Carolyn Wells

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Wells's mystery Vicky Van was serialized in The Argosy in 1917-18 Argosy 19171229.jpg
Wells's mystery Vicky Van was serialized in The Argosy in 1917-18
Wells's "In The Tiger's Cage" was the cover story for the March 1934 issue of Black Book Detective. Black book detective 193403.jpg
Wells's "In The Tiger's Cage" was the cover story for the March 1934 issue of Black Book Detective.

Carolyn Wells (June 18, 1862 March 26, 1942) was an American writer and poet.


Life and career

Born in Rahway, New Jersey, [1] she was the daughter of William E. and Anna Wells. [2] She died at the Flower Fifth Avenue Hospital in New York City in 1942. [3]

Wells had been married to Hadwin Houghton, the heir of the Houghton-Mifflin publishing empire founded by Bernard Houghton. Wells also had an impressive collection of volumes of poetry by others. She bequeathed her collection of Walt Whitman poetry, said to be one of the most important of its kind for its completeness and rarity, to the Library of Congress. [4] [5]

After finishing school she worked as a librarian for the Rahway Library Association. Her first book, At the Sign of the Sphinx (1896), was a collection of charades. Her next publications were The Jingle Book and The Story of Betty (1899), followed by a book of verse entitled Idle Idyls (1900). After 1900, Wells wrote numerous novels and collections of poetry.

Carolyn Wells wrote a total 170 books. During the first ten years of her career, she concentrated on poetry, humor, and children's books. According to her autobiography, The Rest of My Life (1937), she heard That Affair Next Door (1897), one of Anna Katharine Green's mystery novels, being read aloud and was immediately captivated by the unraveling of the puzzle. From that point onward she devoted herself to the mystery genre. Among the most famous of her mystery novels were the Fleming Stone Detective Stories whichaccording to Allen J. Hubin's Crime Fiction IV: A Comprehensive Bibliography, 17492000 (2003)number 61 titles. Wells's The Clue (1909) is on the Haycraft-Queen Cornerstone list of essential mysteries. She was also the first to conduct a (brief, in this case) annual series devoted to the best short crime fiction of the previous year in the U.S., beginning with The Best American Mystery Stories of the Year (1931) (though others had begun a similar British series in 1929).

In addition to books, Wells also wrote for newspapers. [6] Her poetry accompanies the work of some of the leading lights in illustration and cartooning, often in the form of Sunday magazine cover features that formed continuing narratives from week to week. Her first known illustrated newspaper work is a two part series titled Animal Alphabet, illustrated by William F. Marriner, which appeared in the Sunday comics section of the New York World. [7] Many additional series ensued over the years, including the bizarre classic Adventures of Lovely Lilly (New York Herald, 1906–07). [8] The last series she penned was Flossy Frills Helps Out (American Weekly, 1942), [9] which appeared after her death.


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  1. "CAROLYN WELLS, NOVELIST, DEAD; Noted for Mystery Stories and Nonsense Verse, Also for Children's Works BEGAN WRITING IN RAHWAY Wrote 170 Books by 1937 and 70 Were Mysteries — Widow of Publisher's Son", The New York Times , March 27, 1942.
  2. John William Leonard, Albert Nelson Marquis (1903). Who's who in America. Marquis.
  3. "Carolyn Wells, Witty Mystery Expert, Dies". Associated Press. The Washington Post, March 28, 1942. Bibliographical data at ("buy complete document").
  4. New York Times, Apr. 16, 1942.
  5. The Walt Whitman Collection.
  6. "Pebbles". The Independent. Jul 6, 1914. Retrieved August 1, 2012.
  7. Stripper's Guide Obscurity of the Day: Animal Alphabet, December 29, 2010.
  8. Stripper's Guide Obscurity of the Day: Adventures of Lovely Lilly, August 28, 2009.
  9. Stripper's Guide Obscurity of the Day: Flossy Frills, February 9, 2006.
  10. —, Melody. "The Patty Fairfield series". Redeeming Qualities. Retrieved 27 January 2014.