List of wettest tropical cyclones by country

Last updated

This is a list of wettest tropical cyclones by country, using all known available sources. Data is most complete for Australia, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Japan, Hong Kong, Mexico, Taiwan, Micronesia's Yap and Chuuk, and the United States, with fragmentary data available for other countries. The French region of Réunion holds several world records for tropical cyclone and worldwide rainfall, due to the rough topography and its location in the Indian Ocean. [1]

Réunion Overseas region and department in France

Réunion is an overseas department and region of France and an island in the Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar and 175 km (109 mi) southwest of Mauritius. As of January 2019, it had a population of 866,506.

Contents

A map of all tropical cyclone tracks, encompassing the period between the years 1985 and 2005. Global tropical cyclone tracks-edit2.jpg
A map of all tropical cyclone tracks, encompassing the period between the years 1985 and 2005.

Below are the records for each country above.

Antigua and Barbuda

Hurricane Earl (2010) Earl aug 30 2010.jpg
Hurricane Earl (2010)
Wettest tropical cyclones and their remnants in Antigua and Barbuda
Highest-known totals
PrecipitationStormLocationRef.
Rankmmin
1465.318.32 Lenny 1999 V. C. Bird International Airport [2]
2252.59.94 Luis 1995 V. C. Bird International Airport [3]
3245.89.68Frederic 1979V. C. Bird International Airport [3]
4232.69.16 Omar 2008 V. C. Bird International Airport [3]
5198.37.81 Earl 2010 V. C. Bird International Airport [3]
6194.17.64 Jose 1999 V. C. Bird International Airport [3]
7188.97.44 Hugo 1989 V. C. Bird International Airport [3]
8163.66.44Daisy 1962V. C. Bird International Airport [3]
9159.26.27Iris 1995V. C. Bird International Airport [3]
10146.95.78 Rafael 2012 V. C. Bird International Airport [3]

Australia

Cyclone Fletcher Fletcher Feb 3 2014 0040Z.jpg
Cyclone Fletcher
Wettest tropical cyclones and their remnants in Australia
Highest-known totals
PrecipitationStormLocationRef.
Rankmmin
11,94776.65 Peter 1979 Mount Bellenden Ker [4]
21,87073.62 Rona–Frank 1999 Mount Bellenden Ker [4]
31,31851.89 Wanda 1974 Mount Glorious [5]
41,256.849.48 Fletcher 2014 Kowanyama [6] [7]
51,08242.60 Aivu 1989 Dalrymple Heights [8]
61,06541.93 May 1998 Burketown [9]
71,00039.37 Justin 1997 Willis Island [10]
71,00039.37 Ellie 2009 [11]
71,00039.37 Oswald 2013 Tully [12]
898638.82 Debbie 2017 Clarke Range [13]

Christmas Island

Cyclone Gillian Gillian Mar 22 2014 0310Z.jpg
Cyclone Gillian

Christmas Island is an Australian territory located in the Indian Ocean located at the summit of a submarine mountain, which rises steeply to a central plateau that is dominated by stands of rainforest. [14] After rainfall and wind observations started on the island during 1972, only 13 tropical cyclones passed within 220 km (135 mi) of the territory between 1972 and 2005. [14]

Christmas Island Australian external territory

The Territory of Christmas Island is an Australian external territory comprising the island of the same name. Christmas Island is located in the Indian Ocean, around 350 kilometres (220 mi) south of Java and Sumatra and around 1,550 kilometres (960 mi) north-west of the closest point on the Australian mainland. It has an area of 135 square kilometres (52 sq mi).

Wettest tropical cyclones and their remnants on Christmas Island
Highest-known totals
PrecipitationStormLocationRef.
Rankmmin
1368.214.5Dahlia 2017Christmas Island Airport [15]
2181.07.13 Gillian 2014 Christmas Island Airport [16]
3102.44.03 Jacob 2007 Christmas Island Airport [17]
465.02.56Cecily 1973 [18]
552.82.08 Rosie 2008 Christmas Island Airport [19]
6381.50Norah 1974 [20]
7170.67Denise 1975 [21]

Cocos Islands

Although Tropical Low 11U in 2013 remained more than 120 km (75 mi) away from the Cocos Islands, wind shear displaced convection westward and over the islands for several days, resulting in record breaking rainfall. 11U Feb 25 2013 0350Z.jpg
Although Tropical Low 11U in 2013 remained more than 120 km (75 mi) away from the Cocos Islands, wind shear displaced convection westward and over the islands for several days, resulting in record breaking rainfall.

The Cocos (Keeling) Islands are an Australian territory of 27 coral islands that are formed into two large coral atolls and cover an area of around 36 km2 (14 sq mi) of the Indian Ocean to the northwest of Perth, Australia. [14] Rainfall observations started on the islands during 1907, while temperature, wind and other records started in 1952. [14] Between 1952 and 2005 27 tropical cyclones caused storm force wind gusts of over 90 km/h (55 mph) on the islands, while only four caused hurricane-force gusts of over 125 km/h (80 mph). [14]

Cocos (Keeling) Islands Australian external territory

The Territory of Cocos (Keeling) Islands is an Australian external territory on the Indian Ocean, comprising a small archipelago approximately midway between Australia and Sri Lanka and closer to the Indonesian island of Sumatra. It is part of Southeast Asia and is in the Southern Hemisphere. The territory's dual name reflects that the islands have historically been known as either the Cocos Islands or the Keeling Islands.

Wettest tropical cyclones and their remnants in the Cocos Islands
Highest-known totals
PrecipitationStormLocationRef.
Rankmmin
1844.633.25 11U 2013 Cocos Island Airport [22]
2298.011.73 Pedro 1989 [14]
3170.06.69 Walter 2001 [23]
4160.06.30 Adeline-Juliet 2005 [24]
5127.05.00Deidre-Dalida 1973 [25]
6115.04.53Bruce 2013Cocos Island Airport [26] [27]
7107.64.24Kate 2014Cocos Island Airport [28] [29]
889.43.52Norah 1974 [20]
966.92.63Annie 1973 [30]
1056.02.20 Anggrek 2010 Cocos Island Airport [31]

Bahamas

Tropical Storm Noel over the Bahamas Noel 01 nov 2007 1815Z.jpg
Tropical Storm Noel over the Bahamas
Wettest tropical cyclones and their remnants in the Bahamas
Highest-known totals
PrecipitationStormLocationRef.
Rankmmin
1747.529.43 Noel 2007 Long Island [32]
2500.319.70 Matthew 2016 Matthew Town, Inagua [33]
3436.617.19 Flora 1963 Duncan Town [34]
4390.115.36 Inez 1966 Nassau Airport [34]
5337.113.27 Fox 1952 New Providence [34]
6321.112.64 Michelle 2001 Nassau [35]
7309.412.18 Erin 1995 Church Grove [36]
8260.09.88 Fay 2008 Freeport [37]
9236.79.32 Floyd 1999 Little Harbor Abacos [38]
10216.48.52 Cleo 1964 West End [34]

Bangladesh

Cyclone Komen approaching Bangladesh on July 29, 2015 02B 2015-07-29 0500Z.jpg
Cyclone Komen approaching Bangladesh on July 29, 2015

Bangladesh has been the scene of the greatest tropical cyclone casualties in recent times. The country is quite flat and generally lies near sea level.

Wettest tropical cyclones and their remnants in Bangladesh
Highest-known totals
PrecipitationStormLocationRef.
Rankmmin
11,051.241.39 Komen 2015 Chittagong [39]
2~300~12.00 Rashmi 2008 [40]
328011.02Monsoon Depression — Sep. 2004 Barisal [41]
425310.00 Viyaru 2013 Patuakhali [42]
5227.28.94Trop. Depression — Oct. 2004Rangpur [43]
6220.08.66 Bhola 1970 Maya Bandar [44]
72007.87 Sidr 2007 [45]
81305.11 Aila 2009 Chittagong [46]
91295.07 Bijli 2009 [47]
10532.13 Akash 2007 [48]

Belize

This country has terrain mainly across its southern sections, with elevations up to about 3,700 feet (1,100 m). [49] The highest reported rainfall in what was formerly British Honduras occurred during Hurricane Keith in 2000 when 32.67 inches (830 mm) of rain fell in a 24‑hour period at Phillip Goodson International Airport in Belize City. [50] Equally heavy rains could have fallen during Hurricane Hattie of 1961 and Hurricane Fifi of 1974.

