Thomas Ridout

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Thomas Ridout
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Thomas Ridout
ConstituencyEast York and Simcoe
Chairman of the Home District Council
In office
Preceded by William Jarvis
Succeeded by William Allan
Interim Surveyor General of Upper Canada
In office
Preceded by Sir David William Smith, 1st Baronet
Succeeded by Charles Burton Wyatt and Joseph Bouchette
Surveyor General of Upper Canada
In office
Preceded by Charles Burton Wyatt and Joseph Bouchette
Succeeded by Peter Robinson as Commissioner of Crown Lands (Province of Canada) (held since 1827)
Personal details
Born(1754-03-17)March 17, 1754
Sherborne, England
DiedFebruary 8, 1829(1829-02-08) (aged 74)
York, Upper Canada
Spouse(s)(1)Isabella(Donovan?) (2) Mary Campbell
Children Samuel Smith Ridout, George Ridout, John Ridout, and Thomas Gibbs Ridout
Occupation Politician

Thomas Ridout (March 17, 1754 – February 8, 1829) was a political figure in Upper Canada.

Upper Canada 19th century British colony in present-day Ontario

The Province of Upper Canada was a part of British Canada established in 1791 by the Kingdom of Great Britain, to govern the central third of the lands in British North America, formerly part of the Province of Quebec since 1763. Upper Canada included all of modern-day Southern Ontario and all those areas of Northern Ontario in the Pays d'en Haut which had formed part of New France, essentially the watersheds of the Ottawa River or Lakes Huron and Superior, excluding any lands within the watershed of Hudson Bay. The "upper" prefix in the name reflects its geographic position along the Great Lakes, mostly above the headwaters of the Saint Lawrence River, contrasted with Lower Canada to the northeast.


He was born in Sherborne, England in 1754 and came to Maryland in 1774. In 1787, he was travelling to Kentucky when his group was captured by a party of Shawnees; he was held captive and later released in Detroit, then held by the British. He married the daughter of a loyalist and settled with his family at Newark (Niagara-on-the-Lake). [1]

Sherborne town in Dorset, England

Sherborne is a market town and civil parish in north west Dorset, in South West England. It is sited on the River Yeo, on the edge of the Blackmore Vale, 6 miles east of Yeovil. The A30 road, which connects London to Penzance, runs through the town. In the 2011 census the population of Sherborne parish and the two electoral wards was 9,523. 28.7% of the population is aged 65 or older.

England Country in north-west Europe, part of the United Kingdom

England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to the west and Scotland to the north. The Irish Sea lies west of England and the Celtic Sea to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south. The country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain, which lies in the North Atlantic, and includes over 100 smaller islands, such as the Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight.

Maryland U.S. state in the United States

Maryland is a state in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States, bordering Virginia, West Virginia, and the District of Columbia to its south and west; Pennsylvania to its north; and Delaware to its east. The state's largest city is Baltimore, and its capital is Annapolis. Among its occasional nicknames are Old Line State, the Free State, and the Chesapeake Bay State. It is named after the English queen Henrietta Maria, known in England as Queen Mary, who was the wife of King Charles I.

Ridout started work in 1793 as clerk for the Surveyor-General of Upper Canada and then as interim Surveyor-General with William Chewett 1804 to 1805; in 1810, he was appointed to the post of Surveyor-General for Upper Canada in 1807 replacing Charles Burton Wyatt. It was in that position that he came to know Elijah Bentley. He had also been named registrar for York County in 1796 and justice of the peace in the Home District in 1806 and Chairman of the Home District Council from 1811 to 1829. In 1812, he was elected to the Legislative Assembly of Upper Canada representing East York and Simcoe. He served on the board set up to deal with claims for compensation for losses sustained during the War of 1812. In 1825, he was named to the Legislative Council. In 1827, he was appointed to the first board of King's College. [1]

Elijah Bentley was a Baptist minister and office holder from Upper Canada who pursued a variety of vocations including farming. He became important to Canadian history because of his trial for sedition during the War of 1812.

York County, Ontario Dissolved county in Ontario, Canada

York County is a historic county in Upper Canada, Canada West, and the Canadian province of Ontario. It was organized by the Upper Canada administration from the lands of the Toronto Purchase and others.

Justice of the peace Judicial officer elected or appointed to keep the peace and perform minor civic jobs

A Justice of the peace (JP) is a judicial officer of a lower or puisne court, elected or appointed by means of a commission to keep the peace. In past centuries the term commissioner of the peace was often used with the same meaning. Depending on the jurisdiction, such justices dispense summary justice or merely deal with local administrative applications in common law jurisdictions. Justices of the peace are appointed or elected from the citizens of the jurisdiction in which they serve, and are usually not required to have any formal legal education in order to qualify for the office. Some jurisdictions have varying forms of training for JPs.

He died in York (Toronto) in 1829. [1]

His sons, Samuel Smith Ridout, George Ridout, John Ridout and Thomas Gibbs Ridout, were also prominent members of Upper Canada society. [1] His granddaughter, Matilda Ridout Edgar, was a historian and feminist. [2] In 1890 she published Ten years of Upper Canada in peace and war, 1805–1815, an edited collection of letters between Ridout and his sons George and Thomas Gibbs. This is a valuable source of information about life in Toronto and about the battles of the War of 1812. [3] [2]

John Ridout, still a teenager when he died in 1817, died in a duel with Samuel Jarvis. Both Ridout and Jarvis were from the small circle of privileged insiders called upon by the Lieutenant Governors of Upper Canada, to fill administrative posts, and sinecures, that William Lyon Mackenzie would later brand the Family Compact. Ridout's father, Thomas Ridout, was Upper Canada's Surveyor General. Jarvis's father, William Jarvis, had been appointed Upper Canada's provincial secretary and registrar.

Thomas Gibbs Ridout

Thomas Gibbs Ridout was a member of the small circle of privileged insiders who Lieutenant Governors of Upper Canada appointed to hold administrative posts and sinecures. His father, Thomas Ridout, was the province's Surveyor General.

Matilda Ridout Edgar Canadian historian (1844-1910)

Matilda Ridout Edgar was a Canadian historian and feminist. She was born Matilda Ridout, became Matilda Edgar by marriage, and became Lady Edgar in 1898 when her husband was knighted. The mother of nine children, she turned to historical research and writing when in her forties. She published three books in her lifetime and was working on a fourth when she died. She was active in a number of Toronto-based societies and in her later years was a strong advocate of women's causes.

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  1. 1 2 3 4 Burns 1987.
  2. 1 2 Breault 2014.
  3. Sketch of Lady Edgar's Life, Transaction 1914, p. 3.



The History Press is a British publishing company specialising in the publication of titles devoted to local and specialist history. It claims to be the United Kingdom's largest independent publisher in this field, publishing approximately 300 books per year and with a backlist of over 12,000 titles.

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