Sri Lanka Army Women's Corps

Last updated
Sri Lanka Army Women's Corps
ActiveSeptember 1, 1979 - Present
Country Sri Lanka
Branch Sri Lanka Army
Role support unit
Size7 Units
Regimental CentreColombo.
Motto(s)"savibala sith avi bala deth" (Powerful mind is the strongest weapon)
ColorsBottle green and Beach brown
AnniversariesSeptember 1 (Regimental Day)
Engagements Sri Lankan Civil War
Commanders
Centre CommandantBrigadier KMDAA De Silva USP
Colonel of
the Regiment
Major General DS Weeraman psc
Notable
commanders
Lt.Col.Kumudini Weerasekara
Insignia
Identification
symbol
viharaamaha devi

The Sri Lanka Army Women's Corps (SLAWC) was formed on September 1, 1979 as an unarmed, noncombatant support unit. Currently the corps consists of two regular units and five volunteer (reserve) units and is headquartered in Colombo 08.

The term Combat service support is utilized by numerous military organizations throughout the world to describe entities that provide direct and indirect sustainment services to the groups that engage in combat.

A military reserve, reserve formation, or simply reserve, is a group of military personnel or units that is initially not committed to a battle by its commander, so that it remains available to address unforeseen situations or exploit sudden opportunities. Such a force may be held back to defend against attack from other enemy forces, to be committed to the existing battle if the enemy exposes a vulnerability, or to serve as relief for troops already fighting. Some of the different categories of military reserves are: tactical reserve, operational reserve, and strategic reserve.

Contents

Overview

The Corps was set up with the assistance of the Women's Royal Army Corps of the British army. It was identical in structure to its parent organization, and its first generation of officer cadets was trained in Britain. Candidates were required to be between eighteen and twenty years old and to have passed the General Common Entrance (Ordinary level) examinations, while the Officer candidates must have passed the Advanced Level. Enlistment entailed a five-year service commitment (the same as for men), and recruits were not allowed to marry during this period. In the sixteen-week training course at the Army Training Center at the Diyatalawa Sri Lanka Military Academy, cadets were put through a program of drill and physical training similar to the men's program, with the exception of weapons and battle craft training. Female recruits were paid according to the same scale as the men, but were limited to service in nursing, communications, and clerical work. In late 1987, the first class of women graduates from the Viyanini Army Training Center were certified to serve as army instructors. But, from late 1987 - after hostilities began, the first batch of women graduates from the British Army's Women's Corp Center certified to serve as Army Instructors. [1] Women officers have served in varied specialized fields in the Service as control tower operators, electronic warfare technicians, radio material teletypists, automotive mechanics, aviation supply personnel, cryptographers, doctors, combat medic, lawyers, engineers and even aerial photographers. [2]

The Women's Royal Army Corps was the corps to which all women in the British Army belonged from 1949 to 1992, except medical, dental and veterinary officers and chaplains, the Ulster Defence Regiment which recruited women from 1973, and nurses.

In the United Kingdom, the General Certificate of Secondary Education (GCSE) is an academic qualification, generally taken in a number of subjects by pupils in secondary education in England, Wales and Northern Ireland. State education in Scotland does not use GCSEs, instead its Scottish Qualifications Certificate operates National / Intermediate exams at the equivalent level, however, certain private schools in Scotland offer GCSEs, and the proportion of Scottish pupils taking GCSEs to facilitate admission to English universities is increasing.

Nursing activity within the health care sector

Nursing is a profession within the health care sector focused on the care of individuals, families, and communities so they may attain, maintain, or recover optimal health and quality of life. Nurses may be differentiated from other health care providers by their approach to patient care, training, and scope of practice. Nurses practice in many specialties with differing levels of prescription authority. Many nurses provide care within the ordering scope of physicians, and this traditional role has shaped the public image of nurses as care providers. However, nurse practitioners are permitted by most jurisdictions to practice independently in a variety of settings. In the postwar period, nurse education has undergone a process of diversification towards advanced and specialized credentials, and many of the traditional regulations and provider roles are changing.

To meet the operational requirements in the field areas, the 2nd Volunteer Battalion of the Women's Corps was also raised. A few officers from the regular counterpart were attached to this unit to organize the command structure. They are currently employed in active combat duties in the northern and eastern parts of the island.

Battalion military unit size

A battalion is a military unit. The use of the term "battalion" varies by nationality and branch of service. Typically a battalion consists of 300 to 800 soldiers and is divided into a number of companies. A battalion is typically commanded by a lieutenant colonel. In some countries, the word "battalion" is associated with the infantry.

Northern Province, Sri Lanka Province in Sri Lanka

The Northern Province is one of the nine provinces of Sri Lanka, the first level administrative division of the country. The provinces have existed since the 19th century but did not have any legal status until 1987 when the 13th Amendment to the Constitution of Sri Lanka established provincial councils. Between 1988 and 2006 the province was temporarily merged with the Eastern Province to form the North Eastern Province. The capital of the province is Jaffna. The majority of the Sri Lankan Civil War was played out in this province.

Eastern Province, Sri Lanka Province in Sri Lanka

The Eastern Province is one of the nine provinces of Sri Lanka, the first level administrative division of the country. The provinces have existed since the 19th century but did not have any legal status until 1987 when the 13th Amendment to the Constitution of Sri Lanka established provincial councils. Between 1988 and 2006 the province was temporarily merged with the Northern Province to form the North Eastern Province. The capital of the province is Trincomalee.

Many officers, starting with Lieutenant Colonel A.W. Thambiraja, were appointed to command this unit from time to time. The first women's corps officer to command the unit was Lieutenant Colonel Kumudini Weerasekara in 1992. [3]

Units

Regular Army

Volunteers

Notable members

Order of precedence

Preceded by
Sri Lanka Army General Service Corps
Order of Precedence Succeeded by
Sri Lanka Rifle Corps

See also

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References

  1. "Sri Lankan Army Women's Corps". About, Inc. Retrieved 2007-02-04.
  2. "An officer and a lady: You've come a long way, lass". Sunday Observer. Retrieved 2006-10-08.
  3. "Sri Lanka Army Women's Corps, Sri Lanka Army". Sri Lanka Army. Archived from the original on 2007-01-28. Retrieved 2007-02-04.