Hurricane Keith Category 4 Atlantic hurricane in 2000

Hurricane Keith was an Atlantic hurricane in October 2000 that caused extensive damage in Central America, especially in Mexico and Belize. It was the fifteenth tropical cyclone, eleventh named storm, and seventh hurricane of the 2000 Atlantic hurricane season. Keith developed as a tropical depression from a tropical wave in the western Caribbean Sea on September 28. The depression gradually strengthened, and became Tropical Storm Keith on the following day. As the storm tracked westward, it continued to intensify and was upgraded to a hurricane on September 30. Shortly thereafter, Keith began to rapidly deepen, and peaked as a Category 4 hurricane less than 24 hours later. Keith then began to meander erratically offshore of Belize, which significantly weakened the storm due to land interaction. By late on October 2, Keith made landfall in Ambergris Caye, Belize as a minimal hurricane. It quickly weakened to a tropical storm, before another landfall occurred near Belize City early on the following day. While moving inland over the Yucatán Peninsula, Keith weakened further, and was downgraded to a tropical depression before emerging into the Gulf of Mexico on October 4. Once in the Gulf of Mexico, Keith began to re-strengthen and was upgraded to a tropical storm later that day, and a hurricane on the following day. By late on October 5, Keith made its third and final landfall near Tampico, Tamaulipas, Mexico as a moderately strong Category 1 hurricane. The storm quickly weakened inland and dissipated as a tropical cyclone by 24 hours after landfall.

Belize City Largest city in Belize

Belize City is the largest city in Belize and was once the capital of the former British Honduras. According to the 2010 census, Belize City has a population of 57,169 people in 16,162 households. It is at the mouth of the Haulover Creek, which is a tributary of the Belize River. The Belize River empties into the Caribbean Sea five miles from Belize City on the Philip Goldson Highway on the coast of the Caribbean. The city is the country's principal port and its financial and industrial hub. Cruise ships drop anchor outside the port and are tendered by local citizens. The city was almost entirely destroyed in 1961 when Hurricane Hattie swept ashore on October 31. It was the capital of British Honduras until the government was moved to the new capital of Belmopan in 1970.

Hurricane Hattie Category 5 Atlantic hurricane in 1961

Hurricane Hattie was the strongest and deadliest tropical cyclone of the 1961 Atlantic hurricane season, reaching a peak intensity equivalent to that of a Category 5 hurricane. The ninth tropical storm and seventh hurricane and major hurricane of the season, Hattie originated from an area of low pressure that strengthened into a tropical storm over the southwestern Caribbean Sea on October 27. Moving generally northward, the storm quickly became a hurricane and later major hurricane the following day. Hattie then turned westward west of Jamaica and strengthened into a Category 5 hurricane, with maximum sustained winds of 160 mph (260 km/h). It weakened to Category 4 before making landfall south of Belize City on October 31. The storm turned southwestward and weakened rapidly over the mountainous terrain of Central America, dissipating on November 1.

Hurricane Keith (2000) Hurricane Keith 30 sept 2000 2227Z.jpg
Hurricane Keith (2000)
Wettest tropical cyclones and their remnants in Belize
Highest-known totals
PrecipitationStormLocationRef.
Rankmmin
1829.832.67 Keith 2000 Philip Goldson Airport [51]
2546.621.52 Sixteen 2008 Baldy Beacon [52]
3249.29.81 Chantal 2001 Towerhill [53]
4246.09.69 Mitch 1998 Central Farm Meteorological Station [54]
5241.09.49 Gert 1993 Hunting Caye [55]
6179.07.05 Greta 1978 Central Farm Meteorological Station [54]
7152.46.00 Fifi 1974 La Placencia [56]
8131.05.16 Hermine 1980 Central Farm Meteorological Station [54]
9101.64.00 Iris 2001 [57]
1068.02.68 Opal 1995 Central Farm Meteorological Station [54]

Cambodia

Typhoon Linda (1997) Typhoon Linda (1997).JPG
Typhoon Linda (1997)
Wettest tropical cyclones and their remnants in Cambodia
Highest-known totals
PrecipitationStormLocationRef.
Rankmmin
1404.115.91 Linda 1997 Kompot [58]
2240.09.45 Violet 1964 Paksa [59]
330.51.20 Faith 1998 Kompong Cham [60]

Canada

Extratropical cyclone Harvey near Nova Scotia Harvey1999092306GOES8IR.jpg
Extratropical cyclone Harvey near Nova Scotia

Tropical cyclones are usually in transition to extratropical cyclones by the time they reach Atlantic Canada, though occasionally they retain their tropical status. No tropical cyclone has ever hit Canada's Pacific coast.

Extratropical cyclone type of cyclone

Extratropical cyclones, sometimes called mid-latitude cyclones or wave cyclones, are low-pressure areas which, along with the anticyclones of high-pressure areas, drive the weather over much of the Earth. Extratropical cyclones are capable of producing anything from cloudiness and mild showers to heavy gales, thunderstorms, blizzards, and tornadoes. These types of cyclones are defined as large scale (synoptic) low pressure weather systems that occur in the middle latitudes of the Earth. In contrast with tropical cyclones, extratropical cyclones produce rapid changes in temperature and dew point along broad lines, called weather fronts, about the center of the cyclone.

Atlantic Canada Region in Canada

Atlantic Canada, also called the Atlantic provinces, is the region of Canada comprising the four provinces located on the Atlantic coast, excluding Quebec: the three Maritime provinces – New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Prince Edward Island – and the easternmost province of Newfoundland and Labrador. The population of the four Atlantic provinces in 2016 was about 2,300,000 on half a million km2. The provinces combined had an approximate GDP of $121.888 billion in 2011.

Wettest tropical cyclones and their remnants in Canada
Highest-known totals
PrecipitationStormLocationRef.
Rankmmin
1302.011.89 Harvey 1999 Oxford, NS [61]
2249.99.84 Beth 1971 Halifax, NS [62]
3238.09.37 Igor 2010 St. Lawrence, NL [63]
4224.88.85 Matthew 2016 Sydney, NS [64]
5213.68.41 Hazel 1954 Snelgrove, ON [65]
6200.47.89 Chantal 2007 Argentia, NL [66]
7191.07.52 Bertha 1990 Hunter's Mountain, NS [67]
8185.07.28 Sandy 2012 Charlevoix, QC [68]
9175.06.90 Gabrielle 2001 St. John's, NL [69]
10165.06.50 Cristobal 2008 Baccaro Point, NS [70]
10165.06.50 Leslie 2012 Shubenacadie, NS [71]

China

China is a mountainous country, which leads to rapid dissipation of cyclones that move inland as well as significant amounts of rain from those dissipating cyclones. Typhoon Nina (1975) caused the collapse of two huge reservoirs and ten smaller dams when 1,062 millimetres (41.8 in) fell in Henan during a 24‑hour period, which is the record for Mainland China. Typhoon Sam of the 1999 Pacific typhoon season became the wettest known tropical cyclone to impact Hong Kong since records began in 1884, breaking a 73‑year‑old record. [72] Precipitation associated with tropical cyclones and their remains can bring snow to Tibet. An early October 2004 tropical depression brought daily precipitation of 6 centimetres (2.4 in) of liquid equivalent precipitation to Che-Ku county in the form of heavy snow, which was a new October daily precipitation record for both rain and snow. This led to a loss of 340,000 kg of food, 230,000 kg of forage grass, and 263 livestock in the snowstorm. [73]

Typhoon Nina (1975) Pacific typhoon in 1975

Typhoon Nina, known in the Philippines as Typhoon Bebeng, was the fourth-deadliest tropical cyclone on record. At least 229,000 people died after the Banqiao Dam collapsed and devastated areas downstream. The collapse of the dam due to heavy floods also caused a string of smaller dams to collapse, adding more damage caused by the typhoon.

Henan Province

Henan is a landlocked province of the People's Republic of China, located in the central part of the country. Henan is often referred to as Zhongyuan or Zhongzhou (中州), which literally means "central plain" or "midland", although the name is also applied to the entirety of China proper. Henan is the birthplace of Chinese civilization, with over 3,000 years of recorded history, and remained China's cultural, economical and political center until approximately 1,000 years ago.

1999 Pacific typhoon season typhoon season in the Pacific Ocean

The 1999 Pacific typhoon season was the last Pacific typhoon season to use English names as storm names. It had no official bounds; it ran year-round in 1999, but most tropical cyclones tend to form in the northwestern Pacific Ocean between May and November. These dates conventionally delimit the period of each year when most tropical cyclones form in the northwestern Pacific Ocean.

