Eric O. Stork
Seen in his office (1975)
Eric Oswald Stork
January 8, 1927
|Died||February 2, 2014 87) (aged|
|Education|| University of Washington;|
Reed College, BA 1950;
Maxwell School, Syracuse University, MPA 1951
Dorothy Sams Stork(Undated.)
Eric Oswald Stork (January 8, 1927 - February 2, 2014) was an American regulator from the Environmental Protection Agency.He tangled with the auto industry over automobile air pollution standards.
Eric Oswald Stork was born on January 8, 1927, in Hamburg, Germany. He was sent to Britain as a child, came to the United States at 13, and grew up in the state of Washington. He served in the U.S. Army near the end of World War II. After serving in the army, he studied at the University of Washington for two years before transferring to Reed College, where he earned a BA in political science, writing his thesis on the Pacific Northwest Field Committee of the Department of the Interior. After Reed, he earned an MS in public administration from the Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs in Syracuse, New York, then entered the federal government through an elite junior management assistant program. One year later in Washington, D.C., Eric met Dorothy Sams; they were married in 1953 and raised four children.
Washington, officially the State of Washington, is a state in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States. Named for George Washington, the first president of the United States, the state was made out of the western part of the Washington Territory, which was ceded by Britain in 1846 in accordance with the Oregon Treaty in the settlement of the Oregon boundary dispute. It was admitted to the Union as the 42nd state in 1889. Olympia is the state capital; the state's largest city is Seattle. Washington is sometimes referred to as Washington State, to distinguish it from Washington, D.C., the capital of the United States, which is often shortened to Washington.
Reed College is an independent liberal arts college in southeast Portland in the U.S. state of Oregon. Founded in 1908, Reed is a residential college with a campus in Portland's Eastmoreland neighborhood, featuring architecture based on the Tudor-Gothic style, and a forested canyon nature preserve at its center.
The Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs is Syracuse University's home for professional degree programs in public administration and international relations; scholarly, doctoral programs in the social sciences; and undergraduate instruction in the social sciences. Maxwell is ranked as the #1 program for public affairs in the country.
The Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards are regulations in the United States, first enacted by the United States Congress in 1975, after the 1973–74 Arab Oil Embargo, to improve the average fuel economy of cars and light trucks produced for sale in the United States. They are set by the Secretary of Transportation, currently Elaine Chao.
Emission standards are the legal requirements governing air pollutants released into the atmosphere. Emission standards set quantitative limits on the permissible amount of specific air pollutants that may be released from specific sources over specific timeframes. They are generally designed to achieve air quality standards and to protect human life.
Carol Martha Browner is an American lawyer, environmentalist, and businesswoman, who served as director of the White House Office of Energy and Climate Change Policy in the Obama administration from 2009 to 2011. Browner previously served as Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) during the Clinton administration from 1993 to 2001. She currently works as a Senior Counselor at Albright Stonebridge Group, a global business strategy firm.
The Mercedes-Benz B-Class is a compact executive MPV (M-segment) produced by German automaker Mercedes-Benz since 2005. Mercedes-Benz markets it as a sports compact tourer. It is similar to the A-Class, though bigger and with bigger engines. The European New Car Assessment Programme classifies it as a small MPV. As of December 20, 2013, delivery of B-Class vehicles reached 1 million since the launch of the B-Class in 2005.
A green vehicle, or clean vehicle, or eco-friendly vehicle or environmentally friendly vehicle is a road motor vehicle that produces less harmful impacts to the environment than comparable conventional internal combustion engine vehicles running on gasoline or diesel, or one that uses certain alternative fuels. Presently, in some countries the term is used for any vehicle complying or surpassing the more stringent European emission standards, or California's zero-emissions vehicle standards, or the low-carbon fuel standards enacted in several countries.
Stephen Lee Johnson was the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) under President George W. Bush during the second term of his administration. He has received the Presidential Rank Award, the highest award that can be given to a civilian federal employee.
