Verdal

Last updated
Verdal kommune
Municipality
Verdal1-2007.jpg
Verdal komm.svg
Coat of arms
Norway Counties Trondelag Position.svg
Trøndelag within
Norway
NO 5038 Verdal.svg
Verdal within Trøndelag
Coordinates: 63°47′53″N11°56′57″E / 63.79806°N 11.94917°E / 63.79806; 11.94917 Coordinates: 63°47′53″N11°56′57″E / 63.79806°N 11.94917°E / 63.79806; 11.94917
Country Norway
County Trøndelag
District Innherad
Established 1 Jan 1838
Administrative centre Verdalsøra
Government
  Mayor (2005) Bjørn Iversen (Ap)
Area
  Total 1,547.78 km2 (597.60 sq mi)
  Land 1,479.63 km2 (571.29 sq mi)
  Water 68.15 km2 (26.31 sq mi)  4.4%
Area rank #48 in Norway
Population (2017)
  Total 14,849
  Rank #80 in Norway
  Density 10/km2 (30/sq mi)
  Change (10 years) 6.4%
Demonym(s) Verdaling [1]
Time zone CET (UTC+01:00)
  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+02:00)
ISO 3166 code NO-5038
Official language form Neutral
Website verdal.kommune.no

Verdal is a municipality in Trøndelag county, Norway. It is part of the Innherad region. The administrative centre of the municipality is the town of Verdalsøra. Other villages in the municipality include Forbregd/Lein, Lysthaugen, Stiklestad, Trones, Vera, Vinne, and Vuku.

Trøndelag Region and county of Norway

Trøndelag is a county in the central part of Norway. It was created in 1687, then named Trondhjem County ; in 1804 the county was split into Nord-Trøndelag and Sør-Trøndelag, and the counties were reunited in 2018. Trøndelag county and the neighboring Møre og Romsdal county together form what is known as Central Norway.

Counties of Norway administrative regions that form the primary first-level subdivisions of Norway

Norway is divided into 18 administrative regions, called counties ; until 1918, they were known as amter. The counties form the first-level subdivisions of Norway and are further divided into 422 municipalities. The island territories of Svalbard and Jan Mayen are outside the county division and ruled directly at the national level. The capital Oslo is considered both a county and a municipality.

Norway constitutional monarchy in Northern Europe

Norway, officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a Nordic country in Northwestern Europe whose territory comprises the western and northernmost portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula; the remote island of Jan Mayen and the archipelago of Svalbard are also part of the Kingdom of Norway. The Antarctic Peter I Island and the sub-Antarctic Bouvet Island are dependent territories and thus not considered part of the kingdom. Norway also lays claim to a section of Antarctica known as Queen Maud Land.

Contents

The 1,548-square-kilometre (598 sq mi) municipality is the 48th largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway. Verdal is the 80th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 14,849. The municipality's population density is 10 inhabitants per square kilometre (26/sq mi) and its population has increased by 6.4% over the last decade. [2]

Population density A measurement of population numbers per unit area or volume

Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume; it is a quantity of type number density. It is frequently applied to living organisms, and most of the time to humans. It is a key geographical term. In simple terms population density refers to the number of people living in an area per kilometer square.

General information

The municipality of Værdalen was established on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). It is one of very few municipalities in Norway with unchanged borders since that date, although the spelling of the name was modified to Verdal. [3] On 1 January 2018, the municipality switched from the old Nord-Trøndelag county to the new Trøndelag county.

Formannskapsdistrikt is the name for Norwegian local self-government districts that were legally enacted on 1 January 1838. This system of municipalities was created in a bill approved by the Parliament of Norway and signed into law by King Carl Johan on 14 January 1837. The formannskaps law, which fulfilled an express requirement of the Constitution of Norway, required that every parish form a formannsskapsdistrikt (municipality) on 1 January 1838. In this way, the parishes of the state Church of Norway became worldly, administrative districts as well. In total, 396 formannsskapsdistrikts were created under this law, and different types of formannskapsdistrikts were created, also:

Nord-Trøndelag County in Norway

Nord-Trøndelag was a county constituting the northern part of the present-day Trøndelag county in Norway. The county was established in 1804 when the old Trondhjems amt was divided into two: Nordre Trondhjems amt and Søndre Trondhjems amt. In 2016, the two county councils voted to merge (back) into a single county on 1 January 2018.

