Loerie, Eastern Cape

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Loerie
South Africa Eastern Cape location map.svg
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Loerie
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Loerie
Coordinates: 33°52′23″S25°01′48″E / 33.873°S 25.030°E / -33.873; 25.030 Coordinates: 33°52′23″S25°01′48″E / 33.873°S 25.030°E / -33.873; 25.030
Country South Africa
Province Eastern Cape
District Sarah Baartman
Municipality Kouga
Area
[1]
  Total2.77 km2 (1.07 sq mi)
Population
(2011) [1]
  Total2,787
  Density1,000/km2 (2,600/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)
[1]
   Black African 37.7%
   Coloured 59.1%
   Indian/Asian 0.8%
   White 1.7%
  Other0.8%
First languages (2011)
[1]
   Afrikaans 67.0%
   Xhosa 28.2%
   English 2.3%
  Other2.4%
Time zone UTC+2 (SAST)
Postal code (street)
6370
PO box
6370
Area code 042

Loerie (Loerieheuwel is a township situated in Loerie) is a town in Sarah Baartman District Municipality in the Eastern Cape province of South Africa.

Sarah Baartman District Municipality District municipality in Eastern Cape, South Africa

Sarah Baartman District Municipality is situated in the western part of the Eastern Cape province, covering an area of 58 242 square kilometres. The area of the district municipality includes nine local municipalities. The seat of Sarah Baartman is the city of Port Elizabeth, although Port Elizabeth is not itself in the district. The largest languages among the 388,201 people are Xhosa and Afrikaans.. The district code is DC10.

Eastern Cape Province of South Africa

The Eastern Cape is a province of South Africa. Its capital is Bhisho, but its two largest cities are Port Elizabeth and East London. It was formed in 1994 out of the Xhosa homelands or bantustans of Transkei and Ciskei, together with the eastern portion of the Cape Province. It is the landing place and home of the 1820 Settlers. The central and eastern part of the province is the traditional home of the Xhosa people.

South Africa Republic in the southernmost part of Africa

South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa. It is bounded to the south by 2,798 kilometres (1,739 mi) of coastline of Southern Africa stretching along the South Atlantic and Indian Oceans; to the north by the neighbouring countries of Namibia, Botswana, and Zimbabwe; and to the east and northeast by Mozambique and Eswatini (Swaziland); and it surrounds the enclaved country of Lesotho. South Africa is the largest country in Southern Africa and the 25th-largest country in the world by land area and, with over 57 million people, is the world's 24th-most populous nation. It is the southernmost country on the mainland of the Old World or the Eastern Hemisphere. About 80 percent of South Africans are of Sub-Saharan African ancestry, divided among a variety of ethnic groups speaking different African languages, nine of which have official status. The remaining population consists of Africa's largest communities of European (White), Asian (Indian), and multiracial (Coloured) ancestry.

Settlement some 25 km north-east of Jeffreys Bay and 11 km north-north-west of the mouth of the Gamtoos River. Said to take its name from the loeries or louries, a turaco species ( Tauraco corythaix ) occurring here. [2]

Jeffreys Bay Place in Eastern Cape, South Africa

Jeffreys Bay is a town located in the Eastern Cape province of South Africa. The town is situated just off the N2 Highway, about 75 km southwest of Port Elizabeth.

Gamtoos River river in the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa

Gamtoos River or Gamptoos River is a river in the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa. It is formed by the confluence of the Kouga River and the Groot River and is approximately 645-kilometre (401 mi) long with a catchment area of 34,635 square kilometres (13,373 sq mi).

Turaco family of birds

The turacos make up the bird family Musophagidae, which includes plantain-eaters and go-away-birds. In southern Africa both turacos and go-away-birds are commonly known as loeries. They are semi-zygodactylous – the fourth (outer) toe can be switched back and forth. The second and third toes, which always point forward, are conjoined in some species. Musophagids often have prominent crests and long tails; the turacos are noted for peculiar and unique pigments giving them their bright green and red feathers.

Loerie had a railway station on the Avontuur Railway which closed in 2011.

Avontuur Railway narrow-gauge railway in South Africa

The Avontuur Railway is a closed railway line between Port Elizabeth and the town of Avontuur in the Western and Eastern Cape provinces of South Africa. It is the longest 2 ft narrow gauge route in the world at a length of 285 kilometres (177 mi). "Avontuur" is the Afrikaans and Dutch word for "adventure".

In 1930, the Eastern Province Cement Company opened a limestone quarry and built a 14 km cableway to transport the stone to the Loerie railway station where it was transhipped to the Avontuur Railway to be processed in a cement factory near Port Elizabeth. [3]

Limestone Sedimentary rocks made of calcium carbonate

Limestone is a carbonate sedimentary rock that is often composed of the skeletal fragments of marine organisms such as coral, foraminifera, and molluscs. Its major materials are the minerals calcite and aragonite, which are different crystal forms of calcium carbonate (CaCO3). A closely related rock is dolostone, which contains a high percentage of the mineral dolomite, CaMg(CO3)2. In fact, in old USGS publications, dolostone was referred to as magnesian limestone, a term now reserved for magnesium-deficient dolostones or magnesium-rich limestones.

Quarry A place from which a geological material has been excavated from the ground

A quarry is a type of open-pit mine in which dimension stone, rock, construction aggregate, riprap, sand, gravel, or slate is excavated from the ground.

Port Elizabeth Place in Eastern Cape, South Africa

Port Elizabeth or The Bay is one of the major cities in South Africa; it is situated in the Eastern Cape Province, 770 km (478 mi) east of Cape Town. The city, often shortened to PE and nicknamed "The Windy City", stretches for 16 km along Algoa Bay, and is one of the major seaports in South Africa. Port Elizabeth is the southernmost large city on the African continent, just farther south than Cape Town. Port Elizabeth was founded as a town in 1820 to house British settlers as a way of strengthening the border region between the Cape Colony and the Xhosa. It now forms part of the Nelson Mandela Bay Metropolitan Municipality, which has a population of over 1.3 million.

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 "Main Place Loerie". Census 2011.
  2. "Dictionary of Southern African Place Names (Public Domain)". Human Science Research Council. p. 279.
  3. http://www.baviaans.net/index.php?page=information&region_id=3&town_id=4 Loerie history