St Chrysostom's Church

Last updated

St Chrysostom's Church
St Chrysostoms Church outside revised.jpg
St Chrysostom's seen from the northwest
Location Victoria Park, Manchester
CountryEngland
Denomination Church of England
Churchmanship Anglo-Catholic (inclusive)
Website stchrysostoms.co.uk
History
Status Parish church
Consecrated 13 October 1877
Architecture
Functional statusActive
Heritage designation Grade II listed
Architect(s) George Tunstall Redmayne
Administration
Deanery Ardwick
Archdeaconry Manchester
Diocese Manchester
Province York
Clergy
Rector The Revd Canon Ian Gomersall
Assistant priest(s) The Revd Kim Wasey
Asst Curate(s) The Revd Chris Hartley

Saint Chrysostom's Church is the Anglican parish church in Victoria Park, Manchester, England. The church's patron saint is St John Chrysostom and the church is of the Anglo-Catholic tradition. The church also has a strong tradition of being inclusive and welcoming.

Victoria Park, Manchester electoral ward of the unitary authority of Glasgow

Victoria Park is a suburban area of Manchester, England. Victoria Park lies approximately two miles south of Manchester city centre, between Rusholme and Longsight.

Anglo-Catholicism refers to people, beliefs and practices within Anglicanism which emphasise the Catholic heritage

Anglo-Catholicism, Anglican Catholicism, or Catholic Anglicanism comprises people, beliefs and practices within Anglicanism that emphasise the Catholic heritage and identity of the various Anglican churches.

Contents

St Chrysostom's, Manchester is one of three working churches dedicated in honour of St John Chrysostom in the Church of England. The others are in Liverpool and Peckham, S. London.

The church is in the Deanery of Ardwick within the Archdeaconry of Manchester, the Diocese of Manchester and Province of York.

Anglican Diocese of Manchester Church of England diocese in the Province of York, England

The Diocese of Manchester is a Church of England diocese in the Province of York, England. Based in the city of Manchester, the diocese covers much of the county of Greater Manchester and small areas of the counties of Lancashire and Cheshire.

Province of York Church of England ecclesiastical province

The Province of York is one of two ecclesiastical provinces making up the Church of England and consists of 12 dioceses which cover the northern third of England and the Isle of Man. York was elevated to an archbishopric in AD 735: Ecgbert was the first archbishop. At one time the Archbishops of York also claimed metropolitan authority over Scotland but these claims were never realised and ceased when the Archdiocese of St Andrews was established.

Parish

The parish which St Chrysostom's Church serves, extends from Dickenson Road in the south, to Plymouth Grove in the north, from Wilmslow Road (west) to Stockport Road (east), and includes large areas of Rusholme, Longsight and all Victoria Park. St Mary's Hospital, Victoria Baths, the Chinese Consulate, Longsight Market, and a large part of the Curry Mile are all in the parish.

Wilmslow Road major road in Manchester, England

Wilmslow Road is a major road in Manchester, England, running from Parrs Wood northwards to Rusholme. There it becomes Oxford Road and the name changes again to Oxford Street when it crosses the River Medlock and reaches the city centre.

Rusholme area of Manchester, England

Rusholme is an inner-city area of Manchester, England, about two miles south of the city centre. The population of Rusholme ward at the 2011 census was 13,643. Rusholme is bounded by the neighbourhoods of Chorlton-on-Medlock to the north, Victoria Park and Longsight to the east, Fallowfield to the south and Moss Side to the west. It has a large student population, with several student halls and many students renting terraced houses, and suburban houses towards the Victoria Park area.

Longsight inner city area of Manchester

Longsight is an inner city area of Manchester, England, about 3 miles (4.8 km) south of the city centre. Historically in Lancashire, it had a population of 15,429 at the 2011 census.

Historically the area known as Victoria Park was from 1850 included in the parish of St James, Birch, and remained so until 1878, when the new parish was created from parts of the parish of St James and others.

