Dado (architecture)

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Diagram of a wall illustrating the crown moulding (top), dado rail (middle) and the skirting board (lower). Wall.svg
Diagram of a wall illustrating the crown moulding (top), dado rail (middle) and the skirting board (lower).

In architecture, the dado is the lower part of a wall, [1] below the dado rail and above the skirting board. The word is borrowed from Italian meaning "die" (as an architectural term) or plinth.

Dado rail horizontal wooden moulding on an interior wall

A dado rail, also known as a chair rail or surbase, is a type of moulding fixed horizontally to the wall around the perimeter of a room.

Contents

Decorative treatment

This area is given a decorative treatment different from that for the upper part of the wall; for example panelling, wainscoting or lincrusta. The purpose of the dado treatment to a wall is both aesthetic and functional. Historically, the panelling below the dado rail was installed to cover the lower part of the wall which was subject to stains associated with rising damp; additionally it provided protection from furniture and passing traffic. The dado rail itself is sometimes referred to misleadingly as a chair rail, though its function is principally aesthetic and not to protect the wall from chair backs.

Panelling

Panelling is a millwork wall covering constructed from rigid or semi-rigid components. These are traditionally interlocking wood, but could be plastic or other materials.

Lincrusta

Lincrusta is a deeply embossed wallcovering, invented by Frederick Walton. In 1860, Walton patented linoleum floor covering. Lincrusta was launched in 1877 and was used in a host of applications from royal homes to railway carriages. Many examples over a hundred years old can still be found throughout the world.

Derivation

The name derives from the architectural term for the part of a pedestal between the base and the cornice.

William Swinden Barber British architect

William Swinden Barber FRIBA, also W. S. Barber or W. Swinden Barber, was an English Gothic Revival and Arts and Crafts architect, specialising in modest but finely furnished Anglican churches. The Barber churches often had crenellated bell-towers. He was based in Brighouse and Halifax in the West Riding of Yorkshire. At least 15 surviving examples of his work are Grade II listed buildings including his 1875 design for the Victoria Cross at Akroydon. An 1864 portrait by David Wilkie Wynfield depicts him in Romantic garb, holding a flower. He served in the Artists Rifles regiment in the 1860s alongside Wynfield and other contemporary artists.

See also

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Close studding

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References

  1. "Dado - definition". Merriam-Webster . Retrieved March 10, 2013.