List of tropical cyclone-spawned tornadoes

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Intense tropical cyclones usually produce tornadoes, the majority of those weak, especially upon landfall.

Contents

List of tornadoes

These are the tropical cyclones that are known to have spawned tornadoes. The list is most complete for the U.S., but does include other areas. Within the United States 1,163 tornadoes were associated with tropical cyclones, [1] accounting for slightly under 6% of all tornadoes. The most tornadoes spawned by a single tropical cyclone were associated with Hurricane Ivan, which spawned 120 tornadoes.

Pre–1900

Tropical cycloneOutbreak datesTornadoesLocation of tornado(es)NotesRefs
unnamed September 10, 18111South Carolina [2]
unnamed June 30, 18141South Carolina [2]
unnamed September 10, 1882*3Florida [2]
unnamed October 4, 1885*1New Jersey [2]
unnamed October 11, 1885*1Florida [2]
unnamed July 6, 1891*4Louisiana, Mississippi [2]
unnamed September 13, 1892*4North Carolina, South Carolina [2]
1893 Sea Islands hurricane August 28, 1893*1North Carolina [2]
unnamed September 7, 1893*1Louisiana [2]
unnamed October 4, 1899*1Georgia [2]

1900–49

Tropical cycloneOutbreak datesTornadoesLocation of tornado(es)NotesRefs
unnamed September 7, 1900*2Georgia [2]
unnamed September 4, 1915*2Georgia, Virginia [2]
unnamed July 6, 1916*11Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi [2]
unnamed July 15, 1916*1South Carolina [2]
unnamed October 18, 1916*4Alabama [2]
unnamed October 29, 1917*4South Carolina, Virginia [2]
1919 Florida Keys hurricane September 10, 1919*1Florida [2]
1919 Florida Keys hurricane September 15, 19192Texas, New Mexico [2]
unnamed September 9, 1921*6Texas [2]
unnamed August 10, 1928*5South Carolina [2]
unnamed August 15, 1928*4South Carolina, North Carolina [2]
unnamed September 28, 1929*6Florida, South Carolina [2]
unnamed September 6, 19331South Carolina [2]
unnamed October 4, 1933*2Florida [2]
unnamed July 24, 1934*8Texas [2]
1935 Labor Day hurricane September 4, 1935*13South Carolina, North Carolina, Virginia, Maryland [2]
1938 Atlantic hurricane season August 15, 1938*1Louisiana [2]
unnamed August 10, 19402South Carolina [2]
unnamed October 20, 1941*2Florida [2]
unnamed October 18, 19443Florida [2]
unnamed August 27, 1945*2Texas [2]
unnamed September 17, 1945*1South Carolina [2]
unnamed September 19, 1947*1Florida [2]
unnamed October 11, 1947*4Florida [2]
unnamed September 4, 19481Georgia, Florida [2]
unnamed September 21, 1948*1Florida [2]
unnamed October 5, 1948*3Florida [2]
unnamed August 28, 1949*4North Carolina [2]
unnamed October 3, 19491Texas-