In 1836, a unique enterprise was undertaken by Richard Lane and Partners, architects, to establish a residential area to the east of Wilmslow Road, an "estate" of substantial houses in spacious grounds, where prosperous business and professional families could live. Lane was noted for his public work in the neo-classical style, for example his Chorlton on Medlock Town Hall. The facade of this building remains on the Manchester Metropolitan University All Saints Campus and now forms part of the Mabel Tylecote Building.

Manchester Metropolitan University university in Manchester, England

Manchester Metropolitan University is a public university located in Manchester, England. The university traces its origins to the Manchester Mechanics Institute and the Manchester School of Design, which formed Manchester Polytechnic in 1970. Manchester Polytechnic then gained university status under the government's Further and Higher Education Act, becoming the Manchester Metropolitan University in 1992. Today, it is headquartered in the city of Manchester, with additional facilities in Cheshire.

Dr Dame Mabel Tylecote was a British Labour Party politician, activist, humanitarian, and educationist from Manchester, England.

By 1850 about 50 houses by various architects had been built. Victoria Park contains examples of work by several architects including Alfred Waterhouse (Xaverian College); George T. Redmayne (Dalton Hall and St Chrysostom's); Edward Salomons (Hirstwood) and Edgar Wood (Church of Christ Scientist).

Alfred Waterhouse British architect

Alfred Waterhouse was an English architect, particularly associated with the Victorian Gothic Revival architecture. He is perhaps best known for his design for Manchester Town Hall and the Natural History Museum in London, although he also built a wide variety of other buildings throughout the country. Financially speaking, Waterhouse was probably the most successful of all Victorian architects. Though expert within Neo-Gothic, Renaissance revival and Romanesque revival styles, Waterhouse never limited himself to a single architectural style.

Xaverian College

Xaverian College is a Roman Catholic college in Manchester, England, founded by the Xaverian Brothers in 1862.

George Tunstal Redmayne, more usually G T Redmayne, was the youngest of four sons of Giles Redmayne and his wife, Margareta Robey. He was born in London and attended Tonbridge School for two years before being educated by private tutors. His father was a wealthy linen draper and silk mercer who owned a house in London and Brathay Hall in the Lake District where he employed architect, Alfred Waterhouse in the mid-1850s. George Redmayne became Waterhouse's pupil in 1859 and remained with him as his assistant. He married Waterhouse's sister, Katherine, in 1870 and they had two sons, Martin, in 1871, and Leonard, in 1877. Redmayne died at his residence, Great Stoakley in Haselmere in 1912.

The park attracted well-known people during the 19th century, including Richard Cobden, MP, George Hadfield, MP, Sir Charles Hallé, Ford Madox Brown, the Pankhursts and Sir Arthur Roscoe, uncle of Beatrix Potter.

Richard Cobden English manufacturer and Radical and Liberal statesman

Richard Cobden was an English manufacturer, Radical and Liberal statesman, associated with two major free trade campaigns, the Anti-Corn Law League and the Cobden–Chevalier Treaty.

George Hadfield (politician) British politician

George Hadfield was an English lawyer, author and Radical politician who represented Sheffield for 22 years.

Charles Hallé pianist and conductor, founder of the Hallé orchestra

Sir Charles Hallé was an Anglo-German pianist and conductor, and founder of The Hallé orchestra in 1858.

A church was included in line drawings issued by Lane in 1836. The building was started in the 1840s but was abandoned because the Victoria Park Company went bankrupt.

Church building

Statue of St Chrysostom at the Church StChrysostomOutdoor.JPG
Statue of St Chrysostom at the Church

The church, in the early English style was built to the design of George Tunstal Redmayne between 1874 and 1876 at a cost of £13,000. It was consecrated by the Bishop of Manchester, Bishop James Fraser on 13 October 1877.

The church was internally destroyed by fire during the evening of 1 October 1904. The installation of electricity was blamed as the cause, but was never proved. Rebuilding commenced under the guidance of architect John Ely. The work was done according to Redmayne's original plans, with only small variations.

