List of tropical cyclone-spawned tornadoes

Intense tropical cyclones usually produce tornadoes, the majority of those weak, especially upon landfall.

List of tornadoes

These are the tropical cyclones that are known to have spawned tornadoes. The list is most complete for the U.S., but does include other areas. Within the United States 1,163 tornadoes were associated with tropical cyclones, [1] accounting for slightly under 6% of all tornadoes. The most tornadoes spawned by a single tropical cyclone were associated with Hurricane Ivan, which spawned 120 tornadoes.

Pre–1900

Tropical cycloneDate of (first) tornadoTornadoesArea affectedNotes
unnamed September 10, 18111SC
unnamed June 30, 18141SCKiller waterspout never reached land
unnamed September 10, 1882*3FL
unnamed October 4, 1885*1NJ
unnamed October 11, 1885*1FL
unnamed July 6, 1891*4LA, MS
unnamed September 13, 1892*4NC, SC
1893 Sea Islands hurricane August 28, 1893*1NC
unnamed September 7, 1893*1LA
unnamed October 4, 1899*1GA

1900–19

Tropical cycloneDate of (first) tornadoTornadoesArea affectedNotes
unnamed September 7, 1900*2GA
unnamed September 4, 1915*2GA, VA
unnamed July 6, 1916*11GA, AL, MS
unnamed July 15, 1916*1SC
unnamed October 18, 1916*4AL
unnamed October 29, 1917*4SC. VA
1919 Florida Keys hurricane September 10, 1919*1FL
1919 Florida Keys hurricane September 15, 19192TX, NM

1920–39

Tropical cycloneDate of (first) tornadoTornadoesArea affectedNotes
unnamed September 9, 1921*6TX
unnamed August 10, 1928*5SC
unnamed August 15, 1928*4SC, NC
unnamed September 28, 1929*6FL, SC
unnamed September 6, 19331SC
unnamed October 4, 1933*2FL
unnamed July 24, 1934*8TX
1935 Labor Day hurricane September 4, 1935*13SC, NC, VA, MD
1938 Atlantic hurricane season August 15, 1938*1LA

1940–59

Tropical cycloneDate of (first) tornadoTornadoesArea affectedNotes
unnamed August 10, 19402SC
unnamed October 20, 1941*2FL
unnamed October 18, 19443FL
unnamed August 27, 1945*2TX
unnamed September 17, 1945*1SC
unnamed September 19, 1947*1FL
unnamed October 11, 1947*4FL
unnamed September 4, 19481GA, FL
unnamed September 21, 1948*1FL
unnamed October 5, 1948*3FL
unnamed August 28, 1949*4NC
unnamed October 3, 19491TX
Hurricane Baker August 13, 19502FL
Hurricane Able August 31, 1952*3VA, NC, MD
Hurricane Connie August 10, 1955*4SC, NC, DE
Hurricane Diane August 19, 1955*1PA
Hurricane Flossy September 24, 1956*5FL, GA, SC
Hurricane Audrey June 27, 1957*21MS, AL, LA, TN
Hurricane Cindy July 10, 195911NC, VA, MD, GA
Hurricane Debra July 24, 19595OK, TX
Hurricane Gracie September 29, 1959*7SC, NC, VA, PA
Hurricane Judith October 17, 19591FL

