Oxford Dictionaries

Last updated

Oxford Dictionaries
Oxford Dictionaries logo.svg
Type of site
Dictionary
Available in
Owner Oxford University Press
Website languages.oup.com
CommercialYes
Launched2010;9 years ago (2010)
Lexico logo Lexico logo.svg
Lexico logo

Oxford Dictionaries, formerly Oxford Dictionaries Online (ODO), is a collection of online dictionaries produced by Oxford University Press (OUP), the publishing house of the University of Oxford, which also publishes a number of print dictionaries, among other works.

Contents

The collection includes bilingual dictionaries between English and a variety of languages (Greek, Gujarati, Hindi, Indonesian, Latvian, Malay, Northern Sotho, Romanian, Southern Quechua, Spanish, Swahili, Tajik, Tamil, Tatar, Telugu, Tok Pisin, Tswana, Turkmen, Urdu, Xhosa, and Zulu) known as Oxford Living Dictionaries, which are provided free of charge, as well as Oxford Dictionaries Premium, a subscription service. Oxford Living Dictionaries previously included dictionaries of English and Spanish, which have been moved to a separate site called Lexico, a collaboration between OUP and Dictionary.com. [1] Oxford Dictionaries' definitions appear in Google definition search, the Dictionary application on macOS, etc., licensed through Oxford Dictionaries API. [2] [3]

History

Hosted under oxforddictionaries.com, Oxford Dictionaries Online was launched in 2010. [4] Buyers of the third edition of the Oxford Dictionary of English , also published in 2010, were granted a one-year subscription to the website's subscription content. [5] The website's English dictionaries incorporated content of the Oxford Dictionary of English, New Oxford American Dictionary , Oxford Thesaurus of English, and Oxford American Writer’s Thesaurus. It also provided a Spanish monolingual dictionary and bilingual dictionaries between English and several languages. [6] As of June 2014, it was updated every three months. [7]

In 2014, OUP launched Oxford Global Languages, an initiative to build lexical resources (bilingual dictionaries) of the world's languages, starting with Zulu and Northern Sotho online dictionaries released in 2015. [8] In 2016, the free content of Oxford Dictionaries Online was rebranded as Oxford Living Dictionaries, and the subscription content was moved to a different subdomain, premium.oxforddictionaries.com. [9]

In June 2019, the free-of-charge dictionaries of English and Spanish were moved to Lexico.com, a collaboration between OUP and Dictionary.com, though with the definitions and translations continuing to be written by OUP's lexicographers. The Oxford Living Dictionaries in other languages and the subscription content of Oxford Dictionaries are still offered under oxforddictionaries.com. The offer of the US English dictionary on Oxford Living Dictionaries was terminated upon the migration to Lexico except for words which the UK dictionary does not have entries for. [1] [10] "Lexico" was itself part of the former name of the company Dictionary.com, Lexico Publishing Group, LLC. [11]

Comparison with the Oxford English Dictionary

The website of the Oxford English Dictionary described its difference from Oxford Dictionaries as follows:

The dictionary content in Oxford Dictionaries focuses on current English and includes modern meanings and uses of words. Where words have more than one meaning, the most important and common meanings in modern English are given first, and less common and more specialist or technical uses are listed below. The OED, on the other hand, is a historical dictionary and it forms a record of all the core words and meanings in English over more than 1,000 years, from Old English to the present day, and including many obsolete and historical terms. Meanings are ordered chronologically in the OED, according to when they were first recorded in English ... [12]

Related Research Articles

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<i>Oxford English Dictionary</i> Premier historical dictionary of the English language

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This is a list of American words not widely used in the United Kingdom. In Canada and Australia, some of the American terms listed are widespread; however, in some cases, another usage is preferred.

Merriam-Webster American publisher

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<i>À la carte</i> Ordering items individually

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James Murray (lexicographer) Scottish lexicographer and philologist

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Irregardless is a word sometimes used in place of regardless or irrespective, which has caused controversy since the early twentieth century, though the word appeared in print as early as 1795. Most dictionaries list it as non-standard or incorrect usage, and recommend that "regardless" should be used instead.

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References

  1. 1 2 "Lexico.com FAQS". Oxford Dictionaries. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 11 June 2019.
  2. "Oxford Dictionaries API". Oxford University Press. Retrieved 22 June 2019.
  3. Bell, Karissa (4 December 2015). "Why Siri showed a definition of b*tch that offended everyone". Mashable. Retrieved 22 June 2019.
  4. "Oxford University Press Chooses PubFactory to Develop Oxford English Dictionary". PubFactory. 4 August 2010. Retrieved 11 June 2019.
  5. ""Vuvuzela," "staycation" among 2,000 words added to Oxford Dictionary". The Independent. 20 August 2010. Retrieved 11 June 2019.
  6. "Oxford Dictionaries content help". Oxford Dictionaries. Oxford University Press. Archived from the original on 27 August 2016.
  7. Harrison, Emma (19 June 2014). "Oxford dictionaries: Demise of the printed editions?". BBC News. Retrieved 11 June 2019.
  8. "Oxford Global Languages". Oxford Dictionaries. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 11 June 2019.
  9. "Help". Oxford Living Dictionaries. Oxford University Press. Archived from the original on 25 September 2016.
  10. "About". Lexico. Retrieved 14 November 2019.
  11. "Amended and Restated Operating Agreement of Dictionary.com, LLC". U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. 17 July 2008. Retrieved 14 October 2019.
  12. "The OED and Oxford Dictionaries". Oxford English Dictionary. Oxford University Press. Archived from the original on 28 February 2018.