An Englishman's Home

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An Englishman's Home is a threat-of-invasion play by Guy du Maurier, first produced in 1909. The title is a reference to the expression "an Englishman's home is his castle".

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Actor William Hawtrey in An Englishman's Home on Broadway (ca. 1909) William Hawtrey 001.jpg
Actor William Hawtrey in An Englishman's Home on Broadway (ca. 1909)

Play

An Englishman's Home caused a sensation in London when it appeared anonymously, under the name "A Patriot", in 1909. [1] The writer Guy du Maurier was a regular officer in the British Army, who had seen active service during the South African War and who was to be killed in France in 1915. [2]

It first played at Wyndham's Theatre on 27 January [3] and went on to be a long-running success. It is now considered a typical example of the invasion literature popular at the time. [4] The play was produced by Guy's brother Gerald du Maurier, possibly without his knowledge and with some assistance from J. M. Barrie. [5] The story concerns an attack on England by a foreign power identified as "Nearland", generally assumed to represent Germany. The home of an ordinary middle-class family is besieged by Nearlander soldiers, and the play climaxes with the father shooting an enemy officer and subsequently being executed. [1] In Guy du Maurier's original version the invaders triumph but J. M. Barrie and Gerald du Maurier revised the ending to provide a last-minute British victory. [6]

The play stressed Britain's unpreparedness for attack, and has been credited with boosting recruitment to the Territorial Force in the years immediately before World War I. [1] [3] The play was revived on stage in May 1939 at London's Prince's Theatre. [7] It influenced niece Daphne du Maurier's 1952 novelette The Birds , [8] which was made into a movie directed by Alfred Hitchcock.

Film

1914 film

In 1914, the play was made into a silent film directed by Ernest Batley. [7] [9]

1939 film

An Englishman's Home
Starring Edmund Gwenn
CountryUnited Kingdom
LanguageEnglish
Budget£100,000 [10]

Du Maurier's play was also the basis for the 1939 British drama film of the same name directed by Albert de Courville and starring Edmund Gwenn, Mary Maguire and Paul Henreid. [11] A German spy is despatched to Britain to search out targets for a planned invasion. [12] The film, which was also known as "Mad Men of Europe", was released in the UK by United Artists in 27 January 1940 and in the USA by Columbia Pictures in 26 June 1940. [13]

It was the first film with a wartime setting to be shown in London since the war began. [10]

Cast

Notes

  1. 1 2 3 Ticknor 1922
  2. Birkin, Andrew (December 2002). J.M. Barrie and the Lost Boys. p. 173. ISBN   978-0-300-09822-8.
  3. 1 2 MacKenzie 1992
  4. Fussell 1998
  5. Eby 1987
  6. Birkin, Andrew (December 2002). J.M. Barrie and the Lost Boys. p. 242. ISBN   978-0-300-09822-8.
  7. 1 2 Cooper 2012, Chapter 2
  8. Auerbach 2002
  9. IMDB: An Englishman's Home
  10. 1 2 "BRITAIN'S FIRST WAR FILM SINCE OUTBREAK OF HOSTILITIES". Recorder (Port Pirie, SA : 1919 – 1954) . Port Pirie, SA: National Library of Australia. 2 January 1940. p. 3. Retrieved 21 February 2016.
  11. The Spectator, 5 October 1939
  12. BFI Film & TV Database
  13. IMDB: Mad Men of Europe

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