Elizabeth Ewen

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Elizabeth Ewen was a scholar of women's history, immigration, and film. She was among the first feminist historians to write about early American cinema. [1] Ewen was a professor of American Studies at the State University of New York at Old Westbury (SUNY). [2]

Women's history is the study of the role that women have played in history and the methods required to do so. It includes the study of the history of the growth of woman's rights throughout recorded history, personal achievement over a period of time, the examination of individual and groups of women of historical significance, and the effect that historical events have had on women. Inherent in the study of women's history is the belief that more traditional recordings of history have minimized or ignored the contributions of women to different fields and the effect that historical events had on women as a whole; in this respect, women's history is often a form of historical revisionism, seeking to challenge or expand the traditional historical consensus.

Immigration Movement of people into another country or region to which they are not native

Immigration is the international movement of people into a destination country of which they are not natives or where they do not possess citizenship in order to settle or reside there, especially as permanent residents or naturalized citizens, or to take up employment as a migrant worker or temporarily as a foreign worker.

Film sequence of images that give the impression of movement

A film, also called a movie, motion picture, moving picture, or photoplay, is a series of still images that, when shown on a screen, create the illusion of moving images. This optical illusion causes the audience to perceive continuous motion between separate objects viewed in rapid succession. The process of filmmaking is both an art and an industry. A film is created by photographing actual scenes with a motion-picture camera, by photographing drawings or miniature models using traditional animation techniques, by means of CGI and computer animation, or by a combination of some or all of these techniques, and other visual effects.

Noted film historian Robert Sklar described Ewen's 1980 article, “City Lights: Immigrant Women and the Rise of the Movies,” in Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society, as 'the first significant writing by a historian on early American cinema to follow the author's and [Garth] Jowett's books.” [3] Ewen's book, Immigrant Women in the Land of Dollars, examined the role of cinema in the lives of immigrant girls and women in New York City's Lower East Side. [4] Filmmaker Ellen Noonan has explained that the book was the inspiration for the 1993 documentary Heaven Will Protect the Working Girl. [5]

Robert Anthony Sklar was an American historian specializing in the history of cinema.

Lower East Side Neighborhood of Manhattan in New York City

The Lower East Side, sometimes abbreviated as LES, is a neighborhood in the southeastern part of the New York City borough of Manhattan, roughly located between the Bowery and the East River, and Canal Street and Houston Street. Traditionally an immigrant, working class neighborhood, it began rapid gentrification in the mid-2000s, prompting the National Trust for Historic Preservation to place the neighborhood on their list of America's Most Endangered Places.

Elizabeth Ewen authored several books with her husband, media historian Stuart Ewen, [6] and her colleague Rosalyn Baxandall, [7] [8] including Channels of Desire: Mass Images and the Shaping of American Consciousness (1992), [9] Picture Windows: How the Suburbs Happened (2000), Typecasting: On the Arts and Sciences of Human Inequality (2006). [10]

Stuart Ewen is a New York-based author, historian and lecturer on media, consumer culture, and the compliance profession. He is also a Distinguished Professor at Hunter College and the City University of New York Graduate Center, in the departments of History, Sociology and Media Studies. He is the author of six books. Under the pen name Archie Bishop, Ewen has also worked as a graphic artist, photographer, pamphleteer, and agitprop activist for many years.

Rosalyn Fraad "Ros" Baxandall,, was an American historian of women's activism and an active New York City feminist.

Ewen's work is frequently cited by contemporary historians. [11] [12]

Historian person who studies and writes about the past

A historian is a person who studies and writes about the past, and is regarded as an authority on it. Historians are concerned with the continuous, methodical narrative and research of past events as relating to the human race; as well as the study of all history in time. If the individual is concerned with events preceding written history, the individual is a historian of prehistory. Some historians are recognized by publications or training and experience. "Historian" became a professional occupation in the late nineteenth century as research universities were emerging in Germany and elsewhere.

Elizabeth Ewen died May 29, 2012 in Manhattan, New York. [13]

Manhattan Borough in New York City and county in New York, United States

Manhattan, often referred to locally as the City, is the most densely populated of the five boroughs of New York City and its economic and administrative center, cultural identifier, and historical birthplace. The borough is coextensive with New York County, one of the original counties of the U.S. state of New York. The borough consists mostly of Manhattan Island, bounded by the Hudson, East, and Harlem rivers; several small adjacent islands; and Marble Hill, a small neighborhood now on the U.S. mainland, physically connected to the Bronx and separated from the rest of Manhattan by the Harlem River. Manhattan Island is divided into three informally bounded components, each aligned with the borough's long axis: Lower, Midtown, and Upper Manhattan.

