Last updated

Ibiblio logo.png
Ibiblio.org screenshot from Firefox 47 on Linux.png
ibiblio on Firefox 47
Type of site
Digital library and archive
Available inMultilingual, but predominately English
OwnerUniversity of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Created byUniversity of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and Sun Microsystems
URL ibiblio.org
Launchedca. 1992
Current statusOnline

ibiblio (formerly SunSITE.unc.edu and MetaLab.unc.edu [1] ) is a "collection of collections," and hosts a diverse range of publicly available information and open source content, including software, music, literature, art, history, science, politics, and cultural studies. As an "Internet librarianship," ibiblio is a digital library and archive project. It is run by the School of Information and Library Science and the School of Journalism and Mass Communication at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, with partners including the Center for the Public Domain, IBM, and SourceForge. [2] It also offers streaming audio radio stations. In November 1994 it started the first internet radio stream by rebroadcasting WXYC, the UNC student-run radio station. It also takes credit for the first non-commercial IPv6 / Internet2 radio stream. Unless otherwise specified, all material on ibiblio is assumed to be [3] in the public domain.


ibiblio is a member of the Open Library and Open Content Alliance.


In 1992, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill developed SunSITE.unc.edu, which was to be an archive and an information sharing project for the public. It was funded by grants from Sun Microsystems, and thus the name. The relationship with Sun came to an end (an amicable one, according to the ibiblio FAQ; the change in name was for a "vendor-neutral name that expressed what our project has evolved into over the years" [4] ) and the name was changed to MetaLab. It collaborated with various sources, including academic institutions, corporations, and information technology entrepreneurs.

Also in 1992, sunsite.unc.edu became one of the first web sites on the internet. Today, it is still the host for a copy of the oldest web page known in history. [5]

In September 2000, MetaLab began to collaborate with the Center for the Public Domain; the name was changed to ibiblio to reflect the goal of being "the public's library and digital archive."

2002 [6] 2006 [6] 2008 [7]
Visits (ftp+www/day)3 million15+ million16+ million
Data (terabytes)1813
Web servers1 large, 2 peripherals22 www/vhosts25 www/vhost servers
Database servers257
Radio stations476

Currently supported projects


See also

UNC WM ibiblio event in 2008. UNC WM ibiblio event.jpg
UNC WM ibiblio event in 2008.

Related Research Articles

GNU Free software project

GNU is an extensive collection of free software, which can be used as an operating system or can be used in parts with other operating systems. The use of the completed GNU tools led to the family of operating systems popularly known as Linux. Most of GNU is licensed under the GNU Project's own General Public License (GPL).


Xfce or XFCE is a free and open-source desktop environment for Linux and BSD operating systems.

GNU Project Free software project

The GNU Project is a free software, mass collaboration project that Richard Stallman announced on September 27, 1983. Its goal is to give computer users freedom and control in their use of their computers and computing devices by collaboratively developing and publishing software that gives everyone the rights to freely run the software, copy and distribute it, study it, and modify it. GNU software grants these rights in its license.

The Filesystem Hierarchy Standard (FHS) defines the directory structure and directory contents in Linux distributions. It is maintained by the Linux Foundation. The latest version is 3.0, released on 3 June 2015.

Yggdrasil Linux/GNU/X Linux distribution

Yggdrasil Linux/GNU/X, or LGX, is a discontinued early Linux distribution developed by Yggdrasil Computing, Incorporated, a company founded by Adam J. Richter in Berkeley, California.

Inferno (operating system)

Inferno is a distributed operating system started at Bell Labs and now developed and maintained by Vita Nuova Holdings as free software. Inferno was based on the experience gained with Plan 9 from Bell Labs, and the further research of Bell Labs into operating systems, languages, on-the-fly compilers, graphics, security, networking and portability. The name of the operating system and many of its associated programs, as well as that of the current company, were inspired by Dante Alighieri's Divine Comedy. In Italian, Inferno means "hell" — of which there are nine circles in Dante's Divine Comedy.

Scanner Access Now Easy

Scanner Access Now Easy (SANE) is an application programming interface (API) that provides standardized access to any raster image scanner hardware.

Light-weight Linux distribution

A light-weight Linux distribution is a Linux distribution that has lower memory and/or processor-speed requirements than a more "feature-rich" Linux distribution. The lower demands on hardware ideally result in a more responsive machine, and/or allow devices with fewer system resources to be used productively. The lower memory and/or processor-speed requirements are achieved by avoiding software bloat, i.e. by leaving out features that are perceived to have little or no practical use or advantage, or for which there is no or low demand.


In computing, uClibc is a small C standard library intended for Linux kernel-based operating systems for embedded systems and mobile devices. uClibc was written to support μClinux, a version of Linux not requiring a memory management unit and thus suited for microcontrollers.

The Berkman Klein Center for Internet & Society is a research center at Harvard University that focuses on the study of cyberspace. Founded at Harvard Law School, the center traditionally focused on internet-related legal issues. On May 15, 2008, the center was elevated to an interfaculty initiative of Harvard University as a whole. It is named after the Berkman family. On July 5, 2016, the Center added "Klein" to its name following a gift of $15 million from Michael R. Klein.