1950–79

Tropical cycloneOutbreak datesTornadoesLocation of tornado(es)NotesRefs
Hurricane Baker August 13, 19502Florida [2]
Hurricane Able August 31, 1952*3Virginia, North Carolina, Maryland [2]
Hurricane Connie August 10, 1955*4South Carolina, North Carolina, Delaware [2]
Hurricane Diane August 19, 1955*1Pennsylvania [2]
Hurricane Flossy September 24, 1956*5Florida, Georgia, South Carolina [2]
Hurricane Audrey June 27, 1957*21Mississippi, Alabama, Louisiana, Tennessee [3]
Hurricane Cindy July 10, 195911North Carolina, Virginia, Maryland, Georgia [2]
Hurricane Debra July 24, 19595Oklahoma, Texas [2]
Hurricane Gracie September 29, 19597South Carolina, North Carolina, Virginia, Pennsylvania [2]
Hurricane Judith October 17, 19591Florida [2]
Hurricane Donna September 10, 19605Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina [2]
Hurricane Ethel September 15, 19606Florida, Alabama [2]
Hurricane Carla September 10, 196122Texas, Louisiana, Georgia, Michigan, ArkansasF4 killed 8 in Galveston, Texas vicinity; one of only two hurricane-spawned violent tornado [4]
Hurricane Cleo August 27, 196412Florida, South Carolina, North Carolina [5]
Hurricane Dora September 12, 19643South Carolina, North Carolina [6]
Hurricane Hilda October 3, 196412Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, North CarolinaF4 killed 22 in Larose, Louisiana vicinity; one of only two hurricane-spawned violent tornado [7]
Hurricane Isbell October 14, 19649Florida [7]
Hurricane Betsy September 8, 19657Florida, Alabama, Mississippi [8]
Hurricane Alma June 8, 19665Florida, Mississippi [2]
Hurricane Inez October 4, 19662Florida [2]
Hurricane Beulah September 20, 1967115Texas, Mexico [3]
Hurricane Abby June 7, 19684North Carolina [2]
Hurricane Gladys October 17, 19682Florida [2]
Hurricane Camille August 17, 19692Florida [2]
Hurricane Celia August 31, 19709Texas [2]
Hurricane Edith September 16, 197116Louisiana, Alabama, Mississippi [2]
Hurricane Fern September 10, 19715Texas [2]
1972 Hurricane Agnes tornado outbreak June 18, 197217Florida, Georgia [2]
Hurricane Carmen September 8, 19744Louisiana [2]
Hurricane Eloise September 23, 19755Georgia, Florida [2]
Hurricane Babe September 5, 197714Louisiana, South Carolina, Mississippi, Alabama [2]
Hurricane David September 3, 197934Florida, MD, Virginia, PA, DE [3]
Hurricane Frederic September 12, 197910Alabama, Georgia, Florida [2]

1980–99

Tropical cycloneDate of (first) tornadoTornadoesArea affectedNotes
Hurricane Allen August 9, 1980*29TexasCostliest tropical cyclone–related tornado in history struck Austin, Texas vicinity inflicting $100 million in damages
T. D. #2 June 5, 19819 [9] Louisiana, Texas
Hurricane Dennis August 17, 19812Florida
T. D. #8 August 31, 198114 [10] Texas
Hurricane Alicia August 17, 1983*22Texas
Hurricane Diana September 5, 19841Florida
Hurricane Danny August 15, 1985*39Louisiana, Mississippi, TN, Alabama, South Carolina, Georgia
Hurricane Elena August 31, 198510Florida
Hurricane Gloria September 27, 19852New Jersey, MA
Hurricane Juan October 28, 198511Florida, Alabama, Mississippi
Hurricane Bonnie June 27, 19865Louisiana
Hurricane Gilbert September 16, 1988*29+Texas, Mexico
Hurricane Chantal August 1, 19894Texas
Hurricane Hugo September 22, 19893South Carolina, North Carolina
Hurricane Jerry October 15, 19895Texas
Hurricane Bob August 18, 19915North Carolina, New York
Tropical Storm Beryl (1994) August 16-17, 199437Carolinas, Georgia, Mid Atlantic
Hurricane Georges September 199847Alabama, Georgia, Florida
Hurricane Floyd September 16, 199914+ [11] North Carolina