During rebuilding the congregation of St Chrysostom's met in an "iron church" on the corner of Upper Brook Street and Daisy Bank Road.

Consequently, what is seen today, both outside and inside is the rebuilt church of 1906 with very little alteration. The building is Grade II listed. [1]

Although the parish which the church serves has changed considerably since its foundation, the church has changed little. It remains significant and prominent in the landscape and life of the area, and commands a strong and notable position in the Victoria Park Conservation Area.

Stained glass

Most of its windows are the work of the stained glass artists Burlison and Grylls, influenced by the Pre-Raphaelite style. The windows in the nave and chancel have a uniform style, which adds a distinct character to the church. The pale elaborate canopies, detailed paintwork, dark robes and magnificent rich colours are characteristic of their work. Many of the windows depict saints of the British Isles, or great teachers of the church, such as St Augustine, St Ambrose, St Paulinus, St Hilda, the Venerable Bede and St Patrick. John Keble, and Edward Pusey, heroes of the Anglo Catholic movement are honoured with windows. In the chancel doctors of the Latin and Greek Church are honoured, including, Ambrose, Chrysostom, Athanasius and Augustine.

The windows have much detail, including heraldic devices, mongrams, and, in War Memorial windows, reproduction of photographs. The saints' windows have appropriate symbols, and the saints often have simple text-bearing scrolls. The window of St John Chrysostom in the chancel is noteworthy: the patron saint is depicted holding a model of the church. Some windows in the Anson Chapel are the work of local Manchester artist, Walter Pearce. They represent a later period than those of Burlison and Grylls and have a distinctive use of colour. One window commemorates several of the major campaigns of the First World War. There is also a round stained glass window depicting angels in a rich art deco style.

Stations of the Cross

The Stations of the Cross are a later addition to the church fabric and are the work of Ian Howgate c. 1938. Howgate worked with the Faith Craft studio of the Anglo Catholic Society of the Faith. A similar set is found in Christ Church, Isle of Dogs, London.

War Memorial

The War Memorial consists of wooden panelling in the Anson Chapel, and was made by George Macfarlane and Sons of Manchester, to the design of P A Robson, architect of Manchester and London. The plaques were the work of Miss E Attwood. A granite slab was placed outside the main west door of the church ‘in order that adequate indication of the Memorial might be made.’ The memorial was completed in 1923 and was unveiled and dedicated on Sunday 13 May. At 11am the Dean of Manchester preached, and the memorial was unveiled by Lieut-Colonel G. B. Hurst K.C., M.P. At 3.15pm a ‘Special Masonic Service’ was held, conducted by the Archdeacon of Manchester and Rev. A. F. Aldis.

Two years later two windows, on the south and west walls were placed in the Anson chapel. They were the gift of J. S. Williamson, and are the work of the Manchester stained glass designer Walter J. Pearce. Their design complements the War Memorial. They were dedicated on 15 November 1925, by Revd Geoffrey Harold Woolley, V. C., M.C. and unveiled by Col. Sir Thomas Blatherwick, D.S.O. of the 6th Battalion, the Manchester Regiment.

Following the Second World War it was decided to incorporate the names of those who died in that war in two panels on either side of the existing five panels of the war memorial.

The clergy

The first priest to serve St Chrysostom's as rector was Revd William Marsden. Fr Marsden had been curate to Archdeacon Anson, Vicar of St James, Birch, from which parish St Chrysostom's was principally formed. Anson was a leading tractarian priest in Manchester at the time, and no doubt his influence helped form the tradition which was to develop at St Chrysostom's. Marsden was the longest-serving rector of St Chrysostom's. He was appointed in 1877 and died in 1899. The list of successive rectors is as follows: John Bernhard Steinlen Barratt, Clive Robertson Pattison Muir, Benjamin Pollard, Roland Harry William Roberts, William Preston, Robert Eric Charles Browne, Charles Challen, James Wardle Harpur, Ian Deighton Corbett, Michael James Gervase Melrose, and John William Bruce Tomlinson. The current rector is Canon Ian Gomersall.

