List of Prime Ministers of Turkey

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The following is a complete list of Prime Ministers of Turkey , since the establishment of that position in 1920, during the Turkish War of Independence. The Prime Minister was the head of the executive branch of the government along with the Cabinet. Following the constitutional referendum of 2017, the office of Prime Minister was abolished and Supreme power was handed to the President of Turkey after the general election of 2018.

Prime Minister of Turkey head of government of Turkey until 9 July 2018

The Prime Minister of the Republic of Turkey was the head of government of the Republic of Turkey from 1920 to 2018. The prime minister was the leader of a political coalition in the Turkish parliament (Meclis) and the leader of the cabinet. The last holder of the position is Binali Yıldırım of the Justice and Development Party (AKP), who took office on 24 May 2016.

Turkish War of Independence war fought between the Turkish National Movement and the proxies of the Allies

The Turkish War of Independence was fought between the Turkish National Movement and the proxies of the Allies – namely Greece on the Western Front, Armenia on the Eastern, France on the Southern, the royalists and the separatists in various cities, and with them, the United Kingdom and Italy in Constantinople – after parts of the Ottoman Empire were occupied and partitioned following the Ottomans' defeat in World War I. Few of the occupying British, French, and Italian troops had been deployed or engaged in combat.

Cabinet of Turkey body that exercises supreme executive authority in Turkey

The Cabinet of Turkey or Council of Ministers is the body that exercises supreme executive authority in Turkey. It is composed of the heads of the major ministries. From 1923 to 2018, Ministers were ceremonially appointed by the President on the advice of the Prime Minister. From 2018, Turkey adopts an Executive Presidency meaning that the President has the full responsibility to appoint and relinquish Ministers from their duties. The cabinet is the executive power and is responsible for the management of the state.

Contents

For a list of Grand Viziers of the predecessor Ottoman Empire, see List of Ottoman Grand Viziers.

Ottoman Empire Former empire in Asia, Europe and Africa

The Ottoman Empire, historically known in Western Europe as the Turkish Empire or simply Turkey, was a state that controlled much of Southeast Europe, Western Asia and North Africa between the 14th and early 20th centuries. It was founded at the end of the 13th century in northwestern Anatolia in the town of Söğüt by the Oghuz Turkish tribal leader Osman I. After 1354, the Ottomans crossed into Europe, and with the conquest of the Balkans, the Ottoman beylik was transformed into a transcontinental empire. The Ottomans ended the Byzantine Empire with the 1453 conquest of Constantinople by Mehmed the Conqueror.

List of Prime Ministers of Turkey (1920–2018)

Heads of the Government of the Grand National Assembly (1920–1923)

No.Name
(Birth–Death)
PortraitTerm of officePolitical party Speaker
(term)
1 Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
(1881–1938)
Ataturk.jpg 13 May 192024 January 1921 Republican People's Party Mustafa
Kemal
Atatürk

Ataturk.jpg
(1920–1923)
2 Fevzi Çakmak
(1876–1950)
Fevzi cakmak.png 224 January 192119 May 1921 Republican People's Party
319 May 19219 July 1922
3 Rauf Orbay
(1881–1964)
RAUFORBAY.png 412 July 19224 August 1923 Republican People's Party
4 Fethi Okyar
(1880–1943)
Ali Fethi Okyar.jpg 514 August 192327 October 1923 Republican People's Party

Prime Ministers of the Republic of Turkey (1923–2018)

Status
  Denotes Acting Prime Minister
No.Name
(birth–death)
PortraitTerm of officePolitical partyCabinetElected President
(term)
1 İsmet İnönü
(1884–1973)
Inonu Ismet.jpg 30 October 19236 March 1924 Republican People's Party 1 İnönü I 1923 Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
Ataturk1930s.jpg
(1923–1938)
6 March 192422 November 19242 İnönü II
2 Fethi Okyar
(1880–1943)
Ali Fethi Okyar.jpg 22 November 19246 March 1925 Republican People's Party 3 Okyar
(1) İsmet İnönü
(1884–1973)
Inonu Ismet.jpg 6 March 19251 November 1927 Republican People's Party 4 İnönü III
1 November 192727 September 19305 İnönü IV
27 September 19304 May 19316 İnönü V 1927
4 May 19311 March 19357 İnönü VI 1931
1 March 19351 November 19378 İnönü VII 1935
3 Celâl Bayar
(1883–1986)
1 November 193711 November 1938 Republican People's Party 9 Bayar I
11 November 193825 January 193910 Bayar II İsmet İnönü
Inonu Ismet.jpg
(1938–1950)
4 Refik Saydam
(1881–1942)
Refik Saydam.jpg 25 January 19393 April 1939 Republican People's Party 11 Saydam I
3 April 19398 July 1942 [1] 12 Saydam II 1939
Ahmet Fikri Tüzer
(1878–1942)
Ahmet Fikri Tuzer.jpg 8 July 19429 July 1942 Republican People's Party None
5 Şükrü Saracoğlu
(1887–1953)
Mehmet Sukru Saracoglu.jpg 9 July 19429 March 1943 Republican People's Party 13 Saracoğlu I
9 March 19437 August 194614 Saracoğlu II 1943
6 Recep Peker
(1889–1950)
Mehmet Recep Bey Peker.jpg 7 August 19469 September 1947 Republican People's Party 15 Peker 1946
7 Hasan Saka
(1885–1960)
Hasan Husnu Saka.jpg 10 September 194710 June 1948 Republican People's Party 16 Saka I
10 June 194816 January 194917 Saka II
8 Şemsettin Günaltay
(1883–1961)
Mehmet Semsettin Bey Gunaltay.jpg 16 January 194922 May 1950 Republican People's Party 18 Günaltay
9 Adnan Menderes
(1899–1961)
Adnan Menderes VI. Yasama Donemi.jpg 22 May 19509 March 1951 Democrat Party 19 Menderes I 1950 Celâl Bayar

