Thuty (High Priest of Amun)

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High Priest of Amun
Funerary Cone of Djehuty MET 13.180.65 EGDP016717.jpg
Funerary cone of Thuty, MET
Dynasty 18th Dynasty
Pharaoh Ahmose I

Thuty or Djehuty was a High Priest of Amun from the time of Ahmose I, at the beginning of the 18th Dynasty.

Ahmose I Pharaoh of Ancient Egypt

Ahmose I was a pharaoh and founder of the Eighteenth Dynasty of Egypt. He was a member of the Theban royal house, the son of pharaoh Seqenenre Tao and brother of the last pharaoh of the Seventeenth dynasty, Kamose. During the reign of his father or grandfather, Thebes rebelled against the Hyksos, the rulers of Lower Egypt. When he was seven years old, his father was killed, and he was about ten when his brother died of unknown causes after reigning only three years. Ahmose I assumed the throne after the death of his brother, and upon coronation became known as nb-pḥtj-rꜥ "The Lord of Strength is Ra".

Thuty is known from few funerary cones in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. The cone is inscribed for "The First Prophet of Amun and Overseer of Treasurers, Thuty." The funerary cones make mention of "The good God Neb-pehty-Re" (Ahmose). [1]

Funerary cone sculpture

Funerary cones were small cones made from clay that were used in Ancient Egypt, almost exclusively in the Theban necropolis. The items were placed over the entrance of the chapel of a tomb. Early examples have been found from the Eleventh Dynasty. However, they are generally undecorated. During the New Kingdom, the cones were smaller in size and inscribed in hieroglyphs with the title and name of the tomb owner, often with a short prayer. The exact purpose of the cones is unknown, but hypotheses exist that they variously served as passports, architectural features, and symbolic offerings, among others.

Metropolitan Museum of Art Art museum in New York City, New York

The Metropolitan Museum of Art of New York City, colloquially "the Met", is the largest art museum in the United States. With 6,953,927 visitors to its three locations in 2018, it was the third most visited art museum in the world. Its permanent collection contains over two million works, divided among seventeen curatorial departments. The main building, on the eastern edge of Central Park along Museum Mile in Manhattan's Upper East Side is by area one of the world's largest art galleries. A much smaller second location, The Cloisters at Fort Tryon Park in Upper Manhattan, contains an extensive collection of art, architecture, and artifacts from Medieval Europe. On March 18, 2016, the museum opened the Met Breuer museum at Madison Avenue on the Upper East Side; it extends the museum's modern and contemporary art program.

The overseer of the treasuries was an important official at the ancient Egyptian court of the Old and the New Kingdom. The title is first attested in the Fourth Dynasty. The title is not common in the Middle Kingdom, but is in the New Kingdom one of the most important ones at the royal court. The treasury was the place in the royal palace where precious materials were stored, such as metal objects, but also linen. Therefore, the overseer of the treasuries was basically responsible for administrating the resources of the country. The title is also attested in the Late Period. The writing of the title varies between overseer of the treasury and overseer of the two treasuries. It is not always clear whether this relates to different functions.

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  1. William C. Hayes, The Scepter of Egypt II, pp. 44; 59.