The organ

The organ was built in 1906, the original organ having been lost in the fire of 1904. It occupies a chamber on the north side of the choir, and sports a front comprising the larger pipes of the great open diapason stops. The console is immediately below this front, behind the choir-stalls.

The organ is the work of William Hill & Son. It is used as the main accompaniment to worship, as well as for recitals and other concert use.

In 2006 the instrument was awarded a Historic Organ Certificate Grade II* by the British Institute of Organ Studies.

Since 1906, three alterations have been made:

It is an instrument of exceptional quality, substantially unaltered from the 1906 specification in both action and tone.

On the down side, the choir organ suffered rain-water damage in 1998 (the roof has, of course, been repaired) and has not been playable since. Furthermore, the instrument now being 100 years old, is showing signs of general wear to the extent that a major conservative restoration is required.

See also

Related Research Articles

George Frederick Bodley architect from United Kingdom

George Frederick Bodley was an English Gothic Revival architect. He was a pupil of Sir George Gilbert Scott, and worked in partnership with Thomas Garner for much of his career. He was one of the founders of Watts & Co.

All Saints Church, Wigan Church in Greater Manchester, England

All Saints' Church in Wallgate, Wigan, Greater Manchester, England, is an Anglican parish church. It is in the deanery of Wigan, the archdeaconry of Warrington and the Diocese of Liverpool. The church is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II* listed building, and stands on a hill in the centre of the town.

Burlison and Grylls

Burlison and Grylls is an English company who produced stained glass windows from 1868 onwards.

Church of St Mary the Virgin, Prestwich Church in Greater Manchester, England

The Church of St Mary the Virgin is on Church Lane, Prestwich, Greater Manchester, England. It is an active Anglican parish church in the deanery of Radcliffe and Prestwich, the archdeaconry of Bolton and the diocese of Manchester. The church is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade I listed building. Pevsner refers to it as "a major church".

St Mary Magdalene Woolwich Church in London

St Mary Magdalene Woolwich is an 18th-century Anglican church dedicated to St Mary Magdalene in Woolwich, southeast London, England.

Church of All Souls, Bolton Church in Greater Manchester, England

The Church of All Souls is a redundant Anglican church in Astley Street, Astley Bridge, Bolton, Lancashire, England. It is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II* listed building, and is under the care of the Churches Conservation Trust. As of 2010, the church is being converted into a community centre.

St. Johns Episcopal Church, Canandaigua

The Episcopal presence in Canandaigua,New York begins about 1799 with the St. Matthew Society, a missionary group. St. John's Episcopal Church was organized in 1814 and first met in the Ontario County, New York Court House in Canandaigua. St. John's erected a wooden church building in 1816. Bishop John Henry Hobart consecrated it that year. The brick rectory was constructed alongside the church in 1851. Steady congregational growth necessitated more space. This led to the razing of the first church and the constructing of the current, larger stone Gothic building done in the parish church style popular in the 19th century. Emlen T. Littel of New York, who was also the architect of Zion Episcopal Church designed the building. This church was constructed in 1872 at a cost of $47,000 and consecrated in 1886. It contains several windows from the earlier wooden church, elaborate new stained glass windows imported from Europe, and one—The Parables Window—was designed by Daniel Cottier(1837–1891), who was considered an important influence on Louis Comfort Tiffany. In 1908, new hardwood floors, choir stalls, and an organ were installed. The parish house and a chapel were added at the same time. In 1964-65, an addition to parish house included classrooms, a new chapel, and a dining/ meeting room added to celebrate the church's 150th anniversary. Recent additions include a columbarium with a capacity of 136 niches and a memorial garden, outside the church, reached through the columbarium and chapel in the south transept.

St Matthews Church, Little Lever Church in Greater Manchester, England

St Matthew's Church is in the village of Little Lever, Bolton, Greater Manchester, England. It is an active Anglican parish church in the deanery of Bolton, the archdeaconry of Bolton, and the diocese of Manchester. St Matthew's is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II listed building.