1960–79

Tropical cycloneDate of (first) tornadoTornadoesArea affectedNotes
Hurricane Donna September 10, 1960*5VA, NC, SC
Hurricane Ethel September 15, 1960*6FL, AL
Hurricane Carla September 10, 1961*20TX, LA, OK, ARF4 killed 8 in Galveston, Texas vicinity; strongest hurricane-spawned tornado
Hurricane Cleo August 27, 1964*17FL, SC, VA, NC
Hurricane Dora September 12, 19643SC, NC
Hurricane Hilda October 3, 1964*10LA, MS, AL, NCDeadliest tropical cyclone spawned tornado killed 22 at Larose, LA
Hurricane Isbell October 14, 1964*9FL
Hurricane Betsy September 8, 1965*6FL, AL, MS
Hurricane Alma June 8, 19665FL, MS
Hurricane Inez October 4, 19662FL
Hurricane Beulah September 20, 1967*115+TX, Mexico
Hurricane Abby June 7, 19684NC
Hurricane Gladys October 17, 19682FL
Hurricane Camille August 17, 19692FL
Hurricane Celia August 31, 19709TX
Hurricane Edith September 16, 1971*16LA, AL, MS
Hurricane Fern September 10, 19715TX
Hurricane Agnes June 18, 1972*17FL, GA 1972 Hurricane Agnes tornado outbreak
Hurricane Carmen September 8, 19744LA
Hurricane Eloise September 23, 19755GA, FL
Hurricane Babe September 5, 1977*14LA, SC, MS, AL
Hurricane David September 3, 1979*34FL, MD, VA, PA, DE
Hurricane Frederic September 12, 197910AL, GA, FL

1980–99

Tropical cycloneDate of (first) tornadoTornadoesArea affectedNotes
Hurricane Allen August 9, 1980*29TXCostliest tropical cyclone–related tornado in history struck Austin, TX vicinity inflicting $100 million in damages
T. D. #2 June 5, 19819 [2] LA, TX
Hurricane Dennis August 17, 19812FL
T. D. #8 August 31, 198114 [3] TX
Hurricane Alicia August 17, 1983*22TX
Hurricane Diana September 5, 19841FL
Hurricane Danny August 15, 1985*39LA, MS, TN, AL, SC, GA
Hurricane Elena August 31, 198510FL
Hurricane Gloria September 27, 19852NJ, MA
Hurricane Juan October 28, 198511FL, AL, MS
Hurricane Bonnie June 27, 19865LA
Hurricane Gilbert September 16, 1988*29+TX, Mexico
Hurricane Chantal August 1, 19894TX
Hurricane Hugo September 22, 19893SC, NC
Hurricane Jerry October 15, 19895TX
Hurricane Bob August 18, 19915NC, NY
Tropical Storm Beryl (1994) August 16-17, 199437Carolinas, Georgia, Mid Atlantic
Hurricane Georges September 199847AL, GA, FL Hurricane Georges tornado outbreak
Hurricane Floyd September 16, 199914+ [4] NC

2000–10

Tropical cycloneOutbreak datesTornadoesLocation of tornado(es)References
Hurricane Gordon September 16, 200011FL, NC, SC
Tropical Storm Helene September 22, 200013FL, GA, SC
Hurricane Keith October 6, 20001TX
Tropical Storm Allison June 11, 200128FL, AL, GA, LA, MS, SC, VA, MA, ME, TX
Tropical Storm Barry August 2, 20015FL, MS, MO
Tropical Storm Gabrielle September 13, 200118FL
Hurricane Michelle November 5, 20015FL
Tropical Storm Fay September 6, 200211TX
Hurricane Gustav September 10, 20021NC
Tropical Storm Hanna September 14, 20022AL, GA
Hurricane Isidore September 25, 200210AL, FL, LA
Hurricane Lili October 3, 200226AL, MS, LA, KY
Hurricane Kyle October 8, 20028SC, NC
Hurricane Charley August 13, 200416FL, NC, VA
Hurricane Gaston August 29, 200433
Hurricane Frances September 4-8, 2004103*FL, GA, SC, NC, VA
Hurricane Ivan September 16, 2004117*VA, GA, FL, PA, AL, SC, MD, NC, WV
Tropical Storm Arlene June 11, 20053Florida, Indiana [1]
Hurricane Cindy July 5, 200548North Carolina Alabama, VA, Georgia, MS, South Carolina, LA, MD [1]
Hurricane Dennis July 10, 200510Florida and Georgia [5]
Hurricane Emily July 20, 200511Texas [5]
Hurricane Katrina August 25, 200559United States Gulf Coast [1]
Hurricane Rita September 24, 200598United States Gulf Coast [1] [5]
Tropical Storm Tammy October 6, 20051Georgia, United States [5]
Hurricane Wilma October 24, 20058Florida [5]
Tropical Storm Alberto June 12, 200617Southeastern United States [1]
Hurricane Ernesto August 24, 20065Florida and North Carolina, United States [6]
Tropical Storm Barry June 1–2, 20074Cuba, Florida, United States [7] [8]
Tropical Storm Erin August 16, 20077Texas and Oklahoma, United States [7]
Hurricane Humberto September 12, 20071Louisiana, United States [1]
Tropical Depression Ten September 20, 20072Florida, United States [7]
Tropical Storm Olga December 16, 20072Florida, United States [1] [7]
Hurricane Dolly July 23–24, 20086Texas, United States [1] [9]
Tropical Storm Fay August 18–27, 200850South-eastern United States [9]
Hurricane Gustav August 31, 200849United States Gulf Coast [9]
Hurricane Hanna September 6, 20081Pennsylvania [9]
Hurricane Ike September 9, 200833United States Gulf Coast [1] [9]

