Von der Leyen Commission

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Von der Leyen Commission
Flag of Europe.svg
7th Commission of the European Union
(Ursula von der Leyen) EPP Summit, Brussels, 12 December 2019 (49207921333) (cropped).jpg
President Ursula von der Leyen (EPP, GER)
Date formed1 December 2019
People and organisations
Head of Commission
Deputy Head of Commission
No. of commissioners27
Member parties
Status in legislature
  • 432 / 705
  • Coalition (432):
    •      EPP (187)
    •      S&D (148)
    •      Renew (97)
  • Support (41) (unofficially):
Election(s) 2019 European Parliament election
Legislature term(s) Ninth
Budget(s)€165.8 billion (2019)
Predecessor Juncker Commission

The von der Leyen Commission is the current European Commission, in office since 1 December 2019. Its president is Ursula von der Leyen, who presides over a commission composed of one commissioner from each of the states composing the European Union, except Germany, which is von der Leyen's member state.


The Commission was scheduled to take office on 1 November 2019; however, the French, Hungarian and Romanian commissioner-candidates lost their confirmation votes by the European Parliament in early October 2019, [1] so new commissioners had to be selected from those three member states by the President-elect and subsequently confirmed by the Parliament. This process took place in November 2019 and the Commission eventually took office in its entirety on 1 December 2019. [2]

Election and formation

Von der Leyen, a member of the European People's Party (EPP), was selected and proposed to the European Parliament by the European Council on 3 July 2019 following a three day long negotiations between leaders of the member states. Von der Leyen faced many critics, especially by MEPs since the European Council ignored the so-called spitzenkandidat system when choosing candidate for the position.

On 16 July 2019, European Parliament took a vote on the proposal by the European Council and elected Von der Leyen with 383 votes (374 votes needed). Before the vote von der Leyen had a declared support of three largest political groups in the Parliament (EPP, S&D and RE), and during the debate conservative Polish party Law and Justice (PiS) with 24 MEPs, and Italian Five Stars Movement (M5S) with 14 MEPs declared their support for von der Leyen. Based on the result of the vote nearly 100 MEPs of the unofficial grand coalition EPP-S&D-RE did not vote for Von der Leyen. Based on the debate and public announcements of the MEPs most of the MEPs voting against von der Leyen probably came from S&D group, part of which is also German Social Democratic Party which publicly opposed Von der Leyen due to her work as German Defence Minister. [3]

Following her election, President of the European Council Donald Tusk asked von der Leyen to give her consent on appointing Josep Borrell of Spain the next EU High Representative. Consent was given on 26 July 2019, following which, the European Council officially appointed Borrell the next High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy on 5 August 2019. [4] [5] [6] Borrell is to be officially nominated by the Spanish government and has to pass the vote of the European Parliament AFET Committee after a hearing before the same committee.

The Commission was approved by European Parliament on 27 November 2019, receiving 461 votes, with 157 against and 89 abstentions. EPP, S&D, Renew Europe and half of ECR voted in favour. Greens/EFA abstained. [7]

College of Commissioners

Even before von der Leyen's confirmation, she pledged to renominate Frans Timmermans, the spitzenkandidat of the Party of European Socialists (PES), as the First Vice President. Margrethe Vestager, one of the leading candidates of the Alliance of Liberal and Democrats for Europe Party (ALDE), was said by von der Leyen will become Vice President as well, having de facto equal position to that of Timmermans. Other names have been mentioned by various news outlets as candidates. Some of the member states have already submitted the official nominations to the President-in-office of the Council of the EU.

Von der Leyen requested that member states each propose two candidates, one of each gender, so it would be easier to form a gender balanced commission. France's Thierry Breton was the last candidate to be designated on 24 October 2019 by Emmanuel Macron.