Typhoon Soudelor/Hanna Soudelor 2015-08-08 0525Z.jpg
Typhoon Soudelor/Hanna

Mainland

Wettest tropical cyclones and their remnants Mainland China
Highest-known totals
PrecipitationStormLocationRef.
Rankmmin
12749.0108.21 Carla 1967 Hsin-Liao [74]
21248.049.13 Gloria 1963 Paishih [74]
31062.041.81 Nina 1975
4831.132.72 Fitow 2001 [75]
5806.031.73 Soudelor 2015 Wenzhou [76]
6703.527.70 Rananim 2004 [77]
7>600.0>24.00 Haikui 2012 Anhui Province [78]
8555.021.85 Chanchu 2006 [79]
9>400.0>15.74 Saola 2012 [80]
10360.614.20 Bilis 2006 Guangdong [81]

Hong Kong

Typhoon Sam Typhoon Sam 1999.jpg
Typhoon Sam
Wettest tropical cyclones and their remnants Hong Kong
Highest-known totals
PrecipitationStormLocationRef.
Rankmmin
1616.524.27 Sam 1999 Hong Kong Observatory [82]
2597.023.50July 1926 TyphoonRoyal Observatory, Hong Kong [82]
3562.022.13June 1916 TyphoonRoyal Observatory, Hong Kong [82]
4530.720.89 Agnes 1965 Royal Observatory, Hong Kong [82]
5519.020.43 Agnes 1978 Royal Observatory, Hong Kong [82]
6516.120.32 Ellen 1976 Royal Observatory, Hong Kong [82]
7497.519.59 Dot 1993 Royal Observatory, Hong Kong [82]
8491.719.36 Dot 1982 Royal Observatory, Hong Kong [82]
9480.918.93 Helen 1995 Royal Observatory, Hong Kong [82]
10473.218.63August 1904 TyphoonRoyal Observatory, Hong Kong [82]

Costa Rica

Hurricane Cesar Hurricane Cesar 28 july 1996 1217Z.jpg
Hurricane Cesar
Wettest tropical cyclones and their remnants in Costa Rica
Highest-known totals
PrecipitationStormLocationRef.
Rankmmin
1920.036.22 Cesar 1996 Alto de Tinamaste [83]
2487.419.19 Nate 2017 Maritima [84]
3466.618.37 Mitch 1998 Jaco [85]
4376.414.82 Alma 2008 Quepos [86]
5331.513.05 Gert 1993 Unknown [87]
6308.012.11 Otto 2016 Miravalles Volcano [88]

Cuba

Hurricane Flora of October 1963 drifted across Cuba for four days, leading to extreme rainfall across the mountainous island country. During the heaviest 24‑hour period of rainfall, 735 millimetres (28.9 in) of rain fell at Santiago de Cuba. Total amounts of 2,033 millimetres (80.0 in) over 4 days and 2,550 millimetres (100 in) over 5 days produced staggering loss of life in Cuba, where over 2000 perished. [89]

Hurricane Dennis Hurricane Dennis on July 7 2005 1550 UTC.jpg
Hurricane Dennis
Wettest tropical cyclones and their remnants in Cuba
Highest-known totals
PrecipitationStormLocationRef.
Rankmmin
12,550100.39 Flora 1963 [89]
21,09242.99 Dennis 2005 [89]
31,02540.35 T.D. #1 1988 [89]
41,01239.84 Alberto 1982 [89]
587034.25 Frederic 1979 [89]
684933.43 T.D. #1 1992 [89]
782532.48 Laura 1971 [89]
880031.50 Irene 1999 [89]
975429.69 Michelle 2001 [89]
1074729.41 Lili 1996 [89]

Dominica

Erika near Dominica Erika 2015-08-27 1725Z.jpg
Erika near Dominica

The islands of the eastern Caribbean are constantly threatened by tropical storms and hurricanes, mainly between August and October. Dominica is a rugged island, with spots of elevation as high as nearly 4,750 feet (1,450 m). [90] As Hurricane Jeanne moved through the region, 422.3 millimetres (16.63 in) of rain fell during the 24‑hour period ending on the morning of September 15, 2004. [91]

Wettest tropical cyclones and their remnants in Dominica
Highest-known totals
PrecipitationStormLocationRef.
Rankmmin
1800–85031–33 Erika 2015 Morne Diablotins [92]
2579.122.80 Maria 2017 Cophall [93]
3422.316.63 Jeanne 2004 [91]
4246.49.70 Edith 1963 [34]
5215.98.50 David 1979 Roseau [94]
6150.15.91 Abby 1960 [95]
720.60.81 Flora 1963 [34]

Dominican Republic

Noel near Dominican Republic Noel 28 oct 2007 1530Z.jpg
Noel near Dominican Republic

The Dominican Republic, has some of the highest terrain surrounding the Caribbean Sea, with Pico Duarte peaking at 10,700 feet (3,300 m) above sea level. [96] Most of the tropical cyclone rainfall totals on the list below are 24‑hour maxima, which likely underrepresent the storm total.

Wettest tropical cyclones and their remnants the Dominican Republic
Highest-known totals
PrecipitationStormLocationRef.
Rankmmin
11001.539.43 Flora 1963 Polo Barahona [34]
2905.035.63 Noel 2007 Angelina [97]
3598.023.54 Cleo 1964 Polo [34]
4528.020.79 Emily 2011 Neyba [98]
5505.219.89 Jeanne 2004 Isla Saona [99]
6479.818.89 Inez 1966 Polo [100]
7445.517.54 Hurricane Four 1944 Hondo Valle [101]
8391.415.41 Hurricane Five 1935 Barahona [102]
9359.914.17 Hanna 2008 Oveido [103]
10350.013.78 T.S. One 1948 Bayaguana [104]

El Salvador

Hurricane Adrian Hurricane Adrian May 19 915.jpg
Hurricane Adrian
Wettest tropical cyclones and their remnants in El Salvador
Highest-known totals
PrecipitationStormLocationRef.
Rankmmin
1151359.57 Twelve E (2011) Huizucar, La Libertad [105]

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286133.90 Mitch 1998 [106]
376630.16 Stan 2005 [106]
467626.61 Paul 1982 [106]
567226.46 Agatha 2010 [108]
660323.74 Matthew 2010 [106]

Fiji

Cyclone Kina Kina Dec 30 1992 0438Z.png
Cyclone Kina
Wettest tropical cyclones and their remnants in Fiji
Highest-known totals
PrecipitationStormLocationRef.
Rankmmin
11,13944.84Wally (1980)Sakisa [109]
21,04040.94 Kina (1992-93) Monasavu dam [110]
391335.94 04F (2016) Monasavu dam [111]
475529.72 Bebe (1972) Naseuvou [112]
561524.21 Gavin (1997) Monasavu dam [113]
654521.46 June (1997) Matei [114]
752920.83 Evan (2012) Monasavu dam [115]
850820.0009F 2017Nagado [116]
949519.49 Mick (2009) Monasavu dam [117]
1047918.86 Winston (2016) Nadarivatu [118]

Orography from the volcanic islands of Fiji has led to significant rainfall during tropical cyclone passages, which occur roughly once a year.

France

French Polynesia

Cyclone Wasa Wasa Dec 7 1991 1757Z.png
Cyclone Wasa
Wettest tropical cyclones and their remnants in French Polynesia
Highest-known totals
PrecipitationStormLocationRef.
Rankmmin
155021.65 02F 1998 Tahiti [119]
235614.02 Judy 2004 Takaroa [120]
32419.49 Wasa 1991 Uturoa [121]
41495.87 Pam 1997 Rarotonga [122]
562.12.44 Zita 2007 Rurutu [123]

Guadeloupe

Hurricane Marilyn moved directly across the island in mid-September 1995, [124] bringing the highest known rainfall totals to the island from a tropical cyclone.

Hurricane Luis Hurricane Luis 03 sept 1995 1705Z.jpg
Hurricane Luis
Wettest tropical cyclones and their remnants in Guadeloupe
Highest-known totals
PrecipitationStormLocationRef.
Rankmmin
158222.91 Luis 1995 Dent de l'est (Soufrière)
250820.00 Marilyn 1995 Saint-Claude [34]
346618.35 Lenny 1999 Gendarmerie [125]
438915.31 Hugo 1989
531812.52 Hortense 1996 Maison du Volcan [126]
630011.81 Jeanne 2004 [127]
7223.38.79 Cleo 1964 Deshaies [34]
82007.87 Erika 2009 [128]
9165.36.51 Earl 2010 Sainte-Rose (Viard) [129]
1053.62.11 Edith 1963 Basse Terre [34]

Martinique

Martinique is a mountainous island at the fringe of the eastern Caribbean Sea.

Wettest tropical cyclones and their remnants in Martinique
Highest-known totals
PrecipitationStormLocationRef.
Rankmmin
1680.726.80 Dorothy 1970 Fourniols [130]
2567.022.32 Klaus 1990 Le Morne-Rouge [131]
3475.018.07 Beulah 1967 Les Anses-d'Arlets [132]
4450.117.72 Iris 1995 Ducos [133]
5349.013.74 David 1979 Saint-Joseph [134]
6332.013.07 Dean 2007 Fort-de-France [135]
7305.012.01 Cindy 1993 Le Prêcheur [136]
8301.511.87 Edith 1963 Saint-Pierre [34]
9280.011.02 Allen 1980 Grand-Rivière [137]
10230.19.059 Marilyn 1995 Le Morne-Rouge [138]
Tropical Storm Dorothy (1970) Tropical Storm Dorothy (1970).jpg
Tropical Storm Dorothy (1970)

New Caledonia

Cyclone Anne Anne Jan 11 1988 0508Z.png
Cyclone Anne
Wettest tropical cyclones and their remnants in New Caledonia
Highest-known totals
PrecipitationStormLocationRef.
Rankmmin
181332.01Gyan 1981La Ouinné [139]
275029.53Beatrice 1959Tiwaka [139]
371328.07 Anne 1988 Goro [139]
462024.41Unnamed 1962Houaïlou [139]
552820.79 Esau 1992 Kopéto [139]
647418.66 Drena 1997 Dzumac [139]
745017.72 Vania 2011 Goro (Station Vale NC) [139]
841416.30 Frank 1999 Tango (Chaîne) [139]
941116.18 Cliff 1981 La Ouinné [139]
1040916.10 Cook 2017 Thio-Plateau [140]

Réunion Island

Cyclone Hyacinthe. Hyacinthe 25 jan 1980 0326Z N6.jpg
Cyclone Hyacinthe.

