Albine de Montholon

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Albine de Montholon (December 19, 1779 - March 25, 1848) [1] was a French noblewoman, and the wife of Charles Tristan, marquis de Montholon. She was reputed to be the mistress of Napoleon during his exile on Saint Helena.

Charles Tristan, marquis de Montholon French army commander

Charles Tristan, marquis de Montholon was a French general during the Napoleonic Wars. He chose to go into exile on Saint Helena with the ex-Emperor after Napoleon's second abdication.

Napoleon 18th/19th-century French monarch, military and political leader

Napoléon Bonaparte was a French statesman and military leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars. He was Emperor of the French as Napoleon I from 1804 until 1814 and again briefly in 1815 during the Hundred Days. Napoleon dominated European and global affairs for more than a decade while leading France against a series of coalitions in the Napoleonic Wars. He won most of these wars and the vast majority of his battles, building a large empire that ruled over much of continental Europe before its final collapse in 1815. He is considered one of the greatest commanders in history, and his wars and campaigns are studied at military schools worldwide. Napoleon's political and cultural legacy has endured as one of the most celebrated and controversial leaders in human history.

Saint Helena island in the South Atlantic Ocean

Saint Helena is a volcanic tropical island in the South Atlantic Ocean, 4,000 kilometres (2,500 mi) east of Rio de Janeiro and 1,950 kilometres (1,210 mi) west of the mouth of the Cunene River, which marks the border between Namibia and Angola in southwestern Africa. It is part of the British Overseas Territory of Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha. Saint Helena measures about 16 by 8 kilometres and has a population of 4,534. It was named after Saint Helena of Constantinople.

Life

She was born Albine Hélène de Vassal in Paris. Her cousin was Régis de Cambacérès. On February 19, 1797, at age 17, she married Jean-Pierre Bignon; they divorced in 1799. [2] On August 18, 1800, at age 20, she married Daniel Roger. In December 1809, she gave birth to a son, Tristan Charles François Napoléon de Montholon-Sémonville. A second son, Napoléon Charles Tristan de Montholon-Sémonville, was born on October 3, 1810. [3] Both sons being named "Charles", "Tristan", and "de Montholon-Sémonville" suggests they were fathered by Montholon before Albine married him on July 2, 1812, two months after divorcing Roger. She gave birth to her third son, Charles-François-Frédéric, in 1814.

Paris Capital of France

Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of 105 square kilometres and an official estimated population of 2,140,526 residents as of 1 January 2019. Since the 17th century, Paris is one of Europe's major centres of finance, diplomacy, commerce, fashion, science, and the arts.

Jean Jacques Régis de Cambacérès French lawyer and statesman during the French Revolution and the First Empire, best remembered as the author of the Napoleonic Code

Jean-Jacques-Régis de Cambacérès, duc de Parme, was a French nobleman, lawyer and statesman during the French Revolution and the First Empire. He is best remembered as one of the authors of the Napoleonic Code, which still forms the basis of French civil law and French-inspired civil law in many countries.

Charles-François-Frédéric, marquis de Montholon-Sémonville French diplomat

Charles François Frédéric de Montholon-Sémonville was a French senator, diplomat, and French ambassador to the United States, from 1864 to 1866.

She gave birth to her fourth child, Hélène in 1816 on Saint Helena. As she was involved at the time with both Montholon and Napoleon, it is unknown which man fathered Hélène.

Hélène Napoleone Bonaparte was the reputed daughter of Napoleon by his mistress, Albine de Montholon, wife of Charles Tristan, marquis de Montholon, and mother of Charles-François-Frédéric, marquis de Montholon-Sémonville.

Shortly after Albine died in Montpellier, Montholon married his mistress, Catherine O'Hara, mother of his son, Charles Jean Tristan. [4]

Montpellier Prefecture and commune in Occitanie, France

Montpellier is a city near the south coast of France on the Mediterranean Sea. It is the capital of the Hérault department. It is located in the Occitanie region. In 2014, 589,610 people lived in the urban area and 275,318 in the city itself. Nearly one third of the population are students from three universities and from three higher education institutions that are outside the university framework in the city.

Albine was played by Elsa Zylberstein in Monsieur N. [5]

Elsa Zylberstein French actress

Elsa Zylberstein is a French film, TV, and stage actress. After studying drama, Zylberstein began her film career in 1989, and has appeared in more than 60 films. She won the César Award for Best Supporting Actress for I've Loved You So Long (2008).

<i>Monsieur N.</i> 2003 film by Antoine de Caunes

Monsieur N. is a 2003 British-French film directed by Antoine de Caunes. It tells the story of the last years of the life of the Emperor Napoléon, who was imprisoned by the British on St Helena. Napoléon retained a loyal entourage of officers who helped him plot his escape, and evaded the attentions of Major-General Sir Hudson Lowe, the island's overzealous Governor.

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Montholon may refer to:

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References

  1. "Albine Hélène de Vassal" geni.com Accessed August 17, 2014
  2. "Albine Hélène de Vassal" geni.com Accessed August 17, 2014
  3. "Albine Hélène de Vassal" geni.com Accessed August 17, 2014
  4. "Charles-Jean-Tristan-de-Montholon-Semonville" geni.com Accessed August 17, 2014
  5. Monsieur N. at IMDb