2000–09

Tropical cycloneDate of (first) tornadoTornadoesArea affectedNotes
Hurricane Gordon September 16, 200011Florida, North Carolina, South Carolina
Tropical Storm Helene September 22, 200013Florida, Georgia, South Carolina
Hurricane Keith October 6, 20001Texas
Tropical Storm Alison June 11, 200128Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, South Carolina, Virginia, MA, ME, Texas
Tropical Storm Barry August 2, 20015Florida, Mississippi, MO
Tropical Storm Gabrielle September 13, 200118Florida
Hurricane Michelle November 5, 20015Florida
Tropical Storm Fay September 6, 200211Texas
Hurricane Gustav September 10, 20021North Carolina
Tropical Storm Hanna September 14, 20022Alabama, Georgia
Hurricane Isidore September 25, 200210Alabama, Florida, Louisiana
Hurricane Lili October 3, 200226Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, KY
Hurricane Kyle October 8, 20028South Carolina, North Carolina
Hurricane Charley August 13, 200416Florida, North Carolina, Virginia
Hurricane Gaston August 29, 200433
Hurricane Frances September 4-8, 2004103*Florida, Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, Virginia
Hurricane Ivan September 16, 2004117*Virginia, Georgia, Florida, PA, Alabama, South Carolina, MD, North Carolina, WV
Tropical Storm Arlene June 11, 20053Florida, Indiana [1]
Hurricane Cindy July 5, 200548North Carolina, Alabama, Virginia, Georgia, Mississippi, South Carolina, Louisiana, Maryland [1]
Hurricane Dennis July 10, 200510Florida and Georgia [12]
Hurricane Emily July 20, 200511Texas [12]
Hurricane Katrina August 25, 200559United States Gulf Coast [1]
Hurricane Rita September 24, 200598United States Gulf Coast [1] [12]
Tropical Storm Tammy October 6, 20051Georgia, United States [12]
Hurricane Wilma October 24, 20058Florida [12]
Tropical Storm Alberto June 12, 200617Southeastern United States [1]
Hurricane Ernesto August 24, 20065Florida and North Carolina, United States [13]
Tropical Storm Barry June 1–2, 20074Cuba, Florida, United States [14] [15]
Tropical Storm Erin August 16, 20077Texas and OkLouisianahoma, United States [14]
Hurricane Humberto September 12, 20071Louisiana, United States [1]
Tropical Depression Ten September 20, 20072Florida, United States [14]
Tropical Storm Olga December 16, 20072Florida, United States [1] [14]
Hurricane Dolly July 23–24, 20086Texas, United States [1] [16]
Tropical Storm Fay August 18–27, 200850South-eastern United States [16]
Hurricane Gustav August 31, 200849United States Gulf Coast [16]
Hurricane Hanna September 6, 20081PennsylVirginiania [16]
Hurricane Ike September 9, 200833United States Gulf Coast [1] [16]

2010–2020

Tropical cycloneOutbreak datesTornadoesLocation of tornado(es)Refs
Hurricane Alex June 30 – July 2, 201011Texas, United States [1] [17]
Tropical Storm Hermine September 7–9, 201013Southern United States [1]
Cyclone Carlos February 22, 20111Karratha, Australia [18]
Tropical Storm Arlene June 30, 20111Texas, United States [19]
Hurricane Irene August 26, 20119United States East Coast [1]
Tropical Storm Lee September 3–7, 201146Southeastern United States [20]
Hurricane Rina October 29, 20112Florida, United States [1]
Tropical Storm Beryl May 28–30, 20124Southeastern United States [21]
Tropical Storm Debby June 23–27, 201224Florida, United States [22]
Hurricane Isaac August 21 – September 1, 201226Southeastern, Midwestern, and Eastern United States [23]
Typhoon Sanba (Karen) September 18, 2012SeveralJapan [24]
Hurricane Sandy October 28, 20121Bermuda [25]
Cyclone Evan December 2012SeveralSamoa [26]
Cyclone Oswald January 17–29, 2013SeveralQueensland, Australia [27]
Tropical Storm Andrea June 5–7, 201316Cuba, Florida, North Carolina [28]
Tropical Storm Bebinca (Fabian) June 20, 20132 Palawan and Occidental Mindoro, Philippines [29]
Severe Tropical Storm Rumbia (Gorio) June 29, 20131Quezon, Philippines [30]
Severe Tropical Storm Toraji September 4, 20133Japan [31] [32]
Typhoon Man-yi September 15–16, 201310Japan [31] [33] [34]
Tropical Storm CindyJune 201718Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Kentucky, West Virginia, Pennsylvania, New Jersey [35]
Tropical Storm EmilyJune 201718Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Kentucky, West Virginia, Pennsylvania, New Jersey [36]
Hurricane Harvey August 25 – September 1, 201752Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Tennessee [37]
Tropical Storm Philippe October 28–29, 20172Florida [38] [39]
Tropical Storm Alberto May 31, 20184Florida, South Carolina, Ohio [40]
Tropical Storm Gordon September 5 – 8, 20187Mississippi, Kentucky, Indiana [41]
Hurricane Florence September 13 – 17, 201844North Carolina, Virginia, South Carolina [42]
Typhoon Mangkhut (Ompong) September 14, 20181 Marikina, Metro Manila, Philippines [43]
Hurricane Michael October 201816Florida, Georgia, South Carolina, Virginia [44]
Hurricane Dorian September 5 – 6, 201920 North Carolina, South Carolina [45]
Tropical Storm Nestor October 19, 20193 Florida [46]

