Tjeldsund

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Tjeldsund Municipality
Tjeldsund kommune
Dielddanuori suohkan
Fjelldal bovan.JPG
View of Fjelldal in the summer
Norway Counties Troms Position.svg
Troms within Norway
NO 5512 Tjeldsund.svg
Tjeldsund within Troms
Coordinates: 68°29′04″N16°17′33″E / 68.48444°N 16.29250°E / 68.48444; 16.29250
Country Norway
County Troms
District Northern Norway
Established1 Jan 1909
  Preceded by Lødingen Municipality
Administrative centre Evenskjer
Government
  Mayor (2023)Robin Ridderseth (LL)
Area
  Total814.40 km2 (314.44 sq mi)
  Land774.66 km2 (299.10 sq mi)
  Water39.75 km2 (15.35 sq mi)  4.9%
  Rank#139 in Norway
Population
 (2023)
  Total4,206
  Rank#198 in Norway
  Density5.4/km2 (14/sq mi)
  Change (10 years)
Decrease2.svg −0.3%
Demonym Tjeldsunding [1]
Official language
[2]
   Norwegian form Bokmål
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 code NO-5512 [3]
Website Official website

Tjeldsund (Northern Sami : Dielddanuorri) [4] is a municipality in Troms county, Norway. The southwestern part of the municipality is part of the traditional district of Ofoten and the rest of the municipality is part of Central Hålogaland. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Evenskjer. Other important villages include Fjelldal, Myklebostad, Grovfjord, Renså, Sandstrand, Tovik, and Ramsund. Norges Brannskole (Norway's education and training center for firemen) is situated in Fjelldal. Marinejegerkommandoen is based south of Ramsund.

Contents

The 814-square-kilometre (314 sq mi) municipality is the 139th largest by area out of the 356 municipalities in Norway. Tjeldsund is the 198th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 4,206. The municipality's population density is 5.4 inhabitants per square kilometre (14/sq mi) and its population has decreased by 0.3% over the previous 10-year period. [5] [6]

General information

Saetertinden mountain at the Tjeldsund-Harstad municipality border. Saetertinden.jpg
Sætertinden mountain at the Tjeldsund-Harstad municipality border.

The municipality of Tjeldsund was established on 1 January 1909 when it was separated from the large Lødingen Municipality. Tjeldsund encompassed the eastern part of Lødingen prior to the division. Initially, Tjeldsund had a population of 1,404. [7]

During the 1960s, there were many municipal mergers across Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee. On 1 January 1964, the western part of the island of Tjeldøya (population: 297) was transferred to Tjeldsund Municipality from Lødingen Municipality, uniting the whole island within the same municipality. On the same date, the unpopulated Ramnes area of Evenes Municipality was also transferred to Tjeldsund Municipality. [7]

On 1 January 2020, the municipality merged with the neighboring Skånland Municipality and at the same time the new municipality became a part of the newly formed Troms og Finnmark county (prior to the merger, Skånland was located in the old Troms county and Tjeldsund was in Nordland county). [8] [9] On 1 January 2024, Troms og Finnmark county was divided and the municipality became part of the newly re-created Troms county. [10]

Name

The municipality is named after the Tjeldsundet strait which runs between the islands of Tjeldøya and Hinnøya. The first element is the (uncompounded) Old Norse name of the island of Tjeldøya (Tjöld or Tjalda). The name of the island is probably derived from the word tjald which means "tent" or the similar word tjaldr which means "oystercatcher". The last element is sund which means "strait" or "sound". [11] [12] On 1 January 2020, when Skånland became a part of Tjeldsund, the municipality kept the name Tjeldsund, but also added a co-equal, official name in the Sami language: Dielddanuorri. [13] The two names can be used interchangeably for the municipality. The spelling of the Sami language name changes depending on how it is used. It is called Dielddanuorri when it is spelled alone, but it is Dielddanuori suohkan when using the Sami language equivalent to "Tjeldsund municipality". [4]

Coat of arms

The coat of arms was granted on 29 June 1990. The official blazon is "Argent, a cross of St. Anthony azure" (Norwegian : I sølv et blått Antonius-kors). This means the arms have a field (background) that has a tincture of argent which means it is commonly colored white, but if it is made out of metal, then silver is used. The charge is a Cross of Saint Anthony which has a tincture of azure. The blue color in the field symbolizes the importance of the sea. The cross is a canting of the letter T, the first letter of the name Tjeldsund. The blue cross shape also stands for the confluence of the Tjeldsundet and Ramsundet straits which run between the mainland and the islands of Tjeldøya and Hinnøya. The arms were designed by Arvid Sveen. [14] [15] [16]

Churches

The Church of Norway has four parishes (sokn) within the municipality of Tjeldsund. It is part of the Trondenes prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Nord-Hålogaland.

