The Komi Cyrillic alphabet is the alphabet currently used to write the Komi language, a Uralic language spoken in the north-eastern part of the European Russia. It uses letters from the Cyrillic script. It consists of 35 letters — 23 consonants and 12 vowels.
|Close||и, і||ы||ю, у|
|Mid||э, е||ӧ||ё, о|
|А||а||a||[ ä ]||а|
|Б||б||b||[ b ]||бэ|
|В||в||v||[ v ]||вэ|
|Г||г||g||[ g ]||гэ|
|Д||д||d||[ d̪ ]; as palatal, [ d ʲ ]||дэ|
|Е||е||e||[ j e ]; [ e ]; [ ʲ e ] after д, з, л, н, с, т||е|
|Ё||ё||ë||[ j o̞ ]; [ o̞ ]; [ ʲ o̞ ] after д, з, л, н, с, т||ё|
|Ж||ж||ž||[ ʐ ]||жэ|
|З||з||z||[ z̪ ]; as palatal [ ʑ ]||зэ|
|И||и||i||[ i ], [ ʲ i ]||небыд и, "soft i"|
|І||і||ï||[ i ] after д, з, л, н, с, т||чорыд и, "hard i"|
|Й||й||j||[ j ]||дженьыд и|
|К||к||k||[ k ]||ка|
|Л||л||l||[ ɫ ]; as palatal [ l ʲ ]||эл|
|М||м||m||[ m ]||эм|
|Н||н||n||[ n̪ ]; as palatal [ n ʲ ]||эн|
|О||о||o||[ o̞ ]||o|
|Ӧ||ӧ||ö||[ ɘ ]||ö|
|П||п||p||[ p ]||пэ|
|Р||р||r||[ r ]||эр|
|С||с||s||[ s̪ ]; as palatal [ ɕ ]||эс|
|Т||т||t||[ t̪ ]; as palatal [ t ʲ ]||тэ|
|У||у||u||[ u ]||у|
|Ф||ф||f||[ f ]||эф|
|Х||х||x||[ x ]||ха|
|Ц||ц||c||[ t̻͡s̪ ]||цэ|
|Ч||ч||č||[ t͡ɕ ]||чэ|
|Ш||ш||š||[ ʃ ]||ша|
|Щ||щ||šč||[ ɕ ], [ ɕː ]||ща|
|Ъ||ъ||—||чорыд пас, "hard sign"|
|Ы||ы||y||[ ɨ ]||ы|
|Ь||ь||'||[ ʲ ]||небыд пас, "soft sign"|
|Э||э||è||[ ɛ ]||э|
|Ю||ю||ju||[ j u ]; [ u ]; [ ʲ u ] after д, з, л, н, с, т||ю|
|Я||я||ja||[ j ä ]; [ ä ]; [ ʲ ä ] after д, з, л, н, с, т||я|
An alphabet is a standard set of letters that represent the phonemes of any spoken language used for its written form. This is in contrast to other types of writing systems, such as syllabaries and logographic systems.
The Cyrillic script is a writing system used for various languages across Eurasia and is used as the national script in various Slavic-, Turkic- and Persian-speaking countries in Eastern Europe, the Caucasus, Central Asia, and Northern Asia.
Komi-Zyrian language or simply Komi, Zyrian or Zyryan, is one of the two regional varieties of the pluricentric Komi language, the other regional variety being Komi-Permyak.
The soft sign also known as the front yer or front er, is a letter of the Cyrillic script. In Old Church Slavonic, it represented a short front vowel. As with its companion, the back yer ⟨ъ⟩, the vowel phoneme that it designated was later partly dropped and partly merged with other vowels.
Yery, Yeru, Ery or Eru is a letter in the Cyrillic script. It represents the phoneme after non-palatalised (hard) consonants in the Belarusian and Russian alphabets.
The Komi language is a Uralic language spoken by the Komi peoples in the northeastern European part of Russia. Komi may be considered a single language with several dialects, or a group of closely related languages, making up one of the two branches of the Permic branch of the family. The other Permic language is Udmurt, to which Komi is closely related.
The dotted i, also called decimal і, is a letter of the Cyrillic script.
The term Common Turkic Alphabet refers to two different systems using the Latin alphabet to write various Turkic languages. The old system was developed in the Soviet Union and used in the 1930s; the current system is an alphabet with 34 letters recognised by the Turkic Council. Its letters are as follows:
Oe or barred O is a letter of the Cyrillic script.
O with diaeresis is a letter of the Cyrillic script. In all its forms it looks exactly like the Latin letter Ö.
U with diaeresis is a letter of the Cyrillic script, derived from the Cyrillic letter U.
Numerous Cyrillic alphabets are based on the Cyrillic script. The early Cyrillic alphabet was developed in the First Bulgarian Empire during the 9th century AD at the Preslav Literary School by Saint Clement of Ohrid and Saint Naum and replaced the earlier Glagolitic script developed by the Byzantine theologians Cyril and Methodius. It is the basis of alphabets used in various languages, past and present, in parts of Southeastern Europe and Northern Eurasia, especially those of Slavic origin, and non-Slavic languages influenced by Russian. As of 2011, around 252 million people in Eurasia use it as the official alphabet for their national languages. About half of them are in Russia. Cyrillic is one of the most-used writing systems in the world.
The Cyrillic Molodtsov alphabet is an alphabet derived from Cyrillic that was used in the 1920s and 1930s to write two versions of the Komi language; Komi-Zyrian and Komi-Permyak. It was replaced by the Latin alphabet in 1931 and later by the Cyrillic alphabet in the Komi Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic.
The Cyrillic script family contains many specially treated two-letter combinations, or digraphs, but few of these are used in Slavic languages. In a few alphabets, trigraphs and even the occasional tetragraph are used.
The Mongolian Cyrillic alphabet is the writing system used for the standard dialect of the Mongolian language in the modern state of Mongolia. It has a largely phonemic orthography, meaning that there is a fair degree of consistency in the representation of individual sounds. Cyrillic has not been adopted as the writing system in the Inner Mongolia region of China, which continues to use the traditional Mongolian script.
Russian Braille is the braille alphabet of the Russian language. With suitable extensions, it is used for languages of neighboring countries that are written in Cyrillic in print, such as Ukrainian and Mongolian. It is based on the Latin transliteration of Cyrillic, with additional letters assigned idiosyncratically. In Russian, it is known as Шрифт Брайля Shrift Braylya 'Braille Script'.
Mongolian Braille is the braille alphabets used for the Mongolian language in Mongolia. It is based on Russian Braille, with a couple additional letters for print letters found in the Mongolian Cyrillic alphabet.
Tche is a letter of the Cyrillic script. The shape of the letter originated as a ligature of the Cyrillic letters Te and Che.