New York (state) State of the United States of America

New York is a state in the Northeastern United States. New York was one of the original Thirteen Colonies that formed the United States. With an estimated 19.54 million residents in 2018, it is the fourth most populous state. To distinguish the state from the city in the state with the same name, it is sometimes called New York State.

Selected publications

International Standard Book Number Unique numeric book identifier

The International Standard Book Number (ISBN) is a numeric commercial book identifier which is intended to be unique. Publishers purchase ISBNs from an affiliate of the International ISBN Agency.

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Bill Nichols is an American film critic and theoretician best known for his pioneering work as founder of the contemporary study of documentary film. His 1991 book, Representing Reality: Issues and Concepts in Documentary, applied modern film theory to the study of documentary film for the first time. It has been followed by scores of books by others and by additional books and essays by Nichols. The first volume of his two-volume anthology Movies and Methods helped to establish film studies as an academic discipline. Bill Nichols is Professor Emeritus in the Cinema Department at San Francisco State University and Chair of the Documentary Film Institute advisory board.

Jewish Bolshevism, also Judeo–Bolshevism, is an anti-communist and antisemitic canard, which alleges that the Jews were the originators of the Russian Revolution in 1917 and that they held the primary power among the Bolsheviks. Similarly, the conspiracy theory of Jewish Communism implies that Jews have dominated the Communist movements in the world, and is related to The Zionist Occupation Government conspiracy theory (ZOG), which asserts that Jews control world politics.

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An auteur is an artist, usually a film director, who applies a highly centralized and subjective control to many aspects of a collaborative creative work; in other words, a person equivalent to an author of a novel or a play. The term is commonly referenced to filmmakers or directors with a recognizable style or thematic preoccupation.

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Kathryn (Kitty) Kish Sklar is an American historian, author, and professor. Her work focuses on the history of women's participation in social movements, voluntary organizations, and American public culture.


  1. Louise McReynolds (2003). Russia at Play: Leisure Activities at the End of the Tsarist Era. Cornell University Press. pp. 265–. ISBN   0-8014-4027-0.
  2. " No ____ Need Apply". New York Times. By DAVID BERREBY, February 4, 2007
  3. Robert Sklar, "Oh! Althusser!: Historiography and the Rise of Cinema Studies ," Radical History Review 41 (1988): 27,
  4. Susan L. Roberson (1998). Women, America, and Movement: Narratives of Relocation. University of Missouri Press. pp. 119–. ISBN   978-0-8262-1176-7.
  5. http://nowandthen.ashp.cuny.edu/2012/06/remembering-elizabeth-ewen/
  6. Sammy Richard Danna (1992). Advertising and Popular Culture: Studies in Variety and Versatility. Popular Press. pp. 23–. ISBN   978-0-87972-528-0.
  7. Jean-Christophe Agnew; Roy Rosenzweig (15 April 2008). A Companion to Post-1945 America. John Wiley & Sons. pp. 250–. ISBN   978-1-4051-2319-8.
  8. "Picture Windows: Suburbs Happen".Journal of Urban Affairs Volume 24, Issue 2
  9. Steven J. Ross (1999). Working-class Hollywood: Silent Film and the Shaping of Class in America. Princeton University Press. pp. 287–. ISBN   0-691-02464-2.
  10. http://www.legacy.com/obituaries/nytimes/obituary.aspx?pid=157878129
  11. Laura R. Prieto (2001). At Home in the Studio: The Professionalization of Women Artists in America. Harvard University Press. pp. 256–. ISBN   978-0-674-00486-3.
  12. Institute of Contemporary Jewry The Hebrew University of Jerusalem Ezra Mendelsohn Professor of History; Institute of Contemporary Jewry The Hebrew University of Jerusalem Richard I. Cohen Professor of History (30 November 1990). Studies in Contemporary Jewry : Volume VI: Art and Its Uses. Oxford University Press, USA. pp. 362–. ISBN   978-0-19-506188-8.
  13. http://www.legacy.com/obituaries/nytimes/obituary.aspx?pid=157878129 "ELIZABETH R. EWEN - Obituary".