El Drago Milenario

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El Drago Milenario
Drago milenario, Icod de los Vinos, Tenerife, Espana, 2012-12-13, DD 01.jpg
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El Drago Milenario
SpeciesCanary Islands dragon tree ( Dracaena draco )
Coordinates 28°22′00″N16°43′20″W / 28.3666°N 16.72222°W / 28.3666; -16.72222 Coordinates: 28°22′00″N16°43′20″W / 28.3666°N 16.72222°W / 28.3666; -16.72222

El Drago, also known as Drago Milenario and Drago de Icod de los Vinos, is the oldest and largest living specimen of Dracaena draco , or dragon tree, in Parque del Drago, Icod de los Vinos, Tenerife, Spain. It is said to be a thousand years old, although the age is disputed. It is one of the symbols of Tenerife, and was declared a national monument in 1917.

<i>Dracaena draco</i> species of plant

Dracaena draco, the Canary Islands dragon tree or drago, is a subtropical tree-like plant in the genus Dracaena, native to the Canary Islands, Cape Verde, Madeira, and locally in western Morocco, and introduced to the Azores. It is the natural symbol of the island of Tenerife, together with the blue chaffinch.

Parque del Drago

Drago Park is a park and one of the main visitor attractions in Icod de los Vinos, Tenerife. Created at the turn of the millennium, it contains El Drago Milenario, a dragon tree thought to be around 1,000 years old, as well as a variety of other native plants.

Icod de los Vinos Municipality in Canary Islands, Spain

Icod de los Vinos is a municipality in the province of Santa Cruz de Tenerife on the island of Tenerife, in the Canary Islands (Spain), located in the northwest part of the island. Inhabitants of Icod are known in Spanish as "icodenses".

Contents

Description

It is the largest and oldest living specimen of Dracaena draco (common name dragon tree). [1] It is in Parque del Drago, Icod de los Vinos in Tenerife. [2] It is around 20–21 metres (66–69 ft) tall, [1] with a circumference around 20 metres (66 ft). It has over 300 main branches. The trunk contains a 6-metre-high (20 ft) cavity accessible by a door, with a fan installed to provide ventilation. [2] It is estimated to weigh around 140 tons. [3] When it flowered in 1995, it had around 1,800 flowering branches, with its weight increasing by 3.5 tonnes during the fruiting season. [4]

It is one of the symbols of Tenerife. It was depicted on the 1,000  peseta note. It is part of the coat of arms for the Icod de los Vinos (Icod of the Wines) municipality and appears in local legends. [2] While the tree is in the Parque del Drago (Drago Park), which charges for entry, it is possible to view it for free from the town square. [3]

Spanish peseta older currency of Spain

The peseta was the currency of Spain between 1868 and 2002. Along with the French franc, it was also a de facto currency used in Andorra.

History

Billet 1000 Pesetas Recto Galdos Billet 1000 Pesetas Recto Galdos.jpg
Billet 1000 Pesetas Recto Galdos

The specimen's age is disputed. It is thought to be around 800–1,000 years old. [2] Alexander von Humboldt estimated a similar tree on the island (that fell in a storm in 1867) to be several thousand years old, and a 1907 estimate by professors and students of the Polytechnic School of Zurich put it at 2,500 years old, [5] but an upper limit of 350 years was placed on it in 1975 by Mägdefrau, [6] while other studies suggest that it is around 1,000 years old. [5]

Alexander von Humboldt Prussian geographer, naturalist and explorer (1769–1859)

Friedrich Wilhelm Heinrich Alexander von Humboldt was a Prussian polymath, geographer, naturalist, explorer, and influential proponent of Romantic philosophy and science. He was the younger brother of the Prussian minister, philosopher, and linguist Wilhelm von Humboldt (1767–1835). Humboldt's quantitative work on botanical geography laid the foundation for the field of biogeography. Humboldt's advocacy of long-term systematic geophysical measurement laid the foundation for modern geomagnetic and meteorological monitoring.

It was declared a national monument in 1917. [2] In the 1930s, part of the base was closed with stones and cement. In 1985 it was studied by arboriculturist Kenneth Alien, who reopened the entrance and installed a large fan inside the trunk cavity to aid air circulation and prevent fungal growth. In 1993 the road that passed within a few metres of the tree was rerouted. [4] Since 2002 it has been considered for submission to UNESCO as a world heritage candidate. [2] [7]

UNESCO Specialised agency of the United Nations

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris. Its declared purpose is to contribute to peace and security by promoting international collaboration through educational, scientific, and cultural reforms in order to increase universal respect for justice, the rule of law, and human rights along with fundamental freedom proclaimed in the United Nations Charter. It is the successor of the League of Nations' International Committee on Intellectual Cooperation.

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<i>Samanea saman</i> species of plant

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References

  1. 1 2 Krawczyszyn, Józef; Krawczyszyn, Teresa (1 June 2014). "Massive aerial roots affect growth and form of Dracaena draco". Trees. 28 (3): 757–768. doi:10.1007/s00468-014-0987-0. ISSN   1432-2285.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 "Drago Milenario De Tenerife: En Peligro De Extinción [2019]". Especies Extintas (in Spanish). 8 April 2018. Retrieved 19 April 2019.
  3. 1 2 "Parque del Drago en Tenerife | Actividades en familia". Sapos y Princesas (in Spanish). Retrieved 20 April 2019.
  4. 1 2 "Viajes – Drago Milenario". Daniel Prado. Retrieved 21 April 2019.
  5. 1 2 "Drago de Icod de los Vinos (Tenerife) (parte 2 de 2)". La Cantimplora verde. 8 September 2016. Retrieved 21 April 2019.
  6. Mägdefrau, Karl (1975). "Das Alter der Drachenhäume auf Tenerife". Flora. 164 (4–5): 347–357. doi:10.1016/S0367-2530(17)31807-8.
  7. "El Gobierno estudia inscribir el drago de Icod en lista de patrimonio mundial". La Vanguardia. 22 February 2019.