Commissioners of the Von der Leyen Commission
CommissionerPortraitPortfolio [8] EU Party (Nat. Party)Member State [lower-alpha 1] Date of official nominationRef.
Ursula von der Leyen Ursula von der Leyen (49468709252).jpg President EPP
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 2 July 2019 (by the European Council) [9] [10]
Frans Timmermans (Frans Timmermans) Hearing of Frans Timmermans (the Netherlands) - Executive Vice President-Designate - European Green Deal (48866429362) (cropped).jpg European Green Deal (First Vice President and Executive Vice President)
Climate Action
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands [9] [10]
Margrethe Vestager (Margrethe Vestager) Hearings of Margrethe Vestager DK, vice president-designate for a Europe fit for the digital age (48865071413) (cropped).jpg A Europe Fit for the Digital Age (Executive Vice President)
Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark 1 August 2019 [9] [11] [12] [10]
Valdis Dombrovskis Valdis Dombrovskis 2009.jpg An Economy That Works for People (Executive Vice President)
Financial Stability, Financial Services and the Capital Markets Union
Flag of Latvia.svg  Latvia 23 July 2019 [9] [13] [10]
Josep Borrell Josep Borrell (49468484246).jpg Foreign Affairs and Security Policy (Vice President) PES
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain [9] [4] [5] [6] [10]
Maroš Šefčovič Informal meeting of Energy and Transport Ministers (TTE). Energy Ministers press conference (36950060020) (cropped).jpg Interinstitutional Relations and Foresight (Vice President) PES
Flag of Slovakia.svg  Slovakia 19 July 2019 [9] [14] [10]
Věra Jourová Vera Jourova.jpg Values and Transparency (Vice President) ALDE
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic [15] [10]
Dubravka Šuica Dubravka Suica - Croatian part- Citizens' Corner debate on gender equality in EU labour markets (32494127516).jpg Democracy and Demography (Vice President) EPP
Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia [16] [10]
Margaritis Schinas Hearing of Margaritis Schinas (Greece) - Protecting our European way of life (48838400957) (cropped).jpg Promoting the European Way of Life (Vice President) EPP
Flag of Greece.svg  Greece 23 July 2019 [17] [18] [10]
Johannes Hahn JohannesHahnPortrait.jpg Budget and Administration EPP
Flag of Austria.svg  Austria 22 July 2019 [19] [20] [10]
Phil Hogan Phil Hogan (2015).jpg Trade EPP
Flag of Ireland.svg  Ireland 31 July 2019 [9] [21]
Mariya Gabriel Gabriel Mariya 2014-02-06 2.jpg Innovation, Research, Culture, Education and Youth EPP
Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria 23 July 2019 [9] [22] [10]
Nicolas Schmit Informal meeting of ministers for employment, social affairs, family and gender equality (iEPSCO). Handshake and welcome Jevgeni Ossinovski, Nicolas Schmit and Kaia Iva (35979354896) - CROP SCHMIT.jpg Jobs and Social Rights PES
Flag of Luxembourg.svg  Luxembourg [9] [10]
Paolo Gentiloni Paolo Gentiloni EP Parliament (cropped).jpg Economy PES
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 5 September 2019 [23] [10]
Janusz Wojciechowski Hearings Janusz Wojciechowski (Poland) - Agriculture (48826794617) (cropped).jpg Agriculture ECR
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland [24] [10]
Elisa Ferreira Hearings with Elisa Ferreira (PT), candidate commissioner for cohesion and reforms (48833172086) (cropped).jpg Cohesion and Reforms PES
Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal [25] [26] [10]
Olivér Várhelyi Hearing of Oliver Varhelyi (Hungary) - Designate - Neighbourhood and Enlargement (49063520601) (cropped2).jpg Neighbourhood and Enlargement EPP
(independent on national level)
Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary [9] [10]
Stella Kyriakidou Hearings Hearings Stella Kyriakides (Cyprus) - Health (48828012607) (cropped2).jpg Health EPP
Flag of Cyprus.svg  Cyprus 23 July 2019 [9] [27] [10]
Didier Reynders Belgian Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs and European Affairs (44866389735) (cropped).jpg Justice ALDE
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium [28] [10]
Adina Vălean Hearing of Adina-Ioana Valean (Romania)- Commissioner Designate - European Green Deal (49063874993) (cropped).jpg Transport EPP
Flag of Romania.svg  Romania [29] [10]
Helena Dalli Hearing with Helena Dalli (MT), candidate commissioner for equality (48832245446) (cropped).jpg Equality PES
Flag of Malta.svg  Malta [30] [10]
Thierry Breton Hearing of Commissioner-designate Thierry Breton (49068069128) (cropped).jpg Internal MarketInd.Flag of France.svg  France 24 October 2019 [31] [10]
Ylva Johansson Ylva Johansson 2014.jpg Home Affairs PES
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden [32] [10]
Janez Lenarčič Hearing of Janez Lenarcic (Slovenia) - Crisis management (48833246092) (cropped).jpg Crisis Management ALDE
Flag of Slovenia.svg  Slovenia 26 July 2019 [33] [34] [10]
Jutta Urpilainen Jutta Urpilainen (cropped).jpg International Partnerships PES
Flag of Finland.svg  Finland 22 July 2019 [35] [36] [10]
Kadri Simson Kadri Simson 2017-05-25 (cropped).jpg Energy ALDE
Flag of Estonia.svg  Estonia 22 July 2019 [37] [38] [10]
Virginijus Sinkevičius Hearing of Virginijus Sinkevicius.jpg Environment, Oceans and FisheriesNone
Flag of Lithuania.svg  Lithuania [39] [10]

