Heliodorus (philosopher)

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Heliodorus (Greek : Ἡλιόδωρος) is cited as the author of a work titled Commentary (dated 564 AD), which has been preserved, on the Introduction or Rudiments of Paulus Alexandrinus, the 4th century Alexandrian astrologer. The name "Heliodorus" appears only on the later of two groups of manuscripts, and so is somewhat doubtful. Leendert Westerink has argued that the commentary consists of notes of lectures, most likely given by the 6th-century philosopher and astrologer, Olympiodorus, in 564 AD. [1] The Greek text of his commentary on Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics has been published in vol. 19.2 of Commentaria in Aristotelem Graeca (CAG).

Greek language language spoken in Greece, Cyprus and Southern Albania

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Paulus Alexandrinus was an astrological author from the late Roman Empire. His extant work, Eisagogika, or Introductory Matters, which was written in 378 AD, is a treatment of major topics in astrology as practiced in the fourth century Roman Empire.

Olympiodorus the Younger was a Neoplatonist philosopher, astrologer and teacher who lived in the early years of the Byzantine Empire, after Justinian's Decree of 529 AD which closed Plato's Academy in Athens and other pagan schools. Olympiodorus was the last pagan to maintain the Platonist tradition in Alexandria ; after his death the School passed into the hands of Christian Aristotelians, and was eventually moved to Constantinople. He is not to be confused with Olympiodorus the Deacon, a contemporary Alexandrian writer of Bible commentaries.


  1. Westerink, L. G., (1971), Byzantinische Zeitschrift64, p. 6ff.

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