Teixeira de Melo (born José Alexandre Teixeira de Melo) was a Brazilian doctor, journalist, historian and poet. He was born in Campos, Rio de Janeiro, on August 28, 1833, and died in Rio de Janeiro on April 10, 1907. He was the founder of Chair 6 of the Brazilian Academy of Letters, choosing as a patron the poet Casimiro de Abreu, who was his friend. He was replaced by Admiral Jaceguai.
He was the son of José Alexandre Teixeira de Melo and Eugênia Maria da Conceição Torres. He studied humanities at the São José Seminary and graduated from the Faculty of Medicine of Rio de Janeiro, where he defended his thesis on November 25, 1859. He settled in Campos, where he ran a medical clinic and contributed to newspapers, until 1875. He then moved to Rio do Janeiro. As a journalist, he signed articles with his own name and also with the pseudonym Anódino. He was a member of several literary organizations. He published a book of poems Sombras e Sonhos in 1858. In 1876 he was appointed head of the Manuscripts Section of the National Library, later moving to the Print Section and, finally, taking over the direction of the Library in 1895. He held the position until 1900, when he retired. He traveled through Europe during 1892 and 1893.
A tireless researcher, he dedicated himself to matters of national history, researching, in the manuscript archives, the documents that would secure the rights of Brazil to contested territories, serving as the basis for the arguments of Joaquim Nabuco and Rio Branco. He published several valuable works, such as Efemérides nacionais e Limites do Brasil com a Confederação Argentina. He wrote for the Annals of the National Library, in the Revista do Instituto Histórico e Geográfico Brasileiro, in the Gazeta Literária and in other publications.
As a poet, Teixeira de Melo belonged to the romantic generation of Casimiro de Abreu, Luís Delfino and Luís Guimarães. In the preface to his Poetry (1914), Sílvio Romero qualified him as “a first-rate lyricist”, who is distinguished by “a certain singularity, a certain graceful and delicate elevation of the phrases”, in addition to the complete correctness of language and metric form, characteristics that make his work a precursor to Parnassianism.
João Cabral de Melo Neto, also known as Joãozinho Cabral was a Brazilian poet and diplomat, and one of the most influential writers in late Brazilian modernism. He was awarded the 1990 Camões Prize and the 1992 Neustadt International Prize for Literature, the only Brazilian poet to receive such award to date. He was considered until his death a perennial competitor for the Nobel Prize in Literature.
Brazilian literature is the literature written in the Portuguese language by Brazilians or in Brazil, including works written prior to the country's independence in 1822. Throughout its early years, literature from Brazil followed the literary trends of Portugal, whereas gradually shifting to a different and authentic writing style in the course of the 19th and 20th centuries, in the search for truly Brazilian themes and use of Brazilian forms.
Academia Brasileira de Letras (ABL) is a Brazilian literary non-profit society established at the end of the 19th century by a group of 40 writers and poets inspired by the Académie Française. The first president, Machado de Assis, declared its foundation on December 15, 1896, with the by-laws being passed on January 28, 1897. On July 20 of the same year, the academy started its operation.
Casimiro José Marques de Abreu was a Brazilian poet, novelist and playwright, adept of the "Ultra-Romanticism" movement. He is famous for the poem "Meus oito anos".
Casimiro de Abreu Esporte Clube, also known simply as Casimiro de Abreu, or by the acronym CAEC, is a Brazilian football team from the city of Casimiro de Abreu, Rio de Janeiro state, founded on May 30, 1975.
Paulo Mendes Campos was a Brazilian writer and journalist.
Sonho Meu['sõj̃u mew] is a Brazilian telenovela produced and broadcast by Rede Globo. It ran from September 27, 1993 to May 14, 1994. It was written by Marcílio Moraes and directed by Reynaldo Boury, with co-direction by Roberto Naar. The action takes place in the city of Curitiba. It was also broadcast in Portugal.
Pedro Luís Pereira de Sousa was a Brazilian poet, politician, orator and lawyer, adept of the "Condorist" movement. He is the patron of the 31st chair of the Brazilian Academy of Letters.
The Federal University of Rio de Janeiro Faculty of Law, also known as the National Faculty of Law, is a law school located in downtown Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Raimundo da Mota de Azevedo Correia was a Brazilian Parnassian poet, judge and magistrate. Alongside Alberto de Oliveira and Olavo Bilac, he was a member of the "Parnassian Triad".
The Ministry of Justice and Public Security, previously known as Ministry of Justice and Ministry of Justice and Citizenship, is a cabinet-level federal ministry in Brazil. The current minister is André Luiz de Almeida Mendonça.
Events in the year 1915 in Brazil.
Lêdo Ivo was a Brazilian poet, novelist, essayist and journalist. He was member of the Brazilian Academy of Letters, elected in 1986.
Amália dos Passos Figueiroa was a Brazilian poet and journalist.
The history of the book in Brazil focuses on the development of the access to publishing resources and acquisition of the book in the country, covering a period extending from the beginning of the editorial activity during colonization to today's publishing market, including the history of publishing and bookstores that allowed the modern accessibility to the book.
Humberto de Campos Veras was a Brazilian journalist, politician and writer.
Football is the popular sport, both in terms of participants and spectators, in Rio de Janeiro. Rio de Janeiro has several of Brazil's significant football clubs, and the city is home to many football clubs.