The Printworks

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Facade of the Printworks, Manchester Printworks.jpg
Façade of the Printworks, Manchester
Interior of the Printworks, Manchester The Printworks interior.jpg
Interior of the Printworks, Manchester
Interior detail of the Printworks, Manchester Manchester Printworks Interior 1306.JPG
Interior detail of the Printworks, Manchester

The Printworks is an urban entertainment venue offering a cinema, clubs and eateries, located on the corner of Withy Grove and Corporation Street in Manchester city centre, England.

Corporation Street, Manchester street in Manchester, England

Corporation Street is one of Manchester city centre's major streets. It runs from Dantzic Street to the junction of Cross Street and Market Street. Major buildings located on or adjacent to the street include the Manchester Arndale, Exchange Square, The Printworks, Urbis and New Century Hall next to the CIS Tower.

Manchester city centre central business district of the City of Manchester, England

Manchester city centre is the central business district of Manchester, England, within the boundaries of Trinity Way, Great Ancoats Street and Whitworth Street. The City Centre ward had a population of 17,861 at the 2011 census.

Contents

Original print works

The Printworks entertainment venue is located on the revamped Withy Grove site of the business premises of the 19th century newspaper proprietor Edward Hulton, established in 1873 and later expanded. [1] [2] [3] [4] Hulton's son Sir Edward Hulton expanded his father's newspaper interests and sold his publishing business based in London and Manchester to Lord Beaverbrook and Lord Rothermere when he retired in 1923. Most of the Hulton newspapers were sold again soon afterwards to the Allied Newspapers consortium formed in 1924 (renamed Kemsley Newspapers in 1943 and bought by Roy Thomson in 1959). [5] [6] [7] [8]

Edward "Ned" Hulton (1838–1904) was a British newspaper proprietor in Victorian Manchester. Born the son of a weaver, he was an entrepreneur who established a vast newspaper empire and was the progenitor of a publishing dynasty.

Sir Edward Hulton, 1st Baronet British newspaper proprietor

Sir Edward Hulton, 1st Baronet was a British newspaper proprietor and thoroughbred racehorse owner.

Harold Harmsworth, 1st Viscount Rothermere British newspaper publisher and Viscount

Harold Sidney Harmsworth, 1st Viscount Rothermere, was a leading British newspaper proprietor, owner of Associated Newspapers Ltd. He is known in particular, with his brother Alfred Harmsworth, the later Viscount Northcliffe, for the development of the Daily Mail and Daily Mirror. He was a pioneer of popular journalism.

Earlier names of the buildings associated with publishing that were incorporated into the development include Withy Grove Printing House, [9] the Chronicle Buildings, [10] [11] [12] Allied House, Kemsley House, Thomson House and Maxwell House. [13] [14] Kemsley House on the corner of Withy Grove and Corporation Street was developed gradually from 1929 and became the largest newspaper printing house in Europe. [4] [15] [16] [17] The site housed a printing press until 1986. [11] Robert Maxwell bought the property and subsequently closed it down. [18] The building was left unused for over a decade and fell derelict.

Robert Maxwell Czechoslovakian-born British media proprietor and Member of Parliament

Ian Robert Maxwell, born Ján Ludvík Hyman Binyamin Hoch, was a British media proprietor and Member of Parliament (MP). Originally from Czechoslovakia, Maxwell rose from poverty to build an extensive publishing empire. After his death, huge discrepancies in his companies' finances were revealed, including his fraudulent misappropriation of the Mirror Group pension fund.

Redevelopment

The property was subsequently redeveloped and reopened as a leisure centre as part of the redevelopment of Manchester following the 1996 IRA bombing. [19] [20]

1996 Manchester bombing

The 1996 Manchester bombing was an attack carried out by the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) on Saturday 15 June 1996. The IRA detonated a 1,500-kilogram (3,300 lb) Lorry bomb on Corporation Street in the centre of Manchester, England. The biggest bomb detonated in Great Britain since World War II, it targeted the city's infrastructure and economy and caused devastating damage, estimated by insurers at £700 million – only surpassed by the 2001 September 11 attacks and the 1993 Bishopsgate bombing in terms of financial cost.

We placed a very strong emphasis on developing cultural and entertainment opportunities to broaden the interest and attraction of the city centre. We saw the Shudehill site as a prime location for a large regional leisure and entertainment facility. It will add massively to the diversity of the area, its attractiveness as a place to visit and will enhance its competitive edge.

