Institute of Sonology

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The Institute of Sonology is an education and research center for electronic music and computer music based at the Royal Conservatoire of The Hague in the Netherlands.

Contents

Background

The institute was founded at the University of Utrecht in 1960 under the name STEM ("Studio for Electronic Music") as a successor to the former studio for electronic music at Philips Research Laboratories in Eindhoven. In 1964, Gottfried Michael Koenig became the studio's artistic director. The studio grew under Koenig's leadership, and in 1966 an annual international electronic music course was founded which exists to this day. [1]

In 1967 STEM was renamed as the "Institute of Sonology". International attention increased in 1971 with the purchase of a PDP-15 computer which was used to develop programs for algorithmic composition and digital sound synthesis. [2] During the early years of the institute a series of landmark programs were developed there, including Koenig's Project 1, Project 2, [3] and SSP, [4] Paul Berg's PILE, [5] Werner Kaegi's MIDIM/VOSIM, [6] and Barry Truax's POD. [7]

In 1986, the institute was moved to the Royal Conservatory of The Hague, hosting the International Computer Music Conference there during its inaugural year. [8]

Current research focuses on algorithmic composition, live electronic music, historical reconstructions of electronic and computer music (including György Ligeti's Pièce électronique Nr. 3 and Edgard Varèse's Poème électronique ), field recording, sound installations, and sound spatialization. [9] Alongside the annual one-year course, the institute offers Bachelor's and Master's degrees.

Discography

Notable teachers and alumni

Related Research Articles

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Sonology is a neologism used to describe the study of sound in a variety of disciplines.

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Gottfried Michael Koenig

Gottfried Michael Koenig is a contemporary German-Dutch composer.

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<i>Poème électronique</i> Electronic music piece

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Tera de Marez Oyens

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Philips Pavilion

The Philips Pavilion was a World's Fair pavilion designed for Expo '58 in Brussels by the office of YAK. Commissioned by electronics manufacturer Philips from architect Le Corbusier, the pavilion was designed to house a multimedia spectacle that celebrated postwar technological progress. Because Le Corbusier was busy with the planning of Chandigarh, much of the project management was assigned to Iannis Xenakis, who was also an experimental composer and was influenced in the design by his composition Metastaseis.

Jan Boerman Dutch composer

Jan Boerman was a Dutch composer who specialised in electronic music from 1959. He was born in The Hague. The Delft Polytechnic in Utrecht, from which the Institute of Sonology was developed, housed the first electronic music studio in the Netherlands after the Philips laboratory in Eindhoven, which was not generally open to composers.

Werner Kaegi (composer) Swiss electronic music composer (born 1926)

Werner Kaegi is a Swiss electronic composer, musicologist and educator. During the 1960s, he promoted electronic music in his home country. In the 1970s, as a composer and researcher at Utrecht's Institute of Sonology, The Netherlands, he developed pioneering programs in the field of computer-generated music.

Nummer 5 met zuivere tonen is a musical work by the Belgian composer Karel Goeyvaerts, realized at the WDR Studio for Electronic Music in 1953 and one of the earliest pieces of electronic music.

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Studio for Electronic Music (WDR)

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Scambi (Exchanges) is an electronic music composition by the Belgian composer Henri Pousseur, realized in 1957 at the Studio di fonologia musicale di Radio Milano.

Artikulation is an electronic composition by György Ligeti. Composed and notated in January and February 1958, the piece was prepared and recorded on magnetic tape from February to March with the assistance of Gottfried Michael Koenig and Karlheinz Stockhausen's assistant, Cornelius Cardew, at the Studio for Electronic Music of the West German Radio (WDR) in Cologne. The piece consists of various types of sounds, "in conditions of aggregation." It "can be heard as a conversation without words." Ligeti explains in notes to the listening score :

The piece is called 'Artikulation' because in this sense an artificial language is articulated: question and answer, high and low voices, polyglot speaking and interruptions, impulsive outbreaks and humor, charring and whispering.

References

  1. Institute of Sonology (2010), http://www.koncon.nl/public_site/220/Sononieuw/UK/1964-1986.html Archived 2011-07-20 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 2011-02-06
  2. Tempelaars, S. and Koenig, G. M. (1972), 'The computer at the institute of sonology, Utrecht', Journal of New Music Research, 1 (2): 167-174
  3. Koenig, G. M. and Roads, C. (1978),'An Interview with Gottfried Michael Koenig,' Computer Music Journal, 2 (3): 11-15+29
  4. Berg, P. Rowe, R. and Theriault, D. (1980), 'SSP and Sound Description,' Computer Music Journal, 4 (1): 25-35
  5. Berg, P. (1979), 'PILE: A Language for Sound Synthesis,' Computer Music Journal, 3 (1): 30-41
  6. Kaegi, W. (1978), 'VOSIM-A New Sound Synthesis System', Journal of the Audio Engineering Society, 26 (6):418-425
  7. Truax, B. (1977), 'The POD System of Interactive Composition Programs,' Computer Music Journal, 1 (3): 30-39
  8. Sani, N. and Bernardini, N. (1987), '1986 International Computer Music Conference, Den Haag: Review in Two Parts,' Perspectives of New Music, 25 (1/2): 618-637
  9. Tazelaar, K. (2009), 'Special Section Introduction: The Institute of Sonology,' Leonardo Music Journal, 19: 69-70