Thomas Stockton

Last updated
Thomas Stockton
ThomasStockton.gif
33rd Governor of Delaware
In office
January 21, 1845 March 2, 1846
Preceded by William B. Cooper
Succeeded by Joseph Maull
Personal details
Born(1781-04-01)April 1, 1781
New Castle County, Delaware
Died March 2, 1846(1846-03-02) (aged 64)
New Castle, Delaware
Political party Whig
Spouse(s) Fidelia Johns
Residence New Castle, Delaware
Occupation soldier

Thomas Stockton (April 1, 1781 – March 2, 1846) was an American soldier and politician from New Castle in New Castle County, Delaware. He was a veteran of the War of 1812, and a member of the Whig Party, who served as Governor of Delaware.

New Castle, Delaware City in Delaware, United States

New Castle is a city in New Castle County, Delaware, six miles (10 km) south of Wilmington, situated on the Delaware River. According to the 2010 Census, the population of the city is 5,285.

New Castle County, Delaware County in the United States

New Castle County is the northernmost of the three counties of the U.S. state of Delaware. As of the 2010 census, the population was 538,479, making it the most populous county in Delaware, with just under 60% of the state's population of 897,936 in the same census. The county seat is Wilmington.

Contents

Early life and family

Stockton was born in New Castle Hundred, New Castle County, Delaware, son of John and Nancy Griffin Stockton. His father was a brigadier general in the War of 1812, leading the 1st Brigade of Delaware militia. He married Fidelia Johns, daughter of Chancellor Kensey Johns, and they had five children, Thomas, William, James, Elizabeth, and Fidelia. They lived in the Kensey Johns-Van Dyke house at 300 Delaware Street and were members of the Immanuel Episcopal Church in New Castle.

New Castle Hundred is an unincorporated subdivision of New Castle County, Delaware. Hundreds were once used as a basis for representation in the Delaware General Assembly, and while their names still appear on all real estate transactions, they presently have no meaningful use or purpose except as a geographical point of reference.

War of 1812 32-month military conflict between the United States and the British Empire

The War of 1812 was a conflict fought between the United States, the United Kingdom, and their respective allies from June 1812 to February 1815. Historians in Britain often see it as a minor theater of the Napoleonic Wars; in the United States and Canada, it is seen as a war in its own right.

Military career

After graduating from Princeton College, Stockton joined the Delaware militia. During the War of 1812 he was part of the attack on Fort George on the Niagara River and fought at Lundy's Lane. Eventually he was promoted to a major in the 42nd Infantry. He retired from the U.S. Army in 1825.

Princeton University University in Princeton, New Jersey

Princeton University is a private Ivy League research university in Princeton, New Jersey. Founded in 1746 in Elizabeth as the College of New Jersey, Princeton is the fourth-oldest institution of higher education in the United States and one of the nine colonial colleges chartered before the American Revolution. The institution moved to Newark in 1747, then to the current site nine years later, and renamed itself Princeton University in 1896.

Battle of Lundys Lane battle

The Battle of Lundy's Lane was a battle of the Anglo-American War of 1812, which took place on 25 July 1814, in present-day Niagara Falls, Ontario. It was one of the bloodiest battles of the war, and one of the deadliest battles ever fought in Canada.

Political career

Stockton was the New Castle County Register in Chancery from 1832 to 1835. Several years later, in 1844, he was elected Governor of Delaware by defeating William Tharp, the Democratic Party candidate. He took office January 21, 1845 and served until his death on March 2, 1846. He was the sixth Governor of Delaware to die in office.

William Tharp American politician

William Tharp was an American farmer and politician from Milford in Kent County, Delaware. He was a member of the Democratic Party, who served in the Delaware General Assembly and as Governor of Delaware.

He was a member of the Society of the Cincinnati.

Death and legacy

Stockton died at New Castle and is buried there at the Immanuel Episcopal Church Cemetery. Several of his sons and grandsons served in the Civil War.


Delaware General Assembly
(sessions while Governor)
YearAssemblySenate MajoritySpeakerHouse MajoritySpeaker
1845-1846 63rd Whig Joseph Maull Whig William Temple

Almanac

Elections are held the first Tuesday after November 1st. The governor takes office the third Tuesday of January and has a four-year term.


Public Offices
OfficeTypeLocationBegan officeEnded officenotes
Register in Chancery Judiciary New Castle 18321835
Governor Executive Dover January 21, 1845March 2, 1846


Election results
YearOfficeSubjectPartyVotes%OpponentPartyVotes%
1844 Governor Thomas Stockton Whig 6,14050% William Tharp Democratic 6,09550%

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Political offices
Preceded by
William B. Cooper
Governor of Delaware
1845–1846
Succeeded by
Joseph Maull