In 1998 the derelict building and surrounding site were bought for £10 million by Shudehill Developments, a joint venture by Co-operative Wholesale Society and Co-operative Insurance Society which owned buildings and land adjacent to the building. [10] [21] The building was renamed The Printworks reflecting its past history and underwent a £110 million conversion to transform the property into an entertainment venue. [21] The frontage Pevsner describes as a "weakly Baroque Portland stone façade" was retained, [4] [15] [21] and part of an internal railway from the newspaper business and its turntable for transporting newspapers was incorporated into the new floor. [4]

The Pevsner Architectural Guides are a series of guide books to the architecture of Great Britain and Ireland. Begun in the 1940s by the art historian Sir Nikolaus Pevsner, the 46 volumes of the original Buildings of England series were published between 1951 and 1974. The series was then extended to Scotland, Wales and Ireland in the late 1970s. The Irish guides are incomplete as of autumn 2016. Most of the English volumes have had second editions, chiefly by other authors.

Baroque architecture building style of the Baroque era

Baroque architecture is the building style of the Baroque era, begun in late 16th-century Italy, that took the Roman vocabulary of Renaissance architecture and used it in a new rhetorical and theatrical fashion, often to express the triumph of the Catholic Church. It was characterized ..by new explorations of form, light and shadow, and dramatic intensity. Common features of Baroque architecture included gigantism of proportions; a large open central space where everyone could see the altar; twisting columns, theatrical effects, including light coming from a cupola above; dramatic interior effects created with bronze and gilding; clusters of sculpted angels and other figures high overhead; and an extensive use of trompe-l'oeil, also called "quadratura," with painted architectural details and figures on the walls and ceiling, to increase the dramatic and theatrical effect.

Portland stone Limestone quarried on the Isle of Portland, Dorset, England

Portland stone is a limestone from the Tithonian stage of the Jurassic period quarried on the Isle of Portland, Dorset. The quarries consist of beds of white-grey limestone separated by chert beds. It has been used extensively as a building stone throughout the British Isles, notably in major public buildings in London such as St Paul's Cathedral and Buckingham Palace. Portland stone is also exported to many countries—being used for example in the United Nations headquarters building in New York City.

In 2000 the Printworks was opened by Sir Alex Ferguson and Lionel Richie as the venue for a variety of clubs and eateries. [22] [23] The new 365,000-square-foot facility is set over four floors. [9] [24] The new building features a twenty-screen UCI cinema complex (subsequently bought by Odeon and, in 2017, by Vue Cinemas [25] ) which includes North West England's first IMAX screen, a Virgin Active fitness club, a Hard Rock Cafe restaurant and a Tiger Tiger nightclub. [9] [20] [21] The external lighting facing Exchange Square has been changed numerous times since opening. [24]

Alex Ferguson Scottish football manager and former footballer

Sir Alexander Chapman Ferguson is a Scottish former football manager and player who managed Manchester United from 1986 to 2013. He is considered one of the greatest and most successful managers of all time.

Lionel Richie American singer-songwriter, musician, record producer and actor

Lionel Brockman Richie Jr. is an American singer, songwriter, actor and record producer. Richie's style of his ballads with the Commodores and solo career launched him as one of the most successful balladeers of the 1980s.

Odeon is a cinema brand name operating in the United Kingdom, Ireland and Norway, which along with UCI Cinemas and Nordic Cinema Group is part of the Odeon Cinemas Group subsidiary of AMC Theatres. It uses the famous name of the Odeon cinema circuit first introduced in Britain in 1930.

Ownership

The property was sold to Resolution Property for £100 million in 2008, [9] [19] and was sold again to Land Securities for £93.9 million in 2012. [26]

Related Research Articles

History of British newspapers

The history of British newspapers dates to the 17th century with the emergence of regular publications covering news and gossip. The relaxation of government censorship in the late 17th century led to a rise in publications, which in turn led to an increase in regulation throughout the 18th century. The Times began publication in 1785 and became the leading newspaper of the early 19th century, before the lifting of taxes on newspapers and technological innovations led to a boom in newspaper publishing in the late 19th century. Mass education and increasing affluence led to new papers such as the Daily Mail emerging at the end of the 19th century, aimed at lower middle-class readers.

A media proprietor, media mogul or media tycoon refers to a successful entrepreneur or businessperson who controls, through personal ownership or via a dominant position in any media related company or enterprise, media consumed by a large number of individuals. Those with significant control, ownership, and influence of a large company in the mass media may also be called a tycoon, baron, or business magnate. Social media creators and founders can also be considered media moguls, as such channels deliver media to a large consumer base.

<i>Daily Express</i> Daily middle-market tabloid newspaper in the United Kingdom

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DC Thomson

DC Thomson is a Scottish publishing and television production company best known for producing The Dundee Courier, The Evening Telegraph, The Sunday Post, Oor Wullie, The Broons, The Beano, The Dandy, and Commando comics. It also owns the Aberdeen Journals Group which publishes the Press and Journal. It was a significant shareholder in the former ITV company Southern Television. Through its subsidiary DC Thomson Family History the company owns several websites including Friends Reunited and Findmypast. Based in Dundee, Scotland.

