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Tolstoy (Russian "Толстой") is a noble Russian family name derived from the Russian adjective "то́лстый" ("thick, stout, fat").
The family name is shared by three major Russian writers of the 19th-20th centuries, of whom two also share first names Alexei, and one of these has the same patronymic Nikolaevich (Nicholas's son) with the best known of them - Lev or Leo Tolstoy (1828–1910).
Tolstoy (Rus. masculine), Tolstaya (Rus. feminine), or Tolstoye may also refer to:
Tolstoy, or Tolstoi, is a family of Russian gentry that acceded to the high aristocracy of the Russian Empire. The name Tolstoy is itself derived from the Russian adjective "толстый". They are the descendants of Andrey Kharitonovich Tolstoy, who moved from Chernigov to Moscow and served under Vasily II of Moscow in the 15th century. The "wild Tolstoys", as they were known in the high society of Imperial Russia, have left a lasting legacy in Russian politics, military history, literature, and fine arts.
Count Pyotr Andreyevich Tolstoy was a Russian statesman and diplomat, prominent during and after the reign of Peter the Great. He was the ancestor of all the Counts Tolstoy, including the novelist Leo Tolstoy and Alexei Tolstoy the writer. His wife was Solomonic Timofeevna Dubrovskaya born 1660 and died 1722; he had two sons with her, Ivan and Peter. Both his sons died in exile with him the year before his own death. He was, however, survived by many grandchildren: the family was recalled by the Empress Elizabeth, daughter of Peter the Great in 1760, and had all honors and land restored.
Countess Alexandra (Sasha) Lvovna Tolstaya, often anglicized to Tolstoy, was the youngest daughter and secretary of the noted Russian novelist Leo Tolstoy.
Fyodor Tolstoy may refer to:
Count Lev Nikolayevich Tolstoy, usually referred to in English as Leo Tolstoy, was a Russian writer who is regarded as one of the greatest authors of all time. He received nominations for the Nobel Prize in Literature every year from 1902 to 1906 and for the Nobel Peace Prize in 1901, 1902, and 1909. That he never won is a major controversy.
Novo-Diveevo Convent is a female monastic community in Nanuet, Rockland County, New York in the United States, that was founded in 1949. It is under the auspices of the Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia. It is also called the Stavropighial Convent of the Holy Dormition. Locally and officially it is simply called The Russian Orthodox Convent.
Mikhail Artemyevich Kuznetsov was a Soviet film and theater actor. He was an Honored Artist of the Ukrainian SSR (1955), People's Artist of the RSFSR (1964), and the winner of the Stalin Prize of the first degree (1952).
Events from the year 1783 in Russia
Lev Tolstoy is a 1984 Soviet drama film directed by Sergey Gerasimov.