Commission departments

Result of the election of the Commission, in the European Parliament in Strasbourg, 27 November 2019 Parliament to vote on new European Commission (49133145422).jpg
Result of the election of the Commission, in the European Parliament in Strasbourg, 27 November 2019


Directorates-General of the Von der Leyen Commission
Directorate-GeneralsRelevant Commissioner
Agriculture and Rural Development AGRI Janusz Wojciechowski
Budget BUDG Johannes Hahn
Climate Action CLIMA Frans Timmermans
Communications Networks, Content and Technology CONNECT Thierry Breton
Communication COMM Ursula von der Leyen
Competition COMP Margrethe Vestager
Defence Industry and Space DEFIS Thierry Breton
Economic and Financial Affairs ECFIN Paolo Gentiloni
Education, Youth, Sport and Culture EAC Mariya Gabriel
Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion EMPL Nicolas Schmit
Energy ENER Kadri Simson
Environment ENV Virginijus Sinkevičius
European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations ECHO Janez Lenarčič
European Neighbourhood Policy and Enlargement Negotiations NEAR Olivér Várhelyi
Eurostat - European statistics EUROSTAT Paolo Gentiloni
Financial Stability, Financial Services and Capital Markets Union FISMA Valdis Dombrovskis
Health and Food Safety SANTE Stella Kyriakides
Human Resources and Security HR Johannes Hahn
Informatics DIGIT Johannes Hahn
Internal Audit Service IAS Didier Reynders
Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs GROW Thierry Breton
International Cooperation and Development DEVCO Jutta Urpilainen
Interpretation SCIC Johannes Hahn
Joint Research Centre JRC Mariya Gabriel
Justice and Consumers JUST Didier Reynders & Helena Dalli
Maritime Affairs and Fisheries MARE Virginijus Sinkevičius
Migration and Home Affairs HOME Ylva Johansson
Mobility and Transport MOVE Adina Vălean
Regional and Urban Policy REGIO Elisa Ferreira
Structural Reform Support REFORM Elisa Ferreira
Research and Innovation RTD Mariya Gabriel
Taxation and Customs Union TAXUD Paolo Gentiloni
Trade TRADE Phil Hogan
Translation DGT Johannes Hahn

Executive agencies and service departments

Executive agencies

Executive agencies of the Von der Leyen Commission
Executive AgencyHead
Consumers, Health, Agriculture and Food Executive Agency CHAFEA
Education, Audiovisual and Culture Executive Agency EACEA
European Research Council Executive AgencyERCEA
Executive Agency for Small and Medium-sized Enterprises EASME
Research Executive Agency REA

Service departments

Service departments of the Von der Leyen Commission
Service departmentHead
Administration and Payment of Individual Entitlements PMO
Data Protection Officer DPO
European Anti-Fraud Office OLAF
European Personnel Selection Office EPSO
European Political Strategy Centre EPSC
Foreign Policy Instruments FPI
Historical Archives Service
Infrastructure and Logistics in Brussels OIB
Infrastructure and Logistics in Luxembourg OIL
Innovation and Networks Executive Agency INEA
Internal Audit Service IAS
Legal Service SJ
Library and e-Resources Centre
Publications Office OP
Secretariat-General SG
Structural Reform Support ServiceSRSS
Taskforce on Article 50 negotiations with the United Kingdom

Selection of the candidate for president

Following the example of the 2014 European Election, in advance of the 2019 elections the main European political parties named so-called spitzenkandidaten, or leading candidates, who were the parties' candidates to become the next president of the European Commission. All of the parties named at least one candidate; some named two, while the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party (ALDE), which officially opposed the system of spitzenkandidaten, introduced "Team Europe," which consisted of several high-ranking European politicians. However, other parties perceived those candidates, especially Margrethe Vestager of Denmark, as leading candidates.

