List of shōguns

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This article is a list of shōguns that ruled Japan intermittently, as hereditary military commanders, [1] from the establishment of the Asuka period in 709 until the end of the Tokugawa shogunate in 1868.

<i>Shōgun</i> de facto military dictator of feudal Japan (1185-1868)

The Shōgun was the military dictator of Japan during the period from 1185 to 1868. In most of this period, the shōguns were the de facto rulers of the country, although nominally they were appointed by the Emperor as a ceremonial formality. The shōguns held almost absolute power over territories through military means.

Japan Country in East Asia

Japan is an island country in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies off the eastern coast of the Asian continent and stretches from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and the Philippine Sea in the south.

Asuka period historical period of Japan, from 538 to 710 (or 592 to 645), its beginning is said to overlap with the preceding Kofun period. The Yamato polity evolved greatly during this period, named after the Asuka region, ~25 km south of modern city of Nara.

The Asuka period was a period in the history of Japan lasting from 538 to 710, although its beginning could be said to overlap with the preceding Kofun period. The Yamato polity evolved greatly during the Asuka period, which is named after the Asuka region, about 25 km south of the modern city of Nara.


Asuka period / Heian period (709–1184)

Shōgun fromShōgun until
1 Kose no Maro.jpg Kose no Maro
2 Imperial Seal of Japan.svg Tajinohi no Agatamori
3 Sanjurokkasen-gaku - 5 - Kano Tan'yu - Chunagon Yakamochi.jpg Ōtomo no Yakamochi
(c. 718–785)
4 Imperial Seal of Japan.svg Ki no Kosami
5 Imperial Seal of Japan.svg Ōtomo no Otomaro
6 Sakanoue Tamuramaro.jpg Sakanoue no Tamuramaro
7 Fun'ya no Watamaro.jpg Funya no Watamaro
8 Teng Yuan Zhong Wen .jpg Fujiwara no Tadabumi
9 Minamoto no Yoshinaka.jpg Minamoto no Yoshinaka

Kamakura shogunate (1192–1333)

Shōgun fromShōgun until
1 Minamoto no Yoritomo.jpg Minamoto no Yoritomo
2 Minamoto no Yoriie.jpg Minamoto no Yoriie
3 Minamoto no Sanetomo.jpg Minamoto no Sanetomo
4 Kujo Yoritsune.jpg Kujō Yoritsune
5 Sasa Rindo.svg Kujō Yoritsugu
6 Sasa Rindo.svg Prince Munetaka
7 Sasa Rindo.svg Prince Koreyasu
8 Sasa Rindo.svg Prince Hisaaki
9 Sasa Rindo.svg Prince Morikuni

Kenmu Restoration (1333–1336)

Shōgun fromShōgun until
1 Kamakura-gu Treasure.jpg Prince Moriyoshi
2 Imperial Seal of Japan.svg Prince Narinaga
(1326 – c. 1337–44)

Ashikaga shogunate (1336–1573)

Shōgun fromShōgun until
1 Ashikaga Takauji.JPG Ashikaga Takauji
2 Ashikaga Yoshiakira.jpg Ashikaga Yoshiakira
3 Yoshimitsu Ashikaga cropped.jpg Ashikaga Yoshimitsu
4 Ashikaga Yoshimochi.jpg Ashikaga Yoshimochi
5 Ashikaga mon.svg Ashikaga Yoshikazu
6 Ashikaga Yoshinori.jpg Ashikaga Yoshinori
7 Ashikaga Yoshikatsu statue.jpg Ashikaga Yoshikatsu
8 Ashikaga Yoshimasa detail.jpg Ashikaga Yoshimasa
9 Ashikaga Yoshihisa.jpg Ashikaga Yoshihisa
10 Ashikaga Yoshitane statue.jpg Ashikaga Yoshitane
11 Ashikaga Yoshizumi statue.jpg Ashikaga Yoshizumi
12 Ashikaga Yoshitane statue.jpg Ashikaga Yoshitane
13 Zu Li Yi Qing .jpg Ashikaga Yoshiharu
14 Ashikaga Yoshiteru.jpg Ashikaga Yoshiteru
15 Ashikaga mon.svg Ashikaga Yoshihide
16 Yoshiaki.jpg Ashikaga Yoshiaki

Azuchi–Momoyama period (1568–1600)

The following were military dictators of Japan, de factoshōguns[ citation needed ] from 1568 to 1598. They unified the country, which at the start were a chaotic patchwork of warring clans.

de facto
shōgun from
de facto
shōgun until
1 Odanobunaga.jpg Oda Nobunaga
2 Toyotomi hideyoshi.jpg Toyotomi Hideyoshi

From 1598 to 1600, the de facto shogunate was delegated to the Council of Five Elders.

