Thomas Sandys

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Sandys in 1895. Thomas Sandys.jpg
Sandys in 1895.

Colonel Thomas Myles Sandys (12 May 1837 – 18 October 1911) was a British army officer and Conservative Party politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1885 to 1911.

United Kingdom Country in Europe

The United Kingdom (UK), officially the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and sometimes referred to as Britain, is a sovereign country located off the north-western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland, and many smaller islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state, the Republic of Ireland. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to the east, the English Channel to the south and the Celtic Sea to the south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world. The Irish Sea lies between Great Britain and Ireland. With an area of 242,500 square kilometres (93,600 sq mi), the United Kingdom is the 78th-largest sovereign state in the world. It is also the 22nd-most populous country, with an estimated 66.0 million inhabitants in 2017.

British Army land warfare branch of the British Armed Forces of the United Kingdom

The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of British Armed Forces. As of 2018, the British Army comprises just over 81,500 trained regular (full-time) personnel and just over 27,000 trained reserve (part-time) personnel.

Conservative Party (UK) Political party in the United Kingdom

The Conservative Party, officially the Conservative and Unionist Party, is a centre-right political party in the United Kingdom. The governing party since 2010, it is the largest in the House of Commons, with 313 Members of Parliament, and also has 249 members of the House of Lords, 18 members of the European Parliament, 31 Members of the Scottish Parliament, 11 members of the Welsh Assembly, eight members of the London Assembly and 8,916 local councillors.

He was born in Blackheath, London, and was the only son of Captain Thomas Sandys of the Royal Navy. [1] Following his education at Shrewsbury School, he was commissioned as an officer in the 73rd Bengal Native Infantry, a military unit of the Honourable East India Company. [2] After fighting in the Indian Rebellion of 1857 he exchanged into the 7th (or Royal Fusiliers) Regiment of Foot, part of the regular British Army. He was to serve in the 7th Foot for twenty years, retiring with the rank of Captain. [1] [2]

Blackheath, London inner suburban area of South East London, England

Blackheath is a district of south east London, England, within the Royal Borough of Greenwich and the London Borough of Lewisham. It is located east of Lewisham, and south of Greenwich. Blackheath is within the historic boundaries of Kent.

Royal Navy Maritime warfare branch of the United Kingdoms military

The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare force. Although warships were used by the English kings from the early medieval period, the first major maritime engagements were fought in the Hundred Years War against the Kingdom of France. The modern Royal Navy traces its origins to the early 16th century; the oldest of the UK's armed services, it is known as the Senior Service.

Shrewsbury School independent school in Shropshire, United Kingdom

Shrewsbury School is an English co-educational independent school for pupils aged 13 to 18 in Shrewsbury, Shropshire, founded by Edward VI in 1552 by Royal Charter. The present campus, to which the school moved in 1882, is on the banks of the River Severn.

Sandys' grave in Brookwood Cemetery Thomas Myles Sandys MP Grave.jpg
Sandys' grave in Brookwood Cemetery

He moved to the family's ancestral home, Graythwaite Hall, near Ulverston, Lancashire. [1] He continued his association with the armed forces as honorary colonel of the 3rd (Militia) Battalion of the Loyal North Lancashire Regiment, a position he held until 1897, [2] and as honorary colonel of the 1st Volunteer Battalion of the regiment from April 1902. [3] He was a staunch Protestant, becoming Grand Master of the Loyal Orange Lodge of England and was a deputy lieutenant for the County of Lancashire. [2]

Graythwaite Hall

Graythwaite Hall, near Hawkshead, Cumbria in the Lake District of England is the home of the Sandys family. The gardens within the grounds are open to the public from early April until mid August, However, the hall is closed to the public.

Ulverston town in England, in region North West England, in the county of Cumbria

Ulverston is a market town in the South Lakeland district of Cumbria in North West England. Historically in Lancashire, the town is in the Furness area eight miles north-east of Barrow-in-Furness and four miles south of the Lake District. It is just to the northwest of Morecambe Bay. Neighbouring settlements include Swarthmoor, Pennington and Rosside.

Lancashire County of England

Lancashire is a ceremonial county in North West England. The administrative centre is Preston. The county has a population of 1,449,300 and an area of 1,189 square miles (3,080 km2). People from Lancashire are known as Lancastrians.

In 1852 he leased the mining rights of his land at Roanhead to the Kennedy Brothers. [4] The mines were among the most productive in the area and were worked until 1942.

Roanhead

Roanhead refers to the limestone outcrop of Roanhead Crag in Cumbria and the farmland behind it, but in recent years the term has been taken to mean the sandy beaches adjoining Sandscale Haws extending to Snab Point. The Irish Sea lies to the west of Roanhead, whilst the Duddon Estuary and Walney Channel are due north and south respectively. The beach is noted for its abundance of sand dunes and strong, often dangerous coastal currents. Today the beach is a National Trust conservation area, and a two-mile stretch of the Cumbria Coastal Way runs through it.

The Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 created the new constituency of Bootle, and Sandys was elected as the first Member of Parliament for the seat. [1] He retained the seat at subsequent elections, either being elected unopposed, or by a large majority. [2] He resigned his seat in March 1911. [5] He died later that year, at his London home at 87 Jermyn Street, aged 74.

Redistribution of Seats Act 1885

The Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It was a piece of electoral reform legislation that redistributed the seats in the House of Commons, introducing the concept of equally populated constituencies, a concept in the broader global context termed equal apportionment, in an attempt to equalise representation across the UK. It was associated with, but not part of, the Representation of the People Act 1884.

Bootle (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom

Bootle is a constituency which has been represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament by Peter Dowd of the Labour Party since 2015.

Members of Parliament (MPs) sitting in the House of Commons in the United Kingdom are technically not permitted to resign their seats. To circumvent this prohibition, MPs who wished to step down were instead appointed to an "office of profit under the Crown", which disqualifies them from sitting in Parliament. For this purpose, a legal fiction is maintained where two unpaid offices are considered to be offices of profit: Steward of the Chiltern Hundreds and Steward of the Manor of Northstead. Although the House of Commons Disqualification Act 1975 lists hundreds of offices that are disqualifying, no MP has lost his seat by being appointed to an actual office since 1981.

He is buried at Brookwood Cemetery, Surrey.

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 "Biographies of Candidates". The Times . 26 November 1885. p. 4.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 "Obituary: Col. T. M. Sandys". The Times . 19 October 1911. p. 11.
  3. "No. 27422". The London Gazette . 4 April 1902. p. 2284.
  4. Lancashire Records Office, Preston Lease of mineral rights at Ronhead, Myles Sandys to C S Kennedy DD Sa 9/11
  5. "Political Notes". The Times . 14 March 1911. p. 10.
Parliament of the United Kingdom
New constituency Member of Parliament for Bootle
1885 1911
Succeeded by
Bonar Law