Thomas Stanton

Last updated
Thomas Stanton
Born1616?
England
DiedDecember 2, 1677
NationalityEnglish
Known forCo-founder, Stonington, Connecticut
Spouse(s)Anna Lord (c.1637) (1614-1688)
ChildrenThomas Stanton Jr. (1638-1718)
Capt. John Stanton (1641-1713)
Mary Stanton (1643-?)
Hannah Lord Stanton (1644-1727)
Joseph Stanton (1646-1713)
Daniel Stanton (1648-1688)
Dorothy Stanton (1651-1743)
Robert Stanton (1653-1724)
Sarah Stanton (1655-1713)
Samuel Stanton (1657-1698) [1]

Thomas Stanton (1616?–1677) was a trader and an accomplished Indian interpreter and negotiator in the Connecticut Colony, one of the original settlers of Hartford. [2] He was also one of four founders of Stonington, Connecticut, along with William Chesebrough, Thomas Miner, and Walter Palmer.

Connecticut Colony English, from 1707, British, possession in North America between 1636 and 1776

The Connecticut Colony or Colony of Connecticut, originally known as the Connecticut River Colony or simply the River Colony, was an English colony in North America that became the state of Connecticut. It was organized on March 3, 1636 as a settlement for a Puritan congregation, and the English permanently gained control of the region in 1637 after struggles with the Dutch. The colony was later the scene of a bloody war between the colonists and Pequot Indians known as the Pequot War. Connecticut Colony played a significant role in the establishment of self-government in the New World with its refusal to surrender local authority to the Dominion of New England, an event known as the Charter Oak incident which occurred at Jeremy Adams' inn and tavern.

Hartford, Connecticut Capital of Connecticut

Hartford is the capital city of Connecticut. It was the seat of Hartford County until Connecticut disbanded county government in 1960. The city is nicknamed the "Insurance Capital of the World", as it hosts many insurance company headquarters and is the region's major industry. It is the core city in the Greater Hartford area of Connecticut. Census estimates since the 2010 United States Census have indicated that Hartford is the fourth-largest city in Connecticut, behind the coastal cities of Bridgeport, New Haven, and Stamford.

Stonington, Connecticut Town in Connecticut, United States

The town of Stonington is located in New London County, Connecticut in the state's southeastern corner. It includes the borough of Stonington, the villages of Pawcatuck, Lords Point, and Wequetequock, and the eastern halves of the villages of Mystic and Old Mystic. The population of the town was 18,545 at the 2010 census.

Contents

He first appears in the historical record as an interpreter for John Winthrop, Jr. in 1636. He fought in the Pequot War, nearly losing his life in the Fairfield Swamp Fight in 1637. In 1638, he was a delegate at the Treaty of Hartford which ended that war. In 1643, the United Colonies of New England appointed him as Indian Interpreter.

John Winthrop the Younger Governor of the Saybrook and Connecticut Colonies

John Winthrop the Younger was an early governor of the Connecticut Colony, and he played a large role in the merger of several separate settlements into the unified colony.

Pequot War war

The Pequot War was an armed conflict that took place between 1636 and 1638 in New England between the Pequot tribe and an alliance of the colonists of the Massachusetts Bay, Plymouth, and Saybrook colonies and their allies from the Narragansett and Mohegan tribes. The war concluded with the decisive defeat of the Pequots. At the end, about 700 Pequots had been killed or taken into captivity. Hundreds of prisoners were sold into slavery to the West Indies; other survivors were dispersed as captives to the victorious tribes.

Fairfield Swamp Fight

The Fairfield Swamp Fight was the last engagement of the Pequot War and marked defeat of the Pequot tribe in the war and the loss of their recognition as a political entity in the 17th century. The participants in the conflict were the Pequot and the English with their allied tribes. The Fairfield Swamp Fight occurred July 13–14, 1637 in what is present-day Fairfield, Connecticut. The town of Fairfield was founded after the battle in 1639.

Following the war, Stanton returned to Hartford where he married and became a successful trader. In 1649, he settled a tract of land alongside the Pawcatuck River in present-day Stonington. In 1649 or 1650, he was given permission to establish a trading post on the river and was granted a three-year monopoly over Indian trade in the area. The trading house was built in 1651. During this time, Stanton's family remained in Hartford or New London, joining him in Stonington in about 1657 after the trading venture had become established and a suitable house constructed.

Pawcatuck River river in the United States of America

The Pawcatuck River is a river in the US states of Rhode Island and Connecticut flowing approximately 34 miles (55 km). There are eight dams along the river's length. USS Pawcatuck was named after the river.

New London, Connecticut City in Connecticut, United States

New London is a seaport city and a port of entry on the northeast coast of the United States, located at the mouth of the Thames River in New London County, Connecticut. It was one of the world's three busiest whaling ports for several decades beginning in the early 19th century, along with Nantucket and New Bedford, Massachusetts. The wealth that whaling brought into the city furnished the capital to fund much of the city's present architecture. The city subsequently became home to other shipping and manufacturing industries, but it has gradually lost most of its industrial heart.

Stanton's first house in Stonington was demolished in the 19th century and today the site is marked by a large inscribed stone. A subsequent dwelling built beginning about 1670 is the oldest house still standing in Stonington and is now preserved as the Stanton-Davis Homestead Museum.

Stanton-Davis Homestead Museum

The Stanton-Davis Homestead Museum is a historic house on Green Haven Road in Stonington, Connecticut. It was built ca. 1700, and is the oldest house in Stonington. The property has been a working farm for over 350 years, most by members of the Davis family. As of 2012, the house was boarded up and the Stanton family society was struggling to raise renovation funds.

Stanton and his wife Anna are buried in Stonington at the Wequetequock Cemetery.

Notable descendants

Henry Brewster Stanton
Harriot Eaton Stanton Blatch

Notes

  1. Stanton Genealogy
  2. Society of the Descendants of the Founders of Hartford The Founders of Hartford

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References

<i>The American Genealogist</i>

The American Genealogist is a quarterly peer-reviewed academic journal which focuses on genealogy and family history. It was established by Donald Lines Jacobus in 1922 as the New Haven Genealogical Magazine. In July 1932 it was renamed The American Genealogist and New Haven Genealogical Magazine and the last part of the title was dropped in 1937, giving the journal its current title. All editors have been fellows of the American Society of Genealogists.