2010–2018

Tropical cycloneOutbreak datesTornadoesLocation of tornado(es)References
Hurricane Alex June 30 – July 2, 201011Texas, United States [1] [10]
Tropical Storm Hermine September 7–9, 201013Southern United States [1]
Cyclone Carlos February 22, 20111Karratha, Australia [11]
Tropical Storm Arlene June 30, 20111Texas, United States [12]
Hurricane Irene August 26, 20119United States East Coast [1]
Tropical Storm Lee September 3–7, 201146Southeastern United States [13]
Hurricane Rina October 29, 20112Florida, United States [1]
Tropical Storm Beryl May 28–30, 20124Southeastern United States [14]
Tropical Storm Debby June 23–27, 201224Florida, United States [15]
Hurricane Isaac August 21 – September 1, 201226Southeastern, Midwestern, and Eastern United States [16]
Typhoon Sanba (Karen) September 18, 2012SeveralJapan [17]
Hurricane Sandy October 28, 20121Bermuda [18]
Cyclone Evan December 2012SeveralSamoa [19]
Cyclone Oswald January 17–29, 2013SeveralQueensland, Australia [20]
Tropical Storm Andrea June 5–7, 201316Cuba, Florida, and North Carolina, United States [21]
Tropical Storm Bebinca (Fabian) June 20, 20132 Palawan and Occidental Mindoro, Philippines [22]
Severe Tropical Storm Rumbia (Gorio) June 29, 20131Quezon, Philippines [23]
Severe Tropical Storm Toraji September 4, 20133Japan [24] [25]
Typhoon Man-yi September 15–16, 201310Japan [24] [26] [27]
Hurricane Harvey August 25 – September 1, 201754Southeastern United States[ citation needed ]
Tropical Storm Philippe October 28–29, 20172Florida [28] [29]
Subtropical Storm Alberto May 31, 20183Florida, Ohio2 weak tornadoes in FL and 1 weak tornado in OH [ citation needed ]

See also

References

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  3. David M. Roth. Tropical Depression Eight – August 27 – September 1, 1981. Retrieved on 2008-05-12.
  4. Richard J. Pasch, Todd B. Kimberlain and Stacy R. Stewart. Preliminary Report: Hurricane Floyd 7 – 17 September, 1999. Archived 2010-12-02 at the Wayback Machine . Retrieved on 2008-05-31.
  5. 1 2 3 4 5 Beven, John L; Avila, Lixion A; Blake, Eric S; Brown, Daniel P; Franklin, James L; Knabb, Richard D; Pasch, Richard J; Rhome, Jamie R; Stewart, Stacy R (March 1, 2008). "Atlantic Hurricane Season of 2005". Monthly Weather Review. American Meteorological Society. 136 (3): 1109–1173. Bibcode:2008MWRv..136.1109B. doi:10.1175/2007MWR2074.1. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 25, 2010. Retrieved December 10, 2012.
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Further reading