The mountainous island of Réunion has experienced several of the highest rainfall totals on record from tropical cyclones and holds the rainfall world records for 12, 24, 48, 72 hours, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine and ten days as a result. [141] [142] [143] The 12 and 24 hourly rainfall records were set at Foc-Foc by Cyclone Denise in 1966, while an Unnamed Tropical Cyclone between April 8–10, 1958 set the record for 48 hours at Aurere. Tropical Cyclone Gamede between February 24–28, 2007 came close to beating the records for 12, 24 and 48 hours before setting the records for three, four, five, six, seven, eight and nine days that were held by Tropical Cyclone Hyacinthe 1980. [142] [143] Hyacinthe 1980 currently holds the world records for ten and fifteen days with rainfall totals of 5,678 millimetres (223.5 in) and 6,083 millimetres (239.5 in) respectively recorded at Commerson Crater. [143] [144]

Wettest tropical cyclones and their remnants on Reunion island
Highest-known totals
PrecipitationStormLocationRef.
Rankmmin
16,433253.27 Hyacinthe 1980 Commerson [143]
25,512217.01 Gamede 2007 Commerson [142]
32,958116.46Diwa 2006Grand-Ilet [142]
41,82571.85Denise 1966Foc-Foc [143]
51,36053.54Dina 2002Bellecombe [145]
61,19647.09Gael 2009Commerson [146]
71,19647.09Florine 1981Foc-Foc [147]
81,02540.35Bejisa 2013Cilaos [148]
91,00039.37Gretelle 1997Commerson [149]
1087534.45Fame 2008Grand-Ilet [150]

Saint Martin

Hurricane Lenny Hurricane Lenny 17 nov 1999 2004Z.jpg
Hurricane Lenny
Wettest tropical cyclones and their remnants in Saint Martin
Highest-known totals
PrecipitationStormLocationRef.
Rankmmin
1866.634.12 Lenny 1999 Gendarmerie [2]
2349.313.75 Jose 1999 Point Blanche [151]
3328.712.94 Otto 2010 Charlotte Amalie [152]
498.03.86 Earl 2010 Grand Case [153]
685.13.35 Marilyn 1995 [154]

Wallis and Futuna

Cyclone Fran Fran Mar 9 1992 0330Z.jpg
Cyclone Fran
Wettest tropical cyclones and their remnants in Wallis and Futuna
Highest-known totals
PrecipitationStormLocationRef.
Rankmmin
1674.926.57 Raja 1986 Maopoopo, Futuna Island [155]
2556.721.92 Fran 1992 Hihifo, Wallis Island [155]
3291.211.46Val 1975Hihifo, Wallis Island [155]
4220.68.69 Hina 1997 Maopoopo, Futuna Island [155]
5186.07.32 Evan 2012 Futuna Island [155]
6180.07.09Val 1980Maopoopo, Futuna Island [155]
7171.66.76 Keli 1997 Hihifo, Wallis Island [155]
8160.86.33Unnamed 1966Malaetoli, Wallis Island [155]
9160.06.30 Amos 2016 Hihifo, Wallis Island [156]
10119.04.69 Waka 2001 Hihifo, Wallis Island [155]

Guatemala

Tropical Storm Agatha in May 2010 became the second-wettest tropical cyclone in the nation's history when it slowly developed while remaining nearly stationary to the southwest of Guatemala, before turning northeast and dissipating across inland Central America. [157]

Tropical Storm Agatha (2010) Agatha 29 May 2010.jpg
Tropical Storm Agatha (2010)
Wettest tropical cyclones and their remnants Guatemala
Highest-known totals
PrecipitationStormLocationRef.
Rankmmin
160023.62 Mitch 1998 Central Sierra de las Minas [158]
2565.622.62 Agatha 2010 Mazatenango [159]
3~250~9.84 Stan 2005 [160]
4~200~7.87 Adrian 2005 [161]
5184.67.27 Francelia 1969 [162]

Haiti

Haiti that makes up three-eighths of Hispaniola, [163] [164] is a mountainous country that has experienced some of the most powerful hurricanes on record, including Hurricane David. Its three mountain ranges have peaks as high as 8793 feet/2680 meters above sea level. [165]

Gordon dropping heavy rainfall on Haiti along its frontal-like band Gordon1994111400GOE7IR.jpg
Gordon dropping heavy rainfall on Haiti along its frontal-like band
Wettest tropical cyclones and their remnants in Haiti
Highest-known totals
PrecipitationStormLocationRef.
Rankmmin
11,447.857.00 Flora 1963 Miragoâne [166]
2654.825.78 Noel 2007 Camp Perrin [167]
3604.523.80 Matthew 2016 Anse-á-Veau [168]
4410.016.14 Lili 2002 Camp Perrin [169]
5323.012.72 Hanna 2008 Camp Perrin [170]
6273.010.75 Gustav 2008 Camp Perrin [171]
765.02.56 Fox 1952 Ouanaminthe [34]

Honduras

Hurricane Beta Hurricane Beta 29 oct 2005 1840Z.jpg
Hurricane Beta
Wettest tropical cyclones and their remnants Honduras
Highest-known totals
PrecipitationStormLocationRef.
Rankmmin
191235.89 Mitch 1998 Choluteca [172]
276029.92 Alma 1966 San Rafael [173]
361024.00 Fifi 1974 [174]
455421.82 Beta 2005 Trujillo [175]
536014.19 T.D. #16 2008 Roatán [176]
62449.62 Felix 2007 Omoa Cortez [177]
71726.77 Gert 1993 Tegucigalpa [178]
81134.46 Alma 2008 Choluteca [179]
9963.77 Ida 2009 Rio Cuero en la Masica [180]

Swan Island

Hurricane Alma (1966) Hurricane Alma.jpg
Hurricane Alma (1966)
Wettest tropical cyclones and their remnants on Swan Island
Highest-known totals
PrecipitationStormLocationRef.
Rankmmin
1362.714.28 Alma 1966 [34]
2228.99.01 Debbie 1965 [34]
3220.08.66 Ella 1970 [34]
4178.67.03 Laurie 1969 [34]
5167.16.58 Isbell 1964 [34]
6105.24.14 Beulah 1967 [34]
798.83.89 Carla 1961 [34]
890.73.57 Francelia 1969 [34]
987.13.43 Hattie 1961 [34]
1080.53.17 Fox 1952 [34]

India

Cyclone Nisha 06B (Nisha) 26 November 2008 at 0525 UTC.jpg
Cyclone Nisha

India can be struck by cyclones that form in the Bay of Bengal or the Arabian Sea.

Wettest tropical cyclones and their remnants in India
Highest-known totals
PrecipitationStormLocationRef.
Rankmmin
12,30090.551968 Severe Cyclonic Storm Pedong, West Bengal [181]
21,84072.44 Severe Cyclonic Storm ARB 01 (2004) Aminidivi, Lakshadweep [182]
31,34052.76 Depression Six (1961) Cherrapunji, Meghalaya [183]
4128050.39 Nisha (2008) Orathanadu, Tamil Nadu [184] [185] [186]
5117146.10 Phyan (2009) Kethi, Tamil Nadu [187]
6103040.55 Ogni (2006) Avanigadda, Andhra Pradesh [188]
795337.521943 Severe Cyclonic Storm Cuddalore, Tamil Nadu [189]
891035.83 Deep Depression Four (1963) Cherrapunji, Meghalaya [190]
981031.89Cyclone 12 (1959)Bano [191]
1080031.50Cyclone 5 (1968)Harnai [191]

Indonesia

Cyclone Inigo STC Inigo 05 apr 2003 0625Z.jpg
Cyclone Inigo

The precursor tropical disturbance of Tropical Cyclone Inigo in April 2003 dropped heavy rainfall in eastern Indonesia. The rainfall caused flash flooding and mudslides, primarily in Flores but also on West Timor [192] and Sumba. [193] In some locations, the depth of the floodwaters reached 5 metres (16 ft). The Oessao River in West Timor exceeded its banks, which flooded seven villages. In Kupang in West Timor, the system destroyed hundreds of homes and large fields of corn, bean, and rice crop. Heavy damage was reported near Ende, where flooding and mudslides destroyed 20 houses and destroyed the roads connecting to East Flores. The city airport was flooded with one meter (3 ft) of water, preventing aerial transportation and which left the city temporarily isolated. In East Flores Regency in eastern Flores Island, the system left 75 destroyed houses, along with 77 severely damaged and a further 56 receiving light damage. [192]

Wettest tropical cyclones and their remnants in Indonesia
Highest-known totals
PrecipitationStormLocationRef.
Rankmmin
12238.78 Inigo 2003 Larantuka, Flores [194]

Iran

Cyclone Gonu TC Gonu 05 June 07 0635Z.jpg
Cyclone Gonu
Wettest tropical cyclones and their remnants in Iran
Highest-known totals
PrecipitationStormLocationRef.
Rankmmin
174 mm2.91 inches Gonu 2007 Chabahar [195]

