieved 23 September 2007.
  2. "WorldStatesmen.org" . Retrieved 23 September 2007.
  3. Tarter, Brent. "Sir John Harvey (ca. 1581 or 1582–by 1650)". Encyclopedia Virginia/Dictionary of Virginia Biography . Retrieved 11 March 2015.
  4. Brock, Robert A. (1888). Virginia and Virginians. H.H. Hardesty. p. 20. ISBN   0-87152-110-5.
  5. Cooke, John Esten (1883). Virginia: A History of the People. Houghton, Mifflin and Co. pp.  166.
  6. "America and West Indies: December 1636." Calendar of State Papers Colonial, America and West Indies: Volume 1, 1574-1660. Ed. W Noel Sainsbury. London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office, 1860. 242-243. British History Online Retrieved 9 June 2019.
  7. Grahame, James (1836). The History of the United States of North America: From the Plantation of the British Colonies till their Revolt and Declaration of Independence. Smith, Elder & Co. p. 57.
  8. Chalmers, George (1845). An Introduction to the History of the Revolt of the American Colonies: Being a Comprehensive View of its Origin, Derived from the State Papers Contained in the Public Offices of Great Britain. J. Munroe & Co. pp. 35–36. ISBN   0-405-03278-1.
  9. Billings, Warren M. (1975). The Old Dominion in the Seventeenth Century: A Documentary History of Virginia, 1606-1689 . UNC Press. pp.  236. ISBN   0-8078-1237-4.
  10. Fiske, John (1900). Old Virginia and Her Neighbours. Houghton, Mifflin and Company. p. 280.
  11. Calder Roth ed. (1999). The Virginia Landmarks Register: Boldrup Plantation Archeological Site. University of Virginia Press.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)