|Ordered:||20 April 1780|
|Laid down:||May 1780|
|Launched:||28 October 1780|
|Captured:||by Britain, 29 August 1793|
|Acquired:||29 August 1793|
|Captured:||By Boussole on 8 June 1794|
|Acquired:||8 June 1794|
|Captured:||By HMS Bellona, 18 June 1799|
|Acquired:||18 June 1799|
|Fate:||Floating battery (1801); broken up in May 1802|
|Class and type:||Magicienne class frigate|
|Tons burthen:||932 (bm)|
|Length:||44.2 m (145 ft)|
|Beam:||11.2 m (37 ft)|
|Draught:||5.2 m (17 ft) (22 French feet)|
|Complement:||240 in British service; 96 as a floating battery|
|Armament:||26 × 12-pounder long guns + 6 × 6-pounder long guns|
Alceste was a Magicienne class frigate of the French Navy, launched in 1780, that the British seized at the Siege of Toulon. They transferred her to the Kingdom of Sardinia, but the French recaptured her a year later in the Action of 8 June 1794. The British captured her again at the Action of 18 June 1799 and took her into service as HMS Alceste. In 1801 she became a floating battery and she was sold the next year.
The French Navy, informally "La Royale", is the maritime arm of the French Armed Forces. Dating back to 1624, the French Navy is one of the world's oldest naval forces. It has participated in conflicts around the globe and played a key part in establishing the French colonial empire.
The Siege of Toulon was a military operation by Republican forces against a Royalist rebellion in the southern French city of Toulon.
The Kingdom of Sardinia was a state in Southern Europe from the early 14th until the mid-19th century.
At the outbreak of the French Revolution, Alceste served in the Mediterranean until she was put in the reserved and disarmed in Toulon. The royalist insurrection found her there; the British, who supported the royalists, seized her and transferred her to the Kingdom of Sardinia before the conclusion of the Siege of Toulon.
The French Revolution was a period of far-reaching social and political upheaval in France and its colonies beginning in 1789. The Revolution overthrew the monarchy, established a republic, catalyzed violent periods of political turmoil, and finally culminated in a dictatorship under Napoleon who brought many of its principles to areas he conquered in Western Europe and beyond. Inspired by liberal and radical ideas, the Revolution profoundly altered the course of modern history, triggering the global decline of absolute monarchies while replacing them with republics and liberal democracies. Through the Revolutionary Wars, it unleashed a wave of global conflicts that extended from the Caribbean to the Middle East. Historians widely regard the Revolution as one of the most important events in human history.
The 32-gun Boudeuse recaptured her in the Action of 8 June 1794. The French then took her back into French service. On 4 August 1794 Alceste and Vestale were off Cape Bon when they encountered and captured the brig HMS Scout. The French took Scout into service under existing name, but she wrecked on 12 December 1795 off Cadiz.
Boudeuse was a 26-gun, 12-pounder-armed sailing frigates named La Boudeuse on 6 June 1765. She is most famous for being the exploration ship of Louis Antoine de Bougainville between 1766 and 1769. She also served in the American and French Revolutionary Wars, during which she captured two enemy vessels. She was broken up for firewood at Malta in early 1800.
Under Captain Louis-Jean-Nicolas Lejoille, Alceste was part of Admiral Martin's squadron, which captured HMS Berwick in 1795.
Louis-Jean-Nicolas Lejoille was a French Navy officer and captain.
Admiral Pierre Martin was a French Navy officer and admiral.
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Jean-Joseph Hubert was a French Navy officer and captain.
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In March 1796, Alceste ferried Jean-Baptiste Annibal Aubert du Bayet to his appointment as ambassador to Constantinople, along with military advisors.
Jean-Baptiste Annibal Aubert du Bayet was a French General and politician during the period of the French Revolution.
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The Royal Navy commissioned Alceste under Commander Thomas Bayley, who shortly thereafter received promotion to post captain in March 1800. She arrived at Chatham on 4 April.There she was registered as a sloop in July 1801 and fitted as a floating battery in August. She was sold at Sheerness on 20 May 1802 for £1,445.
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