Churches in Tjeldsund
Parish (sokn)Church nameLocation of the churchYear built
Astafjord Astafjord Church Grov 1978
Skånland Skånland Church Evenskjer 1901
Tjeldsund Tjeldsund Church Hol i Tjeldsund 1863
Fjelldal Chapel Fjelldal 1960
Ramsund Chapel Ramsund 1964
Tovik Tovik Church Tovik 1905

Geography

Aerial view over Tjeldsund and part of Ofotfjord in January. Tjeldsund is partly located on the mainland, but also includes Tjeldoya (island). Tjeldsund Evenes IMG 4884 ofotfjorden.JPG
Aerial view over Tjeldsund and part of Ofotfjord in January. Tjeldsund is partly located on the mainland, but also includes Tjeldøya (island).

Tjeldsund is currently located in Troms county on the border with Nordland county to the south and west (prior to 2020, Tjeldsund was smaller, and located in Nordland county). Tjeldsund is partially located on the island of Tjeldøya which is surrounded by the Ofotfjorden on the south; the Tjeldsundet strait to the west, north, and east; and the Ramsundet strait to the east.

The island is connected to the mainland by the Ramsund Bridge. The rest of the municipality is on the mainland to the east of Tjeldøya plus a small area on the island of Hinnøya to the north of Tjeldøya, and the Skånland area on the mainland to the northeast. The municipalities of Evenes (in Nordland) and Gratangen (in Troms og Finnmark) lie to the east of Tjeldsund; Harstad, Kvæfjord, and Ibestad (in Troms og Finnmark) lie to the north; Lødingen lies to the west, and Narvik lies to the south.

The largest lake in the municipality is Skoddebergvatnet on the mainland.

Climate

Climate data for Hol i Tjeldsund 1961-1990
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Daily mean °C (°F)−3.8
(25.2)
−3.5
(25.7)
−1.8
(28.8)
1.5
(34.7)
6.3
(43.3)
9.9
(49.8)
12.3
(54.1)
11.8
(53.2)
7.9
(46.2)
3.9
(39.0)
−0.2
(31.6)
−2.7
(27.1)
3.5
(38.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches)101
(4.0)
91
(3.6)
74
(2.9)
61
(2.4)
49
(1.9)
54
(2.1)
76
(3.0)
81
(3.2)
100
(3.9)
141
(5.6)
102
(4.0)
115
(4.5)
1,045
(41.1)
Source: Norwegian Meteorological Institute [17]
Tjeldsundet, 2009 09.jpg
View of the Tjeldsundet (scroll to the left/right to see the whole picture)

Government

All municipalities in Norway are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, welfare and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads and utilities. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of directly elected representatives. The mayor is indirectly elected by a vote of the municipal council. [18] The municipality is under the jurisdiction of the Midtre Hålogaland District Court and the Hålogaland Court of Appeal.

Municipal council

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Tjeldsund is made up of 21 representatives that are elected to four year terms. The tables below show the current and historical composition of the council by political party.