Gajim Free instant messaging client for the XMPP protocol

Gajim is an instant messaging client for the XMPP protocol which uses the GTK+ toolkit. The name Gajim is a recursive acronym for Gajim's a jabber instant messenger. Gajim runs on Linux, BSD and Microsoft Windows. Released under the GNU General Public License, Gajim is free software. A 2009 round-up of similar software on Tom's Hardware found version 0.12.1 "the lightest and fastest jabber IM client".

Linux Family of free and open-source software operating systems based on the Linux kernel

Linux is a family of open-source Unix-like operating systems based on the Linux kernel, an operating system kernel first released on September 17, 1991, by Linus Torvalds. Linux is typically packaged in a Linux distribution.

Linux Foundation Non-profit technology consortium to develop the Linux operating system

The Linux Foundation (LF) is a non-profit technology consortium founded in 2000 as a merger between Open Source Development Labs and the Free Standards Group to standardize Linux, support its growth, and promote its commercial adoption. It also hosts and promotes the collaborative development of open source software projects.

License compatibility is a legal framework that allows for pieces of software with different software licenses to be distributed together. The need for such a framework arises because the different licenses can contain contradictory requirements, rendering it impossible to legally combine source code from separately-licensed software in order to create and publish a new program. Proprietary licenses are generally program-specific and incompatible; authors must negotiate to combine code. Copyleft licenses are deliberately incompatible with proprietary licenses, in order to prevent copyleft software from being re-licensed under a proprietary license, turning it into proprietary software. Many copyleft licenses explicitly allow relicensing under some other copyleft licenses. Permissive licenses are compatible with everything, including proprietary licenses; there is thus no guarantee that all derived works will remain under a permissive license.

GNU General Public License Series of free software licenses

The GNU General Public License is a series of widely-used free software licenses that guarantee end users the freedom to run, study, share, and modify the software. The licenses were originally written by Richard Stallman, former head of the Free Software Foundation (FSF), for the GNU Project, and grant the recipients of a computer program the rights of the Free Software Definition. The GPL series are all copyleft licenses, which means that any derivative work must be distributed under the same or equivalent license terms. This is in distinction to permissive software licenses, of which the BSD licenses and the MIT License are widely used, less restrictive examples. GPL was the first copyleft license for general use.

The Linux Documentation Project (LDP) used to be an all-volunteer project that maintains a large collection of GNU and Linux-related documentation and publishes the collection online. It began as a way for hackers to share their documentation with each other and with their users, and for users to share documentation with each other. Its documents tend to be oriented towards experienced users such as professional system administrators, but it also contains tutorials for beginners.

RPM Package Manager

RPM Package Manager (RPM) is a free and open-source package management system. The name RPM refers to .rpm file format and the package manager program itself. RPM was intended primarily for Linux distributions; the file format is the baseline package format of the Linux Standard Base.

Open-core model business model monetizing commercial open-source software

The open-core model is a business model for the monetization of commercially produced open-source software. Coined by Andrew Lampitt in 2008, the open-core model primarily involves offering a "core" or feature-limited version of a software product as free and open-source software, while offering "commercial" versions or add-ons as proprietary software.

UNC School of Information and Library Science

The UNC School of Information and Library Science(SILS) is a professional school at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill offering a bachelor's degree in information science, master's degrees in library science and information science, a professional science master's degree in digital curation, and a doctoral degree in information and library science as well as an undergraduate minor, graduate certificate programs, and a post-master's certificate.


  1. Collaboration and Cooperation. Ibiblio.org (June 14, 2007). Retrieved on 2010-09-29.
  2. "Who are your major contributors/partners?". FAQ. ibiblio. Retrieved June 25, 2008.
  3. "Home to one of the largest "collections of collections" on the Internet, ibiblio.org is a conservancy of freely available information, including software, music, literature, art, history, science, politics, and cultural studies". about. ibiblio. Retrieved February 18, 2009.
  4. ibiblio FAQ, "Why did you change names from SunSite to MetaLab? Why did you change the name from MetaLab to ibiblio?." Chapel Hill, North Carolina, U.S.A.
  5. "The first Web page is lost – oldest copy found on Paul Jones' NeXT Cube – available on ibiblio all along". ibiblio.org. June 3, 2013. Retrieved October 10, 2014.
  6. 1 2 "2006 of ibiblio". ibiblio.org. 2006. Retrieved August 21, 2008.
  7. "2007–08 of ibiblio". ibiblio.org. 2008. Retrieved August 21, 2008.
  8. Cafe au Lait Java News and Resources. Cafeaulait.org. Retrieved on 2010-09-29.
  9. People's Movement for an Independent Tibet. Friends of Tibet. Retrieved on 2010-09-29.
  10. General-Purpose computation on Graphics Processing Units Archived December 14, 2005, at the Wayback Machine . GPGPU.org. Retrieved on 2010-09-29.
  11. Osprey | Peer-to-peer enabled content distribution. Osprey.ibiblio.org (February 22, 1999). Retrieved on 2010-09-29.
  12. welcome to world tibet day website. Worldtibetday.org. Retrieved on 2010-09-29.