Thomas Reynell

Last updated

Arms of Reynell: Argent, masonry sable a chief indented of the second ReynellArms.PNG
Arms of Reynell: Argent, masonry sable a chief indented of the second

Thomas Reynell (13 September 1625 – 1698) of East Ogwell, Devon, was an English lawyer and politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1654 and 1689.

House of Commons of England parliament of England up to 1707

The House of Commons of England was the lower house of the Parliament of England from its development in the 14th century to the union of England and Scotland in 1707, when it was replaced by the House of Commons of Great Britain. In 1801, with the union of Great Britain and Ireland, that house was in turn replaced by the House of Commons of the United Kingdom.

Reynell was the eldest son of Sir Richard Reynell of East Ogwell, Devon and his wife (and cousin) Mary Reynell, daughter of Richard Reynell of Creedy Widger, near Crediton. He was the elder brother of Sir Richard Reynell, 1st Baronet, Lord Chief Justice of Ireland. He was educated at Exeter College, Oxford in 1640 and entered Middle Temple in 1641. In 1647 he was J.P. He succeeded to the family estates on the death of his father in 1648. In 1649 he was called to the bar. [2]

Crediton town in Devon, UK

Crediton is a town and civil parish in the Mid Devon district of Devon in England. It stands on the A377 Exeter to Barnstaple road at the junction with the A3072 road to Tiverton, about 7 miles (11 km) north west of Exeter. It has a population of 6,837, increasing to 7,835 at the 2011 Census. Crediton has two electoral wards. The combined population of these wards at the 2011 Census was 7,600.

Sir Richard Reynell, 1st Baronet English politician

Sir Richard Reynell, 1st Baronet, was an English-born judge who had a distinguished career in Ireland and held office as Lord Chief Justice of the King's Bench in Ireland. He was the first of the Reynell baronets of Laleham.

Lord Chief Justice of Ireland

The Court of King's Bench was one of the senior courts of common law in Ireland. It was a mirror of the Court of King's Bench in England. The Lord Chief Justice was the most senior judge in the court, and the second most senior Irish judge under English rule and later when Ireland became part of the United Kingdom. Additionally, for a brief period between 1922 and 1924, the Lord Chief Justice of Ireland was the most senior judge in the Irish Free State.

Reynell was JP for Devon again and was commissioner for assessment for Devon in 1652. He was JP for Devon again in 1653 and remained in post until 1660. In 1654, he was elected Member of Parliament for Devon for the First Protectorate Parliament. He was re-elected MP for Devon in 1656 for the Second Protectorate Parliament. He was commissioner for assessment in 1657 and commissioner for militia in 1659. In 1659 he was elected MP for Ashburton in the Third Protectorate Parliament. [2]

Devon was a parliamentary constituency covering the county of Devon in England. It was represented by two Knights of the Shire, in the House of Commons of England until 1707, then of the House of Commons of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800 and finally the House of Commons of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1832. Elections were held using the bloc vote system of elections.

First Protectorate Parliament

The First Protectorate Parliament was summoned by the Lord Protector Oliver Cromwell under the terms of the Instrument of Government. It sat for one term from 3 September 1654 until 22 January 1655 with William Lenthall as the Speaker of the House.

Second Protectorate Parliament

The Second Protectorate Parliament in England sat for two sessions from 17 September 1656 until 4 February 1658, with Thomas Widdrington as the Speaker of the House of Commons. In its first session, the House of Commons was its only chamber; in the second session an Other House with a power of veto over the decisions of the Commons was added.

Reynell was commissioner for assessment from January 1660 to 1663 and commissioner for militia in March 1660. He did not stand for parliament after the Restoration when he was described as "an arrant Presbyterian and a very dangerous Commonwealthman". He became JP for Devon again in August 1660 until 1676. In 1667 he was commissioner for inquiry into the Newfoundland government. He was commissioner for assessment from 1673 to 1680 and commissioner for recusants for Devon in 1675. From 1677 to 1678 he was High Sheriff of Devon. He was elected MP for Ashburton again for the two parliaments of 1679 and in 1681. In May 1685, he was taken into custody prior to the Duke of Monmouth's invasion. He was JP for Devon again from 1687 until his death. In March 1688 he was commissioner for inquiry into recusancy fines for Devon, Dorset and Cornwall and from May to October 1688 he was Deputy Lieutenant. He was alderman for Totnes from April to October 1688. In 1689 he was elected MP for Ashburton again. In 1690 he stepped aside to allow his brother Richard, who had been temporarily removed from his position on the Irish Bench. to hold the seat. He was commissioner for assessment from 1689 to 1690.

The High Sheriff of Devon is the Queen's representative for the County of Devon, a territory known as his/her bailiwick. Selected from three nominated people, they hold his office over the duration of a year. They have judicial, ceremonial and administrative functions and executes High Court Writs. The office historically was "Sheriff of Devon", changed in 1974 to "High Sheriff of Devon".

