Tianzhu

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Tianzhu may refer to:

Locations in China

Mount Tianzhu mountain

Tianzhu Mountain or Mount Tianzhu is a mountain in Anhui, China. Tianzhu Mountain is also called Mount Wan, from which the provincial abbreviation for Anhui ("Wan") derives. Ancient names of the mountain include Mount Huo 霍山, Mount Heng 衡山, and Taiyue 太岳.

Tianzhu County is a county in the east of Guizhou province, China, bordering Hunan province to the north, east, and southeast. It is under the administration of the Qiandongnan Miao and Dong Autonomous Prefecture.

Shunyi District District in Beijing, China

Shunyi District is an administrative district of Beijing, located to the northeast of the city's urban core. As of 2014, the population of the district is around 983,000, of which approximately 601,000 have local residency permits. The Beijing Capital International Airport is located in the geographical boundaries of the district, though it is technically under the jurisdiction of Chaoyang district. Shunyi borders the Beijing districts of Pinggu to the east, Tongzhou to the south, Chaoyang to the southwest, Changping to the west, Huairou to the north, and Miyun to the northeast, as well as Hebei province to the southeast.

Other uses

Tianzhu, meaning "Heavenly Master" or "Lord of Heaven," was the Chinese word used by the Jesuit China missions to designate God.

Tianzhu is the historical East Asian name for India. Originally pronounced as Hin-duk 天竺 in Old Chinese, it comes from the Chinese transliteration of the Persian Hindu, which is itself derived from the Sanskrit Sindhu, the native name of the Indus River. Persians travelling in northwest India named the region after the river around the 6th century BC. Tianzhu is just one of several Chinese transliterations of Sindhu. Yuāndú appears in Sima Qian's Shiji and Tiandu (天篤) is used in the Hou Hanshu. Yintejia (印特伽) comes from the Kuchean Indaka, another transliteration of Hindu. A detailed account of Tianzhu is given in the "Xiyu Zhuan" in the Hou Hanshu compiled by Fan Ye (398–445):

"The state of Tianzhu: Also, named Yuandu, it lies several thousand li southeast of Yuezhi. Its customs are the same as those of Yuezhi, and it is low, damp, and very hot. It borders a large river. The inhabitants ride on elephants in warfare; they are weaker than the Yuezhi. They practise the way of Futu [the Buddha], [and therefore] it has become a custom [among them] not to kill or attack [others]. From west of the states Yuezhi and Gaofu, and south until the Western Sea, and east until the state of Panqi, all is the territory of Yuandu. Yuandu has several hundred separate towns, with a governor, and separate states which can be numbered in the tens, each with its own king. Although there are small differences among them, they all come under the general name of Yuandu, and at this time all are subject to Yuezhi. Yuezhi have killed their kings and established a general in order to rule over their people. The land produces elephants, rhinoceros, tortoise shell, gold, silver, copper, iron, lead, and tin. It communicates to the west with Da Qin [the Roman Empire], and [so] has the exotica of Da Qin."

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Qiandongnan Miao and Dong Autonomous Prefecture Autonomous Prefecture in Guizhou, Peoples Republic of China

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Bairi Tibetan Autonomous County County in Gansu, Peoples Republic of China

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