See also

Related Research Articles

Tropical cyclones and subtropical cyclones are named by various warning centers to provide ease of communication between forecasters and the general public regarding forecasts, watches, and warnings. The names are intended to reduce confusion in the event of concurrent storms in the same basin. Generally once storms produce sustained wind speeds of more than 33 knots, names are assigned in order from predetermined lists depending on which basin they originate. However, standards vary from basin to basin: some tropical depressions are named in the Western Pacific, while tropical cyclones must have a significant amount of gale-force winds occurring around the centre before they are named in the Southern Hemisphere.

Pacific hurricane Mature tropical cyclone that develops within the eastern and central Pacific Ocean

A Pacific hurricane is a mature tropical cyclone that develops within the northeastern and central Pacific Ocean to the east of 180°W, north of the equator. For tropical cyclone warning purposes, the northern Pacific is divided into three regions: the eastern, central, and western, while the southern Pacific is divided into 2 sections, the Australian region and the southern Pacific basin between 160°E and 120°W. Identical phenomena in the western north Pacific are called typhoons. This separation between the two basins has a practical convenience, however, as tropical cyclones rarely form in the central north Pacific due to high vertical wind shear, and few cross the dateline.

Typhoon tropical cyclone that forms in the northwestern Pacific Ocean

A typhoon is a mature tropical cyclone that develops between 180° and 100°E in the Northern Hemisphere. This region is referred to as the Northwestern Pacific Basin, and is the most active tropical cyclone basin on Earth, accounting for almost one-third of the world's annual tropical cyclones. For organizational purposes, the northern Pacific Ocean is divided into three regions: the eastern, central, and western. The Regional Specialized Meteorological Center (RSMC) for tropical cyclone forecasts is in Japan, with other tropical cyclone warning centers for the northwest Pacific in Hawaii, the Philippines and Hong Kong. While the RSMC names each system, the main name list itself is coordinated among 18 countries that have territories threatened by typhoons each year.

Eye (cyclone) region of mostly calm weather at the center of strong tropical cyclones

The eye is a region of mostly calm weather at the center of strong tropical cyclones. The eye of a storm is a roughly circular area, typically 30–65 kilometers in diameter. It is surrounded by the eyewall, a ring of towering thunderstorms where the most severe weather and highest winds occur. The cyclone's lowest barometric pressure occurs in the eye and can be as much as 15 percent lower than the pressure outside the storm.

The practice of using names to identify tropical cyclones goes back several centuries, with storms named after places, saints or things they hit before the formal start of naming in each basin. Examples of such names are the 1928 Okeechobee hurricane and the 1938 New England hurricane. The system currently in place provides identification of tropical cyclones in a brief form that is easily understood and recognized by the public. The credit for the first usage of personal names for weather systems is given to the Queensland Government Meteorologist Clement Wragge, who named tropical cyclones and anticyclones between 1887 and 1907. This system of naming fell into disuse for several years after Wragge retired, until it was revived in the latter part of World War II for the Western Pacific. Over the following decades formal naming schemes were introduced for several tropical cyclone basins, including the North and South Atlantic, Eastern, Central, Western and Southern Pacific basins as well as the Australian region and Indian Ocean.

Tropical Depression 18W (2013) Pacific tropical depression in 2013

Tropical Depression 18W was a tropical depression that impacted Vietnam, Laos and Thailand during mid September 2013. The system was first noted as a tropical depression on September 16, 2013, while it was located within the South China Sea to the south east of Hanoi in Vietnam. Over the next two days the system gradually developed further, before it was reported by the Vietnamese National Centre for Hydro Meteorological Forecasting that the system had developed into their eighth tropical storm of 2013. However, other meteorological agencies did not report that the system had developed into a tropical storm.

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Further reading