Factory inspector

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A government inspector visiting a factory employing children. A government inspector visiting a factory. Wellcome L0003268.jpg
A government inspector visiting a factory employing children.

A factory inspector is someone who checks that factories comply with regulations affecting them.


UK Factory Inspectorate

The enforcement of UK Factory Acts before that of 1833 had been left to local magistrates, which had meant that any compliance with those acts within the cotton industry to which they applied was effectively voluntary. The initial role of the Factory Inspectorate was to ensure compliance with the limits on age and working hours for children in the cotton industry, thus protecting them from overwork and injury. Four factory inspectors were appointed, with powers equivalent to a magistrate, the right to enter at will any cotton mill at work, and powers to introduce regulations (without parliamentary approval) to effectively implement the Factory Act. [1] :41–42 [2] The inspectors were assisted by 'superintendents', who had none of their powers (the lack of a right of entry being a particular weakness). The Factory Act 1844 made the superintendents into 'sub-inspectors' with the right of entry at will. [1] :86 By the same Act, the inspectors lost their magisterial powers and the right to make regulations was transferred to the Home Secretary; [1] :86 a duty to guard machinery was laid on employers (but only where the machinery was in areas accessed by children or young people), the Factory Inspectorate therefore becoming concerned with the adequacy of machine guarding. [1] :85

In 1893 Mary Paterson and May Tennant were the first two women to become factory inspectors earning £200 a year. Factory Inspectors had existed since 1833 but for the first sixty years they were all men. [3]

H.M. Chief Inspector of Factories.

A chronological list of Her (His) Majesty’s Chief Inspector of Factories: [4] [5] [6]

HM Chief Inspector of Factories
Chief InspectorIn post
Alexander Redgrave CB; b. 9 June 1818, d. 18941861–78 joint chief inspector with Robert Baker, chief inspector 1878–91
Robert Baker; b. 1803, d. 18801861–78 joint chief inspector with Alexander Redgrave
Frederick H. Whymper; b. 1828, d. 18931891–92
Richard Edward Sprague Oram; b. 1830, d. 8 March 19091892–96
Dr Arthur (Sir Arthur) Whitelegge; b. 17 October 1852, d. 25 April 19331896–1917
Sir Malcolm Robinson CB; b. 12  February 1857, d. 27 August 19331917–20
Robert Ernest Graves CBE; b. 22 December 1866, d. 21 May19221920–22  died in office
Sir Gerald Bellhouse CBE; b. 1867, d. 15 September 19461922–32
Sir Duncan Randolph Wilson CBE; b. 1875, d. 1 March 19451932–39
Sir Wilfred Garrett; b. 1880, d. 19671939–46
Howard Everson Chasteney; b. 9 August 1888, d. 18 February 19471946–47 died in office
Sir George Percy Barnett; b. 19 October 1894, d. 19 October 19651947–57
Thomas Warburton McCullough CB, OBE; b. 13 March1901, d. 28 December 19891957–63
Ronald Kington Christy CB; b. 18 August 1905, d. 29 August 19871963–67
William John Conway Plumbe; b. 17 March 1910, d. 9 November 19791967–71
Bryan Hugh Harvey CBE; b. 17 October 1914, d. 22 February 20041971–74
James (Jim) Dominic George Hammer CB; b. 21 April 19291975– 84
David Charles Thomas Eves CB; b. 10 January 19421985–88
A. J. (Tony) Lineham1988–92
David Charles Thomas Eves CB; b. 10 January 19421992–2002

See also

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  2. "The history of HSE". HSE. Health and Safety Executive. Retrieved 27 June 2015.
  3. "HSE: Timeline". www.hse.gov.uk. Retrieved 2020-12-20.
  4. "Oxford Dictionary of National Biography". oxforddnb.com. Retrieved 14 May 2020.
  5. "Who's Who and Who was Who". Who's Who and Who was Who. Retrieved 14 May 2020.
  6. "Appointments, News in Brief, Deaths, Obituaries". The Times. Retrieved 14 May 2020.