Tjeldsund kommunestyre 20232027 [19]   
Party name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)2
  Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)1
  Conservative Party (Høyre)5
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet)2
  Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
  Tjeldsund cross-party list (Tjeldsund tverrpolitiske liste)6
Total number of members:21
Tjeldsund kommunestyre 20192023 [20]   
Party name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)8
  Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)2
  Conservative Party (Høyre)6
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet)3
  Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
  Hinnøy Area Cross-Party List
(Hinnøysiden Tverrpolitiske liste)
1
Total number of members:21
Tjeldsund kommunestyre 20152019 [21]   
Party name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)5
  Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)2
  Conservative Party (Høyre)5
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet)2
  Hinnøy Area Cross-Party List
(Hinnøysiden Tverrpolitiske liste)
3
Total number of members:17
Tjeldsund kommunestyre 20112015 [22]   
Party name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)4
  Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)2
  Conservative Party (Høyre)7
  Hinnøy Area Cross-Party List
(Hinnøysiden Tverrpolitiske liste)
3
  Municipal List Fiskefjord-Kongsvik-Hårvik
(Bygdelista Fiskefjord-Kongsvik-Hårvik)
1
Total number of members:17
Tjeldsund kommunestyre 20072011 [20]   
Party name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)4
  Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)3
  Conservative Party (Høyre)5
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet)1
  Hinnøy Area Cross-Party List
(Hinnøysiden Tverrpolitiske liste)
3
  Municipal List Fiskefjord-Kongsvik-Hårvik
(Bygdelista Fiskefjord-Kongsvik-Hårvik)
1
Total number of members:17
Tjeldsund kommunestyre 20032007 [20]   
Party name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)4
  Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)2
  Conservative Party (Høyre)4
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet)1
  Hinnøy Area Cross-Party List
(Hinnøysiden Tverrpolitiske liste)
3
  Municipal List Fiskefjord-Kongsvik-Hårvik
(Bygdelista Fiskefjord-Kongsvik-Hårvik)
1
  Tjeldsund cross-party list (Tjeldsund tverrpolitiske liste)2
Total number of members:17
Tjeldsund kommunestyre 19992003 [20]   
Party name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)4
  Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)1
  Conservative Party (Høyre)3
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet)2
 Joint list of the Liberal Party and Independents (Venstre og uavhengige)1
  Hinnøy Area Cross-Party List (Hinnøysiden Tverrpolitiske liste)4
  Fjelldal/Ramstad local list (Fjelldal/Ramstad bygdeliste)3
  Tjeldsund cross-party list (Tjeldsund tverrpolitiske liste)3
Total number of members:21
Tjeldsund kommunestyre 19951999 [23]   
Party name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)4
  Conservative Party (Høyre)1
 Joint list of the Centre Party and Independents (Senterpartiet og uavhengige)3
  Hinnøy Area Cross-Party List (Hinnøysiden Tverrpolitiske liste)6
  Fjelldal/Ramstad local list (Fjelldal/Ramstad bygdeliste)4
  Ramsund cross-party list (Ramsund tverrpolitiske liste)2
  Tjeldsund independent cultural list
(Tjeldsund uavhengige kulturliste)
1
Total number of members:21
Tjeldsund kommunestyre 19911995 [24]   
Party name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)6
  Conservative Party (Høyre)2
 Joint list of the Centre Party (Senterpartiet) and the Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)4
  Hinnøy Area Cross-Party List (Hinnøysiden Tverrpolitiske liste)4
  Fjelldal/Ramstad local list (Fjelldal/Ramstad bygdeliste)3
  Ramsund cross-party list (Ramsund tverrpolitiske liste)2
Total number of members:21
Tjeldsund kommunestyre 19871991 [25]   
Party name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)8
  Conservative Party (Høyre)4
 Joint list of the Centre Party  (Senterpartiet) and the Liberal Party  (Venstre)3
  Hinnøy Area Cross-Party List (Hinnøysiden Tverrpolitiske liste)4
  Fjelldal/Ramstad local list (Fjelldal/Ramstad bygdeliste)2
Total number of members:21
Tjeldsund kommunestyre 19831987 [26]   
Party name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)7
  Conservative Party (Høyre)5
 Joint list of the Centre Party (Senterpartiet), Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti), and Liberal Party  (Venstre)3
  Non-party district list for Fiskefjord, Kongsvik, Hårvik
(Upolitisk distriktsliste for Fiskefjord, Kongsvik, Hårvik)
4
  Fjelldal/Ramstad local list (Fjelldal/Ramstad bygdeliste)3
Total number of members:21
Tjeldsund kommunestyre 19791983 [27]   
Party name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)2
  Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)12
  Fjelldal/Ramstad local list (Fjelldal/Ramstad bygdeliste)4
  Election list for Ramsund (Valgliste for Ramsund)3
Total number of members:21
Tjeldsund kommunestyre 19751979 [28]   
Party name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)4
  Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)10
  Tjeldsund non-party list (Tjeldsund Upolitiske Liste)4
  Common list for Myklebostad and Ramsund
(Fellesliste Myklebostad og Ramsund)
3
Total number of members:21
Tjeldsund kommunestyre 19711975 [29]   
Party name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)6
  Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)11
  Local List(s) (Lokale lister)4
Total number of members:21
Tjeldsund kommunestyre 19671971 [30]   
Party name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)6
  Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)12
  Local List(s) (Lokale lister)3
Total number of members:21
Tjeldsund kommunestyre 19631967 [31]   
Party name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)5
  Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)12
  Local List(s) (Lokale lister)4
Total number of members:21
Tjeldsund herredsstyre 19591963 [32]   
Party name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)5
  Local List(s) (Lokale lister)10
Total number of members:15
Tjeldsund herredsstyre 19551959 [33]   
Party name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)6
  Local List(s) (Lokale lister)9
Total number of members:15
Tjeldsund herredsstyre 19511955 [34]   
Party name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)3
  Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)8
  Local List(s) (Lokale lister)1
Total number of members:12
Tjeldsund herredsstyre 19471951 [35]   
Party name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)4
  Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)7
  Local List(s) (Lokale lister)1
Total number of members:12
Tjeldsund herredsstyre 19451947 [36]   
Party name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)3
  Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)9
Total number of members:12
Tjeldsund herredsstyre 19371941* [37]   
Party name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)4
  Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)7
  Local List(s) (Lokale lister)1
Total number of members:12
Note: Due to the German occupation of Norway during World War II, no elections were held for new municipal councils until after the war ended in 1945.

Mayors

The mayors (Norwegian : ordfører) of Tjeldsund: [38]

  • 1909-1919: Johannes E.S. Olsen
  • 1920-1922: Eilert Fjelddahl
  • 1923-1928: Andreas Tønder Wiken
  • 1929-1931: Olaus T. Krosshamn
  • 1932-1971: Arne Wisthus (LL)
  • 1972-1983: Odd R. Stokke (LL)
  • 1984-1993: Geir Halvorsen (Ap)
  • 1993-1999: Gunnhill Andreassen (LL)
  • 1999-2000: Gunnar Flygel (LL)
  • 2000-2015: Bjørnar O. Pettersen (H)
  • 2015-2019: Liv Kristin Johnsen (H)
  • 2019–2023: Helene Berg Nilsen (Ap)
  • 2023-present: Robin Ridderseth (LL) [39]

Notable people

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References

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  4. 1 2 "Stadnamn og rettskriving" (in Norwegian). Kartverket . Retrieved 19 November 2023.
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