Jamaica

Hurricane Michelle Hurricane Michelle 2001.jpg
Hurricane Michelle

This mountainous island country of Jamaica can get lashed with rainfall by slow-moving tropical cyclones in the western Caribbean Sea. Its interior, the Blue Mountains, reach a height of 7,400 feet (2,300 m) above sea level. [196]

Wettest tropical cyclones and their remnants in Jamaica
Highest-known totals
PrecipitationStormLocationRef.
Rankmmin
13429.0135.00 Nov. 1909 Hurricane Silver Hill Plantation [197]
21524.060.00 Flora 1963 Silver Hill [198]
31057.941.65 Michelle 2001 [199]
4950.037.42 Nicole 2010 Negril [200]
5938.336.94 Gilda 1973 Top Mountain [198]
6863.634.00 June 1979 T.D. Western Jamaica [201]
7823.032.40 Gilbert 1988 Interior mountains [199]
8720.628.37 Ivan 2004 Ritchies [202]
9713.528.09 Sandy 2012 Mill Bank [203]
10690.927.20 Isidore 2002 Cotton Tree Gully [204]

Japan

Severe Tropical Storm Talas approaching Japan on September 2, 2011 Talas Terra MODIS picture 2011-09-02 (High Definition).jpg
Severe Tropical Storm Talas approaching Japan on September 2, 2011

The mountainous island archipelago is constantly struck by typhoons recurving out of the tropics, which are normally in extratropical transition as they pass through Japan. Typhoon Namtheun of the 2004 Pacific typhoon season holds the national 24-hour precipitation record with 1,317 millimetres (51.9 in) observed in Kisawa village, [205] surpassing the previous record of 1,140 mm (45 in) set during Typhoon Fran in 1976. [206]

Wettest tropical cyclones and their remnants in Japan
Highest-known totals
PrecipitationStormLocationRef.
Rankmmin
12781.0109.50 Fran 1976 Hiso [206]
2>2000.0>78.74 Namtheum 2004 Kisawa [205]
31805.571.08 Talas 2011 Kamikitayama [207]
41518.959.80 Olive 1971 Ebino [208]
51322.052.04 Nabi 2005 Mikado [209]
61286.050.62 Kent 1992 Hidegadake [210]
71167.045.94 Judy 1989 Hidegadake [211]
81138.044.80 Abby 1983 Amagisan [212]
91124.044.25 Flo 1990 Yanase [213]
10~1092.0~43.00 Trix 1971 Yangitake [214]

Okinawa

Typhoon Bolaven near Okinawa on August 26, 2012 Bolaven Aug 26 2012.jpg
Typhoon Bolaven near Okinawa on August 26, 2012
Wettest tropical cyclones and their remnants in Okinawa
Highest-known totals
PrecipitationStormLocationRef.
Rankmmin
11065.041.92 Sinlaku 2008 Yonagunijima [215]
21059.041.70 Emma 1956 Kadena Air Force Base [216]
31014.041.00 Muifa 2011 [217]
4575.622.66 Charlotte 1959 Naha Air Force Base [34]
5535.021.06 Bolaven 2012 Kunigami [218]
6473.718.65 Cora 1969 Kadena Air Force Base [34]
7452.017.80 Sinlaku 2002 Oku [219]
8407.216.03 Grace 1961 Kadena Air Force Base [34]
9345.013.50 Conson 2004 Tarama [220]
10342.013.46 Kujira 2003 [221]

Ryukyu Islands

Typhoon Rusa caused 409 millimetres (16.1 in) of rain to fall at Naze on August 29–30, 2002. [222] Typhoon Aere dropped 314.5 millimetres (12.38 in) of rain in the 65‑hour period ending at 1400 UTC on August 25, 2004 at Ishigakihima. [223] Typhoon Agnes in August 1957 dropped 586.2 millimetres (23.08 in) of rainfall on Marcus Island. [34] In 1972, Typhoon Rita dumped 31.87 in (809 mm) on Okinoerabu Shima. [224]

Johnston Atoll

Tropical cyclones occasionally threaten this central Pacific island. Hurricane Celeste of 1972 brought 6.21 inches (158 mm) to the isle around August 19. [225]

Korea

The Korean Peninsula experiences typhoons regularly. Tropical cyclones which impact southern China also lead to, on average, five heavy rainfall events per year across the Korean peninsula. [226]

North Korea

Very heavy rains fell across Tongchon and Kosong counties during Typhoon Rusa in 2002, where up to 510 millimetres (20 in) of precipitation fell in a 5- to 10-hour period. [222]

South Korea

Severe Tropical Storm Nakri Nakri Aug 03 2014 0220Z.jpg
Severe Tropical Storm Nakri
Wettest tropical cyclones and their remnants in South Korea
Highest-known totals
PrecipitationStormLocationRef.
Rankmmin
1>1,500>59.05 Nakri 2014 Mount Halla, Jeju Island [227]
21250.549.23 Chan-hom 2015 Mount Halla, Jeju Island [228]
3898.035.35 Rusa 2002 Gangneung [229]
4710.028.00 Agnes 1981 [230]
5660.426.00 Gladys 1991 [231]
6634.024.96 Muifa 2011 Eorimok [232]
7590.023.23 Nari 2007 Jeju [233]
8491.019.33 Saomai 2000 [234]
9374.014.72 Meari 2011 Boeun [235]
10332.513.09 Megi 2004 Wando [223]

Madagascar

Cyclone Kesiny Kesiny May 9 2002 0715Z.jpg
Cyclone Kesiny

The north end of the island, known as the Tsaratanana Massif region, contains terrain with elevations up to 9417 feet/2880 meters. [236]

Wettest tropical cyclones and their remnants in Madagascar
Highest-known totals
PrecipitationStormLocationRef.
Rankmmin
1891.035.07 Kesiny 2002 Toamasina [237]
2715.028.14 Elita 2004 [238]
3707.027.8 Guillaume 2002 Toamasina [239]
4355.213.9 Indlala 2007 Antalaha [240]
5300.012.0 Cela 2003 [241]
6279.411.0 Chanda 2012 [242]
7261.010.2 Ivan 2008 Toamasina [240]
8255.410.0 Gafilo 2004 Nosy-be [243]
9237.29.3 Ernest 2005 Toliara [243]
10229.09.0 Jade 2009 Toamasina [244]

Malaysia

Tropical Storm Jelawat/Domeng Jelawat 2006-06-28 0030Z.jpg
Tropical Storm Jelawat/Domeng
Wettest tropical cyclones and their remnants in Malaysia
Highest-known totals
PrecipitationStormLocationRef.
Rankmmin
12208.66 Jelawat/Domeng 2006 Kampung Bundu [245]

Mauritius

Cyclone Dina (2002) TC Dina 23 jan 2002 0640Z.jpg
Cyclone Dina (2002)
Wettest tropical cyclones and their remnants in Mauritius
Highest-known totals
PrecipitationStormLocationRef.
Rankmmin
1745.229.34 Dina 2002 Pierrefonds [246]
271127.99 Hollanda 1994 Mare-aux-Vacoas
32278.937Davina 1999Arnaud [247]
3202.87.98 Hennie 2005 Sans-Souci
4192.87.59 Dumile 2013 Arnaud [248]
558.82.31 Crystal 2002 Providence [249]

Marshall Islands

Wettest tropical cyclones and their remnants
in the Marshall Islands
Highest-known totals
PrecipitationStormLocationRef.
Rankmmin
127110.65Bavi 2015 Kwajalein Atoll [250]

Mexico

Hurricane Wilma of 2005 drifted over the northeast portion of the Yucatán peninsula for a couple of days, dropping significant rains. A report of 1,576 millimetres (62.0 in) was reported by the Servicio Meteorológico Nacional in Mexico, [251] which is the wettest known 24-hour rainfall amount ever measured in Mexico. Second on the list is from Tropical Storm Frances in 1998, which accumulated up to 1,019 millimetres (40.1 in) of rain at Independencia in southern Chiapas. [252] Below is a list of the highest known storm total rainfall amounts from individual tropical cyclones across Mexico. Most of the rainfall information was provided by the Mexico's National Weather Service, Servicio Meteorológico Nacional, which is a part of the National Water Commission, Comisión Nacional del Agua .