Diane Lynn Black is an American politician who served as a U.S. Representative for Tennessee's 6th congressional district from January 3, 2011 to January 3, 2019. The district includes several suburban and rural areas east of Nashville. A Republican, she was previously elected to the Tennessee Senate, serving as floor leader of the Republican Caucus. She unsuccessfully ran for the Republican nomination in the 2018 Tennessee gubernatorial election.
Edward Scott Pruitt is an American lawyer and Republican politician from the state of Oklahoma. He served as the fourteenth Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) from February 17, 2017 to July 6, 2018. He was nominated for the EPA position by President Donald Trump and was confirmed by the United States Senate to lead the EPA in a 52–46 vote.
William K. Sessions III is serving as a Senior United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Vermont and has served as the Vice Chair and eventually as Chair of the United States Sentencing Commission. He was confirmed on October 21, 2009 as Chair of the United States Sentencing Commission, and served until December 22, 2010.
In the United States, emissions standards are managed nationally by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). State and local governments may apply for waivers to enact stricter regulations.
The Clean Air Act is a United States federal law designed to control air pollution on a national level. It is one of the United States' first and most influential modern environmental laws, and one of the most comprehensive air quality laws in the world. As with many other major U.S. federal environmental statutes, it is administered by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), in coordination with state, local, and tribal governments. Its implementing regulations are codified at 40 C.F.R. Sub-chapter C, Parts 50-97.
The United States government uses taxes to decrease global warming, and to do more research on global warming.
The Association of Global Automakers is a Washington, D.C.-based trade association and lobby group whose members include international automobile and light duty truck manufacturers that build and sell products in the United States.
Robert Perciasepe is an American former government official who currently serves as president of the nonprofit Center for Climate and Energy Solutions. He served as the Deputy Administrator of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency during the administration of Barack Obama.
The Kia Soul EV is an all-electric subcompact crossover SUV manufactured by Kia Motors. The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) official range for the 2015 Kia Soul EV is 93 miles and 111 miles for 2018 model year.
Margo T. Oge is an American engineer and environmental regulator who served as the Director of the Environmental Protection Agency’s Office of Radiation and Indoor Air from 1990 to 1994 and Director of the Office of Transportation and Air Quality from 1994 to 2012. Beginning in 2009, Oge lead the EPA team that authored the 2010-2016 and the 2017-2025 Light-Duty Vehicle Greenhouse Gas Emissions Standards. By 2025, these rules require automakers to half the greenhouse gas emissions of cars and light duty trucks while doubling fuel economy. These rules were the US federal government’s first regulatory actions to reduce greenhouse gases.
The Volkswagen emissions scandal began in September 2015, when the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) issued a notice of violation of the Clean Air Act to German automaker Volkswagen Group. The agency had found that Volkswagen had intentionally programmed turbocharged direct injection (TDI) diesel engines to activate their emissions controls only during laboratory emissions testing which caused the vehicles' NO
x output to meet US standards during regulatory testing, but emit up to 40 times more NO
x in real-world driving. Volkswagen deployed this programming software in about eleven million cars worldwide, including 500,000 in the United States, in model years 2009 through 2015.
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The environmental policy of the Donald Trump administration represents a shift from the policy priorities and goals of his predecessor, Barack Obama. While Obama's environmental agenda prioritized the reduction of carbon emissions through the use of clean renewable energy, the Trump administration has sought to increase fossil fuel use and scrap many environmental regulations which he has referred to as impediments to business. On July 5 2018, amid numerous ethics investigations, Trump's first pick for the administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Scott Pruit, resigned and he was replaced by Andrew Wheeler.
In 2014 onwards, software which manipulated air pollution tests was discovered in vehicles from many car makers; the software recognized when the standardized emissions test was being done, and adjusted the engine to emit less during the test. The cars emitted much higher levels of pollution under real-world driving conditions.
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