The leading candidates were:

PartyLeading candidates
European People's Party Flag of Germany.svg Manfred Weber
Party of European Socialists Flag of the Netherlands.svg Frans Timmermans
Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party Flag of Germany.svg Nicola Beer
Flag of Italy.svg Emma Bonino
Flag of Slovenia.svg Violeta Bulc
Flag of Hungary.svg Katalin Cseh
Flag of Spain.svg Luis Garicano
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Guy Verhofstadt
Flag of Denmark.svg Margrethe Vestager
Alliance of Conservatives and Reformists in Europe Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Jan Zahradil
European Green Party Flag of the Netherlands.svg Bas Eickhout
Flag of Germany.svg Ska Keller
Party of the European Left Flag of Slovenia.svg Violeta Tomić
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Nico Cué

After winning 2019 European election, the European People's Party claimed that the position of the President of the European Commission should be given to them and wanted their leading candidate Manfred Weber for the job. However, Weber faced strong opposition from the liberal-leaning French President Emmanuel Macron and the ALDE, and from the Party of European Socialists (PES) as well; opposition was driven by Weber's lack of experience, since he had only previously served as MEP and never held any governmental position. [40] The PES strongly supported the candidature of Frans Timmermans, who also had support from most of the ALDE members of the European Council. (Czech Prime Minister Andrej Babiš is a member of the ALDE but also of the Visegrad Four, which strongly opposed Timmermans because of his support for migration quotas and inability to reach compromises. [41] ) The ALDE Party wanted to see Margrethe Vestager taking the top Commission job.

The first European Council meeting was held on 20 and 21 June 2019, bringing no decision on distribution of EU top jobs. President Donald Tusk summoned leaders again for a special meeting that lasted from 30 June until 2 July 2019. Over three days of negotiations, the EPP gave up on Weber becoming the President of the Commission; it seemed that Timmermans might be nominated, especially after he met with Bulgarian Prime Minister and EPP member Boyko Borisov at the Bulgarian Embassy in Belgium during the meeting of the European Council. Naming Timmermans President of the European Commission would have been a part of the so-called Osaka deal, a plan that was formed by several EU leaders (Emmanuel Macron, Angela Merkel, Giuseppe Conte, Donald Tusk, Mark Rutte, and Pedro Sánchez) during the 2019 G20 Summit in Osaka, Japan.

However, the opposition from Visegrad Four, now joined by Croatia and Italy, was still strong, and Timmermans could not win a Council majority. Other names mentioned during the negotiations included Michel Barnier, Kristalina Georgieva and Andrej Plenković; it became clear after the Council ended that Plenković's name had been introduced by Commission Secretary-General Martin Selmayr, who is Plenković's close friend. The candidature was rejected by Macron, who opposed the personal ambitions of leaders. [42]

When Ursula von der Leyen (EPP)'s name emerged as a potential candidate, it was a surprise and she faced many critics, mainly because she had not been a spitzenkandidat. The German Social Democratic Party, part of the German government coalition, opposed von der Leyen due to her work as minister of defence, which resulted in the German Chancellor Angela Merkel's abstention during the Council's vote on the proposal. Nevertheless, all other European Council members voted in favor, and she was nominated as the next President of the European Commission.


With the three month Brexit delay requested, the United Kingdom had not nominated any British commissioner. This was a unique event with no precedent in the history of the European Union. Von der Leyen had to formally request the British Government nominate an EU commissioner. She also asked the legal service if the Commission could operate without a British commissioner. Some MEPs have suggested the possibility of a vote to allow the EU Commission to operate without a British commissioner. [43]

The United Kingdom left the European Union at 11.59 P.M. on 31 January 2020, so the position of British commissioner remained vacant until its automatic abolition when Brexit finally occurred.


  1. No nominee was proposed by the United Kingdom

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