<i>The Scotsman</i> British national daily newspaper

The Scotsman is a Scottish compact newspaper and daily news website headquartered in Edinburgh. First established as a radical political paper in 1817, it began daily publication in 1855 and remained a broadsheet until August 2004. Its parent company, The Scotsman Publications Ltd, also publishes the Edinburgh Evening News. As of February 2017, it had an audited print circulation of 19,449, with a paid-for circulation of 88.3% of this figure, about 17,000. Its website, Scotsman.com, had an average of 138,000 unique visitors a day as of 2017. The title celebrated its bicentenary on 25 January 2017.

<i>Manchester Evening News</i> newspaper covering the Manchester area of the United Kingdom

The Manchester Evening News is a regional daily newspaper covering Greater Manchester in North West England. Founded in 1868, the paper is published Monday–Saturday; a Sunday edition, the MEN on Sunday, was launched in February 2019. The newspaper is owned by Reach plc ,[2] one of Britain's largest newspaper publishing groups.

The Daily Sketch was a British national tabloid newspaper, founded in Manchester in 1909 by Sir Edward Hulton.

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The Grand Rapids Press is a daily newspaper published in Grand Rapids, Michigan. It is the largest of the eight Booth newspapers. It is sold for $1.50 daily and $2.00 on Sunday.

The Scottish Daily News (SDN) was a left-of-centre daily newspaper published in Glasgow between 5 May and 8 November 1975. It was hailed as Britain's first worker-controlled, mass-circulation daily, formed as a workers' cooperative by 500 of the 1,846 journalists, photographers, engineers, and print workers who were made redundant in April 1974 by Beaverbrook Newspapers when the Scottish Daily Express closed its printing operations in Scotland and moved to Manchester.

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<i>The Daily Telegraph</i> British daily broadsheet newspaper

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The Athletic News and Cyclists' Journal was a Manchester-based newspaper founded by Edward Hulton in 1875. It was published weekly, covering weekend sports fixtures other than horse racing, which was already covered by the Sporting Chronicle founded by Hulton in 1871. It was an advocate of professional football and many of its staff were actively involved in the sport.

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The Sporting Chronicle, known colloquially as The Chron, was a Manchester-based, daily, national horse racing newspaper which operated in Great Britain for 112 years until its closure in 1983 due to unsustainable losses. The last edition was published on 23 July of that year.