St Margarets Church, Burnage Church in Manchester, England

St Margaret's Church is in Burnage Lane, Burnage, a neighbourhood of Manchester, England. It is an active Anglican parish church in the deanery of Heaton, the archdeaconry of Manchester, and the diocese of Manchester. It is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a Grade II listed building, having been designated on 9 February 2012.

St James Church, Brindle Church in Lancashire, England

St James' Church is in the village of Brindle, Lancashire, England. It is an active Anglican parish church in the deanery of Chorley, the archdeaconry of Blackburn, and the diocese of Blackburn. The church is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II listed building.

Church of St James the Less, Tatham Church in Lancashire, England

The Church of St James the Less is in the village of Tatham, Lancashire, England. It is an active Anglican parish church in the deanery of Tunstall, the archdeaconry of Lancaster and the diocese of Blackburn. Its benefice is united with those of St Wilfrid, Melling, St John the Baptist, Tunstall, St Peter, Leck, the Good Shepherd, Lowgill, and Holy Trinity, Wray, to form the benefice of East Lonsdale. The church is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II* listed building. It stands above the flood plain of the River Wenning.

St James with Holy Trinity Church, Scarborough Church in North Yorkshire, England

St James with Holy Trinity Church is in Seamer Road, Scarborough, North Yorkshire, England. It is an active Anglican parish church in the deanery of Scarborough, the archdeaconry of East Riding, and the diocese of York. The church is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II listed building.

All Saints Church, Lawshall Church in Suffolk, England

The Parish Church of All Saints' Lawshall, is an Anglican church in the village of Lawshall, Suffolk, England. It has been designated by English Heritage as a Grade I listed building. The church is located in between Lawshall Hall and All Saints CEVCP Primary School. The church is part of the St Edmund Way Benefice, whose Rector is Revd Jeremy Parsons.

All Saints Church, Great Saughall Church in Cheshire, England

All Saints Church, Great Saughall, is located in Church Road in the civil parish of Saughall and Shotwick Park, formerly Saughall and before that Great Saughall, in the county of Cheshire, England. It is an active Anglican parish church in the deanery of Wirral South, the archdeaconry of Chester, and the diocese of Chester. The church is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II listed building.

All Saints Church, Winthorpe Church in Nottinghamshire, England

All Saints' Church, Winthorpe is a Grade II listed parish church in the Church of England in Winthorpe, Nottinghamshire, England. The current building, the construction of which was completed in 1888, is at least the third version of the church, which dates back to at least the early 13th century. All Saints' Church was commissioned by the church rector, Edward Handley, in memory of one of his relatives.

St James’ Church, Swarkestone Church in Swarkestone, England

St James’ Church, Swarkestone is a Grade II* listed parish church in the Church of England in Swarkestone, Derbyshire.

All Saints Church, Hillesden Church in Hillesden, England

All Saints’ Church, Hillesden is a Grade I listed parish church in the Church of England in Hillesden, Buckinghamshire.

St Botolphs Church, Quarrington Old church in Quarrington, England

St Botolph's Church is an Anglican place of worship in the village of Quarrington, part of the civil parish of Sleaford in Lincolnshire, England. The area has been settled since at least the Anglo-Saxon period, and a church existed at Quarrington by the time Domesday was compiled in 1086, when it formed part of Ramsey Abbey's fee. It was granted to Haverholme Priory about 1165, and the Abbey claimed the right to present the rector in the 13th century. This right was claimed by the Bishop of Lincoln during the English Reformation in the early 16th century, and then passed to Robert Carre and his descendants after Carre acquired a manor at Quarrington. With capacity for 124 people, the church serves the ecclesiastic parish of Quarrington with Old Sleaford and, as of 2009, had an average congregation of 50.

References

  1. Historic England. "Church of St Chrysostom (388028)". Images of England . Retrieved 18 July 2009.

The Church's own website

The Parish boundaries

The Church's blog

Coordinates: 53°27′27″N2°13′07″W / 53.4575°N 2.2185°W / 53.4575; -2.2185