Filly

Last updated

A filly is a female horse that is too young to be called a mare. There are two specific definitions in use:

Fillies of different ages
Kate (Major AA x Bey Sharose).jpg
Major-Emblem IMG 1211r2 20151213.JPG
A two-year-old Thoroughbred filly
Alegra (5850263824).jpg
A three-year-old Arabian filly

Fillies are sexually mature by two and are sometimes bred at that age, but generally, they should not be bred until they themselves have stopped growing, usually by four or five. [3] Some fillies may exhibit estrus as yearlings.

The equivalent term for a male is a colt. When horses of either sex are less than one year, they are referred to as foals. [4] Horses of either sex between one and two years old may be called yearlings.

See also

Related Research Articles

Foal A horse of either sex up to the age of one year

A foal is an equine up to one year old; this term is used mainly for horses. More specific terms are colt for a male foal and filly for a female foal, and are used until the horse is three or four. When the foal is nursing from its great (mother), it may also be called a "suckling". After it has been weaned from its dam, it may be called a "weanling". When a mare is pregnant, she is said to be "in foal". When the mare gives birth, she is "foaling", and the impending birth is usually stated as "to foal". A newborn horse is "foaled".

Lady's Secret was an American Eclipse Award winning Thoroughbred racemare that was listed in the Top 100 U.S. Racehorses of the 20th Century. Lady's Secret was bred by Robert H. Spreen at Lucas Farm in Oklahoma. Spreen sold her for $200,000 to Mr. and Mrs. Eugene Klein, and she was prepared for racing by Hall of Fame trainer D. Wayne Lukas. She was a small horse, weighing no more than about 900 pounds.

A mare is an adult female horse or other equine.

A.P. Indy American Thoroughbred racehorse

A.P. Indy is an American Thoroughbred racehorse who won the Belmont Stakes and Breeders' Cup Classic on his way to American Horse of the Year honors in 1992. His time in the Belmont Stakes tied Easy Goer for the second-fastest running in the history of the race, behind his broodmare sire Secretariat.

Sky Beauty was a thoroughbred horse who won the 1993 Triple Tiara of Thoroughbred Racing. As of 2018, she was the last filly to win this title.

Azeri is an American Hall of Fame champion thoroughbred racehorse who was 2002 US Horse of the Year and Champion Older Female from 2002 to 2004.

Rags to Riches (horse) American-bred Thoroughbred racehorse

Rags to Riches is an American thoroughbred racehorse who in 2007 became the first filly to win the Belmont Stakes in over a century.

The National Thoroughbred Racing Association Moment of the Year award, first awarded in 1999, celebrates or honors one moment that occurred during a given year that most thoroughly exemplifies the spirit and ethos of the sport of Thoroughbred horse racing in the United States.

Ginger Punch is an American Thoroughbred racehorse. Owned and bred by operations belonging to automotive parts magnate Frank Stronach, she is out of the mare Nappelon and sired by the Canadian-bred Awesome Again, winner of his country's 1997 Queen's Plate and the 1998 Breeders' Cup Classic and who, as a sire, has produced four Breeders' Cup winners including the 2004 World Champion, Ghostzapper.

Kris S. was an American Thoroughbred race horse who is best known as a highly successful sire.

Zenyatta American-bred Thoroughbred racehorse

Zenyatta is a retired American champion Thoroughbred racehorse, winner of 19 consecutive races in a 20-race career. Owned by Jerry and Ann Moss, Zenyatta was trained by John Shirreffs and guided by jockey Mike Smith for 17 of 20 starts. David Flores rode Zenyatta in her first three starts.

Escena is an American Thoroughbred racehorse. She had her best season as a five-year-old in 1998 when her wins included the Breeders' Cup Distaff. In that season she was voted American Champion Older Female Horse at the Eclipse Awards.

Got Koko was an American Thoroughbred racehorse, one of only three horses bred in the State of Texas to ever win a Grade 1 stakes. She was bred by Eileen H. Hartis who sold her for $30,000 at the 2000 Keeneland September yearling sale to trainer Bruce Headley who sold a twenty-five percent interest in the filly to Paul Leung for $25,000.

Informed Decision American Thoroughbred racehorse

Informed Decision is an American Thoroughbred racehorse who won the 2009 Breeders' Cup Filly & Mare Sprint on her way to being named the American Champion Female Sprint Horse.

Starine was a French Thoroughbred racehorse foaled in Orne who competed in France and in the United States.

Vertigineux was an American Thoroughbred racemare. She is out of the stakes-winning Forlì mare For The Flag, by the outstanding sire Kris S. Her owner is Eric Kronfeld, who bought back Vertigineux for $120,000 after she failed to meet her reserve at the 1996 Keenland yearling sale. Her name means "breathtaking" or "dazzling" (speed) in French.

Blame (horse) American-bred Thoroughbred racehorse

Blame is a retired American champion Thoroughbred racehorse, a winner of nine races in 13 starts including the prestigious Breeders' Cup Classic.

Eleanor (horse) British Thoroughbred racehorse

Eleanor was a British Thoroughbred racehorse bred by Charles Bunbury and was the first female horse to win The Derby. Eleanor also won the 1801 Epsom Oaks among many other races before retiring from racing at age eight to become a broodmare for Bunbury. She produced the stallion Muley, which in turn sired the mare Marpessa and the influential stallion Leviathan which was exported to the United States in the early nineteenth century. Through the produce of her daughter Active, Eleanor is present in the pedigrees of 19th-century American Standardbred racehorses.

Beholder (horse) American-bred Thoroughbred racehorse

Beholder is an American Thoroughbred race horse and multiple Eclipse Award winner. She was purchased as a yearling by B. Wayne Hughes of Spendthrift Farm. She had an early reputation for being difficult to handle, but trainer Richard Mandella worked extensively with the fractious young horse, gradually developing her from a temperamental front-runner into a seasoned veteran who could be placed in strategic positions.

Stellar Wind (horse) American Thoroughbred racehorse

Stellar Wind is an American Thoroughbred racehorse, known for her Eclipse Award winning three-year-old season, and later for her rivalry with the champion mare Beholder. Bred in Virginia, she raced in Maryland as a juvenile, winning one minor race from two starts. As a three-year-old, racing mainly in California, she improved to become arguably the best filly of her generation. In the spring of 2015, she won the Santa Ysabel Stakes and the Santa Anita Oaks before finishing a troubled fourth in the Kentucky Oaks. On her return to California, she recorded further victories in the Summertime Oaks and the Torrey Pines Stakes, and then ended her season by finishing a strong second in the Breeders' Cup Distaff. She was voted American Champion Three-Year-Old Filly of 2015.

References

  1. Hammond, Gerald (2000). The Language of Horse Racing. London: Taylor & Francis. p. 79. ISBN   1-57958-276-1. OCLC   44923115.
  2. Privman, Jay (October 24, 2008). "Zenyatta completes perfect season". Daily Racing Form . Breeders' Cup . Retrieved September 7, 2011. It was the perfect end to a perfect day by a perfect filly. Zenyatta, the best older female horse in the country, completed a perfect season. . . by winning the $2 million Ladies' Classic on Friday at Santa Anita's Oak Tree meeting, the first of two days of the 25th Breeders' Cup championships. (Zenyatta was foaled in 2004, making her a 4-year-old at the time.)
  3. Ensminger, M. E. Horses and Horsemanship: Animal Agriculture Series. Sixth Edition. Interstate Publishers, 1990. ISBN   0-8134-2883-1 p. 149-150
  4. James R Gillespie (2000). Modern Livestock and Poultry Production. Thomson Delmar Learning. ISBN   978-0-7668-1607-7.