Reynell died at the age of 73 and was buried at East Ogwell on 1 March 1698. [2]

Reynell married firstly Mary Bennet, daughter of John Bennet of London and had a son and four daughters. He married secondly by licence dated 25 July 1673, Elizabeth Gould, widow of William Vincent, merchant of Exeter, and daughter of James Gould, merchant of London. They had three sons and two daughters . He was succeeded by Richard his eldest son by the second marriage, who was MP for Ashburton between 1702 and 1734. [2]

Richard Reynell (c.1681–1734) of East Ogwell and Denbury, near Ashburton, Devon was an English landowner and politician who sat in the English House of Commons from 1702 to 1708 and in the British House of Commons from 1711 to 1734.

Related Research Articles

Sir William Morice, 1st Baronet English politician

Sir William Morice, 1st Baronet, of Werrington, was an English Member of Parliament.

Sir Hugh Acland, 5th Baronet English politician

Sir Hugh Acland, 5th Baronet was an English Member of Parliament, from a family of Devonshire gentry. He obtained a confirmation of the family baronetcy in 1678, and served as a Member of Parliament for two boroughs in Devon in 1679 and from 1685 to 1687. Never very active in national politics, he was one of the many Tories estranged by James II's pro-Catholicism, but remained a Tory after the Glorious Revolution. He continued to hold local office in Devon off and on until his death in 1714, when he was succeeded by his grandson.

Thomas Bampfield or Bampfylde was an English lawyer and politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1654 and 1660. He was Speaker of the House of Commons in 1659.

Reynell baronets

The Reynell Baronetcy, of Laleham in the County of Middlesex, was a title in the Baronetage of Ireland. It was created on 27 July 1678 for Richard Reynell, subsequently Member of Parliament for Ashburton in Devon, and Lord Chief Justice of the King's Bench in Ireland 1691-1695. The 2nd Baronet represented Wicklow Borough in the Irish House of Commons. The 6th Baronet was a distinguished soldier who fought at the Battle of Waterloo. The title became extinct on his death in 1848. They were a junior branch of the ancient Reynell family of East Ogwell and West Ogwell in Devon.

Sir John Duke, 2nd Baronet was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons variously between 1679 and 1698.

Hugh Boscawen (1625–1701) English politician, died 1701

Hugh Boscawen was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons on seven occasions between 1646 and 1701.

Edward Boscawen was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons variously between 1659 and 1685.

Sir Thomas Carew was an English lawyer and politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1659 and 1681.

Henry Henley English politician

Henry Henley (1612–1696) was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1653 and 1681. He supported the Parliamentary cause in the English Civil War.

William Strode (1614–1676) English politician (1614–1676)

Sir William Strode of Newnham, Plympton St Mary, Devon, was a member of the Devonshire gentry and twice served as MP for his family's pocket borough of Plympton Erle, in 1660 and 1661–1676.

John Kendall was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1659 and 1685.

Sir Richard Grobham Howe, 2nd Baronet was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1656 and 1695.

John Hale (1614–1691) was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1654 and 1660. He fought in the Parliamentary army in the English Civil War.

Richard Croke was an English lawyer and politician who sat in the House of Commons in 1654.

Henry Mildmay was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1654 and 1692. He fought in the Parliamentary army in the English Civil War.

Francis Rolle English politician

Sir Francis Rolle (1630–1686) was an English lawyer and politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1656 and 1685.

William Lisle was an English lawyer, landowner and politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1659 to 1681.

Thomas Turgis was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1659 and 1704, eventually in 1701 becoming the Father of the House, as the member with the longest unbroken service.

William Oakeley was an English landowner and politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1659 and 1695.

References

  1. Vivian, Lt.Col. J.L., (Ed.) The Visitations of the County of Devon: Comprising the Heralds' Visitations of 1531, 1564 & 1620, Exeter, 1895, pp.643-5, pedigree of Reynell, p.643
  2. 1 2 3 4 "REYNELL, Thomas (1625-98), of East Ogwell, Devon". History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 18 August 2018.
Parliament of England
Preceded by
George Monck


John Carew
Thomas Saunders
Christopher Martyn
James Erisey,
Francis Rous
Richard Sweet

Member of Parliament for Devon
1654–1656
With: Sir John Northcote, Bt 1654–1656
Arthur Upton 1654–1656
Robert Rolle 1654–1656
William Morice 1654–1656
John Hale 1654– 1656
Thomas Saunders 1654–1656
Henry Hatsell 1654–1656
William Bastard 1654
William Fry 1654
John Quick 1654
Sir John Yonge 1656
Edmund Fowell 1656
John Doddridge 1656
Succeeded by
Sir John Northcote, Bt
Robert Rolle
Preceded by
Not represented in Second Protectorate Parliament
Member of Parliament for Ashburton
1659
With: Sir John Fowell, 2nd Baronet
Succeeded by
Not represented in Restored Rump
Preceded by
William Stawell
Rawlin Mallock
Member of Parliament for Ashburton
1679–1685
With: William Stawell
Richard Duke 1679
William Stawell1681
Succeeded by
William Stawell
Edward Yarde
Preceded by
William Stawell
Edward Yarde
Member of Parliament for Ashburton
1689–1690
With: Sir Walter Yonge
Succeeded by
William Stawell
Sir Richard Reynell