Council of Five Elders form of government in feudal Japan

The Council of Five Elders, was a group of five powerful feudal lords formed in 1598 by the Regent Toyotomi Hideyoshi, shortly before his death in the same year. While Hideyoshi was on his deathbed, his son, Toyotomi Hideyori, was still only 5 years old and as such Hideyoshi needed to create the council in order to ensure his heir would be able to succeed him after coming of age. They also acted as advisers for the Five Commissioners, which had also been established by Hideyoshi to govern Kyoto and the surrounding areas.

Tokugawa shogunate (1600–1868)

Shōgun fromShōgun until
1 Tokugawa Ieyasu2.JPG Tokugawa Ieyasu
de facto

de jure
de jure
de facto
2 Hidetada2.jpg Tokugawa Hidetada
1605de jure
de facto
3 Iemitu.jpg Tokugawa Iemitsu
4 Tokugawa Ietsuna.jpg Tokugawa Ietsuna
5 Tsunyaoshi.jpg Tokugawa Tsunayoshi
6 Tokugawa Ienobu.jpg Tokugawa Ienobu
7 Tokugawa ietsugu.jpg Tokugawa Ietsugu
8 Tokugawa Yoshimune.jpg Tokugawa Yoshimune
1716de jure
de facto
9 Tokugawa Ieshige.jpg Tokugawa Ieshige
10 Tokugawa Ieharu.jpg Tokugawa Ieharu
11 Tokugawa Ienari.jpg Tokugawa Ienari
12 Tokugawa Ieyoshi.JPG Tokugawa Ieyoshi
13 Tokugawa Iesada.jpg Tokugawa Iesada
14 Toku14-2.jpg Tokugawa Iemochi
15 Tokugawa yoshinobu.jpg Tokugawa Yoshinobu

Post-bakufu heads of the Tokugawa clan (1868–present)

In 1882, the head of the Tokugawa clan was given the title of Prince (kōshaku) under the kazoku peerage system and permitted to sit in the House of Peers of the Imperial Diet. Two of them served as President of that body.

Tokugawa clan noble family

The Tokugawa clan was a powerful daimyō family of Japan. They nominally descended from Emperor Seiwa (850–880) and were a branch of the Minamoto clan by the Nitta clan. The early history of this clan remains a mystery. Members of the clan ruled Japan as shōguns from 1603 to 1867.

<i>Kazoku</i> Japanese system of nobility, 1869 to 1947

The Kazoku was the hereditary peerage of the Empire of Japan, which existed between 1869 and 1947.

House of Peers (Japan) upper house of the Imperial Diet of Japan

The House of Peers was the upper house of the Imperial Diet as mandated under the Constitution of the Empire of Japan.

Head fromHead until
1 Portrait of Prince Tokugawa Iesato as President of the House of Peers.jpg Tokugawa Iesato
(1863–1940) [lower-alpha 1]
2 Tokugawa Iemasa.JPG Tokugawa Iemasa
(1884–1963) [lower-alpha 2]
3 Tokugawa family crest.svg Tokugawa Tsunenari
(born 1940)

Supreme Commanders for the Allied Powers

The Supreme Commanders were informally known as Gaijin Shōgun(外人将軍) during their tenure. [2]

Supreme Commander for the Allied PowersTook officeLeft officeTime in officeDefence branch President of the United States
MacArthur Manila.jpg
MacArthur, Douglas General
Douglas MacArthur
August 15, 1945 [lower-alpha 3] April 11, 1951 [lower-alpha 4] 5 years, 239 days Military service mark of the United States Army.png
US Army
Harry S. Truman
Matthew B. Ridgway.jpg
Ridgway, MatthewGeneral
Matthew Ridgway
April 11, 1951May 12, 1952 [lower-alpha 5] 1 year, 31 days Military service mark of the United States Army.png
US Army
Harry S. Truman


  1. Served as President of the House of Peers from 1903 to 1933.
  2. Served as President of the House of Peers from 1946 to 1947.
  3. Assumed command following the surrender of Japan.
  4. Relieved of command by President Truman.
  5. Served until the Treaty of San Francisco came into effect.

See also

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<i>Fudai daimyō</i> in Edo-period Japan, a class of daimyōs who were hereditary vassals of the Tokugawa, many of whom were families serving the Tokugawa clan since before its rise to shogunhood; primarily occupied the ranks of the Tokugawa administration

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Miharu Domain

Miharu Domain was a feudal domain under the Tokugawa shogunate of Edo period Japan. It was based at Miharu Castle in southern Mutsu Province in what is now part of modern-day Miharu, Fukushima. It was ruled for most of its history by the Akita clan.

Mito Domain Japanese historical estate in Hitachi province

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Matsudaira Yoshinaga daimyo of the late Edo period; 16th lord of Fukui

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Nihonmatsu Domain

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Inoue Masanao Japanese noble

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  1. Britannica – Shogunate
  2. Valley, David J. (April 15, 2000). Gaijin Shogun : Gen. Douglas MacArthur Stepfather of Postwar Japan. Title: Sektor Company. ISBN   978-0967817521 . Retrieved 2 June 2017.