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Sir Thomas Tipping (1614–1693) was a prominent Parliamentarian during the English Civil War.
Roundheads were supporters of the Parliament of England during the English Civil War (1641–1652). Also known as Parliamentarians, they fought against King Charles I of England and his supporters, known as the Cavaliers or Royalists, who claimed rule by absolute monarchy and the principle of the 'divine right of kings'. The goal of the Roundhead party was to give the Parliament supreme control over executive administration of the country/kingdom.
The English Civil War (1642–1651) was a series of armed conflicts and political machinations between Parliamentarians ("Roundheads") and Royalists ("Cavaliers") over, principally, the manner of England's governance. The first (1642–1646) and second (1648–1649) wars pitted the supporters of King Charles I against the supporters of the Long Parliament, while the third (1649–1651) saw fighting between supporters of King Charles II and supporters of the Rump Parliament. The war ended with the Parliamentarian victory at the Battle of Worcester on 3 September 1651.
Sir Thomas was the eldest son of John Tipping of Wheatfield, Oxfordshire and his wife, Anne daughter of Sir Christopher Pigott of Doddershall in Buckinghamshire. He was baptised in Wheatfield parish church on 10 December 1615, but his father died when he was only four years old. In 1627, Tipping inherited the Wheatfield estate upon the death of his grandfather, Sir George Tipping. Four years later, he matriculated from Trinity College, Oxford at the age fifteen. He married, in 1637, Elizabeth (1620–1698) youngest daughter and co-heiress of Sir White Beconshaw of Moyles Court at Ellingham, Hampshire, by whom he had five sons and eleven daughters, only eight of whom survived him.
Wheatfield is a civil parish and deserted medieval village about 4 miles (6.4 km) south of Thame in Oxfordshire.
Sir Christopher Pigott was an English politician, Member of Parliament for Buckinghamshire from 1604 to 1607.
Buckinghamshire, abbreviated Bucks, is a county in South East England which borders Greater London to the south east, Berkshire to the south, Oxfordshire to the west, Northamptonshire to the north, Bedfordshire to the north east and Hertfordshire to the east.
From 1647, Tipping served on various local Oxfordshire commissions. Although sometimes referred to as a Royalist who walked a tightrope during the Civil War, Tipping, in fact, appears to have been something of a Parliamentarian like his more outspoken uncle, the Puritan and Parliamentarian writer, William 'Eternity' Tipping. Thomas was brother-in-law of the regicide, Sir John Lisle, and a friend of the Commonwealth Lord Keeper of the Great Seal, Sir Bulstrode Whitelocke, whose visits to Wheatfield are recorded in his diary. However, upon the Restoration, he embraced reconciliation and Charles II created him a Knight Bachelor at Whitehall Palace on 15 June 1660. To commemorate this event portraits were painted of Sir Thomas and Lady Tipping by Gilbert Soest. Both, for many years, hung in Bramshill House in Hampshire, home of their descendants, the Cope family. The former is now in the Tate Gallery. The whereabouts of the latter is unknown.
The term Cavalier was first used by Roundheads as a term of abuse for the wealthier Royalist supporters of King Charles I and his son Charles II of England during the English Civil War, the Interregnum, and the Restoration. It was later adopted by the Royalists themselves. Although it referred originally to political and social attitudes and behaviour, of which clothing was a very small part, it has subsequently become strongly identified with the fashionable clothing of the court at the time. Prince Rupert, commander of much of Charles I's cavalry, is often considered to be an archetypal Cavalier.
William Tipping (1599–1649) was an early 17th-century English religious writer.
The broad definition of regicide is the deliberate killing of a monarch, or the person responsible for the killing of a person of royalty.
Sir Thomas died on 1 March 1693, aged 78, and was buried at Wheatfield. He was succeeded in his estates by his second son, Sir Thomas Tipping, 1st Baronet.
Sir Thomas Tipping was a late 17th-century English baronet and Member of Parliament.
Mary Doreen Lobel was an historian who edited several volumes of the Victoria County History and a three-volume British Atlas of Historic Towns.
The Victoria History of the Counties of England, commonly known as the Victoria County History or the VCH, is an English history project which began in 1899 and was dedicated to Queen Victoria with the aim of creating an encyclopaedic history of each of the historic counties of England. In 2012 the project was rededicated to Queen Elizabeth II in celebration of her Diamond Jubilee year. Since 1933 the project has been coordinated by the Institute of Historical Research in the University of London.
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The Tipping Baronetcy, of Wheatfield in the County of Oxford, was a title in the Baronetage of England. It was created on 24 March 1698 for Thomas Tipping, Member of Parliament for Oxfordshire and Wallingford. He was the second son of Sir Thomas Tipping and the great-nephew of the religious writer William 'Eternity' Tipping. The title became extinct on the death of the second Baronet in 1725.
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