Battle on the Planta

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Battle on the Planta
Part of Burgundian Wars
Bataille de la Planta.jpg
Battle of the Planta by Gerold Edlibach, 1486
Date13 November 1475
Location 46°13′N7°21′E / 46.217°N 7.350°E / 46.217; 7.350 Coordinates: 46°13′N7°21′E / 46.217°N 7.350°E / 46.217; 7.350
Result Upper Valais/Swiss Victory
Belligerents
Drapeau de la Savoie.svg Duchy of Savoy Early Swiss cross.svg Swiss Confederation
Flag of the Bishop of Sion.svg Upper Valais (Prince-Bishopric of Sion)
Commanders and leaders
unknown Hans am Hengart
Hans Asperlin
Walter Supersaxo
Strength
10,000 men,
including 1,500 knights
3,000 Confederates
3,000–4,000 Valais
Casualties and losses
1,000 men,
including 300 knights
light
Reliefkarte Wallis blank.png
Red pog.svg
Location within Canton of Valais
Switzerland adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Battle on the Planta (Switzerland)

The Battle on the Planta, fought on 13 November 1475 around Conthey near Sion, Valais, Switzerland, was part of the Burgundian Wars.

Contents

Background

In the 13th and 14th centuries, the Upper Valais (the eastern portion of the valley, higher in the mountains) was colonized by Germans from Hasli in the Canton of Bern. The Upper Valais was loosely allied with the Swiss, especially with Bern. The Lower Valais (the western, lowlands of the valley) were inhabited by French speakers under the power of the Dukes of Savoy. During the early and mid 15th century conflicts between the Upper Valais and Lower Valais often led to fighting. In 1446 Bern and Savoy signed a peace treaty, though border conflicts over the following decades damaged the agreement. In 1473 Duchess Yolande of Savoy embargoed Bern. [1]

The battle

In 1475 Bern invaded Vaud, a Savoy province, and signed an alliance with the Upper Valais on 7 September 1475. [2] With Bernese support the Upper Valais prepared for war. Led by the Bishop of Sion Walter Supersaxo the Upper Valais forces began attacking Savoy holdings. A Savoy counterattack in early November threatened the city of Sion. On 13 November the Bishop's forces together with unexpected reinforcements from Saanen, the Simmental, Fribourg, and Solothurn defeated the Savoy counterattack near Conthey to the west of Sion. [3]

Aftermath

Following the Savoy defeat at the battle, the bishop's army marched west conquering the Lower Valais as far as Saint-Maurice and capturing a total of 17 Savoyard castles. [1] The towns of Conthey and Saint-Maurice were garrisoned by Bern and Fribourg and Savoy was cut off from Italy. [3] In 1477, the bishop annexed much of the Lower Valais, though it was not accepted by Savoy until 1528. [1] The Confederate support strengthened the ties between Valais and the Swiss Confederation.

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Valais Canton of Switzerland

Valais, sometimes Wallis, more formally the Canton of Valais, is one of the 26 cantons forming the Swiss Confederation. It is composed of thirteen districts and its capital and largest city is Sion. The flag of the canton is made of thirteen stars representing the districts, on a white-red background.

Canton of Bern Canton of Switzerland

The canton of Bern or Berne is one of the 26 cantons forming the Swiss Confederation. It is composed of ten districts and its capital city is Bern. The bear is the heraldic symbol of the canton, displayed on a red-yellow background.

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Growth of the Old Swiss Confederacy

The Old Swiss Confederacy began as a late medieval alliance between the communities of the valleys in the Central Alps, at the time part of the Holy Roman Empire, to facilitate the management of common interests such as free trade and to ensure the peace along the important trade routes through the mountains. The Hohenstaufen emperors had granted these valleys reichsfrei status in the early 13th century. As reichsfrei regions, the cantons of Uri, Schwyz, and Unterwalden were under the direct authority of the emperor without any intermediate liege lords and thus were largely autonomous.

Burgundian Wars 1474-77 Western European conflict between the Burgundian State and Old Swiss Confederacy

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Roman Catholic Diocese of Sion

The Diocese of Sion is a Roman Catholic ecclesiastical territory in the canton of Valais, Switzerland. It is the oldest bishopric in the country and one of the oldest north of the Alps. The history of the Bishops of Sion, of the Abbey of St. Maurice of Valais as a whole are inextricably intertwined.

Old Swiss Confederacy Confederation of cantons from 1291–1798 that was a predecessor state of the Helvetic Republic

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Coat of arms of Valais

The coat of arms of the Swiss canton of Valais is in red and white, divided vertically with thirteen five-pointed stars in opposite colours . The stars represent the thirteen districts. It was introduced in 1815, when the Valais was detached from the French Department of Simplon to join the Swiss Confederacy.

Raron affair

The Raron affair was a 15th-century rebellion in the Valais against the power of a local noble family, the Raron family. The rebellion brought several cantons of the Swiss Confederation into conflict with each other and threatened a civil war in the Confederation. While Bern was initially successful, they were eventually forced to surrender most of their gains.

Republic of the Seven Tithings State in Early Modern Switzerland

The Republic of the Seven Tithings was a state in the Upper and Central Valais, in what is now the canton of Valais, Switzerland, during the Early modern period, and an associate of the Old Swiss Confederacy.

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The Second Battle of Ulrichen was a battle fought in 1419 between the Old Swiss Confederacy lead by Bern and rebels from Valais near Ulrichen in the district of Goms in the canton of Valais in Switzerland. Negotiations after the battle led to the end of the Raron affair and self-determination for Valais.

Raron family

Von Raron was an influential noble family in the Valais in the late medieval period.

Gestelnburg

The ruins of the Gestelnburg castle are situated above the village of Niedergesteln in Valais, Switzerland, on a rocky ridge called Feschti. The castle was probably built during the 12th century by the powerful Barons de la Tour, which are also called in German Herrn vom Turn. The rule of this family ended during the wars against the bishop of Sion in the second half of the 14th century, and the castle was finally destroyed by the Upper Valaisans in 1384. Exactly 600 years later, a project was started to restore the ruins and make them more easily accessible. Behind the castle there is a cave called Feschtiloch, which originates from the last ice age. The Gestelnburg is a Swiss cultural property of national importance.

Saillon Castle

Saillon Castle or Bayard Tower is a ruined castle in the municipality of Saillon of the Canton of Valais in Switzerland. It is a Swiss heritage site of national significance.

Saxon Castle

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References

  1. 1 2 3 Valais in German , French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland .
  2. Burgundian War in German , French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland .
  3. 1 2 Vaughan, Richard (2002). Charles the Bold: The Last Valois Duke of Burgundy. Boydell Press. p. 364.