List of shōguns

Last updated

This article is a list of shōguns that ruled Japan intermittently, as hereditary military commanders, [1] from the establishment of the Asuka period in 709 until the end of the Tokugawa shogunate in 1868.

Contents

Asuka period / Heian period (709–1184)

No.PortraitName
(birth–death)
Shōgun fromShōgun until
1 Kose no Maro
709709
2 Tajinohi no Agatamori
720721
3 Ōtomo no Yakamochi
(c. 718–785)
784785
4 Ki no Kosami
788789
5 Ōtomo no Otomaro
(731–809)
793794
6 Sakanoue no Tamuramaro
(758–811)
797808
7 Funya no Watamaro
(765–823)
811816
8 Fujiwara no Tadabumi
(873–947)
940940
9 Minamoto no Yoshinaka
(1154–1184)
11841184

Kamakura shogunate (1192–1333)

No.PortraitName
(birth–death)
Shōgun fromShōgun until
1 Minamoto no Yoritomo
(1147–1199)
11921199
2 Minamoto no Yoriie
(1182–1204)
12021203
3 Minamoto no Sanetomo
(1192–1219)
12031219
4 Kujō Yoritsune
(1218–1256)
12261244
5 Kujō Yoritsugu
(1239–1256)
12441252
6 Prince Munetaka
(1242–1274)
12521266
7 Prince Koreyasu
(1264–1326)
12661289
8 Prince Hisaaki
(1276–1328)
12891308
9 Prince Morikuni
(1301–1333)
13081333

Kenmu Restoration (1333–1336)

No.PortraitName
(birth–death)
Shōgun fromShōgun until
1 Prince Moriyoshi
(1308–1335)
13331333
2 Prince Narinaga
(1326 – c. 1337–44)
13351336

Ashikaga shogunate (1336–1573)

No.PortraitName
(birth–death)
Shōgun fromShōgun until
1 Ashikaga Takauji
(1305–1358)
13381358
2 Ashikaga Yoshiakira
(1330–1367)
13581367
3 Ashikaga Yoshimitsu
(1358–1408)
13681394
4 Ashikaga Yoshimochi
(1386–1428)
13941423
5 Ashikaga Yoshikazu
(1407–1425)
14231425
6 Ashikaga Yoshinori
(1394–1441)
14291441
7 Ashikaga Yoshikatsu
(1434–1443)
14421443
8 Ashikaga Yoshimasa
(1436–1490)
14491473
9 Ashikaga Yoshihisa
(1465–1489)
14731489
10 Ashikaga Yoshitane
(1466–1523)
14901493
11 Ashikaga Yoshizumi
(1481–1511)
14941508
12 Ashikaga Yoshitane
(1466–1523)
15081521
13 Ashikaga Yoshiharu
(1511–1550)
15211546
14 Ashikaga Yoshiteru
(1536–1565)
15461565
15 Ashikaga Yoshihide
(1538–1568)
15681568
16 Ashikaga Yoshiaki
(1537–1597)
1568deposed
1573
abdicated
1587

Azuchi–Momoyama period (1568–1600)

The following were military dictators of Japan, de factoshōguns[ citation needed ] from 1568 to 1598. They unified the country, which at the start were a chaotic patchwork of warring clans.

No.PortraitName
(birth–death)
de facto
shōgun from
de facto
shōgun until
1 Oda Nobunaga
(1535–1582)
15731582
2 Toyotomi Hideyoshi
(1537–1598)
15851598

From 1598 to 1600, the de facto shogunate was delegated to the Council of Five Elders.

Tokugawa shogunate (1600–1868)

No.PortraitName
(birth–death)
Shōgun fromShōgun until
1 Tokugawa Ieyasu
(1543–1616)
de facto
1600

de jure
1603
1605
2 Tokugawa Hidetada
(1579–1632)
16051623
3 Tokugawa Iemitsu
(1604–1651)
16231651
4 Tokugawa Ietsuna
(1641–1680)
16511680
5 Tokugawa Tsunayoshi
(1646–1709)
16801709
6 Tokugawa Ienobu
(1662–1712)
17091712
7 Tokugawa Ietsugu
(1709–1716)
17131716
8 Tokugawa Yoshimune
(1684–1751)
17161745
9 Tokugawa Ieshige
(1712–1761)
17451760
10 Tokugawa Ieharu
(1737–1786)
17601786
11 Tokugawa Ienari
(1773–1841)
17871837
12 Tokugawa Ieyoshi
(1793–1853)
18371853
13 Tokugawa Iesada
(1824–1858)
18531858
14 Tokugawa Iemochi
(1846–1866)
18581866
15 Tokugawa Yoshinobu
(1837–1913)
18661867

Supreme Commanders for the Allied Powers

The Supreme Commanders were informally known as "Shoguns" during their tenure, and in fact had greater power.

TenurePortraitIncumbent
15 August 1945 to 11 April 1951 GEN Douglas MacArthur
11 April 1951 to 12 May 1952 GEN Matthew Ridgway

Notes

    See also

    References