(1950–1960)
9 March 195117 May 195420 Menderes II
17 May 19549 December 195521 Menderes III 1954
9 December 195525 November 195722 Menderes IV
25 November 195727 May 1960 [2] 23 Menderes V 1957
10 Cemal Gürsel
(1895–1966)
rowspan=228 May 19605 January 1961 Martial law
by Turkish Armed Forces
24 Gürsel I National Unity Committee
(1960–1961)
5 January 196127 October 196125 Gürsel II
Fahrettin Özdilek
(1898–1989)
No image.png 30 October 196120 November 1961 Martial law
by Turkish Armed Forces
None Cemal Gürsel

(1961–1966)
(1) İsmet İnönü
(1884–1973)
Inonu Ismet.jpg 20 November 196125 June 1962 Republican People's Party 26 İnönü VIII 1961
25 June 196225 December 196327 İnönü IX
25 December 196320 February 196528 İnönü X
11 Suat Hayri Ürgüplü
(1903–1981)
Suat Urguplu.jpg 20 February 196527 October 1965 Independent 29 Ürgüplü
12 Süleyman Demirel
(1924–2015)
Demirel 1962 cropped.jpg 27 October 19653 November 1969 Justice Party 30 Demirel I 1965
3 November 19696 March 197031 Demirel II 1969 Cevdet Sunay
Cevdet sunay.jpg
(1966–1973)
6 March 197026 March 1971 [3] 32 Demirel III
13 Nihat Erim
(1912–1980)
Prime Mnister Nihat Erim of the Republic of Turkey.jpg 26 March 197111 December 1971 Independent 33 Erim I
11 December 197117 April 197234 Erim II
14 Ferit Melen
(1906–1988)
No image.png 17 April 197215 April 1973 Republican Reliance Party 35 Melen
15 Naim Talu
(1919–1998)
No image.png 15 April 197325 January 1974 Independent 36 Talu 1973 Fahri Korutürk
Fahri Koruturk.jpg
(1973–1980)
16 Bülent Ecevit
(1925–2006)
Bulent Ecevit Cropped.jpg 25 January 197417 November 1974 Republican People's Party 37 Ecevit I
17 Sadi Irmak
(1906–1990)
No image.png 17 November 197431 March 1975 Independent 38 Irmak
(12) Süleyman Demirel
(1924–2015)
Demirel 1976 cropped.jpg 31 March 197521 June 1977 Justice Party 39 Demirel IV
(16) Bülent Ecevit
(1925–2006)
Bulent Ecevit Cropped.jpg 21 June 197721 July 1977 Republican People's Party 40 Ecevit II 1977
(12) Süleyman Demirel
(1924–2015)
Demirel 1976 cropped.jpg 21 July 19775 January 1978 Justice Party 41 Demirel V
(16) Bülent Ecevit
(1925–2006)
Bulent Ecevit Cropped.jpg 5 January 197812 November 1979 Republican People's Party 42 Ecevit III
(12) Süleyman Demirel
(1924–2015)
Demirel 1976 cropped.jpg 12 November 197912 September 1980 [4] Justice Party 43 Demirel VI
Turhan Feyzioğlu
(1922–1988)
No image.png 12 September 198012 September 1980 Republican Reliance Party None
18 Bülend Ulusu
(1923–2015)
No image.png 20 September 198013 December 1983 Martial law
by Turkish Armed Forces
44 Ulusu National Security Council
(1980–1982)
Kenan Evren
Kenan Evren.png
(1982–1989)
19 Turgut Özal
(1927–1993)
Turgut Ozal cropped.jpg 13 December 198321 December 1987 Motherland Party 45 Özal I 1983
21 December 198731 October 198946 Özal II 1987
Ali Bozer
(born 1925)
No image.png 31 October 19899 November 1989 Motherland Party None
20 Yıldırım Akbulut
(born 1935)
Yildirim Akbulut (1988).jpg 9 November 198923 June 1991 Motherland Party 47 Akbulut Turgut Özal
Turgut Ozal cropped.jpg
(1989–1993)
21 Mesut Yılmaz
(born 1947)
No image.png 23 June 199120 November 1991 Motherland Party 48 Yılmaz I 1991
(12) Süleyman Demirel
(1924–2015)
Suleyman Demirel 1998.jpg 20 November 199116 May 1993 True Path Party 49 Demirel VII
Erdal İnönü
(1926–2007)
Erdal Inonu (cropped).jpg 16 May 199325 June 1993 Social Democratic Populist Party None Süleyman Demirel
Suleyman Demirel 1998.jpg
(1993–2000)
22 Tansu Çiller
(born 1946)
(Tansu Ciller) Rueda de prensa de Felipe Gonzalez y la primera ministra de Turquia. Pool Moncloa. 16 de noviembre de 1995 (cropped).jpeg 25 June 19935 October 1995 True Path Party 50 Çiller I
5 October 199530 October 199551 Çiller II
30 October 19956 March 199652 Çiller III 1995
(21) Mesut Yılmaz
(born 1947)
No image.png 6 March 199628 June 1996 Motherland Party 53 Yılmaz II
23 Necmettin Erbakan
(1926–2011)
Necmettin Erbakan.jpg 28 June 199630 June 1997 [5] Welfare Party 54 Erbakan
(21) Mesut Yılmaz
(born 1947)
No image.png 30 June 199711 January 1999 Motherland Party 55 Yılmaz III
(16) Bülent Ecevit
(1925–2006)
Bulent Ecevit-Davos 2000.jpg 11 January 199928 May 1999 Democratic Left Party 56 Ecevit IV
28 May 199918 November 200257 Ecevit V 1999 Ahmet Necdet Sezer
Ahmet Necdet Sezer 2006.jpg
(2000–2007)
24 Abdullah Gül
(born 1949)
Abdullah Gul (cropped version).jpg 18 November 200214 March 2003 Justice and Development Party 58 Gül 2002
25 Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
(born 1954)
Recep Tayyip Erdogan 2017.jpg 14 March 200329 August 2007 Justice and Development Party 59 Erdoğan I
29 August 20076 July 201160 Erdoğan II 2007 Abdullah Gül
Abdullah Gul (cropped version).jpg
(2007–2014)
6 July 201128 August 201461 Erdoğan III 2011
26 Ahmet Davutoğlu
(born 1959)
Ahmet Davutoglu cropped.JPG 28 August 201429 August 2014 Justice and Development Party None Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
Recep Tayyip Erdogan 2017.jpg
(2014–2018)
29 August 201428 August 201562 Davutoğlu I
28 August 201517 November 201563 Davutoğlu II Jun.2015
17 November 201524 May 201664 Davutoğlu III Nov.2015
27 Binali Yıldırım
(born 1955)
Binali Yildirim.jpg 24 May 20169 July 2018 Justice and Development Party 65 Yıldırım