Hurricane Wilma Hurricane Wilma 21 oct 2005 1625Z.jpg
Hurricane Wilma
Wettest tropical cyclones and their remnants Mexico (Overall)
Highest-known totals
PrecipitationStormLocationRef.
Rankmmin
1157662.05 Wilma 2005 Quintana Roo [253]
2111944.06 Frances 1998 Escuintla [254]
3109843.23 TD 11 (1999) Jalacingo [255]
4101139.80 Juliette 2001 Cuadano/Santiago [256]
595037.41 Dolly 1996 Igual [257]
694137.06 Fifi–Orlene 1974 Tlanchinol [258]
789035.04 Alex 2010 Monterrey [259]
880531.69 Gert 1993 Aquismón [260]
979131.15 Hermine 1980 San Pedro Tapanatepec [261]
1077430.49 Isidore 2002 Campeche [262]

Federated States of Micronesia

Chuuk

Elevations of the islands surrounding Chuuk lagoon reach a height of about 1,450 feet (440 m). [263] Typhoon Chataan led to excessive rainfall on this island from June 23 – July 3, 2002, when a total of 939 mm (37.0 in) fell. During the time frame when Chataan was declared a tropical cyclone from July 1–3, 622 mm (24.5 in) fell, with 506 mm (19.9 in) falling on the 2nd alone at the international airport. [264]

Typhoon Chataan Typhoon Chataan 07 july 2002 0150Z.jpg
Typhoon Chataan
Wettest tropical cyclones and their remnants on Chuuk
Highest-known totals
PrecipitationStormLocationRef.
Rankmmin
1939.036.96 Chataan 2002 Chuuk Int'l Airport [265]
2447.017.60 Dale 1996 Chuuk WSO AP [34]
3427.516.83 Sudal 2004 Chuuk WSO AP [34]
4405.115.95 Andy 1989 Truk WSO Airport [34]
5381.115.03 Jean 1968 Truk WSO Airport [34]
6371.914.64 Karen 1962 Truk WSO Airport [34]
7370.614.59 Pamela 1976 Truk WSO Airport [34]
8344.713.57 Harriet 1959 Truk WSO Airport [34]
9234.29.22 Kulap 2005 Chuuk WSO AP [34]
10214.18.43 Pongsona 2002 Chuuk WSO AP [34]

Kosrae

Wettest tropical cyclones and their remnants in Kosrae State
Highest-known totals
PrecipitationStormLocationRef.
Rankmmin
1509.320.05Faxai 2001Kosrae [34]
2434.117.09Phanfone 2002Kosrae [34]

Pohnpei State

The state is mountainous island lies in the tropical northwest Pacific Ocean. Pohnpei State

Wettest tropical cyclones and their remnants in Pohnpei State
Highest-known totals
PrecipitationStormLocationRef.
Rankmmin
160323.74 Dolphin 2015 Pohnpei
22479.72 Axel 1992 [266]
31184.65Haishen 2015Pohnpei [267]

Yap State

The wettest known tropical cyclone for the state was Ruby in 1982, which drifted in the island's vicinity for several days during its initial development phase. [268]

Typhoon Ruby (1982) Ruby1982062512GMS2IR.jpg
Typhoon Ruby (1982)
Wettest tropical cyclones and their remnants in Yap state
Highest-known totals
PrecipitationStormLocationRef.
Rankmmin
1594.423.40 Ruby 1982 Yap Island WSO Airport [34]
2390.915.39 Imbudo 2003 Yap Island WSO Airport [34]
3318.512.54 Winnie 1969 Yap Island WSO Airport [34]
4313.912.36 Fern 1996 Yap Island WSO Airport [34]
5301.811.88 Wilda 1967 Yap Island WSO Airport [34]
6289.111.38 Ophelia 1958 Yap Island WSO Airport [34]
7288.511.36 Hope 1985 Yap Island WSO Airport [34]
8250.29.85 Georgia 1962 Yap Island WSO Airport [34]
9236.59.31 Fran 1976 Yap Island WSO Airport [34]
10231.99.13 Faye 1963 Yap Island WSO Airport [34]

Mozambique

Tropical Cyclone Eline Cyclone Leon-Eline 22 feb 2000 0411Z.jpg
Tropical Cyclone Eline

The elevation of the country increases to the west, with mountains on its highest plateau reaching nearly 8,000 feet (2,400 m). [269]

Wettest tropical cyclones and their remnants in Mozambique
Highest-known totals
PrecipitationStormLocationRef.
Rankmmin
150219.76 Eline 2000 Levubu [270]
228111.06 Delfina 2003 [249]
32007.87 Jokwe 2008 Nampula [271]
41907.50 Japhet 2003 [272]

Myanmar

Cyclone Nargis near landfall Cyclone Nargis landfall.jpg
Cyclone Nargis near landfall
Wettest tropical cyclones and their remnants in Myanmar
Highest-known totals
PrecipitationStormLocationRef.
Rankmmin
160023.62 Nargis 2008 [273]
2343.913.54 T.D. No. 2 2007 [274]
330011.81 Komen 2015 [275]

Nepal

Some of the highest elevations on the planet lie in Nepal. Eight out of fourteen highest peaks in the world lie in the Nepalese Himalaya including the highest peak of the World, Mt. Everest (8848 m). [276] During a tropical depression that affected the Indian Subcontinent in 2004, 51.3 millimetres (2.02 in) of rain fell at Kathmandu airport in the 24‑hour period ending at 1200 UTC on October 7. [73]

Netherlands Antilles

Saba

Wettest tropical cyclones and their remnants on Saba
Highest-known totals
PrecipitationStormLocationRef.
Rankmmin
1286.3 mm11.27 inches Alice (1954) [277]

St. Eustatius

Wettest tropical cyclones and their remnants on St. Eustatius
Highest-known totals
PrecipitationStormLocationRef.
Rankmmin
1203.2 mm8.00 inches Alice (1954) [277]

Saint Martin/Sint Maarten

This hilly island is partially owned by France and partially claimed by the Netherlands.

Hurricane Lenny Lenny1999ir.jpg
Hurricane Lenny

Wettest tropical cyclones and their remnants on Saint Martin/Sint Maarten
Highest-known totals
PrecipitationStormLocationRef.
Rankmmin
1700.027.56 Lenny 1999 Meteorological Office, Phillpsburg [2]
2280.211.03 Jose 1999 Princess Juliana International Airport [278]
3165.16.50 Luis 1995 [279]
4111.74.40 Otto 2010 Princess Juliana International Airport [280]
592.33.63 Rafael 2012 Princess Juliana International Airport [281]
67.90.31 Ernesto 2012 Princess Juliana International Airport [281]
77.00.28 Chantal 2013 Princess Juliana International Airport [282]
86.60.26 Dorian 2013 Princess Juliana International Airport [282]

New Zealand

Cyclone Wilma (2011) Wilma 2011-01-26 0145Z.jpg
Cyclone Wilma (2011)

Most tropical cyclones which pass near New Zealand are in extratropical transition (ET) or have become extratropical, which can enhance their heavy rainfall threat.

Wettest tropical cyclones and their remnants in New Zealand
Highest-known totals
PrecipitationStormLocationRef.
Rankmmin
197038.19 Hilda 1990 North Egmont Visitor Centre [283]
291736.10 Bola 1988 Glenross station [284]
376230.00 Rewa 1994 Collier Creek [285]
442516.73 Fergus 1996 The Pinnacles [286] [287]
541516.34 Delilah 1989 Puhipuhi [288]
632112.64 Dinah 1967 Mangahoe [289]
731112.24 Beti 1996 The Pinnacles [290]
830612.05 Giselle 1968 Leatham [291]
929011.42 Ivy 2004 The Pinnacles [292]
1028011.02 Wilma 2011 Northland [293]

Nicaragua

Hurricane Mitch Hurricane Mitch Oct 26 1998 1915Z.jpg
Hurricane Mitch
Wettest tropical cyclones and their remnants in Nicaragua
Highest-known totals
PrecipitationStormLocationRef.
Rankmmin
1159762.87 Mitch 1998 Picacho/Chinandega [294]
2144756.97 Aletta 1982 Chinandega [295]
350019.69 Joan 1988 [296]
444717.60 Gert 1993 Chinandega [295]
536814.49 Fifi 1974 Chinandega [295]
629811.72 Alma 2008 Punto Sandino [297]
727210.70 Cesar 1996 Bluefields [298]
82319.10 Ida 2009 Puerto Cabezas [299]
91817.11 Felix 2007 Puerto Cabezas [300]
101626.39 Beta 2005 Puerto Cabezas [301]

Niue

Cyclone Heta Tropical Cyclone Heta 2004.jpg
Cyclone Heta

During the passage of Tropical Cyclone Heta in January 2004, the Niue Meteorological Station reported a record 24-hour rainfall of 999.2 millimetres (39.34 in). [302]

Wettest tropical cyclones and their remnants on Niue
Highest-known totals
PrecipitationStormLocationRef.
Rankmmin
1999.2 mm39.34 in Heta 2004 Niue Meteorological Station [302]

Oman

Cyclone Gonu TC Gonu 05 June 07 0635Z.jpg
Cyclone Gonu
Wettest tropical cyclones and their remnants in Oman
Highest-known totals
PrecipitationStormLocationRef.
Rankmmin
1617.024.29 Mekunu 2018 Salalah [303]
2610.024.02 Gonu 2007 [304]
3488.019.21 Phet 2010 JabalHilm
4482.418.99 Masirah Cyclone 1977 Salalah [305]
5300.211.82 T.S. 02A (1996) Dhofar [306]
6285.511.24 Muscat Cyclone 1890 Muscat [305]
7251.09.88 Oman Cyclone 2002 Qairoon [307]
8250.09.84 Ashobaa 2015 Masirah Island [308]
9230.09.06 Salalah Cyclone 1963 Salalah [305]
1082.03.23 Salalah Cyclone 1959 Salalah [305]