References

Footnotes
  1. Powell, Michael; Wyke, Terry; Beetham, Margaret Rachel (2009). "Manchester Press". In Brake, Laurel; Demoor, Marysa. Dictionary of Nineteenth-Century Journalism in Great Britain and Ireland. Gent: Academia Press. p. 395. ISBN   9789038213408. In 1871 Ned Hulton began to publish the Sporting Chronicle, the first of a huge empire which he established in Manchester, which included the Sunday Chronicle, the Daily Dispatch and Athletic News. Hulton's new premises in Withy Grove in the heart of the city became the biggest printing house in Europe.
  2. Jameson, Derek (June 2008). "Book Review: Skiddy row: Forgive Us Our Press Passes, by Ian Skidmore". British Journalism Review. 19 (2): 87–88. doi:10.1177/09564748080190021304 . Retrieved 31 August 2013. At the heart of this other Fleet Street was Withy Grove, Europe's biggest print centre, owned in turn by the Hulton, Kemsley and Thomson dynasties. In its day this Victorian mausoleum turned out no fewer than 10 national titles ... Sporting Chronicle, Sunday Chronicle, Daily Dispatch, Daily Sketch, Empire News, The Daily Telegraph, The Sunday Times, Daily Mirror, Sunday Mirror (previously Pictorial) and News of the World ... Withy Grove dated from 1873
  3. Heys, Harold (4 February 2011). "End of life for the Chron". Gentlemen Ranters. Retrieved 28 August 2013. Withy Grove had a succession of owners, from founder Ned Hulton, to his son Sir Edward Hulton, briefly to the Daily Mail Trust and then to Lord Camrose and Viscount Kemsley as Allied Newspapers which became Kemsley Newspapers in 1945. Roy, later Lord, Thomson took over in 1959 and eventually Cap'n Bob took charge ... Withy Grove was eventually sold and revamped and is now the Printworks, a £150 million entertainment, restaurant and leisure complex.
  4. 1 2 3 4 Boardman, David. "Printworks". Our Manchester. Retrieved 31 August 2013.
  5. Tate, Steve (2009). "Hulton, Edward (1838–1904)". In Brake, Laurel; Demoor, Marysa. Dictionary of Nineteenth-Century Journalism in Great Britain and Ireland. Gent: Academia Press. p. 296. ISBN   9789038213408.
  6. Porter, Dilwyn. "Hulton, Sir Edward, baronet (1869–1925), newspaper proprietor". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/34048 . Retrieved 22 August 2013.
  7. Smith, Adrian. "Berry, William Ewert, first Viscount Camrose (1879–1954), newspaper proprietor". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/30733 . Retrieved 5 September 2013.
  8. Smith, Adrian. "Berry, (James) Gomer, first Viscount Kemsley (1883–1968), newspaper proprietor". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/30731 . Retrieved 5 September 2013.
  9. 1 2 3 4 Jefford, Kasmira (5 November 2012). "Land Securities to pay £95m for Manchester Printworks complex". City A.M. Retrieved 31 August 2013. Printworks was originally erected as Withy Grove Printing House in 1873.
  10. 1 2 Boardman, David. "CWS Offices on Balloon Street and Garden Street". Our Manchester. Retrieved 3 September 2013. This web page includes various historical maps of the block enclosed by Withy Grove, Dantzig, Balloon and Corporation Streets where the Printworks is now situated, showing the various buildings which were previously situated there.
  11. 1 2 "Chance find revives print glory days". Manchester Evening News. 10 August 2004. Retrieved 31 August 2013. The find has sparked a history trail leading to previously unseen documents and photographs of what used to be known as the Chronicle Buildings – once home to 4,000 print-workers, 10 million newspapers a week, and national titles such as The Daily Mirror and the Daily Telegraph.
  12. Reece, Peter (15 February 2008). "Treading on big toes". Gentlemen Ranters. Retrieved 4 September 2013. What the 'alleged' opposition did not know, was office space in Thomson House and its adjoining Chronicle Buildings was actually the cheapest in town.
  13. "Bill Hodgkinson dies aged 96 after rising from copy-boy to News of the World sub at Withy Grove". Press Gazette. 8 January 2013. Retrieved 31 August 2013. At one time Withy Grove was the biggest printing centre in Europe and was variously known as Allied House, Kemsley House, Thomson House and Maxwell House before becoming The Print Works, an entertainment centre.
  14. "Reunion for headline pals". Manchester Evening News. 10 August 2004. Retrieved 4 September 2013. The reunion will include a tour of The Printworks complex, which went through a number of different identities from Edward Hulton's, to Allied Newspapers, Kemsley House, Thomson House, then Maxwell House.
  15. 1 2 Worthington, Barry; Beech, Graham (2002). Discovering Manchester: A Walking Guide to Manchester and Salford. Wilmslow: Sigma Leisure. p. 30. ISBN   9781850587743.
  16. Boardman, David. "Arthur Rangely – Kemsley House, Withy Grove, now Printworks – 1929". Our Manchester. Retrieved 31 August 2013.
  17. "Printing". Museum of Science and Industry . Retrieved 11 November 2012. Built in 1929, Kemsley House was the largest newspaper printing house in Europe, turning out 11 million copies a week.
  18. "Manchester in the Days of Newspapers". New Manchester Walks. Retrieved 11 November 2012. Maxwell, a boor and a bully, bought the former Kemsley House plant on Withy Grove (once the largest newspaper plant in Europe; now the Printworks entertainments centre) for a £1, simply to close it down.
  19. 1 2 "Printworks-owner Resolution Property 'close' to offloading leisure complex to Land Securities in £100m deal". Manchester Evening News. 5 November 2012. Retrieved 31 August 2013.
  20. 1 2 "Oscar Winning Washrooms from TBS Fabrications" (Press release). TBS Fabrications. Retrieved 31 August 2013. The Printworks, designed by leading architects RTKL-UK Ltd, is an impressive host to leading leisure venues such as the Hard Rock Café and Tiger Tiger. In addition, the Filmworks offers a 20-screen complex featuring the latest cinema technology, including the first IMAX auditorium in North West England.
  21. 1 2 3 4 5 Parkinson-Bailey. Manchester: An architectural history. Manchester University Press. p. 263.
  22. "What's Cooking at the Printworks (May 2003)". Sugarvine. Retrieved 31 August 2013.
  23. "The Printworks Manchester". Manchester Restaurants. Retrieved 2 September 2013.
  24. 1 2 Planning Perspectives LLP for TAEL S.a.r.l The Printworks (8 September 2011). "Proposed Alterations to the Advertising Strategy for The Printworks" (PDF). Manchester City Council. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 April 2016. Retrieved 11 November 2012.
  25. "Vue announce opening date for Printworks cinema". Manchester Evening News. Retrieved 7 June 2017.
  26. "Manchester's Printworks sold for £93.9m". Newsco Insider Limited. 5 November 2012. Retrieved 31 August 2013.
Bibliography

Coordinates: 53°29′07″N2°14′29″W / 53.48528°N 2.24139°W / 53.48528; -2.24139