Footnotes

  1. Died in office.
  2. Deposed in the 1960 Turkish coup d'état.
  3. Resigned after the 1971 Turkish military memorandum.
  4. Deposed in the 1980 Turkish coup d'état.
  5. Resigned after the 1997 Turkish military memorandum.

Timeline

Binali YıldırımAhmet DavutoğluRecep Tayyip ErdoğanAbdullah GülNecmettin ErbakanMesut YılmazTansu ÇillerYıldırım AkbulutTurgut ÖzalBülend UlusuSadi IrmakBülent EcevitBülent EcevitNaim TaluFerit MelenNihat ErimSüleyman DemirelSüleyman DemirelSuat Hayri ÜrgüplüCemal GürselAdnan MenderesŞemsettin GünaltayHasan SakaRecep PekerŞükrü SaracoğluRefik SaydamCelal Bayarİsmet İnönüİsmet İnönüAli Fethi OkyarRauf OrbayFevzi ÇakmakMustafa Kemal AtatürkList of Prime Ministers of Turkey

See also

President of Turkey head of state and of government of Turkey

The President of the Republic of Turkey is the head of state and head of government of the Republic of Turkey. Following the 2018 general election, the incumbent office-holder assumed the role of an Executive President and holds both ceremonial and executive status. In this capacity, the President represents the Republic of Turkey, and the unity of the Turkish nation, as well as ensuring the implementation of the Constitution of Turkey and the organized and harmonious functioning of the organs of state. The articles from 101 to 106 of the Constitution establish all the requirements, election, duties, and responsibilities for the office of the President. The office of the President of Turkey was established with the proclamation of the Republic of Turkey on 29 October 1923. The President of Turkey is often referred to as the Cumhurbaşkanı, meaning 'President of the People'.

Speaker of the Grand National Assembly Wikimedia list article

This article lists the Speakers of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey. The name of the parliament of the Republic of Turkey, originally and currently the Grand National Assembly of Turkey since its establishment on 23 April 1920, has for short periods been changed.

Below is the list of coalition governments in the history of Turkey.

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