Tmolus

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Pactolus

Pactolus, now named Sart Çayı, is a river near the Aegean coast of Turkey. The river rises from Mount Tmolus, flows through the ruins of the ancient city of Sardis, and empties into the Gediz River, the ancient Hermus. The Pactolus once contained electrum that was the basis of the economy of the ancient state of Lydia which used the naturally occurring alloy of gold and silver to forge the first coins under Alyattes of Lydia.

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Mount Tmolus

Mount Tmolus, named after Tmolus, King of Lydia, is in "a mountain range on the south of Sardis, forming the watershed between the basins of the Hermus in the north and the Cayster in the south, and being connected in the east with Mount Messogis." It is situated in Lydia in western Turkey with the ancient Lydian capital Sardis at its foot and Hypaepa on its southern slope. The mountain was "celebrated for its excellent wine-growing slopes. It was equally rich in metals; and the river Pactolus, which had its source in Mount Tmolus, at one time carried from its interior a rich supply of gold." The geography of Tmolus and the contest between Pan and Apollo, associated with the mythical Tmolus, son of Ares, are mentioned in Ovid's Metamorphoses, 11.168.

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In Greek mythology, Tantalus may refer to the following related personages:

In Greek mythology, Tmolus (; was a mythical Greek king of Lydia and father of Tantalus by Plouto, daughter of Cronus or Himantes. He is most likely the same Tmolus, the son of Ares and Theogone, who is referenced to a scholion by Euripides. However in most versions, the father of Tantalus was Zeus himself.