Pakistan

Cyclone Phet, a cyclone making landfall in Pakistan in June 2010 as a deep depression Phet jun 6 2010.jpg
Cyclone Phet, a cyclone making landfall in Pakistan in June 2010 as a deep depression

Tropical cyclones for the Arabian Sea usually affect Pakistan. Tropical cyclones from the Bay of Bengal can affect Pakistan, though they usually weaken by the time they reach the Pakistani coastline. [309]

Wettest tropical cyclones and their remnants in Pakistan
Highest-known totals
PrecipitationStormLocationRef.
Rankmmin
137014.57 Phet (2010) Gwadar [310]
228511.22 Cyclone (1999) Keti Bandar [311]
32459.64 BOB 03 (2009) Karachi [312] [313] [314]
41917.51 BOB 06 (2007) Karachi [315] [316] [317]
51455.71 Onil (2004) Thatta [318]
61103.94 Yemyin (2007) Karachi
7431.69 BOB 04 (2007) Karachi [319] [320]
8180.70 BOB 03 (2009) Karachi [321]

Palau

Typhoon Mike Typhoon Mike 11 nov 1990 2221Z.jpg
Typhoon Mike

Palau consists of a string of islands that is rugged and surrounds a lagoon. Elevations up to 2,060 feet (630 m) exist within the island group. [322]

Wettest tropical cyclones and their remnants in Palau
Highest-known totals
PrecipitationStormLocationRef.
Rankmmin
1470.918.54 Marie 1976 Koror [323]
2293.111.54 Nathan 1993 Nekken Forestry [34]
3281.411.08 Ruby 1982 Koror [34]
4248.99.799 Mike 1990 Koror [324]
5121.74.79 Dianmu 2004 Koror [325]
684.33.32 Bopha 2012 Koror [326]
747.81.88 Ewiniar 2006 Koror [327]

Panama

Inflow to the south of Hurricane Mitch brought impressive rainfalls to the Panama. Veledero de Tole recorded 695 millimetres (27.4 in) of rainfall between October 22 and 31, 1998.

Philippines

Typhoon Parma/Pepeng Parma oct 5 2009.jpg
Typhoon Parma/Pepeng

This Philippines island archipelago is fairly mountainous, with the highest terrain found in Luzon.

Wettest tropical cyclones and their remnants in the Philippine islands
Highest-known totals
PrecipitationStormLocationRef.
Rankmmin
12210.087.01July 1911 cyclone Baguio [328]
21854.373.00 Parma (Pepeng) 2009 Baguio [329]
31216.047.86 Carla (Trining) 1967 Baguio [328]
41116.043.94 Zeb (Iliang) 1998 La Trinidad, Benguet [330]
51085.842.74 Utor (Feria) 2001 Baguio [331]
61077.842.43 Koppu (Lando) 2015 Baguio [329]
71012.739.87 Mindulle (Igme) 2004 [332]
8902.035.51 Kujira (Dante) 2009 [333]
9879.934.64September 1929 typhoon Virac, Catanduanes [334]
10869.634.24 Dinah (Openg) 1977 Western Luzon [335]

Samoa

Wettest tropical cyclones and their remnants in Samoa
Highest-known totals
PrecipitationStormLocationRef.
Rankmmin
1508.220.01Tuni, 2015Afimalu [336]
2470.518.52 Ula, 2016 Afimalu [336]
3404.015.91 Evan, 2012 Alaoa, Upolu [337]
4382.415.06 Amos, 2016 Afimalu [336]
5320.012.60 Gita, 2018 Le-Pue [338]
6190.07.48001F 2014Salani [336]
7171.86.76405F 2014Salani [336]
8170.66.71708F, 2015Letui [336]
9169.56.67319F, 2017Lepiu [338]
10138.45.44909F, 2017Afimalu [338]

Singapore

Typhoon Vamei of December 20, 2001 was the only known storm to ever hit the island state. It dropped 165.1 millimetres (6.50 in) of rainfall.

Solomon Islands

Cyclone Ita Ita Apr 6 2014 2355Z.jpg
Cyclone Ita
Wettest tropical cyclones and their remnants in the Solomon Islands
Highest-known totals
PrecipitationStormLocationRef.
Rankmmin
1>2100>82.68 Namu 1986 Mount Popomanaseu, Guadalcanal [339]
2>1000>39.37 Ita 2014 Gold Ridge mine [340]
349519.49Pam 2015Lata, Santa Cruz Island [341]
430512.01Angela 1966Guadalcanal [342]
528211.10 Raquel 2015 Munda, Western Province [343]

South Africa

Tropical Cyclone Eline in February 2000 dropped significant rains on portions of South Africa. The highest amount noted was 480 mm (19 in) at Thohoyandou. [344]

Spain

The only tropical cyclone to reach mainland Europe was 2005's Hurricane Vince. It dropped 3.3 inches (84 mm) of rain on the plain near Cordoba. [345]

Sri Lanka

A tropical depression in early October 2004 led to heavy rains across Sri Lanka. The maximum was measured at Galle where 117.2 mm (4.61 in) fell in the 24‑hour period ending at 0600 UTC on the 2nd. [73]

St. Brandon, South Indian Ocean

Tropical Cyclone Darius of New Year's Eve/Day of 2003/2004 passed about 45 miles (72 km) west-northwest of the island. Rainfall over the 24‑hour period of closest approach was 135 mm (5.3 in). [346]

St. Kitts and Nevis

Wettest tropical cyclones and their remnants in Saint Kitts and Nevis
Highest-known totals
PrecipitationStormLocationRef.
Rankmmin
1153.76.05 Alice (1954) [277]

Taiwan

The mountainous island of Taiwan experiences an average of 1.8 tropical cyclone landfalls each year.[ citation needed ] Due to its rugged topography, Taiwan sees extreme rains from tropical cyclones, particularly in its central mountain range.

Typhoon Morakot Typhoon Morakot Aug 7 2009.jpg
Typhoon Morakot
Wettest tropical cyclones and their remnants in Taiwan
Highest-known totals
PrecipitationStormLocationRef.
Rankmmin
13,060120.47 Morakot 2009 Alishan, Chiayi [347]
22,31991.30 Nari 2001 Wulai, New Taipei [348]
32,16285.12 Flossie 1969 Beitou, Taipei [347]
41,98778.23 Herb 1996 Alishan, Chiayi [349]
51,77469.84 Saola 2012 Yilan City [350]
61,70066.93 Lynn 1987 Taipei [351]
71,67265.83 Clara 1967 Dongshan, Yilan [352]
81,61163.43 Sinlaku 2008 Heping, Taichung [353]
91,56161.46 Haitang 2005 Sandimen, Pingtung [354]
101,54660.87 Aere 2004 Miaoli County [355]

Thailand

Typhoon Zeke (1991) Zeke jul 9 1991 0552Z.jpg
Typhoon Zeke (1991)

Tropical cyclones occasionally cross the Malay Peninsula from the northwest Pacific into the Bay of Bengal.

Wettest tropical cyclones and their remnants in Thailand
Highest-known totals
PrecipitationStormLocationRef.
Rankmmin
1493.819.44 Zeke 1991 Khlong Yai [34]
2470.018.50 Tilda 1962 At Somat [356]
3342.013.46 Vae 1952 Chantaburi [356]
4328.712.94 Ira 1990 Lop Buri [34]
5322.612.70 Ed 1990 Takua Pa [34]
6279.511.00 18W (2013) Muang district [357]
7273.610.77 Fred 1991 Khon Kaen [34]
8257.310.13 Brian 1989 Takua Pa [34]
9251.59.902 Muifa 2004 Prachaup Khirikhan [358]
10239.59.429 Nell 1990 Ko Samui [34]

Tonga

Cyclone Waka (2001) Cyclone Waka 2001 near peak intensity.jpg
Cyclone Waka (2001)
Wettest tropical cyclones and their remnants in Tonga
Highest-known totals
PrecipitationStormLocationRef.
Rankmmin
1200.07.87Waka 2001
2153.06.02Lin 2009Niuafo'ou [359]
3152.26.00Mick 2010Fua'amotu
4149.05.87Rene 2011Fua'amotu
5120.04.72Isaac 1982Nuku‘alofa [360]
5120.04.72Jasmine 2012Tongatapu [361]
697.73.85Vaianu 2006Fuaʻamotu [362]
744.81.76Cyril 2011Vava'u [363]
837.51.48Wilma 2010Fua'amotu [364]
935.91.41Cliff 2007Fua'amotu [365]

United Kingdom

Anguilla

Hurricane Jose (1999) Hurricane Jose (1999).JPG
Hurricane Jose (1999)
Wettest tropical cyclones and their remnants Anguilla
Highest-known totals
PrecipitationStormLocationRef.
Rankmmin
1490.019.29 Lenny 1999 [366]
2380.014.96 Jose 1999 [366]
3250.09.84 Klaus 1990 [366]
4171.56.75 Alice 1954 [277]

Bermuda

Bermuda has not historically received overwhelming rains out of tropical cyclones. This could be because of the rapid pace storms usually pass the island and the lack of mountains on the island.

