|Garifuna Settlement Day|
|Next time||19 November 2020|
Garifuna Settlement Day is a public holiday in Belize, celebrated each year on November 19.The holiday was created by Belizean civil rights activist, Thomas Vincent Ramos, in 1941. It was recognized as a public holiday in the southern districts of Belize in 1943, and declared a national holiday in 1977. The holiday celebrates the settlement of the Garifuna people in Belize after being exiled from the Grenadines by the British army. The major festivities for the holiday occur in the town of Dangriga, including parades, street music, and traditional dancing.
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The Garifuna represent part of the African diaspora that has been forgotten. Especially within the last generation. The Garifuna are now more spread apart than they have ever been. Occupying parts of the United States which include Los Angeles, Dallas, Chicago, New York, and most recently Toronto, Canada. Like any diaspora, the Garifuna are faced with burden of maintaining their culture while occupying spaces that are different than their homeland. The Garifuna specifically, have faced a long history of discrimination from different groups. For example, their existence in Central America lies only in the fact that they were exiled from the Grenedias by the French. In British Honduras (later known as Belize), the British referred to them as savages and looked down on them because of their religious practices. After Belize gained its independence, the Garifuna continued to suffer from colorism and discrimination from their brothers and sisters of Kriol descent. Today, Garifuna Settlement day is celebrated with lavish celebrations in Central America, America, and Canada. With the revolution of technology, their celebrations have been televised, and streamed online. Every year, new videos are posted on YouTube and Facebook, documenting the festivities. Garifuna Settlement Day is important because it honors an overlooked group of people that have stood against the tests of genocide, discrimination, assimilation, disease, and a dying language.
Belize is a Caribbean country located on the northeastern coast of Central America. Belize is bordered on the northwest by Mexico, on the east by the Caribbean Sea, and on the south and west by Guatemala. It has an area of 22,970 square kilometres (8,867 sq mi) and a population of 408,487 (2019). Its mainland is about 180 mi (290 km) long and 68 mi (110 km) wide. It has the lowest population and population density in Central America. The country's population growth rate of 1.87% per year is the second highest in the region and one of the highest in the Western Hemisphere.
May Day is a public holiday usually celebrated on 1 May. It is an ancient Northern Hemisphere spring festival and a traditional spring holiday in many cultures. Dances, singing, and cake are usually part of the festivities. In the late 19th century, May Day was chosen as the date for International Workers' Day by the Socialists and Communists of the Second International to commemorate the Haymarket affair in Chicago. International Workers' Day can also be referred to as "May Day", but it is a different celebration from the traditional May Day.
This article is about the demographic features of the population of Belize, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.
Dangriga, formerly known as Stann Creek Town, is a town in southern Belize, located on the Caribbean coast at the mouth of the North Stann Creek River. It is the capital of Belize's Stann Creek District. Dangriga is served by the Dangriga Airport. Commonly known as the "culture capital of Belize" due to its influence on punta music and other forms of Garifuna culture, Dangriga is the largest settlement in southern Belize.
Punta Gorda, known locally as P.G., is the capital and largest town of Toledo District in southern Belize. Punta Gorda is the southernmost sizable town in the nation, with a population of about 5,000 people. Although the town bears a Spanish name, its inhabitants are mostly Kriol/English-speaking, and are primarily of Garifuna, East Indian, Kriol, and Maya descent.
Mullins River is the name of both a river and of a village on that river in the Stann Creek District of Belize.
The Garífuna are a mixed African and indigenous people originally from the Caribbean island of St. Vincent who speak the Garifuna dialect of the Arawakan language.
Punta is a dance originated by the Garifunas in all of the Central American coast of Guatemala, El Nicaragua, Salvador and Belize in the late 18th century.
Paul Nabor, born Alfonso Palacio, was a Garifuna singer and musician from Punta Gorda, Belize. He is often credited with popularizing paranda, a style of traditional Garifuna music, and is considered to have been one of the most talented musicians of the genre.
Belizean Creoles, also known as Kriols, are Creole descendants of Black Africans, enslaved and brought to Belize by English and Scottish log cutters, who were known as the Baymen. Over the years they have also intermarried with Miskito from Nicaragua, Jamaicans and other Caribbean people, Mestizos, Pardos, Europeans, Garifunas, Mayans, and Chinese and Indians who were brought to Belize as indentured laborers. These varied peoples have all mixed to create this ethnic group.
Delvin "Pen" Cayetano MBE is a Belizean artist and musician.
Theodore "Ted" Aranda, Ph.D. is a Belizean politician and Garifuna activist.
Belize, on the east coast of Central America, southeast of Mexico, was inhabited by the indigenous peoples who fought off the Spaniards in an attempt to preserve their heritage and to avoid the fate of their neighbors who were conquered and under Spanish rule. While this was going on, British Pirates would rob Spanish merchant ships and navigate through the shallow waters and small islands even going up river later to hide their bounty. The indigenous people of Belize did not resist the British like they did the Spanish. In the 17th century, however, the British settlement became a formal British crown colony from 1862 through 1964, where they first achieved self government and later in 1981 became an independent country recognized globally with all its territory intact. The British brought along with them slaves taken from Congo and Angola during the eighteenth century.
The History of Belize dates back thousands of years. The Maya civilization spread into the area of Belize between 1500 BC to 1200 BC and flourished until about 1000 AD. Several Maya ruin sites, including Cahal Pech, Caracol, Lamanai, Lubaantun, Altun Ha, and Xunantunich reflect the advanced civilization and much denser population of that period. The first recorded European incursions in the region were made by Spanish conquistadors and missionaries in the 16th century, who nevertheless failed to establish colonial rule. English loggers and pirates sporadically visited the region in the 17th century and a first English settlements was established around 1716. The 18th century in Belize was marked by frequent conflict between Britain and Spain and the arrival of enslaved Africans to British plantations.
Belizeans are people associated with the country of Belize through citizenship or descent. Belize is a multiethnic country with residents of African, Amerindian, European and Asian descent or any combination of those groups.
Thomas Vincent Ramos, commonly known as T. V. Ramos, was a Belizean civil rights activist who promoted the interests of the Garifuna people, and is now considered a national hero.
Afro-Hondurans or Black Hondurans, are Hondurans of African descent. They descended from Africans, who were enslaved and identified as Garifunas and Creole peoples. The Creole people were originally from Jamaica and other Caribbean islands, while the Garifuna people came from Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. They arrived in Honduras between the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries to work on the export of bananas, and on construction work. All Hondurans are considered black.
Sacred Heart Church, in Dangriga, Belize, is a Roman Catholic parish.
Iris Myrtle Palaciao is a politician and historian from Belize. She is an advocate for Garifuna culture.
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