Tordenstjerne (noble family)

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Tordenstierne coat of arms. Tordenstierne (vaben).jpg
Tordenstierne coat of arms.
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Tordenstjerne, also spelled Tordenstierne, was a Norwegian noble family. [1]

Contents

History

Nils Sveinsson was on the 20th of July 1505 ennobled by John, King of Denmark under the name Tordenstjerne (lit. Thunder Star) for his braveness in the capture of Vänersborg in Sweden. He achieved as well the title squire (Norwegian: væpner). It is said that he first was married to the Swedish noblewoman Eline Henriksdotter Måneskjold av Rise, but that the marriage was childless. Thereafter he married Ingeborg Torsteinsdotter, who was the daughter of Torstein Asseresson on the farm Saue of Frogner parish in Lier. The resided on the Gullaug farm in Lier. Their children were Kristoffer Nilsson Tordenstjerne til Solum, Laurits Nilsson Tordenstjerne til Steinshorn, and Jon Nilsson Tordenstjerne til Gullaug. [2]

John, King of Denmark King of Denmark, Norway and Sweden

John was a Scandinavian monarch under the Kalmar Union. He was King of Denmark (1481–1513), Norway (1483–1513) and as John II Sweden (1497–1501). From 1482 to 1513, he was concurrently Duke of Schleswig and Holstein in joint rule with his brother Frederick.

Vänersborg Place in Västergötland, Sweden

Vänersborg is a locality and the seat of Vänersborg Municipality, Västra Götaland County, Sweden with 21,699 inhabitants Until 1997 it was the capital of Älvsborg County, which was dissolved in 1998. Since 1999 Vänersborg has been the seat of the regional parliament of Västra Götaland County. The city is located on the southern shores of lake Vänern, close to where the river Göta älv leaves the lake.

Squire historical profession

Starting in the Middle Ages, a squire was the shield- or armour-bearer of a knight. At times, a squire acted as a knight's errand runner.

Jon Nilsson Tordenstjerne til Gullaug († allegedly in 1592) was followed by his son, Audun Jonsson Tordenstjerne til Gullaug. In 1626, his son Jon Audunsson Tordenstjerne til Gullaug († between 1648 and 1661) is mentioned. His son was Audun Jonsson Tordenstjerne til Gullaug, his grandson was Niels Audensen Tordenstierne til Gullaug, and his great-grandson was Auden Nielsen Tordenstierne.

Gullaug

Gullaug is an unincorporated village at Lier municipality in Buskerud, Norway.

On the 5th of February 1734, Niels Audensen Tordenstierne's noble status was confirmed by King Christian VI of Denmark. His son, Auden Nielsen Tordenstierne, grew up and went to Copenhagen, where he in 1753 became a secretary in the Danish chancery. He received the title court junker (Norwegian: hoffjunker) shortly afterwards.

Christian VI of Denmark King of Denmark and Norway

Christian VI was King of Denmark and Norway from 1730 to 1746. The eldest surviving son of King Frederick IV and Louise of Mecklenburg-Güstrow, he is considered one of Denmark-Norway's more anonymous kings, but he was a skilled politician, best known for his authoritarian regime. He was the first king of the Oldenburg dynasty to refrain from entering in any war. He was married to Sophie Magdalene of Brandenburg-Kulmbach and was the father of Frederick V. His chosen motto was "deo et populo".

Copenhagen Capital of Denmark

Copenhagen is the capital and most populous city of Denmark. As of July 2018, the city has a population of 777,218. It forms the core of the wider urban area of Copenhagen and the Copenhagen metropolitan area. Copenhagen is situated on the eastern coast of the island of Zealand; another small portion of the city is located on Amager, and is separated from Malmö, Sweden, by the strait of Øresund. The Øresund Bridge connects the two cities by rail and road.

It is told that after a while, he became half-witted. After his stays in Copenhagen and Paris, be got ill and returned to his seat farm Gullaug in Lier. He isolated himself in two rooms in one end of the house, the Red Chamber and the Blue Chamber. They were small and dark rooms into which the daylight hardly could reach because of the leaden windows. Tordenstierne never appeared in daytime, and in the evening and the night, he wandered in his garden and along the beach wearing a dark cloak and a dark mask before his face. He was accompanied by his servant, who was «a negro». The last Thunder Star died on the 21st of February 1771.

Paris Capital of France

Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of 105 square kilometres and an official estimated population of 2,140,526 residents as of 1 January 2019. Since the 17th century, Paris has been one of Europe's major centres of finance, commerce, fashion, science, and the arts.

Seat farm Type of a farm

In Scandinavia, a seat farm was a farm where a nobleman had his permanent residence. They were found in the Kingdom of Denmark, the Kingdom of Norway, the Kingdom of Sweden, and Finland, and enjoyed certain privileges.

Lier, Norway Municipality in Buskerud, Norway

Lier is a municipality in Buskerud county, Norway. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Lierbyen. The municipality of Lier was established on 1 January 1838. The area Åssiden was transferred from Lier to the neighboring municipality of Drammen on 1 July 1951.

When the main building at Gullaug was rebuilt in 1843–44, there were found some letters and documents within the wall. They revealed that Tordenstierne had been in love with a farmer daughter. He had to give up his love because of his parents' dislike and his estate's demands.

Coat of arms

Description: A divided shield, whereof the first field in white and the second field in black, whereover is placed a five-pointed star whereof the three upper points are black and the two lower points are white. On the helm a five-pointed star in ditto tinctures between two (European) bison horns divided in black and white, vice versa, respectively.

See also

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References

  1. Jon Gunnar Arntzen. "Tordenstierne". Store norske leksikon. Retrieved July 1, 2017.
  2. "Søndre Gullaug". lier.kommune.no. Retrieved July 1, 2017.

Literature and sources