Hurricane Nicole (2016) Nicole 2016-10-12 1750Z.jpg
Hurricane Nicole (2016)
Wettest tropical cyclones and their remnants in Bermuda
Highest-known totals
PrecipitationStormLocationRef.
Rankmmin
1186.77.35 October 1939 Hurricane [367]
2172.06.77 Nicole 2016 [368]
3153.76.05 Arlene 1963 [34]
4151.45.96 Cristobal 2002
5148.05.83 Nicole 2004
6134.15.28T.D. #23A 1967 [34]
7126.24.97 Franklin 2005
8125.04.92 Emily 1981 [34]
9124.04.88 Harvey 2005
10123.24.85 September 1948 hurricane [367]

Cayman Islands

Tropical Storm Alberto Alberto Jun 10 2006 1840Z.jpg
Tropical Storm Alberto
Wettest tropical cyclones and their remnants in the Cayman Islands
Highest-known totals
PrecipitationStormLocationRef.
Rankmmin
1794.831.29 Unnamed, 1944 Grand Cayman Island [369]
257722.72 Alberto, 2006 Owen Roberts International Airport [370]
3552.221.74 Isidore, 2002 Cayman Brac [371]
4451.417.77 Paloma, 2008 Cayman Brac [372]
5308.412.14 Ivan, 2004 Grand Cayman Island [373]
6292.111.50 Hattie, 1961 Grand Cayman Island [374]
7229.19.02 Nicole, 2010 Owen Roberts International Airport [375]
8165.66.52 Michelle, 2001 Grand Cayman Island [376]

United States

Hurricane Harvey (2017) Harvey 2017-08-25 2231Z.png
Hurricane Harvey (2017)
Wettest tropical cyclones and their remnants in the United States
Highest-known totals
PrecipitationStormLocationRef.
Rankmmin
11538.760.58 Harvey 2017 Nederland, Texas [34]
2132152.02 Lane 2018 Mountainview, Hawaii [377] [378]
3132152.00 Hiki 1950 Kanalohuluhulu Ranger Station, Hawaii [379]
4121948.00 Amelia 1978 Medina, Texas [34]
5114845.20 Easy 1950 Yankeetown, Florida [34]
6114345.00 Claudette 1979 Alvin, Texas [34]
7109643.15 Imelda 2019 Jefferson County, Texas [380]
81058.741.68 T. D. #15 1970 Jayuya, Puerto Rico [34]
9103340.68 Allison 2001 Northwest Jefferson County, Texas [34]
1098538.76 Paul 2000 Kapapala Ranch 36, Hawaii [381]


Vanuatu

Cyclone Vania (2011) Vania 13 January 2011.jpg
Cyclone Vania (2011)
Wettest tropical cyclones and their remnants in Vanuatu
Highest-known totals
PrecipitationStormLocationRef.
Rankmmin
1847.633.37 Bola 1988 Lamap [382]
2545.021.46 Dani 1999 Bauerfield Airport [383]
3369.114.53 Vania 2011 Aneityum [384]
4270.010.63 Eric 1985 Surukavian, Pentecost [385]
5266.610.50Sarah 1994 Santo-Pekoa International Airport [386]
6254.410.02 Ivy 2004 Bauerfield Airport [387]
7247.69.748 Anne 1988 Santo-Pekoa International Airport [386]
8246.69.709 Nigel 1985 Santo-Pekoa International Airport [386]
9223.78.807Zuman 1998Santo-Pekoa International Airport [386]
10219.38.634 Esau 1992 Santo-Pekoa International Airport [386]

Venezuela

A few tropical cyclones have skimmed the northern coast of South America over recent decades. Tropical Storm Bret (1993) dropped 339 millimetres (13.3 in) of rain in ten hours at Guanare, Portuguesa, Venezuela. [388]

Vietnam

Flooding in Hue, Vietnam triggered by Typhoon Ketsana in 2009 Ketsana 2009, Hue, Vietnam 6.JPG
Flooding in Hue, Vietnam triggered by Typhoon Ketsana in 2009
Wettest tropical cyclones and their remnants in Vietnam
Highest-known totals
PrecipitationStormLocationRef.
Rankmmin
11,77369.8 Peipah 2007 Nam Đông [389]
21,36953.9 Tropical Depression 06W 2007 Hương Khê [389]
31,23948.8 September 2009 Vietnam tropical depression Da Nang [390]
491436.0 Ketsana 2009 Quảng Nam [390]
578831.0 Lekima 2007 [389]
674729.4 Aere 2016 Đồng Hới, Quảng Bình [391]
769927.5 Ira 1990 [324]
866626.2 Mirinae 2009 Vân Canh [390]
955021.7 Xangsane 2006 [392]
1049719.6Tropical Depression 2009Quảng Ngãi Province [393]

See also

Related Research Articles

Tropical cyclone warnings and watches are two levels of alert issued by national weather forecasting bodies to coastal areas threatened by the imminent approach of a tropical cyclone of tropical storm or hurricane intensity. They are notices to the local population and civil authorities to make appropriate preparation for the cyclone, including evacuation of vulnerable areas where necessary. It is important that interests throughout the area of an alert make preparations to protect life and property, and do not disregard it on the strength of the detailed forecast track. Tropical cyclones are not points, and forecasting their track remains an uncertain science.

Tropical cyclone basins area of tropical cyclone formation

Traditionally, areas of tropical cyclone formation are divided into seven basins. These include the north Atlantic Ocean, the eastern and western parts of the northern Pacific Ocean, the southwestern Pacific, the southwestern and southeastern Indian Oceans, and the northern Indian Ocean. The western Pacific is the most active and the north Indian the least active. An average of 86 tropical cyclones of tropical storm intensity form annually worldwide, with 47 reaching hurricane/typhoon strength, and 20 becoming intense tropical cyclones, super typhoons, or major hurricanes.

2007–08 South Pacific cyclone season cyclone season in the South Pacific ocean

The 2007–08 South Pacific cyclone season was one of the least active South Pacific tropical cyclone season's on record, with only four tropical cyclones occurring within the South Pacific basin to the east of 160°E. The season officially ran from November 1, 2007 until April 30, 2008, although the first cyclone, Tropical Depression 01F, developed on October 17. The most intense tropical cyclone of the season was Severe Tropical Cyclone Daman, which reached a minimum pressure of 925 hPa (27.32 inHg) as it affected Fiji. After the season had ended, the names Daman, Funa, and Gene were retired from the tropical cyclone naming lists.

2005–06 South Pacific cyclone season cyclone season in the South Pacific ocean

The 2005–06 South Pacific cyclone season was an event in the annual cycle of tropical cyclone formation. It began on November 1, 2005 and ended on April 30, 2006. These dates conventionally delimit the period of each year when most tropical cyclones form in the southern Pacific Ocean east of 160°E. Additionally, the regional tropical cyclone operational plan defines a tropical cyclone year separately from a tropical cyclone season, and the "tropical cyclone year" runs from July 1, 2005 to June 30, 2006.

2003–04 South Pacific cyclone season cyclone season in the South Pacific ocean

The 2003–04 South Pacific cyclone season was a below-average season with only three tropical cyclones occurring within the South Pacific to the east of 160°E. The season officially ran from November 1, 2003 to April 30, 2004 with the first disturbance of the season forming on December 4 and the last disturbance dissipating on April 23. This is the period of the year when most tropical cyclones form within the South Pacific Ocean.

Cyclone Akash North Indian cyclone in 2007

Cyclone Akash was the first named tropical cyclone of the 2007 North Indian Ocean cyclone season. Warned by both India Meteorological Department (IMD) and Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC), it formed from an area of disturbed weather on the Bay of Bengal on May 12, and gradually organized as it drifted northward. An eye began to develop as it approached land, and after reaching peak 3-min sustained winds of 85 km/h (50 mph) it struck about 115 km (70 mi) south of Chittagong in Bangladesh. Akash rapidly weakened over land, and advisories were discontinued on May 15.

South-West Indian Ocean tropical cyclone type of tropical cyclone located in South West Indian Ocean and measured by Météo-France La Reunion scale

In the south-west Indian Ocean, tropical cyclones form south of the equator and west of 90° E to the coast of Africa.

The practice of using names to identify tropical cyclones goes back several centuries, with storms named after places, saints or things they hit before the formal start of naming in each basin. Examples of such names are the 1928 Okeechobee hurricane and the 1938 New England hurricane. The system currently in place provides identification of tropical cyclones in a brief form that is easily understood and recognized by the public. The credit for the first usage of personal names for weather systems is given to the Queensland Government Meteorologist Clement Wragge, who named tropical cyclones and anticyclones between 1887 and 1907. This system of naming fell into disuse for several years after Wragge retired, until it was revived in the latter part of World War II for the Western Pacific. Over the following decades formal naming schemes were introduced for several tropical cyclone basins, including the North and South Atlantic, Eastern, Central, Western and Southern Pacific basins as well as the Australian region and Indian Ocean.

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