Tomar clan

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Tomar (also called/spelled Tomara) is a clan, some members of which ruled parts of North India at different times. People belonging to the Tomara clan are found among the Rajputs, [1] Jats [2] and Gurjars [3] [ unreliable source? ] of northern India.

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The area of Morena, Bhind and Gwalior in northern Madhya Pradesh is referred to as "Tomarghar" meaning "Home of Tomars" due to its large population of Tomar. [4]

History

The Tomar clan claim descent from Chandravanshi dynasty, naming the Mahabharata warrior Arjuna among their forebears. [5]

The earliest extant historical reference to the Tomaras (the Sanskrit form of "Tomar") occurs in the Pehowa inscription of the Gurjara-Pratihara king Mahendrapala I (r. c. 885-910 CE). [6] This undated inscription suggests that the Tomara chief Gogga was a vassal of Mahendrapala I. [7]

During 9th-12th century, the Tomars of Delhi ruled parts of the present-day Uttar Pradesh madhya pradesh rajasthan Delhi and Haryana. [8] Much of the information about this dynasty comes from bardic legends of little historical value, and therefore, the reconstruction of their history is difficult. [9] According to the bardic tradition, the dynasty's founder Anangapal Tomar (that is Anangapala I Tomara) founded Delhi in 736 CE. [6] However, the authenticity of this claim is doubtful. [9] The bardic legends also state that the last Tomara king (also named Anangapal) passed on the throne of Delhi to his son-in-law Prithviraj Chauhan. This claim is also inaccurate: historical evidence shows that Prithviraj inherited Delhi from his father Someshvara. [9] According to the Bijolia inscription of Someshvara, his brother Vigraharaja IV had captured Dhillika (Delhi) and Ashika (Hansi); he probably defeated a Tomara ruler. [10]

Anangpal's grandson Kosal Dev Singh is said to have established Kosli in 1193 A.D. [11]

The Tomaras of Gwalior ruled an area north of Gwalior known as the Tonwarghar tract. The most notable of these rulers was Man Singh Tomar (1486-1517). [12]

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Gurjar Group in India, Pakistan and Afghanistan

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Kanwari Village in Haryana, India

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Anangpur Dam Dam in Delhi and Haryana

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Anangpal Tomar Indian king

Anangpal II, popularly known as Anangpal Tomar, was an Indian king who belonged to the Tomara dynasty. He is credited to have established and populated Delhi during his reign in the 11th century.

Tomara dynasty Indian dynasty who ruled parts of present-day Delhi and Haryana during 9th-12th century

The Tomara dynasty ruled parts of present-day Delhi and Haryana in India during 8th-12th century. Their rule over this region is attested to by multiple inscriptions and coins. In addition, much of the information about them comes from medieval bardic legends, which are not historically reliable. They were displaced by the Chahamanas of Shakambhari in the 12th century.

Asigarh Fort

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The Chahamanas of Shakambhari, colloquially known as the Chauhans of Sambhar, were a dynasty that ruled parts of the present-day Rajasthan and its neighbouring areas in India, between 6th and 12th centuries. The territory ruled by them was known as Sapadalaksha. They were the most prominent ruling family of the Chahamana (Chauhan) clan, and were categorized among Agnivanshi Rajputs in the later medieval legends.

Someshvara was an Indian king belonging to the Chahamana dynasty and ruled parts of present-day Rajasthan in north-western India. He was brought up at the Chaulukya court in Gujarat by his maternal relatives. After death of Prithviraja II, the Chahamana ministers brought him to the capital Ajmer and appointed him as the new king. He is said to have commissioned several Shiva temples in Ajmer, and is best known as the father of Prithviraja III.

The Tomaras of Gwalior were a dynasty who ruled the Gwalior Fort and its surrounding region in central India during 14th-16th centuries. They are known for their patronage to the cultural activities in Gwalior.

References

  1. Mayaram, Shail (2003). Against History, Against State: Counterperspectives from the Margins. Columbia University Press. p. 22. ISBN   9780231529518.
  2. Sociological Bulletin. Indian Sociological Society. 2004. p. 404.
  3. Rahul Khari (5 January 2007). Jats and Gujars: origin, history and culture. Reference Press. ISBN   978-81-8405-031-8 . Retrieved 28 September 2011. In the contemporary Delhi, there are about 75 villages inhabited by the Gujars out of which 12 villages happened to be in Mehrauli where Gurjar belonging to Tomar clan dwell, who call themselves 'Tanwar'.
  4. "Guns rule 'badlands' of Bhind-Morena". Zeenews. Retrieved 9 August 2014.
  5. Singh, David Emmanuel (2012). Islamization in Modern South Asia: Deobandi Reform and the Gujjar Response. Walter de Gruyter. p. 55. ISBN   9781614511854.
  6. 1 2 Sailendra Nath Sen 1999, p. 339.
  7. Dilip Kumar Ganguly 1984, pp. 116-117.
  8. Upinder Singh 2008, p. 571.
  9. 1 2 3 D. C. Ganguly 1981, p. 704.
  10. Dilip Kumar Ganguly 1984, p. 117.
  11. Sarban Singh; Haryana (India). Gazetteers Organisation (2004). Haryana State Gazetteer: Lacks special title. Haryana Gazetteers Organisation, Revenue Dept.
  12. Kolff, Dirk H. A. (2002) [First published 1990]. Naukar, Rajput, and Sepoy: The Ethnohistory of the Military Labour Market of Hindustan, 1450-1850. Cambridge University Press. p. 89. ISBN   978-0-52152-305-9.

Bibliography