Name

The Old Norse form of the name was Veradalr (from the word Verardalr). The first element is the genitive case of the river name Ver (now called Verdalselva) and the last element is dalr which means "valley" or "dale". The meaning of the river name is probably "the quiet one". The name was historically spelled Værdalen. [4]

Old Norse North Germanic language

Old Norse was a North Germanic language that was spoken by inhabitants of Scandinavia and their overseas settlements from about the 9th to the 13th century.

In grammar, the genitive case, also called the second case, is the grammatical case that marks a word, usually a noun, as modifying another word, also usually a noun—thus, indicating an attributive relationship of one noun to the other noun. A genitive can also serve purposes indicating other relationships. For example, some verbs may feature arguments in the genitive case; and the genitive case may also have adverbial uses.

Verdalselva river in Verdal, Norway

Verdalselva is a 21-kilometre (13 mi) long river in the municipality of Verdal in Trøndelag county, Norway. The river begins at Holmen in the village of Vuku at the confluence of the rivers Inna and Helgåa. The river Inna drains the lake Innsvatnet near the Swedish border and the river Helgåa runs from the lake Veresvatnet at the village of Vera. The river Verdalselva flows west into the Trondheimsfjord, after passing through the town of Verdalsøra. The river Verdalselva is one of the country's best for salmon fishing.

Coat of arms

The coat of arms is from modern times; they were granted on 15 December 1972. They show a gold cross on a red background. The cross is taken from a large painting in the Nidaros Cathedral in Trondheim, in which the death of King Olav Haraldsson (Saint Olaf) is shown. He died in the Battle of Stiklestad, the site of which is in Verdal municipality. In the painting, he holds a shield with the typical cross. To commemorate the battle, the cross was taken as arms for the municipality. [5]

Coat of arms unique heraldic design on a shield or escutcheon

A coat of arms is a heraldic visual design on an escutcheon, surcoat, or tabard. The coat of arms on an escutcheon forms the central element of the full heraldic achievement which in its whole consists of shield, supporters, crest, and motto. A coat of arms is traditionally unique to an individual person, family, state, organization or corporation.

Cross geometrical figure

A cross is a geometrical figure consisting of two intersecting lines or bars, usually perpendicular to each other. The lines usually run vertically and horizontally. A cross of oblique lines, in the shape of the Latin letter X, is also termed a saltire in heraldic terminology.

Nidaros Cathedral Church in Trøndelag, Norway

Nidaros Cathedral is a Church of Norway cathedral located in the city of Trondheim in Trøndelag county, Norway. It is built over the burial site of King Olav II of Norway now Saint Olav, the King of Norway in the 11th century, who became the patron saint of the nation, and is the traditional location for the consecration of new Kings of Norway. It was built over a long period of 230 years, from 1070 to 1300 when it was substantially completed. But additional work, additions and renovations continued occasionally intermittently for seven more centuries until 2001, and designated as the cathedral for the Diocese of Nidaros in 1152. After going the turmoil and controversies of the Protestant Reformation of the 16th century, it was taken from the Catholic Church by the newly reformed established state Church of Norway in 1537, which adopted and following the teachings and reforms of the German Catholic priest, Augustinian friar and university professor Martin Luther (1483-1546), Phillip Melancthon (1497-1560) and others, becoming Evangelical Lutheran. Norwegian Christian faith was heavily influenced by the events and theological debates further south in continental Europe in the Holy Roman Empire and German Confederation under Emperor Charles V. Nidaros is the northernmost medieval cathedral in the world.

Churches

The Church of Norway has four parishes (sokn) within the municipality of Verdal. It is part of the Sør-Innherad prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Nidaros.

Church of Norway Evangelical-Lutheran denomination in Norway

The Church of Norway is an evangelical Lutheran denomination of Protestant Christianity and by far the largest Christian church in Norway, with membership mandatory for everyone until the 19th century.

