Tilghman (surname)

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Tilman family crest Coat of Arms of Richard Tilghman.svg
Tilman family crest

Tilghman is a surname of English origin, and has its origins in Middle Ages England. [1] [2] [3] [4] The Tilghman family name according to evidence by historical findings is one of the oldest and most well researched surnames.[ citation needed ]

The family motto is: Spes Alit Agricolam (Latin) "Hope Nourishes the Farmer" [5]

The first identified Tilghman was Johannes Tilghman, recorded in 1225 in Kent, England, who can be found in Stephen Fredrick Tillman's book "Spes Alit Agricolam." There in Kent the Tilghmans held a family at the Snodland Parish called Holloway Court. [6] [7] [8]

However the origins of the Tilghman family go back beyond that. The Venerable Bede mentioned in Volume 1 of his writings that the Tilghman family settled in Kent, England, in 692. [9] The oldest finding of the name Tilghman was in 692 and was that of a Monk Tilmon (Tilghman) [this was not however a surname nor likely to be handed on to heirs] who was with the Two Ewalds when they met their fate . Some who have researched the family believe the Tilghman family originated near the Rhine River as the French Von Till family and later migrated to England. Others who have researched the family however believe the Tilghmans came to England during the Anglo-Saxon invasions of the 4th century with the Jutes. Those who have done extensive research on the family also believe according to historical findings that the Tilghmans were thegns in medieval England and have traced their origins to that of William the Conqueror and Alfred the Great by way of Anna "Sanders" Tilghman circa 1572.

Many of the Tilghmans in the United States today are descended from Dr. Richard Tilghman, a surgeon who sailed from England with his wife in 1660 and settled the "Hermitage" Tilghman family home in Talbot County, Maryland. [10]

During medieval times, literacy was not common, resulting in the many variations of the spelling, such as: Tilghman, Tylghman, Tilmon, Tillmon, Tilman, Tillman, etc.

People with the surname include:

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  1. "Ocean City Life-Saving Station Museum". www.ocmuseum.org. Retrieved 2016-02-03.
  2. "Johannes Tilghman (1225 - )". www.slicesoftime.net. Retrieved 2016-02-03.
  3. Tillman, S. (1999-12-01). Spes Alit Agricolam [Hope Sustains the Farmer]: The Years 1125-1961 of the Tilghman [Tillman] and Allied Families. Higginson Book Company. ISBN   9780740450242.
  4. "My Web Page". www.snodlandhistory.org.uk. Retrieved 2016-02-03.
  5. "Tilghman Family Crest, Coat of Arms, Name History and Name Meaning". www.houseofnames.com. Retrieved 2016-02-03.
  6. "Johannes Tilghman (1225 - )". www.slicesoftime.net. Retrieved 2016-02-03.
  7. Tillman, S. (1999-12-01). Spes Alit Agricolam [Hope Sustains the Farmer]: The Years 1125-1961 of the Tilghman [Tillman] and Allied Families. Higginson Book Company. ISBN   9780740450242.
  8. "My Web Page". www.snodlandhistory.org.uk. Retrieved 2016-02-03.
  9. "Ocean City Life-Saving Station Museum". www.ocmuseum.org. Retrieved 2016-02-03.
  10. "Tilghman Family Papers, 1493-1940 | Maryland Historical Society". www.mdhs.org. Retrieved 2016-02-03.