Diocese of Nidaros Church of Norway diocese

Nidaros is a diocese in the Lutheran Church of Norway. It covers Trøndelag county in Central Norway and its cathedral city is Trondheim, which houses the well-known Nidaros Cathedral. The diocese is divided into 10 deaneries (prosti). Since 10 September 2017, the Bishop of Nidaros is Herborg Finnset who took over from the Bishop Tor Singsaas who retired. The Bishop Preses is also based at the Nidaros Cathedral and serves as the dean of the Nidaros domprosti (deanery) in Trondheim.

Churches in Verdal
Parish (Sokn)Church NameLocation of the ChurchYear Built
Stiklestad Stiklestad Church Stiklestad 1180
Verdalsøra Chapel Verdalsøra 1969
Vera Vera Chapel Vera 1899
Vinne Vinne Church Vinne 1817
Vuku Vuku Church Vuku 1655

History

Battle of Stiklestad

The most famous battle in Norwegian history, the Battle of Stiklestad, took place at Stiklestad in Verdal in the year 1030. The Stiklestad Church was built afterwards at the place where King Olav Haraldsson, later redesigned as St. Olaf, died during the battle. Olavsstøtta, a memorial pillar dedicated to St. Olaf, was erected in 1807 to commemorate the Battle of Stiklestad. [6]

Verdalsraset

Early on the night of 19 May 1893, the most deadly landslide in modern Norwegian history, known as Verdalsraset, took place in Verdal. It killed 116 people and at least 500 animals when approximately 100 farms were swept away. A wet winter and several spring floods in the river made the quick clay under the topsoil in a large area of the valley turn into a fluid. The slide moved about 60,000,000 cubic metres (78,000,000 cu yd) of clay, completely reshaping the topography of the area, including moving the course of the river. [7]

Culture=

Stiklestad

Verdal is the location of the Stiklestad National Cultural Centre. The Saint Olav Drama appears here on an open stage every year in July. The play centers on events leading up to the Battle of Stiklestad. [8] [9]

Geography

Part of the Verdal river (Verdalselva). Verdalselva.JPG
Part of the Verdal river (Verdalselva).

Verdal is centered on the Verdal valley. The river Verdalselva runs through the valley into the Trondheimsfjord at Verdalsøra. The rivers Helgåa and Inna join together at Vuku to form the Verdalselva. The lake Veresvatnet flows into the river Helgåa and the lake Innsvatnet flows into the river Inna. The large lake Leksdalsvatnet lies on the Verdal-Steinkjer border. The southern tip of the large Blåfjella–Skjækerfjella National Park lies in the northeastern part of Verdal. Rinnleiret is a beach area along the Levanger-Verdal border in the west.

Government

All municipalities in Norway, including Verdal, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor. The municipality falls under the Inntrøndelag District Court and the Frostating Court of Appeal.

Municipal council

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Verdal is made up of 35 representatives that are elected to four-year terms. Currently, the party breakdown is as follows: [10]

Verdal Kommunestyre 2015–2019
Party NameName in NorwegianNumber of
representatives
  Labour Party Arbeiderpartiet15
  Progress Party Fremskrittspartiet2
  Conservative Party Høyre3
  Christian Democratic Party Kristelig Folkeparti1
  Green Party Miljøpartiet De Grønne1
  Centre Party Senterpartiet11
  Socialist Left Party Sosialistisk Venstreparti1
  Liberal Party Venstre1
Total number of members:35

Economy

Offshore industry (Aker Verdal) and agriculture are two of the most important parts of Verdal's economy. Despite its small size, Verdal is a municipality with great personality and cultural integrity. After several lottery grand prizes were received by some lucky inhabitants of Verdal, it is also known as one of the great "Lotto-bygds" of Norway (Small places with high a concentration of lottery wins in the national game of Lotto).

Transportation

European route E6 runs north and south through Verdalsøra, connecting the municipality with Steinkjer to the north and Levanger to the south. The Nordland Line also runs north and south through the municipality. There are two stations in Verdal: Verdal Station in Verdalsøra and Bergsgrav Station in Vinne.

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References